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Journal Articles

Numerical analysis of flow-induced vibration of large diameter pipe with short elbow

Takaya, Shigeru; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*; Tanaka, Masaaki

Proceedings of 2017 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2017) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2017/07

Flow-induced vibration (FIV) of a hot-leg piping is one of main concerns in the design of an advanced loop-type sodium cooled fast reactor. We have been developing numerical analysis models to deal with this issue. In this study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of a 1/3 scaled-model of the hot-leg piping was conducted. The results such as velocity profiles and power spectral densities (PSD) of pressure fluctuations were compared with experiment ones. The simulated PSD of pressure fluctuation at the recirculation region agreed well with the experiment. Then, stress induced by FIV was evaluated using pressure fluctuation data calculated by the CFD simulation. The calculated stress generally agrees well the measurement values, which indicates the importance of precise evaluation of the PSD of pressure fluctuation at the recirculation region for evaluation of FIV of the hot-leg piping with a short elbow.

Journal Articles

Study on reactor vessel coolability of sodium-cooled fast reactor under severe accident condition; Water experiments using a scale model

Ono, Ayako; Kurihara, Akikazu; Tanaka, Masaaki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kamide, Hideki; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Ito, Masami*; Nakane, Shigeru*

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/04

The water experiment apparatus simulating the thermal hydraulics in a reactor vessel under operating the decay heat removal systems (DHRSs) was fabricated. The theoretical evaluation for similarity and results of basic experiments show applicability for a scale model experiment of a sodium-cooled fast reactor. This paper, moreover, describes the results of flow visualization experiment under operating a dipped-type passive DHX, which is planned to be installed in both a loop type reactor and pool type reactor, and the calculation results using FLUENT comparing with the result of water experiment.

Journal Articles

Numerical analysis of unsteady phenomena in upper plenum and hot-leg piping system of advanced loop-type sodium cooled fast reactor

Takaya, Shigeru; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*; Tanaka, Masaaki

Proceedings of 2016 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2016) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2016/07

JAEA is conducting R&D of an advanced loop-type sodium cooled fast reactor. The cooling system is planned to be simplified by employing a two-loop configuration and shortened piping with less elbows than Monju in order to reduce construction costs. The design increases flow velocity in the hot-leg piping and induces large flow turbulence around elbows. Therefore, flow-induced vibration is one of main concerns. The flow field in the hot-leg piping is affected by flow disturbance at the inlet, so it is important to evaluate flow field including the upper plenum. In this study, we analyzed unsteady fluid flow by using an integrated model of the upper plenum and the hot-leg piping system. Unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes simulation with Reynolds stress model was used. In general, the simulation results obtained by using the integrated model show a similar tendency with the experiment results of 1/3 scaled-model of hot-leg piping with deflect flows. The coupling effect of swirling and deflected flows seems to be not significant although further investigation is needed.

Journal Articles

Development of integrated numerical analysis model for unsteady phenomena in upper plenum and hot-leg piping system of Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor

Takaya, Shigeru; Tanaka, Masaaki; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*

Proceedings of 2015 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2015) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2015/07

Flow-induced vibration of hot-leg pipings is one of concerns for the design of Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) which is now being developed. The flow field in the hot-leg pipings is supposed to be affected by flow disturbances at the entrance, so it is important to evaluate flow fields including the upper plenum. In this study, a simulation model of the upper plenum and the hot-leg piping system of JSFR was developed. Unsteady fluid flow analyses were then conducted by unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes simulation (URANS) with Reynolds stress model. The appropriateness of the calculated results was discussed by comparing available scale model test results. Furthermore, a prototype model for vibration analysis of the hot-leg piping was developed. In the model, the transient pressure data predicted by the URANS were used as input data for the vibration analysis.

JAEA Reports

Enhancement of the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment for preliminary investigation stage, 3; Progress report on NUMO-JAEA collaborative research in FY2013 (Joint research)

Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Kitamura, Akira; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Oda, Chie; Ishidera, Takamitsu; et al.

JAEA-Research 2014-030, 457 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Research-2014-030.pdf:199.23MB

JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, based on some examples of developing method of hydro-geological structure model, acquired knowledge are arranged using the tree diagram, and model uncertainty and its influence on the evaluation items were discussed. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the developed approach for "defining conditions" has been reevaluated and improved from practical viewpoints. In addition, the uncertainty evaluation for the effect of use of cementitious material, as well as glass dissolution model, was conducted with analytical evaluation. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, based on survey of precedent procedures, multiple-approach for distribution coefficient of rocks was established, and the adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to sedimentary rock and granitic rock. Besides, an approach for solubility setting was developed including the procedure of selection of solubility limiting solid phase. The adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to key radionuclides.

Journal Articles

Status of development of Lithium Target Facility in IFMIF/EVEDA project

Wakai, Eiichi; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hoashi, Eiji*; Fukada, Satoshi*; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Yagi, Juro*; Tsuji, Yoshiyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of Plasma Conference 2014 (PLASMA 2014) (CD-ROM), 2 Pages, 2014/11

In the IFMIF/EVEDA (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility/ Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activity), the validation tests of the EVEDA lithium test loop with the world's highest flow rate of 3000 L/min was succeeded in generating a 100 mm-wide and 25 mm-thick free-surface lithium flow steadily under the IFMIF operation condition of a high-speed of 15 m/s at 250$$^{circ}$$C in a vacuum of 10 $$^{-3}$$ Pa. Some excellent results of the recent engineering validations including lithium purification, lithium safety, and remote handling technique were obtained, and the engineering design of lithium facility was also evaluated. These results will advance greatly the development of an accelerator-based neutron source to simulate the fusion reactor materials irradiation environment as an important key technology for the development of fusion reactor materials.

Journal Articles

Development of integrated numerical analysis model for unsteady phenomena in upper plenum and hot-leg piping system of JSFR

Tanaka, Masaaki; Takaya, Shigeru; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Kanto Shibu Ibaraki Koenkai 2014 Koen Rombunshu, p.203 - 204, 2014/09

As flow-induced vibration (FIV) in the hot-leg piping with the short elbow (curvature radius corresponds to diameter) is one of the targeted issues in this study, numerical estimation method for dynamic analysis of mechanical stress on piping has been developed. As the preliminary step in development of the fluid-structure mechanical interaction simulation method, time history response analysis of piping by using the time history data of fluid pressure obtained by the unsteady hydraulics simulation as its boundary condition was attempted. Through the numerical results, potential capability of the dynamic analysis of piping were confirmed and unsteady behavior of pipe due to the unsteady flow phenomena was analyzed.

Journal Articles

Cement based encapsulation experiments for low-radioactive liquid waste at Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Sugaya, Atsushi; Tanaka, Kenji; Akutsu, Shigeru

Proceedings of International Waste Management Symposia 2011 (WM 2011) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2011/02

The main component of the liquid wastes is sodium nitrate. Nitrate ion decomposition technology is under development to conserve a circumference environment of a disposal site. To investigate the methods for decomposing nitrate ion, several small-scale trials were performed using reductants and a catalyst in sodium nitrate solutions. It will be reported that the cement based encapsulation trials to immobilize the sodium carbonate based liquid waste, which was performed under non-radioactive condition at both small and full scale to investigate the optimum cement formulation.

JAEA Reports

JAEA Takasaki annual report 2009

Tanaka, Shigeru

JAEA-Review 2010-065, 217 Pages, 2011/01

JAEA-Review-2010-065.pdf:15.99MB

JAEA Takasaki annual report 2009 describes research and development activities performed from April 1, 2009 to March 31, 2010 with Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA, four ion accelerators), and electron/$$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities (an electron accelerator and three $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facility) at Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA Takasaki). These activities are classified into four research fields: (1) space, nuclear and energy engineering, (2) environmental conservation and resource security, (3) biotechnology and medical application, and (4) advanced materials, analysis and novel technology. This annual report contains 165 reports consisting of 157 research papers and 8 status reports on operation/maintenance of the irradiation facilities described above, and a list of publications, related press-releases, TV programs, patents, and the type of research collaborations as Appendices.

Journal Articles

Development of new beam technologies at TIARA

Tanaka, Shigeru; Yokota, Wataru; Kamiya, Tomihiro

Hoshasen To Sangyo, (128), p.16 - 22, 2010/12

Beam technologies newly developed at TIARA after the establishment of JAEA in October, 2005 are reviewed. In chapter 2, the technology for micro beam formation of heavy ions at energies of a few hundreds of MeV from AVF cyclotron, using flat-top acceleration technique and the technology of fast automatic aiming single ion hitting system by heavy ions at energies of a few hundreds of MeV, are described. In chapter 3, the technologies for micro-nano beam formation of ions at energies of a several MeV from electro-static accelerators and their application to micro fabrication of materials are firstly described, the development of in-air micro PIXE technique and its application are secondly explained, and then research and development of cluster ion beams and their application are described in detail.

Journal Articles

Prototype manufacturing of small tritium target inside JAEA

Tanaka, Shigeru; Abe, Yuichi; Kawabe, Masaru; Kutsukake, Chuzo; Oginuma, Yoshikazu; Yamada, Masayuki; Suzuki, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Konno, Chikara

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.9, p.338 - 341, 2010/08

We have conducted a small tritium target production R&D for FNS inside JAEA. The tritium target is produced by adsorbing tritium in a thin titanium layer. Since titanium is very active to oxygen, glow discharge cleaning was carried out to remove an oxidation film of the titanium surface. Through many tests with deuterium, we found out that it was not an oxidation film but humidity to disturb tritium absorption. The following procedures were necessary; (1) to outgas the inside of an absorption chamber, (2) to keep environmental humidity under 3% in handling the titanium-deposited substrate, (3) to keep the titanium-deposited target substrate in the vacuum. The DT neutron generation performance of the tritium target produced with the above procedures was the same as that with discharge cleaning. The manufacture condition of the small target was established.

JAEA Reports

JAEA Takasaki annual report 2008

Tanaka, Shigeru

JAEA-Review 2009-041, 218 Pages, 2009/12

JAEA-Review-2009-041.pdf:48.64MB

JAEA Takasaki annual report 2008 describes research and development activities performed from April 1, 2008 to March 31, 2009 with Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA, four ion accelerators), and electron/$$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities(an electron accelerator and three $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities) at Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA Takasaki). These activities are classified into four research fields: (1) space, nuclear and energy engineering, (2) environmental conservation and resource security, (3) biotechnology and medical application, and (4) advanced materials, analysis and novel technology. This annual report contains 161 reports consisting of 153 research papers and 8 status reports on operation/maintenance of the irradiation facilities described above, and a list of publications, related press-releases, TV programs, patents, and the type of research collaborations as Appendices.

Journal Articles

Dynamics of ion internal transport barrier in LHD heliotron and JT-60U tokamak plasmas

Ida, Katsumi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Yoshinuma, Mikiro*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Nagaoka, Kenichi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Oyama, Naoyuki; Osakabe, Masaki*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(9), p.095024_1 - 095024_9, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:25.52(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Dynamics of ion internal transport barrier (ITB) formation and impurity transport both in the Large Helical Device (LHD) heliotron and JT-60U tokamak are described. Significant differences between heliotron and tokamak plasmas are observed. The location of the ITB moves outward during the ITB formation regardless of the sign of magnetic shear in JT-60U and the ITB becomes more localized in the plasma with negative magnetic shear. In LHD, the low Te/Ti ratio ($$<$$ 1) of the target plasma for the high power heating is found to be necessary condition to achieve the ITB plasma and the ITB location tends to expand outward or inward depending on the condition of the target plasmas. Associated with the formation of ITB, the carbon density tends to be peaked due to inward convection in JT-60U, while the carbon density becomes hollow due to outward convection in LHD. The outward convection observed in LHD contradicts the prediction by neoclassical theory.

Journal Articles

Measurement of reaction rate distribution in partial mockups for the ITER TBM with DT neutrons

Sato, Satoshi; Takakura, Kosuke; Ochiai, Kentaro; Kondo, Keitaro; Tatebe, Yosuke; Onishi, Seiki; Wada, Masayuki*; Kutsukake, Chuzo; Tanaka, Shigeru; Abe, Yuichi; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 56(1), p.227 - 231, 2009/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:88.61(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Previously DT neutronics experiments were performed by using partial blanket mockups for Japanese ITER test blanket module at JAEA FNS, and tritium production rates (TPR) inside blanket mockups were measured in details. The calculation with the nuclear data library FENDL-2.1 and Monte Carlo code MCNP4C agreed well with most of the measured TPRs within uncertainty of 10%. On the other hand, overestimations were found for the TPR in the experiment with a reflector and the TPR around the boundary between the rear part of the breeder layer and the beryllium layer by more than 10%. In order to confirm this concern, we measured reaction rate distribution in the partial blanket mockups with DT neutrons with two solid breeder blanket partial mockups, (Be/Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$/Be, SS316/Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$/SS316). Experiments were performed with and without a neutron source reflector. In order to measure reaction rate distributions, the activation foil method was applied using Nb and Au foils in this study. Experimental analyses were performed by MCNP4C with FENDL-2.1. Calculation results to experimental ones (C/Es) on the Au reaction rate with a reflector were larger than those without one. Detailed results are presented in this conference.

Journal Articles

Development of new treatment process for low level radioactive waste at Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Horiguchi, Kenichi; Sugaya, Atsushi; Saito, Yasuo; Tanaka, Kenji; Akutsu, Shigeru; Hirata, Toshiaki

Proceedings of 2009 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '09) (CD-ROM), p.9411_1 - 9411_9, 2009/05

The low-level radioactive Waste treatment Facility (LWTF) was constructed at the Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP) and cold test has been carried out since 2006. The waste which is treated in the LWTF is combustible/incombustible solid waste and liquid waste. In the LWTF, The combustible/incombustible solid waste will be incinerated. The liquid waste will be treated by the radio-nuclides removal process subsequently solidified by cement materials. This report describes the essential technologies of the LWTF and results of R&D work for the nitrate-ion decomposition technology for the liquid waste.

Journal Articles

Dynamic transport study of the plasmas with transport improvement in LHD and JT-60U

Ida, Katsumi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Inagaki, Shigeru*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Isayama, Akihiko; Matsunaga, Go; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Tanaka, Kenji*; Ide, Shunsuke; Fujita, Takaaki; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(1), p.015005_1 - 015005_7, 2009/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:48.65(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Transport analysis during the transient phase of heating (a dynamic transport study) applied to the plasma with internal transport barriers (ITBs) in the Large Helical Device (LHD) heliotron and the JT-60U tokamak is described. In the dynamic transport study the time of transition from the L-mode plasma to the ITB plasma is clearly determined by the onset of flattening of the temperature profile in the core region and a spontaneous phase transition from a zero curvature ITB (hyperbolic tangent shaped ITB) or a positive curvature ITB (concaved shaped ITB) to a negative curvature ITB (convex shaped ITB) and its back-transition are observed. The flattening of the core region of the ITB transition and the back-transition between a zero curvature ITB and a convex ITB suggest the strong interaction of turbulent transport in space.

Journal Articles

D-T neutron streaming experiment simulating narrow gaps in ITER equatorial port

Ochiai, Kentaro; Sato, Satoshi; Wada, Masayuki*; Iida, Hiromasa; Takakura, Kosuke; Kutsukake, Chuzo; Tanaka, Shigeru; Abe, Yuichi; Konno, Chikara

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(10-12), p.1725 - 1728, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:88.61(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Under the ITER/ITA task, we have conducted the neutron streaming experiment simulating narrow and deep gaps at boundaries between ITER vacuum vessel and equatorial port plugs. Micro fission chambers and some activation foils were utilized to measure fission rates and reaction rates to evaluate the relative fast and slow neutron fluences along the gap in the experimental assembly. The MCNP4C, TORT and Attila codes were used for the experimental analysis. From comparing our measurements and calculations, the following facts were found: (1) In case of a such narrow and deep gap structure, the calculation with MCNP, TORT and ATTILA codes and FENDL-2.1 is sufficient to predict fast neutron field inside the gap.: (2) Angular quadrature set of upward biased U315 and last collided source calculation on TORT and Attila were very important technique for accurate estimation of neutron transport.

JAEA Reports

JAEA Takasaki annual report 2007

Tanaka, Shigeru

JAEA-Review 2008-055, 229 Pages, 2008/11

JAEA-Review-2008-055.pdf:49.3MB

JAEA Takasaki annual report 2007 describes research and development activities performed from April 1, 2007 to March 31, 2008 with Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA, four ion accelerators), and electron/$$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities (an electron accelerator and three $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities) at Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA Takasaki). These activities are classified into four research fields: (1) space, nuclear and energy engineering, (2) environmental conservation and resource security, (3) biotechnology and medical application, and (4) advanced materials, analysis and novel technology. This annual report contains 174 reports consisting of 166 research papers and 8 status reports on operation/maintenance of the irradiation facilities described above, and a list of publications, related press-releases, TV programs, patents, and the type of research collaborations as Appendices.

JAEA Reports

JAEA Takasaki annual report 2006

Tanaka, Shigeru

JAEA-Review 2007-060, 243 Pages, 2008/03

JAEA-Review-2007-060.pdf:54.09MB

JAEA Takasaki annual report 2006 describes research and development activities performed from April 1, 2006 to March 31, 2007 with Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA, four ion accelerators), and electron/$$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities (an electron accelerator and three $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities) at Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA Takasaki). These activities are classified into four research fields: (1) space, nuclear and energy engineering, (2) environmental conservation and resource security, (3) biotechnology and medical application, and (4) advanced materials, analysis and novel technology. This annual report contains 186 reports consisting of 178 research papers and 8 status reports on operation/maintenance of the irradiation facilities described above, and a list of publications, related press-releases, TV programs, patents, and the type of research collaborations as Appendices.

Journal Articles

Progress in neutronics studies for the water cooled pebble bed blanket

Nishitani, Takeo; Sato, Satoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Kutsukake, Chuzo; Tanaka, Shigeru; Abe, Yuichi; Konno, Chikara

Fusion Science and Technology, 52(4), p.791 - 795, 2007/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

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