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Journal Articles

Fabrication of Pt nanoparticle incorporated polymer nanowires by high energy ion and electron beam irradiation

Tsukuda, Satoshi*; Takahashi, Ryota*; Seki, Shuhei*; Sugimoto, Masaki; Idesaki, Akira; Yoshikawa, Masahito; Tanaka, Shunichiro*

Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 118, p.16 - 20, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:13.01(Chemistry, Physical)

Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-Pt nanoparticles (NPs) hybrid nanowires were fabricated by high energy ion beam irradiation to PVP thin films including H$$_{2}$$PtCl$$_{6}$$. Single ion hitting caused crosslinking reactions of PVP and reduction of Pt ions within local cylindrical area along an ion trajectory (ion track); therefore, the PVP nanowires including Pt NPs were formed and isolated on Si substrate after wet-development procedure. The number of Pt NPs was easily controlled by the mixed ratio of PVP and H$$_{2}$$PtCl$$_{6}$$. However, increasing the amount of H$$_{2}$$PtCl$$_{6}$$ led to decreasing the radial size and separation of the hybrid nanowires during the wet-development. Additional electron beam irradiation after ion beam improved separation of the nanowires and controlled radial sizes due to an increase in the density of crosslinking points inner the nanowires.

Journal Articles

Local area distribution of fallout radionuclides from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant determined by autoradiography analysis

Sakamoto, Fuminori; Onuki, Toshihiko; Kozai, Naofumi; Igarashi, Shosuke*; Yamasaki, Shinya; Yoshida, Zenko; Tanaka, Shunichi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 11(1), p.1 - 7, 2012/01

The autoradiography analyses of plants and soils collected in Fukushima showed radioactive Cs was distributed on the branch and leaves of trees that were present at the accident and that only small fraction may be transported to new branch and leaves grown after the accident. Radioactive Cs was present on the grass and rice stubble on the soils, but not in the soils beneath the grass and rice stubble, indicating that the radioactive Cs was deposited on the grass and the rice plant. In addition the ratio of the radioactive Cs penetrated into soil layer by weathering was very small for two months after the accident. These results indicate that trees and plant would be the reservoir of the fallout Cs and function for retardation of the fallout Cs migration with rain water.

Journal Articles

Removal of radioactive cesium from surface soils solidified using polyion complex; Rapid communication for decontamination test at Iitate-mura in Fukushima Prefecture

Naganawa, Hirochika; Kumazawa, Noriyuki*; Saito, Hiroshi*; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Nagano, Tetsushi; Kashima, Kaoru*; Fukuda, Tatsuya*; Yoshida, Zenko; Tanaka, Shunichi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 10(4), p.227 - 234, 2011/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Progress in development and design of the neutral beam injector for JT-60SA

Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Tanaka, Yutaka; Inoue, Takashi; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Taniguchi, Masaki; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Umeda, Naotaka; Akino, Noboru; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), p.835 - 838, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:60.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Neutral beam (NB) injectors for JT-60 Super Advanced (JT-60SA) have been designed and developed. Twelve positive-ion-based and one negative-ion-based NB injectors are allocated to inject 30 MW D$$^{0}$$ beams in total for 100 s. Each of the positive-ion-based NB injector is designed to inject 1.7 MW for 100s at 85 keV. A part of the power supplies and magnetic shield utilized on JT-60U are upgraded and reused on JT-60SA. To realize the negative-ion-based NB injector for JT-60SA where the injection of 500 keV, 10 MW D$$^{0}$$ beams for 100s is required, R&Ds of the negative ion source have been carried out. High-energy negative ion beams of 490-500 keV have been successfully produced at a beam current of 1-2.8 A through 20% of the total ion extraction area, by improving voltage holding capability of the ion source. This is the first demonstration of a high-current negative ion acceleration of $$>$$1 A to 500 keV. The design of the power supplies and the beamline is also in progress. The procurement of the acceleration power supply starts in 2010.

Journal Articles

Achievement of 500 keV negative ion beam acceleration on JT-60U negative-ion-based neutral beam injector

Kojima, Atsushi; Hanada, Masaya; Tanaka, Yutaka*; Kawai, Mikito*; Akino, Noboru; Kazawa, Minoru; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Usui, Katsutomi; Sasaki, Shunichi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 51(8), p.083049_1 - 083049_8, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:45 Percentile:88.19(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Hydrogen negative ion beams of 490 keV, 3 A and 510 keV, 1 A have been successfully produced in the JT-60 negative ion source with three acceleration stages. These successful productions of the high-energy beams at high current have been achieved by overcoming the most critical issue, i.e., a poor voltage holding of the large negative ion sources with the grids of 2 m$$^{2}$$ for JT-60SA and ITER. To improve voltage holding capability, the breakdown voltages for the large grids was examined for the first time. It was found that a vacuum insulation distance for the large grids was 6-7 times longer than that for the small-area grid (0.02 m$$^{2}$$). From this result, the gap lengths between the grids were tuned in the JT-60 negative ion source. The modification of the ion source also realized a significant stabilization of voltage holding and a short conditioning time. These results suggest a practical use of the large negative ion sources in JT-60SA and ITER.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of 500 keV beam acceleration on JT-60 negative-ion-based neutral beam injector

Kojima, Atsushi; Hanada, Masaya; Tanaka, Yutaka*; Kawai, Mikito*; Akino, Noboru; Kazawa, Minoru; Komata, Masao; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; Usui, Katsutomi; Sasaki, Shunichi; et al.

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/03

Hydrogen negative ion beams of 490keV, 3A and 510 keV, 1A have been successfully produced in the JT-60 negative ion source with three acceleration stages. These successful productions of the high-energy beams at high current have been achieved by overcoming the most critical issue, i.e., a poor voltage holding of the large negative ion sources with the grids of $$sim$$ 2 m$$^{2}$$ for JT-60SA and ITER. To improve voltage holding capability, the breakdown voltages for the large grids was examined for the first time. It was found that a vacuum insulation distance for the large grids was 6-7 times longer than that for the small-area grid (0.02 m$$^{2}$$). From this result, the gap lengths between the grids were tuned in the JT-60 negative ion source. The modification of the ion source also realized a significant stabilization of voltage holding and a short conditioning time. These results suggest a practical use of the large negative ion sources in JT-60 SA and ITER.

Journal Articles

Development of a high-contrast, high beam-quality, high-intensity laser

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime*; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanoue, Manabu*; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 38(9), p.669 - 675, 2010/09

This paper reviews the temporal contrast and spatial beam quality improvement techniques in a high intensity Ti:sapphire laser system that is based on chirped-pulse amplification (CPA). We describe a low gain optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) preamplifier that uses high energy, clean pulse seeding and is shown to significantly improve the contrast to better than 10$$^{-10}$$-10$$^{-11}$$ relative to the peak of the main femtosecond pulse. We also report the use of a diffractive optical element for beam homogenization of a 100 J level Nd:glass green pump laser, achieving a flat-topped spatial profile with a filling factor near 80 %.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of a high-efficiency, broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification as a front-end for a high intensity laser

Kosuge, Atsushi; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Shimomura, Takuya*; Tanoue, Manabu*; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Mori, Michiaki; Tanaka, Momoko; Okada, Hajime; Sasao, Hajime*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 38(9), p.706 - 710, 2010/09

High conversion efficiency of optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) is demonstrated with the use of a commercial frequency-doubled Q-Switched Nd:YAG laser. In the high energy seeded OPCPA, we have achieved a pump-to-signal conversion efficiency of 28%. Our result represents, to our knowledge, the most efficient OPCPA to date pumped by a commercial frequency-doubled Q-switched Nd:YAG laser.

Journal Articles

Development and design of the negative-ion-based NBI for JT-60 Super Advanced

Hanada, Masaya; Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; Inoue, Takashi; Kawai, Mikito; Kazawa, Minoru; Kikuchi, Katsumi; Komata, Masao; Kojima, Atsushi; Mogaki, Kazuhiko; et al.

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.9, p.208 - 213, 2010/08

A large negative ion source with an ion extraction area of 110 cm $$times$$ 45 cm has been developed to produce 500 keV, 22 A D$$^{-}$$ ion beams required for JT-60 Super Advanced. To realize the JT-60SA negative ion source, the JT-60 negative ion source has been modified and tested on the negative-ion-based neutral beam injector on JT-60U. A 500 keV H$$^{-}$$ ion beam has been produced at 3 A without a significant degradation of beam optics. This is the first demonstration of a high energy negative ion acceleration of more than one-ampere to 500 keV in the world. The beam current density of 90 A/m$$^{2}$$ is being increased to meet 130 A/m$$^{2}$$ of the design value for JT-60SA by tuning the operation parameters. A long pulse injection of 30 s has been achieved at a injection D$$^{0}$$ power of 3 MW. The injection energy, defined as the product of the injection time and power, reaches 80 MJ by neutralizing a 340 keV, 27 A D$$^{-}$$ ion beam produced with two negative ion sources.

Journal Articles

High-contrast (10$$^{10}$$), high-intensity (500 TW) J-KAREN laser system

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanoue, Manabu*; Okada, Hajime; Kondo, Shuji; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2010-002, p.18 - 21, 2010/06

We have developed a femtosecond high intensity laser system, which combines both Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) and optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) techniques, that produces more than 30 J broadband output energy, indicating the potential for achieving peak powers in excess of 500 TW. With a cleaned high-energy seeded OPCPA preamplifier as a front-end in the system, for the final compressed pulse (without pumping the booster amplifier) we found that the temporal contrast in this system exceeds 10$$^{10}$$ on the sub-nanosecond timescale, and is near 10$$^{12}$$ on the nanosecond timescale before the main femtosecond pulse. Using diffractive optical elements for beam homogenization of 100-J level high-energy Nd:glass green pump laser in a Ti:sapphire final amplifier, we have successfully generated broadband high-energy output with near-perfect top-hat intensity distributions.

Journal Articles

Control of radial size of crosslinked polymer nanowire by ion beam and $$gamma$$ ray irradiation

Tsukuda, Satoshi*; Asano, Atsushi*; Sugimoto, Masaki; Idesaki, Akira; Seki, Shu*; Tanaka, Shunichiro*

Journal of Photopolymer Science and Technology, 23(2), p.231 - 234, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Polymer Science)

The nanowires based on polystyrene (PS) and polycarbosilane (PCS) were formed by 450 MeV Xe beam irradiation to their thin films. The nanowires, which formed by crosslinking reaction along the single ion path, can isolated by development procedures. This technique is sometimes called as single particle nanofabrication technique (SPNT). In this paper, tow step irradiation of ion beam and ray was carried out in order to control their radial sizes. The radial sizes of nanowires, based on PS and PCS were increased with the dose of ray. The change of radial sizes, which depended on the dose, was quantitatively measured, and we discussed in terms of radiation induced gel formation.

Journal Articles

High spatiotemporal-quality petawatt-class laser system

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanoue, Manabu*; Okada, Hajime; Kondo, Shuji; et al.

Applied Optics, 49(11), p.2105 - 2115, 2010/04

 Times Cited Count:39 Percentile:85.41(Optics)

We have developed a femtosecond high intensity laser system, which combines both Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) and optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) techniques, that produces more than 30-J broadband output energy, indicating the potential for achieving peak powers in excess of 500-TW. With a cleaned high-energy seeded OPCPA preamplifier as a front-end in the system, for the compressed pulse without pumping the final amplifier we found that the temporal contrast in this system exceeds 10$$^{10}$$ on the sub-nanosecond timescales, and is near 10$$^{12}$$ on the nanosecond timescale prior to the peak of the main femtosecond pulse. Using diffractive optical elements for beam homogenization of 100-J level high-energy Nd:glass green pump laser in a Ti:sapphire final amplifier, we have successfully generated broadband high-energy output with a near-perfect top-hat-like intensity distribution.

Journal Articles

"J-KAREN"; High intensity, high contrast laser

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki; Shimomura, Takuya*; Tanoue, Manabu*; Okada, Hajime; Sasao, Hajime; Wakai, Daisuke*; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2009-007, p.97 - 100, 2010/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High-energy, spatially flat-top green pump laser by beam homogenization for petawatt scale Ti:sapphire laser systems

Tanaka, Momoko; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Nakai, Yoshiki; Sasao, Hajime; Okada, Hajime; Daido, Hiroyuki; Bolton, P.; Kawanishi, Shunichi

Optics Communications, 282(22), p.4401 - 4403, 2009/11

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:48.29(Optics)

We have demonstrated that we can homogenize the spatial profile of a high-energy green laser pulse used for pumping a petawatt scale Ti:sapphire amplifier. The second harmonic of a high-energy, large-aperture Nd:glass laser system generates laser emission at a green wavelength with 75 J single pulse energy. Using a diffractive optical element for beam homogenization, we have obtained a highly spatially uniform flat-top second harmonic profile.

Journal Articles

Generation of above 10$$^{10}$$ temporal contrast, above 10$$^{20}$$W/cm$$^2$$ peak intensity pulses at a 10 Hz repetition rate using an OPCPA preamplifier in a double CPA, Ti:sapphire laser system

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki; Shimomura, Takuya; Tanoue, Manabu*; Okada, Hajime; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Sagisaka, Akito; Daito, Izuru; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1153, p.3 - 6, 2009/07

We demonstrate a high-contrast, high-intensity double chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) Ti:sapphire laser system using an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier (OPCPA) as a preamplifier. By injecting cleaned microjoule seed pulses into the OPCPA, a temporal contrast greater than 10$$^{10}$$ within picosecond times before the main femtosecond pulse is demonstrated with the output pulse energy of 1.7 J and pulse duration of 30 fs, corresponding to a peak power of 60 TW at a 10 Hz repetition rate. This system uses a cryogenically-cooled Ti:sapphire final amplifier and generates focused peak intensities in excess of 10$$^{20}$$ W/cm$$^2$$.

Journal Articles

100-J level green laser beam homogenization to a pump petawatt class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Nakai, Yoshiki; Sasao, Hajime; Okada, Hajime; Mori, Michiaki; Shimomura, Takuya; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Daido, Hiroyuki; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 37(6), p.467 - 469, 2009/06

The capability of diffractive optical elements (DOE) for beam homogenization of 100-J level high-energy Nd:glass green laser has been experimentally demonstrated. With the large-aperture homogenization optics, we have successfully generated near-perfect top-hat-like green beam intensity distributions at the target plane. The output of the system is readily suited for pumping a large-aperture Ti:sapphire crystal, making it possible to develop high beam quality, chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) systems at the petawatt (PW) power level.

Journal Articles

Development of completely Solenoidless tokamak operation in JT-60U

Ushigome, Masahiro*; Ide, Shunsuke; Ito, Satoshi*; Jotaki, Eriko*; Mitarai, Osamu*; Shiraiwa, Shunichi*; Suzuki, Takahiro; Takase, Yuichi*; Tanaka, Shigetoshi*; Fujita, Takaaki; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(2), p.207 - 213, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:38.4(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This papaer studies on tokamak plasma start-up completely without central solenoid (CS). On the JT-60 tokamak it is demonstrated that a completely CS-less Ip start-up to 100 kA was achieved even without any null-point by Electron cyclotron range of frequencies (ECRF) and outer PF coil current swing only. Necessary conditions (the EC power, the toroidal field etc.) were clarified. Moreover, it was succeded to maintain Ip = 260kA for 1 sec without CS by NB only. In addition Ip ramp-up by EC and NB only (without LHCD) from 215 to 310kA was achieved. In a high confinement reversed shear discharge, a result suggesting bootstrap over drive was obtained.

Journal Articles

High intensity proton accelerator project in Japan (J-PARC)

Tanaka, Shunichi

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 115(1-4), p.33 - 43, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:36.91(Environmental Sciences)

High Intensity Proton Accelerator Project, named as J-PARC, was started on April 1, 2001 at Tokai-site of JAERI. The accelerator complex of J-PARC consists of three accelerators: 400MeV Linac, 3GeV rapid cycle synchrotron and 50GeV synchrotron, and four major experimental facilities: Material and Life Science Facility, Nuclear and Particle Physics Facility, Nuclear Transmutation Experiment Facility and Neutrino Facility. The outline of the J-PARC is presented with the present status of construction.

Journal Articles

Formation of advanced tokamak plasmas without the use of an ohmic-heating solenoid

Shiraiwa, Shunichi*; Ide, Shunsuke; Ito, Satoshi*; Mitarai, Osamu*; Naito, Osamu; Ozeki, Takahisa; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Suzuki, Takahiro; Takase, Yuichi*; Tanaka, Shigetoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 92(3), p.035001_1 - 035001_4, 2004/01

 Times Cited Count:45 Percentile:83.35(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Dose conversion coefficients for high-energy photons, electrons, neutrons and protons

Sakamoto, Yukio; Sato, Osamu*; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshizawa, Nobuaki*; Iwai, Satoshi*; Tanaka, Shunichi; Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro

JAERI 1345, 103 Pages, 2003/01

JAERI-1345.pdf:4.95MB

no abstracts in English

92 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)