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Journal Articles

Observation of morphological abnormalities in silkworm pupae after feeding $$^{137}$$CsCl-supplemented diet to evaluate the effects of low dose-rate exposure

Tanaka, Sota; Kinouchi, Tadatoshi*; Fujii, Tsuguru*; Imanaka, Tetsuji*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Maki, Daisuke*; Notomi, Akihiro*; Takahashi, Sentaro*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.16055_1 - 16055_7, 2020/09

Since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, morphological abnormalities of the lepidopteran insects have been reported. However, it is unclear whether the abnormalities were caused directly by radiation because they did not study on absorbed dose and dose-effect relationship. In this study, we conducted an internal exposure experiment on silkworm using $$^{137}$$CsCl-supplemented artificial diet and estimated the absorbed dose to evaluate the morphological abnormalities in silkworm. The ratio of wing to whole body of pupae was compared between the $$^{137}$$CsCl-exposured and control groups and no significant differences were observed between the groups. This result suggest that morphological abnormalities in lepidopterans are unlikely due to direct radiation effects from $$^{137}$$Cs contamination after the FDNPP accident.

Journal Articles

Radioactive cesium contamination of arthropods and earthworms after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident

Tanaka, Sota; Adachi, Taro*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Takahashi, Sentaro*

Low-Dose Radiation Effects on Animals and Ecosystems; Long-Term Study on the Fukushima Nuclear Accident, p.43 - 52, 2020/00

To understand the behavior of radiocesium in terrestrial invertebrates, chronological changes in the concentration of radiocesium in arthropods and earthworms from different trophic levels were investigated after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. The median radiocesium concentrations in the rice grasshopper, Oxya yezoensis, and the Emma field cricket, Teleogryllus emma, were 0.46 and 0.15 Bq/g fw in 2012, respectively, which dropped continuously to 0.05 and 0.01 Bq/g fw in 2016. In contrast, no significant reduction in radiocesium concentration was observed in the Joro Spider, Nephila clavata, in which the concentration was 0.31 Bq/g fw in 2012 and remained at 0.14 Bq/g fw in 2016. The comparison of radiocesium concentrations at each trophic level showed that the amount in detritivorous earthworms was 85 times higher than in herbivorous grasshoppers. This suggests that detritus food web could be a primary pathway of radiocesium through food webs.

Journal Articles

Radiocesium concentration in flying insects collected from a radioactive contaminated area after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Tanaka, Sota; Kakinuma, Hotaru*; Adachi, Taro*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Takahashi, Sentaro*

KEK Proceedings 2019-2, p.179 - 182, 2019/11

The concentration of $$^{137}$$Cs in flying insects was investigated after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. The insects were collected at about 11 km north west of the FDNPP at two different sites in the forest and riverside. The median concentration of $$^{137}$$Cs in flying insects in the forest was significantly higher than riverside. However, high concentration of $$^{137}$$Cs in detritus fly (Diptera: Calliphoridae) was observed at both sites. The concentration of fly at the forest and riverside were 16$$times$$10$$^{2}$$ Bq/kg fw and 18$$times$$10$$^{2}$$ Bq/kg fw, respectively. The result shows that the concentration of radiocesium in detritus fly were still high 8 years after the accident. This suggests that detritus food chain is a dominant transfer pathway of radiocesium to higher trophic level species such as spiders.

Journal Articles

Estimation of the release time of radio-tellurium during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and its relationship to individual plant events

Takahashi, Sentaro*; Kawashima, Shigeto*; Hidaka, Akihide; Tanaka, Sota*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*

Nuclear Technology, 205(5), p.646 - 654, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:28.85(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

First direct mass measurements of nuclides around $$Z$$ = 100 with a multireflection time-of-flight mass spectrograph

Ito, Yuta*; Schury, P.*; Wada, Michiharu*; Arai, Fumiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Ishizawa, Satoshi*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kimura, Sota*; Koura, Hiroyuki; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 120(15), p.152501_1 - 152501_6, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:3.76(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Masses of $$^{246}$$Es, $$^{251}$$Fm and the transfermium nuclei $$^{249-252}$$Md, and $$^{254}$$No, produced by hot- and cold-fusion reactions, in the vicinity of the deformed $$N=152$$ neutron shell closure, have been directly measured using a multi-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrograph. The masses of $$^{246}$$Es and $$^{249,250,252}$$Md were measured for the first time. Using the masses of $$^{249,250}$$Md as anchor points for $$alpha$$ decay chains, the masses of heavier nuclei, up to $$^{261}$$Bh and $$^{266}$$Mt, were determined. These new masses were compared with theoretical global mass models and demonstrated to be in good agreement with macroscopic-microscopic models in this region. The empirical shell gap parameter $$delta_{2n}$$ derived from three isotopic masses was updated with the new masses and corroborate the existence of the deformed $$N=152$$ neutron shell closure for Md and Lr.

Journal Articles

New precise measurement of muonium hyperfine structure interval at J-PARC

Ueno, Yasuhiro*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 238(1), p.14_1 - 14_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:12.84

Journal Articles

Observation of doubly-charged ions of francium isotopes extracted from a gas cell

Schury, P.*; Wada, Michiharu*; Ito, Yuta*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Kimura, Sota*; Koura, Hiroyuki; MacCormick, M.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 407, p.160 - 165, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:29.98(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Various isotopes of Ac, Ra, Fr, and Rn were produced by fusion-evaporation reactions using a $$^{48}$$Ca beam. The energetic ions were stopped in and extracted from a helium gas cell. The extracted ions were identified using a multi-reflection time-of-fight mass spectrograph. In all cases, it was observed that the predominant charge state for the extracted ions, including the alkali Fr, was 2+.

Journal Articles

First online multireflection time-of-flight mass measurements of isobar chains produced by fusion-evaporation reactions; Toward identification of superheavy elements via mass spectroscopy

Schury, P.*; Wada, Michiharu*; Ito, Yuta*; Kaji, Daiya*; Arai, Fumiya*; MacCormick, M.*; Murray, I.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Jeong, S.*; Kimura, Sota*; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(1), p.011305_1 - 011305_6, 2017/01

AA2016-0638.pdf:0.71MB

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:4.28(Physics, Nuclear)

Using a multireflection time-of-flight mass spectrograph located after a gas cell coupled with the gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS-II, the masses of several $$alpha$$-decaying heavy nuclei were directly and precisely measured. The nuclei were produced via fusion-evaporation reactions and separated from projectilelike and targetlike particles using GARIS-II before being stopped in a helium-filled gas cell. Time-of-flight spectra for three isobar chains, $$^{204}$$Fr-$$^{204}$$Rn-$$^{204}$$At-$$^{204}$$Po, $$^{205}$$Fr- $$^{205}$$Rn-$$^{205}$$At-$$^{205}$$Po-$$^{205}$$Bi, and $$^{206}$$Fr-$$^{206}$$Rn-$$^{206}$$At, were observed. Precision atomic mass values were determined for $$^{204-206}$$Fr, $$^{204,205}$$Rn, and $$^{204,205}$$At. Identifications of $$^{205}$$Bi, $$^{204,205}$$Po, $$^{206}$$Rn, and $$^{206}$$At were made with N$$leq$$10 detected ions, representing the next step toward use of mass spectrometry to identify exceedingly low-yield species such as superheavy element ions.

Journal Articles

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:6.58

Journal Articles

Oxygen hole state in A-site ordered perovskite ACu$$_3$$Ru$$_4$$O$$_{12}$$ (A = Na, Ca, and La) probed by resonant X-ray emission spectroscopy

Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Mizokawa, Takashi*; Agui, Akane; Tanaka, Sotaro*; Takatsu, Hiroshi*; Yonezawa, Shingo*; Maeno, Yoshiteru*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(2), p.024709_1 - 024709_6, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:50.34(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In this study, we report the O 1$$s$$ and Cu 2$$p$$ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and resonant X-ray emission spectroscopy (RXES) study on the A-site ordered perovskite ACu$$_3$$Ru$$_4$$O$$_{12}$$ (A = Na, Ca, and La). Hartree-Fock calculation and cluster model calculation were carried out to analyze O 1$$s$$ and Cu 2$$p$$ XAS spectra. The O 1$$s$$ RXES spectra indicate that the number of O 2$$p$$ holes increases in going from La to Ca to Na. In addition, the Cu 2$$p$$ RXES spectra reveal that the charge-transfer energy decreases in going from La to Ca to Na.

Oral presentation

Behavior of radioceium in the earthworm after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident and application of radiocarbon to feeding analysis

Tanaka, Sota; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Koarashi, Jun

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Biodistribution and biological half-life of radioactive cesium in epigeic earthworms

Tanaka, Sota; Adachi, Taro*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Takahashi, Sentaro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Transfer of radiocesium to the spider, Nephila clavata, and stable isotope analysis ($$delta$$$$^{13}$$C, $$delta$$$$^{15}$$N)

Tanaka, Sota; Kakinuma, Hotaru*; Adachi, Taro*; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Koarashi, Jun

no journal, , 

Terrestrial arthropods could be an indicator species of long-term behavior of radiocesium through the food chain due to their large biomass and importance as food resources for other organisms. The spider, Nephila clavata, as generalist predators is especially suggested that an indicator species of radiocesium contamination of insect communities because they prey on variety of food resources from both grazing and detrital food chain. In present study, the aggregated transfer factor (T$$_{ag}$$) of $$^{137}$$Cs for the spiders inhabited at mountainous forest and riverside was calculated using the initial deposition densities map, and stable isotope ratio($$delta$$$$^{13}$$C, $$delta$$$$^{15}$$N) of the spider was measured to determine the transfer pathway of $$^{137}$$Cs.

Oral presentation

Effects of earthworm activities on CO$$_{2}$$ emission from soil

Tanaka, Sota; Nagano, Hirohiko; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Koarashi, Jun

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Soil organic carbon and its water-extractable fraction in volcanic ash soils in a Japanese temperate forest; Relations to phosphate absorption coefficient and their implication

Nagano, Hirohiko; Tanaka, Sota; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Koarashi, Jun

no journal, , 

Soil organic carbon (SOC) is a key component in global carbon cycling, while water-extractable organic carbon (WEOC) in soils is a proxy of soil carbon available to the living microbial community. Volcanic ash soils, a soil type dominant in Japan, are known to have a very high ability to stabilize soil carbon, and SOC content often correlates with phosphate absorption coefficients (PAC) in soils. In this study, we compared the SOC-PAC relationship and the WEOC-PAC relationships using 42 volcanic ash soils (0-6 cm depth) collected from a Japanese temperate forest. SOC showed a very strong correlation with PAC (r = 0.72). Correlation between SOC and WEOC was also strong (r = 0.84). Correlation between WEOC and PAC was, however, weak (r = 0.42). Thus, water destabilized carbon likely originated from residual carbon sources other than the primary carbon that is highly stabilized in volcanic ash soils.

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