Murase, Satoshi*; Yoshikawa, Yumi*; Fujiwara, Kosuke*; Fukada, Yukimasa*; Teranishi, Takashi*; Kano, Jun*; Fujii, Tatsuo*; Inada, Yasuhiro*; Katayama, Misaki*; Yoshii, Kenji; et al.
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 162, p.110468_1 - 110468_6, 2022/03
We report a trial of the valence control for mixed valence iron triangular oxide YbFeO in order to develop an effective technique to control the frustration of charges in strongly correlated electron systems. The electro-chemical doping of Li into YbFeO was examined on the cell type sample similar to the Li-ion secondary battery cell. Systematic change of the lattice constant, Fe-Fe and Fe-Yb distance were observed with Li doping. Maximum value of the doping was over 300 mAh/g. An EXAFS experiment indicated that Li positioned between Yb octahedron layer (U-layer) and Fe-bipyramidal layer (W-layer). However, detailed change of iron valence state of YbFeO was not clearly observed because of the superimpose of the signal from iron metal nano particles in XANES observation. The results indicate that the electrochemical method might be one of the potential technique to control the frustration of charges in YbFeO.
Asahi, Yuichi; Hatayama, Sora*; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Onodera, Naoyuki; Hasegawa, Yuta; Idomura, Yasuhiro
Proceedings of 2021 IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing (IEEE Cluster 2021) (Internet), p.686 - 691, 2021/10
We develop a convolutional neural network model to predict the multi-resolution steady flow. Based on the state-of-the-art image-to-image translation model pix2pixHD, our model can predict the high resolution flow field from the set of patched signed distance functions. By patching the high resolution data, the memory requirements in our model is suppressed compared to pix2pixHD.
Asahi, Yuichi; Hatayama, Sora*; Shimokawabe, Takashi*; Onodera, Naoyuki; Hasegawa, Yuta; Idomura, Yasuhiro
Keisan Kogaku Koenkai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 26, 4 Pages, 2021/05
We develop a convolutional neural network model to predict the multi-resolution steady flow. Based on the state-of-the-art image-to-image translation model Pix2PixHD, our model can predict the high resolution flow field from the signed distance function. By patching the high resolution data, the memory requirements in our model is suppressed compared to Pix2PixHD.
Yoshida, Masafumi; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Grisham, L. R.*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Shibata, Takanori*; Yamamoto, Takashi*; Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.616 - 619, 2015/10
In JT-60 Super Advanced for the fusion experiment, 22A, 100s negative ions are designed to be extracted from the world largest ion extraction area of 450 mm 1100 mm. One of the key issues for producing such as high current beams is to improve non-uniform production of the negative ions. In order to improve the uniformity of the negative ions, a tent-shaped magnetic filter has newly been developed and tested for JT-60SA negative ion source. The original tent-shaped filter significantly improved the logitudunal uniformity of the extracted H ion beams. The logitudinal uniform areas within a 10 deviation of the beam intensity were improved from 45% to 70% of the ion extraction area. However, this improvement degrades a horizontal uniformity. For this, the uniform areas was no more than 55% of the total ion extraction area. In order to improve the horizontal uniformity, the filter strength has been reduced from 660 Gasuscm to 400 Gasuscm. This reduction improved the horizontal uniform area from 75% to 90% without degrading the logitudinal uniformity. This resulted in the improvement of the uniform area from 45% of the total ion extraction areas. This improvement of the uniform area leads to the production of a 22A H ion beam from 450 mm 1100 mm with a small amount increase of electron current of 10%. The obtained beam current fulfills the requirement for JT-60SA.
Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Arima, Hiroshi*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Yamada, Akihiro*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Nakatani, Takeshi; Seto, Yusuke*; Nagai, Takaya*; Utsumi, Wataru; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 780, p.55 - 67, 2015/04
PLANET is a time-of-flight (ToF) neutron beamline dedicated to high-pressure and high-temperature experiments. The large six-axis multi-anvil high-pressure press designed for ToF neutron diffraction experiments enables routine data collection at high pressures and high temperatures up to 10 GPa and 2000 K, respectively. To obtain clean data, the beamline is equipped with the incident slits and receiving collimators to eliminate parasitic scattering from the high-pressure cell assembly. The high performance of the diffractometer for the resolution ( / 0.6%) and the accessible -spacing range (0.2-8.4 ) together with low-parasitic scattering characteristics enables precise structure determination of crystals and liquids under high pressure and temperature conditions.
Yamamoto, Masahiro; Katayama, Hideki*; Sato, Tomonori; Tsukada, Takashi
Proceedings of 2014 Nuclear Plant Chemistry Conference (NPC 2014) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2014/10
In the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, seawater and natural river water were poured for emergency cooling. Corrosion of materials was worried because of high chloride ion concentration from seawater. The chloride ion concentration was decreased by de-chlorination operation. However, the water was not treated in the viewpoint of microbial breeding, so that many microbes could be alive and microbially induced corrosion (MIC) was worried. So, we attempted to examine the ability of MIC occurrence by using of corrosion potential analysis. Corrosion potentials of samples rose to about 300 mV nobler than the initial values in the NB added solution. The potentials of the welded samples more easily rose than the simple plate. These potential changes are attributed to the biofilms formed on the sample surface. After about 100 days' immersion, evidence of localized corrosion was not observed. More immersion time is needed to clarify the MIC ability.
Ikeda, Takashi; Katayama, Yoshinori
Teion Kagaku, 71, p.125 - 129, 2013/03
Although liquid water is one of the most abundant materials on earth and most familiar to all of us, the present understanding of liquid water exhibiting various interesting properties depending on the environment is still far from satisfactory. Hence, it is still one of main subjects in vast research fields including physics, chemistry, and biology. In this contribution, we first describe the structural and dynamical properties of water under high temperatures and pressures revealed by combining advanced first principles molecular dynamics simulations and in situ X-ray diffraction experiments. Then, the future prospects for investigating water under higher pressures and temperatures are summarized.
Shibata, Takanori; Terasaki, Ryo*; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Inoue, Takashi; Dairaku, Masayuki; Taniguchi, Masaki; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Umeda, Naotaka; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Sakamoto, Keishi; et al.
AIP Conference Proceedings 1515, p.177 - 186, 2013/02
In the neutral beam injector in JT-60SA, one of issues is that negative ion beam is partially intercepted at acceleration grids due to a spatial non-uniformity of negative ion production on large extraction area (0.90.45m). Previous experiments showed that fast electrons emitted from filament cathodes are transported in a longitudinal direction by drift and the spatial distribution of electron temperature () strongly relates with the non-uniformity. In this study, a three-dimensional electron transport analysis has been developed. Electron temperature in the analysis agreed well with measurements in JAEA 10A ion source. This study clarified that the bias of distribution are caused by the following reasons; (1) fast electrons drifted in the longitudinal direction survives near the end wall with energy up to = 25-60 eV and (2) they produces thermal electrons by collision with plasma particles there.
Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Mihara, Mototsugu*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Jeong, S. C.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Momota, Sadao*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Matsuta, Kensaku*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.54_1 - 54_10, 2012/05
Nakatsuji, Satoru*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Kimura, Kenta*; Satake, Ryuta*; Katayama, Naoyuki*; Nishibori, Eiji*; Sawa, Hiroshi*; Ishii, Rieko*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Bridges, F.*; et al.
Science, 336(6081), p.559 - 563, 2012/05
Frustrated magnetic materials can remain disordered to the lowest temperatures. Such is the case for BaCuSbO, which is magnetically anisotropic at the atomic scale but curiously isotropic on mesoscopic length and time scales. We find that the frustration on the triangular lattice is imprinted in a nanostructured honeycomb lattice of Cu ions that resists a coherent static Jahn-Teller distortion. The resulting two-dimensional random-bond spin-1/2 system on the honeycomb lattice has a broad spectrum of spin-dimer like excitations and low-energy spin degrees of freedom that retain.
Shibata, Takanori; Koga, Shojiro*; Terasaki, Ryo*; Inoue, Takashi; Dairaku, Masayuki; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Taniguchi, Masaki; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Tsuchida, Kazuki; Umeda, Naotaka; et al.
Review of Scientific Instruments, 83(2), p.02A719_1 - 02A719_3, 2012/02
In the NBI for large fusion devices, production of uniform negative ion beam is one of important issues. A physical model is proposed to understand the non-uniformity. It has been qualitatively shown that the non-uniform beam intensity is due to the following process; (1) formation of non-uniform EEDF, (2) localized production of hydrogen atoms/ions (H/H) due to (1), (3) non-uniform flux of H/H to the PG and (4) localized surface production of negative ions. However, in the past studies, the EEDF was assumed as two temperature Maxwellian distribution from measurements. Thus effects of high energy electrons are not taken into account precisely. In the present research, local EEDF is calculated by the 3D Monte-Carlo kinetic model which takes into account the spatial and magnetic configurations of the real negative ion source. The numerical result show that high energy component of the EEDF enhances the spatial non-uniformity in the production rate of H/H.
Ikeda, Takashi; Katayama, Yoshinori
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO, 53(1), p.42 - 44, 2011/01
Liquid water exhibiting various properties according to its surroundings is still a major research target in wide fields of physics, chemistry, and biology. In this review, we first describe the behavior of water under pressures and temperatures revealed recently by combining first principles molecular dynamics simulations and in situ X-ray diffraction experiments. We then give an outlook for future subjects.
Ikeda, Takashi; Katayama, Yoshinori; Saito, Hiroyuki; Aoki, Katsutoshi
Journal of Chemical Physics, 132(12), p.121102_1 - 121102_4, 2010/03
The effects of temperature and pressure upon structural, dynamical, and electronic properties of liquid HO were systematically investigated via first principles molecular dynamics and X-ray diffraction in the chosen isochore (1.00-1.61 g/cm) and isotherm (300-900 K) conditions. Our study suggests that the crossover occurs between H-bonded and simple-liquid-like liquids by raising temperature in molecular liquid phase.
Terasaki, Ryo*; Fujino, Ikuro*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Mizuno, Takatoshi; Inoue, Takashi
Review of Scientific Instruments, 81(2), p.02A703_1 - 02A703_3, 2010/02
In order to develop the large H ion source for future fusion reactors, the uniform production of H ions is one of the important issues. Recently, it has been shown experimentally in JAEA 10A negative ion source that the non-uniformity of the electron energy distribution function (EEDF) inside the source and the resultant non-uniformity of the H production strongly affect the H beam optics. Therefore, modeling of the EEDF and analysis of the spatial non-uniformity of the EEDF is necessary to optimize H ion source and the beam optics. For this purpose, we are developing the 3D3V Monte Carlo modeling of the EEDF in realistic 3D geometry. The code reproduces the spatial non-uniformity of the EEDF observed in the experiments. Our developing code is a powerful tool for the design of the next generation sources.
Katayama, Yoshinori; Hattori, Takanori; Saito, Hiroyuki; Ikeda, Takashi; Aoki, Katsutoshi; Fukui, Hiroshi*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*
Physical Review B, 81(1), p.014109_1 - 014109_6, 2010/01
The structure of liquid water was studied along the melting curve up to 17.1 GPa and 850 K by in situ X-ray diffraction. At low pressures, the local structure changed toward a simple liquid-like structure through an increase in the coordination number of water molecules. Once densely packed structure of water molecules was achieved around 4 GPa, the volume was reduced through the decrease of the intermolecular distance on further compression. Classical molecular dynamics simulations well reproduced the experimental results although the degree of agreement depended on pressure. Limitations of the pair potential model were discussed.
Koike, Masato; Ishino, Masahiko; Imazono, Takashi; Sano, Kazuo*; Sasai, Hiroyuki*; Hatayama, Masatoshi*; Takenaka, Hisataka*; Heimann, P. A.*; Gullikson, E. M.*
Spectrochimica Acta, Part B, 64(8), p.756 - 760, 2009/08
W/C and Co/SiO multilayer laminar-type holographic plane gratings (groove density 1/1200 lines /mm) in the 1-8 keV region are developed. For the Co/SiO grating the diffraction efficiencies of 0.41 and 0.47 at 4 and 6 keV, respectively, and for the W/C grating 0.38 at 8 keV are observed. Taking advantage of the outstanding high diffraction efficiencies into practical soft X-ray spectrographs a Mo/SiO multilayer varied-line-spacing (VLS) laminar-type spherical grating (1/2400 lines /mm) is also developed for use with a flat field spectrograph in the region of 1.7 keV. For the Mo/SiO multilayer grating the diffraction efficiencies of 0.05-0.20 at 0.9-1.8 keV are observed. The FWHM's of the measured line profiles of Hf-M (1644.6 eV), Si-K (1740.0 eV),and W-M (1775.4 eV) are 13.7 eV, 8.0 eV, and 8.7 eV, respectively. It shows the validity of multilayer lamina-type gratings in the region.
Sato, Kazuhiko*; Fujita, Hidemi*; Katayama, Kazuhiro*; Taniguchi, Hiromi*; Ito, Takashi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Higemoto, Wataru
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(5-7), p.597 - 599, 2009/04
Zero-field muon spin relaxation and high-field transverse muon spin rotation have been measured for an organic superconductor -(BEDT-TTF)HgBr. No anomaly is found in zero-field relaxation spectrum at the superconducting transition temperature, 4.2 K. The muon Knight shift determined by transverse muon spin rotation at 6 T exhibits Curie-Weiss like behavior down to 2 K, whereas static magnetic susceptibility shows a peak around 30 K. The muon Knight shift does not scale with the magnetic susceptibility at low temperatures.
Jeong, S.-C.*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Kawakami, Hirokane*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Miyatake, Hiroari; Sataka, Masao; Sugai, Hiroyuki; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 47(8), p.6413 - 6415, 2008/08
A non-destructive and on-line diffusion tracing in Li ionic conductors has been demonstrated. As a tracer, pulsed beam of Li was implanted into LiGa. By analyzing the time dependent yield of the -particles decaying from Li, diffusion coefficients were extracted with a high accuracy. The ordering of Li vacancies in the Li-deficient phase of LiGa was observed for the first time in terms of the Li diffusion.
Uchino, Takashi*; Aboshi, Atsuko*; Yamada, Tomoko*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Katayama, Yoshinori
Physical Review B, 77(13), p.132201_1 - 132201_4, 2008/04
X-ray diffraction study of nanometer-size amorphous silica particles was carried out at pressures up to 7.4 GPa. An energy dispersive synchrotron radiation technique was used. It was found that silica nanoparticles exhibit pressure-induced structural changes, which eventually lead to a permanent densification. The transformation occurs at much lower pressures than what occurs in a bulk silica glass. A new window for amorphous-amorphous transformation at room temperature is provided by decreasing the size.
Takato, Naoyuki; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Inoue, Takashi; Hanada, Masaya; Seki, Takayoshi*; Kato, Kyohei*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Sakamoto, Keishi
JAEA-Research 2008-031, 44 Pages, 2008/03
The origin of the H ion beam non-uniformity under the Cesium seeded condition was studied in the JAEA 10 Ampere negative ion source by measuring the profiles of the beam intensity and plasma parameters. The numerical analyses, such as the trace of particles (the electron, the H atom and the H ion) trajectories using the Monte Carlo method, were also applied to consider the experimental results.