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論文

Remote detection of radioactive hotspot using a Compton camera mounted on a moving multi-copter drone above a contaminated area in Fukushima

佐藤 優樹; 小澤 慎吾*; 寺阪 祐太; 峯本 浩二郎*; 田村 智志*; 新宮 一駿*; 根本 誠*; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(6), p.734 - 744, 2020/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc., suffered a meltdown as a result of a large tsunami triggered by the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011. To proceed with the environmental recovery by decontamination, drawing a radiation distribution map that can indicate the distribution of radioactive substances is extremely important to establish detailed decontamination plans. We developed a remote radiation imaging system consisting of a lightweight Compton camera and a multi-copter drone to remotely measure the distribution of the radioactive substances. This system can perform radiation imaging using a Compton camera while flying and moving. In addition, it is also possible to draw the distribution of radioactive substances three-dimensionally by projecting the radiation image measured with the Compton camera on a three-dimensional topography model separately acquired by a 3D-LiDAR. We conducted a survey of radioactive hotspots in difficult-to-return zone in the coastal area of Fukushima, Japan. The drone system succeeded in three-dimensional visualization of several hotspots deposited on the ground. Such remote technology would be useful not only for monitoring the difficult-to-return zone, but also for monitoring distribution of radioactive substances inside the site of the FDNPS where decommissioning work is ongoing.

論文

Development of one-dimensional optical fiber type radiation distribution sensing method based on wavelength spectrum unfolding

寺阪 祐太; 渡辺 賢一*; 瓜谷 章*; 山崎 淳*; 佐藤 優樹; 鳥居 建男; 若井田 育夫

Proceedings of International Youth Nuclear Congress 2020 (IYNC 2020) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2020/05

For the application in the measurement of the high dose rate hot spots inside the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station buildings, we propose a wavelength-resolved type one-dimensional radiation distribution sensing method using plastic scintillating fiber (PSF). The proposing method estimates the incident position of radiation to the PSF by the unfolding of the wavelength spectrum output from the fiber edge using the fact that the attenuation length of scintillating light depends on the wavelength. By measuring the response function in advance, which defined as the wavelength spectrum measured at the fiber edge by the spectrometer with every transmission distance, the spectrum which can obtain when measured a certain radiation distribution can be expressed as the convolution of the response function. This method can avoid the problem of chance coincidence effect and signal pile-up, which occurs in the radiation detector with pulse counting mode under high dose rate field because this method measures the integrated light intensity. Through basic experiment using the ultraviolet irradiation source and $$^{90}$$Sr point source, basic properties of inverse estimation of irradiated position were confirmed, which showed that source position was reasonably estimated using the response function which obtained by the ultraviolet irradiation source in advance.

論文

A Study of directional gamma-ray detector without shield by Monte Carlo simulation

北山 佳治; 寺阪 祐太; 佐藤 優樹; 鳥居 建男

Proceedings of International Youth Nuclear Congress 2020 (IYNC 2020) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2020/05

At the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), various works are under-way for decommissioning. Depending on work places, there are radioactive hotspot. Therefore measuring the position of the hotspot in advance is important for safety of the worker. The system that can easily measure the dose rate distribution in work place has been demanded. There are two methods for imaging a dose rate distribution: a pinhole camera and a Compton camera. A pinhole camera can determine direction of radiation source in one event, but the weight becomes heavy because a shield is required. On the other hand, since the Compton camera does not require a shield, it can be reduced in the size and weight. However, Compton imaging method generate many ghosts of cone traces, which reduce the signal-to-noise ratio. We propose a new gamma-ray imager that works like a pinhole camera without a shield. This is achieved by arranging directional gamma ray detectors that does not require a shield. In this work, we have performed principle verification of a directional gamma-ray detector that is a basic component of the new gamma-ray imager by using Geant4 Monte Carlo simulation.

論文

Radiation imaging using a compact Compton camera mounted on a crawler robot inside reactor buildings of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

佐藤 優樹; 寺阪 祐太; 宇津木 弥*; 菊地 弘幸*; 清岡 英男*; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(9-10), p.801 - 808, 2019/09

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:23.33(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc., went into meltdown in the aftermath of a large tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake of 11 March 2011. Measurement of radiation distribution inside the FDNPS buildings is indispensable to execute decommissioning tasks in the reactor buildings. We conducted a radiation imaging experiment inside the reactor building of Unit 1 of FDNPS by using a compact Compton camera mounted on a crawler robot and remotely visualized gamma-rays streaming from deep inside the reactor building. Moreover, we drew a radiation image obtained using the Compton camera onto the three-dimensional (3-D) structural model of the experimental environment created using photogrammetry. In addition, the 3-D model of the real working environment, including the radiation image, was imported into the virtual space of the virtual reality system. These visualization techniques help workers recognize radioactive contamination easily and decrease their own exposure to radiation because the contamination cannot be observed with the naked eye.

論文

環境科学に関わる学生・若手研究者たちが考える保健物理・環境科学研究

三輪 一爾; 寺阪 祐太; 越智 康太郎; 普天間 章; 佐々木 美雪; 廣内 淳

日本原子力学会誌, 61(9), p.687 - 691, 2019/09

本報告は、日本原子力学会2019年春の年会にて実施した、保健物理・環境科学部会の企画セッションの内容をまとめたものである。本企画セッションでは、原子力・放射線分野に携わる学生および若手研究者6名が、それぞれの専門的知見を通して見た保健物理・環境科学の在り方について講演を行った。全講演者の発表終了後には来場者を含めて当分野の課題や今後の発展についてディスカッションを行った。本報告書では、各講演概要とディスカッション内容の取りまとめを行った。

論文

Image reconstruction of radioactive contamination due to the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident using a compact Compton camera

佐藤 優樹; 寺阪 祐太; 宮村 浩子; 冠城 雅晃; 谷藤 祐太; 川端 邦明; 鳥居 建男

Reactor Dosimetry; 16th International Symposium on Reactor Dosimetry (ISRD-16) (ASTM STP 1608), p.428 - 436, 2018/11

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100

We developed a lightweight compact Compton camera to measure the distribution of radioactive contamination inside the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. We conducted performance evaluation tests in the coastal area of Fukushima, Japan, using the camera, which employs a cerium (Ce)-doped GAGG (Gd$$_{3}$$Al$$_{2}$$Ga$$_{3}$$O$$_{12}$$) scintillator coupled with a multipixel photon counter. The camera can clearly visualize spreading of radioactivity along the ground surface. In addition, we performed three-dimensional image reconstruction of the distribution of radioactive contamination using the multi-angle data obtained with the Compton camera. We succeeded in obtaining a three-dimensional image of radioactive contamination in the outdoor area.

論文

Radiation imaging using a compact Compton camera inside the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station building

佐藤 優樹; 谷藤 祐太; 寺阪 祐太; 宇佐美 博士; 冠城 雅晃; 川端 邦明; 宇津木 弥*; 菊地 弘幸*; 高平 史郎*; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(9), p.965 - 970, 2018/09

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:8.66(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc., went into meltdown after the occurrence of a large tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011. The radiation distribution measurements inside the FDNPS buildings are indispensable to execute decommissioning tasks in the reactor buildings. We conducted the radiation imaging experiment inside the turbine building of Unit 3 of the FDNPS using a compact Compton camera, and succeeded in visualizing the high-dose contamination (up to 3.5 mSv/h). We also drew a three-dimensional radiation distribution map inside the turbine building by integrating the radiation image resulting from the Compton camera into the point cloud data of the experimental environment acquired using the scanning laser range finder. The radiation distribution map shows the position of these contaminations on the real space image of the turbine building. The radiation distribution map helps workers to easily recognize the radioactive contamination and to decrease the radiation exposure; the contamination cannot be observed with the naked eye, naturally.

論文

A 3D radiation image display on a simple virtual reality system created using a game development platform

佐藤 優樹; 寺阪 祐太; 小澤 慎吾*; 谷藤 祐太; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 13(8), p.T08011_1 - T08011_10, 2018/08

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:67.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc., suffered a meltdown after a large tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011. The measurement of radiation distribution inside FDNPS buildings is indispensable for executing appropriate decommissioning tasks in the reactor's buildings. In addition, it is extremely important to accurately predict the location of radioactive contamination beforehand because the working time is limited owing to radiation exposure to workers. In this paper, a simple virtual reality (VR) system that can detect radioactive substances in virtual space has been developed to simulate real working environments. A three-dimensional (3D) photo-based model of the real working environment, including an image of the radioactive substance, was imported into the virtual space of the VR system. The developed VR system can be accessed using a smartphone and a cardboard goggle. The VR system is expected to be useful for preliminary training of workers and for recognizing radioactive hotspots during decommissioning of the work environment.

論文

Remote radiation imaging system using a compact $$gamma$$-ray imager mounted on a multicopter drone

佐藤 優樹; 小澤 慎吾*; 寺阪 祐太; 冠城 雅晃; 谷藤 祐太; 川端 邦明; 宮村 浩子; 和泉 良*; 鈴木 敏和*; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(1), p.90 - 96, 2018/01

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:5.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A remote radiation imaging system comprising a lightweight Compton camera and a multicopter drone was developed to remotely and quickly measure radioactive contamination inside the buildings of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS). The drone system is used for measuring detailed radiation distributions in narrow areas, which have been difficult to gauge with conventional aircraft monitoring using helicopters. A measurement of radiation distributions in outdoor environments in the coastal areas of Fukushima, Japan, was performed. The drone system with the Compton camera succeeded in remote observations of dense hotspots from the sky over a contaminated area near the FDNPS. The time required for image reconstruction is approximately 550 s in the case of a 9-m flight altitude for the hotspots with a surface dose rate of several tens of $$mu$$Sv/h. This drone system will be used inside the buildings of the FDNPS for remote measurement of radioactive contamination.

論文

Development of compact Compton camera for 3D image reconstruction of radioactive contamination

佐藤 優樹; 寺阪 祐太; 小澤 慎吾*; 宮村 浩子; 冠城 雅晃; 谷藤 祐太; 川端 邦明; 鳥居 建男

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(11), p.C11007_1 - C11007_8, 2017/11

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:38.43(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), operated by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc., went into meltdown after the large tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011. Very large amounts of radionuclides were released from the damaged plant. Radiation distribution measurements inside the building of FDNPS are indispensable to execute the decommission tasks in the reactor buildings. We have developed a light-weight compact Compton camera to three-dimensionally measure the distribution of radioactive contamination inside FDNPS. The total weight of the Compton camera is lower than 1.0 kg. The $$gamma$$-ray sensor of the Compton camera employs the Ce-doped GAGG scintillators coupled with a multi-pixel photon counter (MPPC: Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.,). We performed the 3D image reconstruction of the $$^{137}$$Cs-radioactive sources as shown in Fig. 1; the 3D radiation image is reconstructed using the multi-angle data measured with the Compton camera. Here, we introduce the development status of the 3D radiation imaging system consisting of the Compton camera. Moreover, we present the results of a performance evaluation test for 3D image reconstruction of radioactive contaminations in details.

論文

Radiation imaging system using a compact $$gamma$$-ray imager mounted on a remotely operated machine

佐藤 優樹; 川端 邦明; 小澤 慎吾*; 和泉 良*; 冠城 雅晃; 谷藤 祐太; 寺阪 祐太; 宮村 浩子; 河村 拓馬; 鈴木 敏和*; et al.

IFAC-PapersOnLine, 50(1), p.1062 - 1066, 2017/07

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:100

The development of remote and quick radiation imaging methods in the high dose-rate environment is requested to accelerate implementation of decommissioning of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP). We developed the remote radiation imaging system consisting of a Compton camera and a multicopter drone to remotely measure the radioactive contamination on the several radioactive fields in the environment and inside the building of nuclear facilities such as the FDNPP. The drone system succeeded in the observation of several hotspots from the sky at the outdoor environments in coastal areas of Fukushima, Japan. In addition, we are now developing the SLAM technology for remotely operated machines such as the drone to complete the remote radiation imaging system, which can autonomous flight.

口頭

モニタリングステーションNaI波高分布を用いた茨城県における大気中放射能濃度推定,2

寺阪 祐太; 山澤 弘実*; 鳥居 建男

no journal, , 

原子力施設からの放射性物質の大気放出を伴う事故の発生時には、公衆の内部被ばく線量評価に大気中放射能濃度の測定値が求められる。しかし、福島第一原子力発電所事故初期の短半減期核種の大気中濃度の測定値は時間的・空間的に少なかった。そこで、原子力施設周辺のMSに設置されているNaI(Tl)検出器で測定された波高分布を用いた大気中濃度推定法の開発及び福島第一原子力発電所事故への適用が行われた。本研究では2011年3月21日に茨城県を通過したプルームの核種組成の時系列を解析した。ガス状と粒子状の核種で大気中濃度時系列が異なり、粒子状核種の濃度の減少速度が速いという特徴が得られた。

口頭

R&Ds on remote technology and radiation measurements in JAEA towards the decommissioning of FDNPP

佐藤 優樹; 冠城 雅晃; 寺阪 祐太; 三枝 純; 川端 邦明; 若井田 育夫; 鳥居 建男

no journal, , 

The development of radiation measurement methods in the high dose-rate environment is requested to accelerate implementation of decommissioning of the FDNPP. We are now developing the technology which can measure the 3D distribution of the contamination level with radioactive substances inside the building of FDNPP. Light-weight portable gamma camera is to be developed, and is used for drones that can remotely measure the radiation distributions in the high radioactive fields where workers are not allowed to enter and remain there. Radiation hard sensors that can measure the shapes and nuclide distributions of residual debris inside the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) and primary containment vessel (PCV) are also to be developed. Multi-layer silicon strip detector (SSD) is one of the candidate sensor, which can measure the above information on the debris because SSD can measure the energies and incident directions of the $$gamma$$-rays emitted from the debris. Fast-decay scintillator which has the high density and superior radiation hardness are also developed for measurement of the $$gamma$$-rays emitted from the debris. We are now investigating the radiation hard optical fibers which can transmit the scintillation light under high dose-rate environment. We introduce our recent study about such radiation imaging technology and sensing technology of fuel debris.

口頭

原子力機構における福島第一原子力発電所の廃止措置に向けた遠隔放射線測定技術の開発

佐藤 優樹; 冠城 雅晃; 寺阪 祐太; 三枝 純; 川端 邦明; 若井田 育夫; 鳥居 建男

no journal, , 

廃炉国際共同研究センター遠隔技術ディビジョンでは、東京電力ホールディングス福島第一原子力発電所の廃止措置に向けて、ガンマカメラと遠隔機器の融合による遠隔放射線測定技術の開発を進めている。これまでに遠隔技術ディビジョンでは、飛散した放射性物質を可視化するための装置として小型・軽量なコンプトンカメラを製作し、その動作試験を実施してきた。本会議では、コンプトンカメラの仕様と性能評価試験の結果を部分的に紹介し、加えて、今後予定しているコンプトンカメラを遠隔機器に搭載する計画についても発表する。

口頭

小型・軽量コンプトンカメラを用いた遠隔放射線イメージング技術の開発,1; コンプトンカメラを搭載した無人飛行体による放射性物質分布の可視化に向けた取り組み

佐藤 優樹; 小澤 慎吾*; 和泉 良*; 寺阪 祐太; 冠城 雅晃; 宮村 浩子; 河村 拓馬; 谷藤 祐太; 川端 邦明; 鈴木 敏和*; et al.

no journal, , 

東京電力ホールディングス福島第一原子力発電所(以下、1F)の事故により1F建屋内外に放出された放射性物質について、詳細な除染計画の立案や作業員の被ばく線量の低減のために、飛散した放射性物質を可視化するための技術開発が求められている。日本原子力研究開発機構は放射性物質を可視化するための装置として、小型・軽量なコンプトンカメラを製作し、千代田テクノルと共同で動作試験を進めている。加えて、広いエリアの屋外環境や1F建屋内部の高線量率環境における遠隔での放射線イメージングを目的とし、コンプトンカメラをドローン等の遠隔機器に搭載することによる遠隔放射線イメージングの技術開発を同時に進めている。本シリーズ発表では、測定システムの概要をはじめに紹介し、福島県浜通り地域屋外におけるコンプトンカメラの性能評価試験の結果と、コンプトンカメラによる3次元線源分布再構成に関する検討について発表する。

口頭

小型・軽量コンプトンカメラを用いた遠隔放射線イメージング技術の開発,2; 福島県浜通り地域でのコンプトンカメラのイメージング精度検証

寺阪 祐太; 佐藤 優樹; 冠城 雅晃; 小澤 慎吾*; 鳥居 建男

no journal, , 

開発した小型・軽量コンプトンカメラを用いて福島県浜通り地域でフィールド試験を実施した。コンプトンカメラをドローンに搭載する前段階として、コンプトンカメラ単独で環境中に局所的に線量率が高いホットスポットをイメージング可能であるかを検証した。

口頭

マルチコプター型UAVを基盤とした遠隔放射線可視化システムの開発

佐藤 優樹; 小澤 慎吾*; 寺阪 祐太; 冠城 雅晃; 宮村 浩子; 谷藤 祐太; 川端 邦明; 和泉 良*; 鈴木 敏和*; 鳥居 建男

no journal, , 

東京電力ホールディングス福島第一原子力発電所(以下、1F)の事故により1F建屋内外に放出された放射性物質について、詳細な除染計画の立案や作業員の被ばく線量の低減のために、飛散した放射性物質を可視化するための技術開発が求められている。日本原子力研究開発機構は放射性物質を可視化するための装置として、小型・軽量なコンプトンカメラを製作し、千代田テクノルと共同で動作試験を進めている。加えて、広いエリアの屋外環境や1F建屋内部の高線量率環境における遠隔での放射線イメージングを目的とし、コンプトンカメラをドローン等の遠隔機器に搭載することによる遠隔放射線イメージングの技術開発を同時に進めている。本発表では、測定システムの概要を紹介し、福島県浜通り地域屋外におけるコンプトンカメラの性能評価試験の結果と、今後の1F建屋内へのシステム導入に係わる検討について発表する。

口頭

Compact Compton camera for radiation distribution imaging under high dose rate environments

佐藤 優樹; 寺阪 祐太; 冠城 雅晃; 谷藤 祐太; 宇佐美 博士; 宮村 浩子; 小澤 慎吾*; 和泉 良*; 川端 邦明; 鈴木 敏和*; et al.

no journal, , 

The development of quick radiation imaging methods in the high dose rate environments is very important to accelerate decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS). We have developed a compact Compton camera for measurement of radioactive contamination inside FDNPS. We conducted a performance evaluation test inside the $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facility, and the Compton camera can visualize the $$^{137}$$Cs-irradiation source under the dose rate of 1 mGy/h. We also developed the remote radiation imaging system consisting of the Compton camera and a multicopter-type drone. The drone system succeeded in observing the $$^{137}$$Cs-radioactive source, which was set on the floor surface, remotely. We plan to use the Compton camera and the drone system inside the buildings of FDNPS.

口頭

放射線計測と光3次元計測を統合した放射性物質分布可視化システムの開発

佐藤 優樹; 谷藤 祐太; 寺阪 祐太; 宇佐美 博士; 冠城 雅晃; 宮村 浩子; 川端 邦明; 鳥居 建男

no journal, , 

福島第一原子力発電所(以下、1F)の事故により1F建屋内外に放出された放射性物質について、詳細な除染計画の立案や作業員の被ばく線量の低減のために、飛散した放射性物質を可視化するための技術開発が求められている。原子力機構廃炉国際共同研究センターは放射性物質を可視化するための装置として、小型・軽量なコンプトンカメラを開発し、放射性物質の分布を3次元的に可視化するための技術開発を進めている。加えて、レーザー等による光測量技術を用いて建屋構造物の3次元モデルを構築し、これを放射線イメージと重ね合わせることによって、より視認しやすい放射性物質分布図の構築を目指している。これまでに福島第一原子力発電所建屋内部において、開発したコンプトンカメラを用いて放射性物質のイメージング試験を実施し、建屋内部に存在するホットスポットの3次元的な可視化に成功した。加えて、測域センサーを用いて建屋内部の3次元モデルを構築し、放射線イメージと重ね合わせることによる放射線分布マップの構築を試みた。発表では試験結果の詳細と今後の予定を紹介する。

口頭

福島第一原発建屋内放射線分布測定に向けたプラスチックシンチレーションファイバー検出器の開発

寺阪 祐太; 佐藤 優樹; 鳥居 建男

no journal, , 

福島第一原子力発電所(1F)建屋内放射線分布測定に向けてプロトタイプのプラスチックシンチレーションファイバー(PSF)を開発し、標準線源による動作特性試験を実施した。加えて、1F建屋内測定用の可搬型・低消費電力のPSFを設計した。

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