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Journal Articles

Measurement of defect-induced electrical resistivity change of tungsten wire at cryogenic temperature using high-energy proton irradiation

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Satoh, Daiki; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Yabuuchi, Atsushi*; Kinomura, Atsushi*; Shima, Tatsushi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.061003_1 - 061003_5, 2020/02

To predict the lifetime of target materials in high-energy radiation environments at spallation neutron sources, radiation transport codes such as PHITS are used to calculate the displacements per atom (DPA) value. In this work, to validate calculated DPA values of tungsten, we implemented 0.25-mm-diameter wire sample of tungsten in a proton irradiation device with a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler and measured the defect-induced electrical resistivity changes related to the displacement cross section using 389-MeV protons at 10 K. In comparison with experimental data under 1.1 and 1.9 GeV proton irradiation, we found that damage rate of tungsten increases with proton energy due to increase the number of secondary particle s produced by nuclear reactions.

Journal Articles

Conceptual study on a novel method for detecting nuclear material using a neutron source

Komeda, Masao; Toh, Yosuke

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 135, p.106993_1 - 106993_6, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This paper presents a conceptual study of a novel active method using a neutron source. The main feature of this new method is the fast rotation of a neutron source in order to derive the fission neutron counts and applying the counts to detect the nuclear material. Irradiating neutrons to a container that involves nuclear material, the measurement data include both neutrons from the neutron source and fission neutrons. However, if the neutron source is rotated quite fast, the components of the irradiation neutrons and fission neutrons are separated. Since this novel method does not require an expensive D-T tube, this new system is expected to be affordable and easy to assemble.

Journal Articles

Development of active neutron NDA system

Toh, Yosuke

JAEA-Conf 2019-001, p.47 - 52, 2019/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Performance evaluation of differential die-away system in an integrated active neutron NDA system for nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security

Ozu, Akira; Maeda, Makoto; Komeda, Masao; Toh, Yosuke

Proceedings of 2018 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (IEEE NSS/MIC 2018) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2019/10

Journal Articles

Simulation study on the design of nondestructive measurement system using fast neutron direct interrogation method to nuclear materials in fuel debris

Maeda, Makoto; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Kureta, Masatoshi; Ozu, Akira; Komeda, Masao; Toh, Yosuke

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(7), p.617 - 628, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:50.57(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Development of active neutron NDA system for radioactive nuclear materials

Toh, Yosuke; Ozu, Akira; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Kitatani, Fumito; Komeda, Masao; Maeda, Makoto; Koizumi, Mitsuo

Proceedings of INMM 60th Annual Meeting (Internet), 7 Pages, 2019/07

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron-production double-differential cross sections of $$^{rm nat}$$C, $$^{27}$$Al, $$^{rm nat}$$Fe, and $$^{rm nat}$$Pb by 20, 34, 48, 63, and 78 MeV protons in the most-forward direction

Satoh, Daiki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 920, p.22 - 36, 2019/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:50.57(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) is a general purpose particle transport simulation code developed by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The PHITS is utilized in various areas including a shielding design of accelerator facilities. Unfortunately, it is known that theoretical models and evaluated nuclear data used in the PHITS cannot reproduce the neutron production in most-forward direction for proton incidences. Hence, the present study aimed to obtain the experimental data of neutron-production double-differential cross sections of $$^{rm nat}$$C, $$^{27}$$Al, $$^{rm nat}$$Fe, and $$^{rm nat}$$Pb by 20, 34, 48, 63, and 78 MeV protons in most-forward direction for improvement of theoretical models and nuclear data. The experiment has been performed at the ion irradiation facility (TIARA) of the National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology. The proton beams provided by the cyclotron were incident to the target sample. The neutrons produced by nuclear reactions were pass through the collimator in the most-forward direction, and measured with an organic scintillator at the experimental room. The kinetic energy of those neutrons was determined by the time-of-flight method. The obtained results were compared with the results of the theoretical model INCL and the nuclear-data library JENDL-4.0/HE used in the PHITS. It was found that the INCL and JENDL-4.0/HE cannot reproduce the peak structures observed for light nuclei, because they do not consider the nuclear transition between discrete states of nucleus. In addition, the JENDL-4.0/HE agreed with the experimental data of energy-integrated cross section within a factor of 2, but the INCL gave approximately 6 times larger values.

Journal Articles

Establishment of a novel detection system for measuring primary knock-on atoms

Tsai, P.-E.; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko; Satoh, Daiki; Abe, Shinichiro; Ito, Masatoshi*; Watabe, Hiroshi*

Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC 2017) (Internet), 3 Pages, 2018/11

The energy spectra of primary knock-on atoms (PKAs) are essential for radiation damage assessment in design of accelerator facilities. However up to date the experimental data are still limited, due to the poor mass resolution and the high measurement threshold energies in the conventional setup of nuclear physics experiments using solid state detectors, which are typically above a few MeV/nucleon. In this study, a novel detection system consisting of two time detectors and one dE-E energy detector is proposed and being constructed to measure the PKA spectra. The system and detector design was based on Monte Carlo simulations by using the PHITS code. The PHITS simulations show that the system is able to distinguish the PKA isotopes above $$sim$$0.2-0.3 MeV/nucleon for A=20$$sim$$30 amu; the PKA mass identification thresholds decrease to $$<$$0.1 MeV/nucleon for PKAs lighter than 20 amu. The detection system will be tested in the summer of 2017, and the test results will be presented at the conference.

Journal Articles

Development of differential die-away technique in an integrated active neutron NDA system for nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security

Ozu, Akira; Maeda, Makoto; Komeda, Masao; Toh, Yosuke; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Seya, Michio

Proceedings of 2017 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC 2017) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross sections of aluminum and copper at 5 K by using 200 MeV protons

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Yoshiie, Toshimasa*; Satoh, Daiki; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Shima, Tatsushi*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 508, p.195 - 202, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:35.66(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

To validate the displacement damage model in radiation transport codes used for the estimation of radiation damages at accelerator facilities, we measured electrical resistance increase of aluminum and copper induced by radiation defects under the cryogenic 200 MeV proton irradiation. The irradiation device had the structure to cool two irradiation samples at same time using thermal conductance. The aluminum and copper wire with 250 $$mu$$m diameter was sandwiched between two AlN plates with excellent thermal conductivity and electrical insulation. As a result, temperature of irradiation samples was kept at below 5 K under proton irradiation with beam intensity below 3 nA. The experimental displacement cross section agreed with calculated results with defect production efficiency.

Journal Articles

Experimental validation of the brightness distribution on the surfaces of coupled and decoupled moderators composed of 99.8% parahydrogen at the J-PARC pulsed spallation neutron source

Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Oi, Motoki; Klinkby, E.*; Zanini, L.*; Batkov, K.*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Ikeda, Yujiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 903, p.38 - 45, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:24.89(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Corrigendum; Study of the neutron multiplication effect in an active neutron method [J Nucl Sci Technol. 2017;54(11):1233-1239]

Komeda, Masao; Ozu, Akira; Mori, Takamasa; Nakatsuka, Yoshiaki; Maeda, Makoto; Kureta, Masatoshi; Toh, Yosuke

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(8), P. 962, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We correct the derivation of equations in the derivation of equations in the paper of "Study of the neutron multiplication effect in an active neutron methods [J Nucl Sci Technol. 2017;54(11):1233-1239]". Although the derivations are not correct, the obtained equations are correct. Therefore, the results and discussions of the paper remain the same.

Journal Articles

Study on neutron beam pulse width dependence in the nuclear fuel measurement by the neutron resonance transmission analysis

Kitatani, Fumito; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Toh, Yosuke; Hori, Junichi*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Takahashi, Yoshiyuki*; Nakajima, Ken*

KURRI Progress Report 2017, P. 99, 2018/08

Journal Articles

Radiation damage calculation in PHITS and benchmarking experiment for cryogenic-sample high-energy proton irradiation

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Satoh, Daiki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Yoshida, Makoto*; Ishi, Yoshihiro*; Kuriyama, Yasutoshi*; Uesugi, Tomonori*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 61st ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams (HB 2018) (Internet), p.116 - 121, 2018/07

The radiation damage model in the radiation transport code PHITS has been developed to calculate the basic data of the radiation damage including the energy of the target Primary Knock on Atom (PKA). For the high-energy proton incident reactions, a target PKA created by the secondary particles was more dominant than a target PKA created by the projectile. To validate the radiation damage model in metals irradiated by $$>$$100 MeV protons, we developed a proton irradiation device with a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler to cryogenically cool wire samples. By using this device, the defect-induced electrical resistivity changes related to the DPA cross section of copper and aluminum were measured under irradiation with 125 and 200 MeV protons at cryogenic temperature. A comparison of the experimental data with the calculated results indicates that the DPA cross section with defect production efficiencies provide better quantitative descriptions.

Journal Articles

Neutron resonance transmission analysis for measurement of nuclear materials in nuclear fuel

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Kitatani, Fumito; Toh, Yosuke; Paradela, C.*; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*

Proceedings of INMM 59th Annual Meeting (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/07

Journal Articles

Development of active neutron NDA system for nuclear materials

Toh, Yosuke; Ozu, Akira; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Kitatani, Fumito; Komeda, Masao; Maeda, Makoto; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Heyse, J.*; Paradela, C.*; et al.

Proceedings of INMM 59th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2018/07

Journal Articles

Production and detection of fission-induced neutrons following fast neutron direct interrogation to various dry materials containing $$^{235}$$U

Sakoda, Akihiro; Nakatsuka, Yoshiaki; Ishimori, Yuu; Nakashima, Shinichi; Komeda, Masao; Ozu, Akira; Toh, Yosuke

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(6), p.605 - 613, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:72.34(Nuclear Science & Technology)

For better nuclear material accountancy, we had developed a non-destructive assay system dedicated to uranium waste drums (JAWAS-N: JAEA Waste Assay System at Ningyo-toge). The system is based on a fast neutron direct interrogation (FNDI) method. To clarify the characteristics of the FNDI method and the performance of JAWAS-N, experimental and computational mock-up tests were carried out using various dry materials that contained known amounts of natural uranium. As a result, linearity between the die-away time ($$tau$$$$_{2}$$) and the counts of fast neutrons attributed to $$^{235}$$U fission was confirmed experimentally and analytically. Moreover, the MCNP simulation was performed to discuss the radial and axial dependences of $$^{235}$$U fission probability, neutron detection efficiency, and sensitivity on uranium distributions in the drum. The simulation results agreed with the empirical results reported in a previous paper, providing valuable information on the practice of FNDI-based uranium determination. Furthermore, the nominal detection limits of natural uranium in JAWAS-N were estimated to be 15, 4, and 2 g for $$tau$$$$_{2}$$ = 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 msec, respectively. The findings obtained here will contribute to the implementation of the FNDI method to assess the quantities of $$^{235}$$U in actual uranium waste drums.

Journal Articles

Development of active neutron NDA techniques for nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security, 1; Performance evaluation of Next-Generation DDA technique

Ozu, Akira; Maeda, Makoto; Komeda, Masao; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Toh, Yosuke

Nihon Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Dai-38-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2018/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of neutron resonance transmission analysis as a non-destructive assay technique for nuclear nonproliferation

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Kitatani, Fumito; Maeda, Makoto; Toh, Yosuke; Kureta, Masatoshi

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 13(Sp.1), p.2406004_1 - 2406004_4, 2018/02

Recently, it has become important in the field of nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security to quantify nuclear materials (NMs) of uranium and plutonium in nuclear fuel using a non-destructive assay (NDA) technique. Currently, there is no reliable NDA system to apply to nuclear fuels such as spent fuel, fuel debris and next generation fuel for nuclear transmutation. Accordingly, development of NDA techniques for quantification of NMs in those fuels is an urgent issue. Neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) is one candidate that is applicable to the quantification of NMs. Utilizing pulsed neutron beams, NRTA analyzes the content of a sample by measuring neutron beams that are transmitted from the sample. It is one of the reliable NDA methods that are based on a neutron time-of-flight technique for accurately evaluating nuclear data such as total cross sections and resonance parameters. A present NRTA system generally requires a large electron linear accelerator to produce intense neutron beams. Therefore this is not so easy to apply to various facilities that are used to measure NMs. Given this situation, a compact NRTA system would be required for practical applications of a method to quantify NMs in various samples. In order to realize a compact NRTA system, we consider two types of system: one uses a D-T neutron generator with pulse width of 10 $$mu$$sec and the other a small electron linac with pulse width of 1 $$mu$$sec Assuming each system is applied to measurements of NMs in spent fuel, numerical calculations were carried out and the results showed that the pulse widths of neutron beam largely affect the NRTA measurements. In this presentation, we will talk about the NRTA technique and give a schematic design of a compact NRTA system. Then, comparing calculation results for a D-T tube with those for a small electron linac, we especially discuss how the pulse widths of neutron beams to be used for NRTA affect the measurement of NMs in nuclear fuel.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

370 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)