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Journal Articles

Deformation mechanism of a strong and ductile maraging steel investigated using ${it in situ}$ X-ray synchrotron diffraction

Li, H.*; Liu, Y.*; Zhao, W.*; Liu, B.*; Tominaga, Aki; Shobu, Takahisa; Wei, D.*

International Journal of Plasticity, 165, p.103612_1 - 103612_20, 2023/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:67.19(Engineering, Mechanical)

In order to clarify the strength properties of Co-free maraging steel, ${it in situ}$ tensile experiment using high energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction was performed. Diffraction profiles from the martensitic and austenitic phases were obtained, and their strength and width were observed to vary as loading. Analysis of the diffraction profiles showed that the content of martensite in the as-aged material decreased slowly at low stress levels and decreased rapidly at high stress levels. On the other hand, the austenite phase in the as-solution materials was significantly transformed the martensite phase as the stress increased. It was clarified to be responsible for their respective strength properties.

Journal Articles

Differences in water dynamics between the hydrated chitin and hydrated chitosan determined by quasi-elastic neutron scattering

Hirota, Yuki*; Tominaga, Taiki*; Kawabata, Takashi*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Matsuo, Yasumitsu*

Bioengineering (Internet), 10(5), p.622_1 - 622_17, 2023/05

JAEA Reports

Improve long periodic ground motion evaluation with the epicenter on the border between Fukushima and Ibaraki prefectures in seismic design of nuclear facilities

Kirita, Fumio; Tominaga, Masahiro; Yamazaki, Toshihiko; Seshimo, Kazuyoshi; Uryu, Mitsuru

JAEA-Research 2022-006, 61 Pages, 2023/02

JAEA-Research-2022-006.pdf:6.24MB

Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories (NCL) has been observing ground motion for a long time. On the border from northern Ibaraki prefecture to Fukushima prefecture, inland crustal earthquakes occur less frequently until the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake (hereinafter referred to as Tohoku Earthquake). After Tohoku Earthquake, aftershocks have become more frequent in this area, and in the Hamadori region of Fukushima earthquake that a remarkable long periodic component was observed in the NCL seismic observation record. Until now there were no such things that long periodic components were observed at the observation points near the epicenter of April 2011 Fukushima earthquake, but it was thought basin structure in deep basement around the NCL affected the propagation process to NCL by reflection survey result. As basement structure of NCL affected the seismic wave propagation process, the seismic wave repeatedly reflects and refracts. For that reason, long periodic components of seismic waves may be possibly amplified. In this study, in order to refine the long periodic ground motion evaluation, using a three dimensional ground structure model (3D model) that can reflect the shape of the deep basement structure around the NCL. When modeling 3D ground structure which has a width of about 80km and a length of about 110km and ranges from the epicenter area of April 2011 Fukushima earthquake to the northern coastal area of Ibaraki prefecture modeled, improved the optimum ground structure model using multiple observation records and performed simulation analysis.

Journal Articles

Crystallinity in periodic nanostructure surface on Si substrates induced by near- and mid-infrared femtosecond laser irradiation

Miyagawa, Reina*; Kamibayashi, Daisuke*; Nakamura, Hirotaka*; Hashida, Masaki*; Zen, H.*; Somekawa, Toshihiro*; Matsuoka, Takeshi*; Ogura, Hiroyuki*; Sagae, Daisuke*; Seto, Yusuke*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 12, p.20955_1 - 20955_8, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We evaluated Laser-Induced Periodic Surface Structure (LIPSS) crystal structures using the stress imaging station at BL22XU of JAEA-BL on SPring-8. Crystallization of LIPPS was used different two types laser these are Ti:Sapphire laser (wavelength: 800 nm) and MIR-FEL (mid-infrared free electron laser, wavelength 11.4 $$mu$$m). These lasers are different in the laser pulse structure and the wavelength. We investigated on the effects of formed LIPSS crystallization using different kind of laser. Measured synchrotron X-ray energy is 30 keV and beam size is 20 $$mu$$m. Detector of diffracted X-ray is two-dimensional detector (PILATUS300K, DECTRIS). LIPSS formed using Ti:Sapphire laser has deformed structure with good crystallinity. LIPSS formed using MIR-FEL has dislocation or fault without structural stress. These results show depending on select of laser forming LIPPS structure. These information becomes important a point of the functional application of LIPSS.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen dynamics in hydrated chitosan by quasi-elastic neutron scattering

Hirota, Yuki*; Tominaga, Taiki*; Kawabata, Takashi*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Matsuo, Yasumitsu*

Bioengineering (Internet), 9(10), p.599_1 - 599_17, 2022/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:40.53(Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology)

Journal Articles

Data collection for dilute protein solutions via a neutron backscattering spectrometer

Tominaga, Taiki*; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Sahara, Masae*; Oda, Takashi*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Sugiyama, Masaaki*

Life (Internet), 12(5), p.675_1 - 675_9, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Biology)

The background scattering of sample cells suitable for aqueous protein solution samples, conducted with a neutron backscattering spectrometer, was evaluated. It was found that the scattering intensity of an aluminum sample cell coated with boehmite using D$$_{2}$$O was lower than that of a sample cell coated with regular water (H$$_{2}$$O). In addition, meticulous attention to cells with small individual weight differences and the positional reproducibility of the sample cell relative to the spectrometer neutron beam position enabled the accurate subtraction of the scattering profiles of the D$$_{2}$$O buffer and the sample container. Consequently, high quality information on protein dynamics could be extracted from dilute protein solutions.

Journal Articles

Cross-scale analysis of temperature compensation in the cyanobacterial circadian clock system

Furuike, Yoshihiko*; Ouyang, D.*; Tominaga, Taiki*; Matsuo, Tatsuhito*; Mukaiyama, Atsushi*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Fujiwara, Satoru*; Akiyama, Shuji*

Communications Physics (Internet), 5(1), p.75_1 - 75_12, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:63.61(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Evaluation of sample cell materials for aqueous solutions used in quasi-elastic neutron scattering measurements

Tominaga, Taiki*; Sahara, Masae*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Yamada, Takeshi*

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(6), p.1631 - 1640, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:47.92(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Influence of distant scatterer on air kerma measurement in the evaluation of diagnostic X-rays using Monte Carlo simulation

Tominaga, Masahide*; Nagayasu, Yukari*; Sasaki, Motoharu*; Furuta, Takuya; Hayashi, Hiroaki*; Oita, Masataka*; Nishiyama, Yuichi*; Haga, Akihiro*

Radiological Physics and Technology, 14(4), p.381 - 389, 2021/12

Due to recent advance of diagnostic radiology, the increase of diagnostic radiation exposure to patient becomes problem. Diagnostic Reference Levels has been released to optimized the radiation exposure to patients in Japan recently. The evaluation of entrance surface dose (ESD) is recommended to assess the dose level for general X-ray examination. The ESD can be easily evaluated by multiplying the backscatter factor of the patient body on the free-in-air air kerma. The air kerma free-in-air value used to estimate ESD may contain X-rays scattered from obstacles located at the time of measurement, which may induce non-minor error in assessments. We therefore studied the influence of scattered X-rays on air kerma measurement under various environments (distances, field sizes, and materials). It was found that the dependence on the X-ray energy and field size was different for different materials. The X-ray contamination can be ignored for all the materials when the distance to the scatterer exceeds 35 cm.

Journal Articles

Conformational dynamics of a multidomain protein by neutron scattering and computational analysis

Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Saio, Tomohide*; Nagao, Michihiro*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Sugiyama, Masaaki*; Ajito, Satoshi; Tominaga, Taiki*; Kawakita, Yukinobu

Biophysical Journal, 120(16), p.3341 - 3354, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:31.89(Biophysics)

A multi-domain protein can have various conformations in solution. Interactions with other molecules result in the stabilization of one of the conformations and change in the domain dynamics. SAXS, a well-established experimental technique, can be employed to elucidate the conformation of a multi-domain protein in solution. NSE spectroscopy is a promising technique for recording the domain dynamics in nanosecond and nanometer scale. Despite the great efforts, there are still under development. Thus, we quantitatively removed the contribution of diffusion dynamics and hydrodynamic interactions from the NSE data via incoherent scattering, revealing the differences in the domain dynamics of the three functional states of a multi-domain protein, MurD. The differences among the three states can be explained by two domain modes.

Journal Articles

Corrosion of aluminum-based containers for neutron studies with aqueous samples under low temperatures

Tominaga, Taiki*; Sahara, Masae*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Shimamoto, Naonobu*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011094_1 - 011094_5, 2021/03

BB2019-2098.pdf:5.18MB

In quasielastic neutron scattering studies, aluminum or aluminum alloys are frequently employed as sample cells. With the increasing incident-neutron flux, the research area currently continues to expand; thus, obtaining data has become quicker than ever for dilute conditions. One such area is the water-containing systems. In this study, we investigated the effect of temperature on Al and found that even in a low temperature atmosphere, Al corrosion can occur. This was attributed to the different thermal expansion coefficients of Al as a base substrate and Al oxide as a passivating film.

Journal Articles

Position dependency of the scattered intensity in the time-of-flight backscattering spectrometer DNA

Matsuura, Masato*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Tominaga, Taiki*; Kobayashi, Makoto*; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Kawakita, Yukinobu

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011068_1 - 011068_6, 2021/03

The position dependence of the scattered intensity in the time-of-flight backscattering spectrometer DNA was investigated. A periodic structure for both vertical (pixel) and horizontal (PSD) directions was observed. The solar slit and over-bending of an analyzer crystal is discussed as a possible origin of the modulation in the intensity. We have developed software program for the systematic correction of the position-dependent intensity and offset energy for the elastic peak. This corrects the deviation from the true scattering intensity and improve the quality of the data, which includes the energy resolution.

Journal Articles

Position-encoded automatic cell elevator for BL02, J-PARC MLF

Tominaga, Taiki*; Kobayashi, Makoto*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Matsuura, Masato*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Kasai, Satoshi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011095_1 - 011095_5, 2021/03

BB2019-1955.pdf:1.33MB

A vertical movement type of sample changer for the neutron spectrometer BL02, J-PARC MLF was developed for our top-loading type cryostat. The sample changer, termed as "PEACE", can control reproducibility of the irradiated position using guides made of polyether ether ketone. The variation between the background scattering profiles of three sample positions was found to be less than plus minus 1.6%. This result is reasonable, considering the deviation of sample position of less than plus minus 0.3 mm from the vertical axis.

Journal Articles

Quartz cell for a backscattering spectrometer

Tominaga, Taiki*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Yamada, Takeshi*; Shibata, Kaoru

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011086_1 - 011086_5, 2021/03

BB2019-1956.pdf:0.78MB

We developed a quartz double cylindrical sample cell optimized for a backscattering neutron spectrometer, especially for BL02 (DNA), MLF in J-PARC. A quartz glass tube, with one end closed, is shaved to obtain a wall thickness of 0.55 mm. The inner tube is properly centered using a protrusion into the outer tube such that the interstice between the outer and inner tubes keeps constant. This quartz cell can be used for samples that should not be in contact with the aluminum surface. We verified cell's background effect between the quartz cell and Al cell by QENS measurements using D$$_{2}$$O buffer. The elastic intensity profiles of the buffer in a low Q region were identical between both quartz cell and Al cell (A1070). In a high Q region, however, the profiles were different caused by the first sharp diffraction peak of quartz glass. For this region the data should be analyzed by consideration of absorption correction and diffraction in individual thickness of quartz cell.

Journal Articles

Dynamics of proteins with different molecular structures under solution condition

Inoue, Rintaro*; Oda, Takashi*; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Tominaga, Taiki*; Saio, Tomohide*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Shimizu, Masahiro*; Okuda, Aya*; Morishima, Ken*; Sato, Nobuhiro*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.21678_1 - 21678_10, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:14.45(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Incoherent quasielastic neutron scattering (iQENS) is a fascinating technique for investigating the internal dynamics of protein. However, both low flux of neutron beam and absence of analytical procedure for extracting the internal dynamics from iQENS profile have been obstacles for studying it under physiological condition (in solution). Thanks to the recent development of neutron source, spectrometer and computational technique, they enable us to decouple internal dynamics, translational and rotational diffusions from the iQENS profile. The internal dynamics of two proteins: globular domain protein (GDP) and intrinsically disordered protein (IDP) in solution were studied. It was found that the average relaxation rate of IDP was larger than that of GDP. Through the detailed analyses on their internal dynamics, it was revealed that the fraction of mobile H atoms in IDP was much higher than that in GDP. Interestingly, the fraction of mobile H atoms was closely related to the fraction of H atoms on highly solvent exposed surfaces. The iQENS study presented that the internal dynamics were governed by the highly solvent exposed amino acid residues depending upon protein molecular architectures.

Journal Articles

Anomalous small-angle X-ray scattering (ASAXS) study of irradiation-induced nanostructure change in Fe-ion beam irradiated oxide dispersion-strengthened (ODS) steel

Kumada, Takayuki; Oba, Yojiro; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Morooka, Satoshi; Tominaga, Aki; Tanida, Hajime; Shobu, Takahisa; Konno, Azusa; Owada, Kenji*; Ono, Naoko*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 528, p.151890_1 - 151890_7, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.83(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have developed an anomalous small-angle X-ray scattering (ASAXS) diffractometer in SPring-8 to investigate irradiation-induced nanostructural change in ion-beam irradiated stainless steel. A thermally-aged MA956 stainless steel sample displays power-law scattering that follows the Porod law at the magnitude of scattering vector, Q, below 0.5 nm$$^-1$$ and an overlapped shoulder around 0.7 nm$$^-1$$. After the ion-beam irradiation, the intensity of the shoulder remained unchanged, whereas that of the power-law scattering nearly doubled. This result indicates that none of the structural parameters of the Cr-rich nanoprecipitates, such as the number density, size, and interface roughness, were changed by the irradiation.

Journal Articles

Prognostic significance of amino-acid transporter expression (LAT1, ASCT2, and xCT) in surgically resected tongue cancer

Toyoda, Minoru*; Kaira, Kyoichi*; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Ishioka, Noriko; Shino, Masato*; Sakakura, Koichi*; Takayasu, Yukihiro*; Takahashi, Katsumasa*; Tominaga, Hideyuki*; Oriuchi, Noboru*; et al.

British Journal of Cancer, 110(10), p.2506 - 2513, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:101 Percentile:95.21(Oncology)

Journal Articles

Biological significance of fluorine-18-$$alpha$$-methyltyrosine (FAMT) uptake on PET in patients with oesophageal cancer

Suzuki, Shigemasa*; Kaira, Kyoichi*; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Ishioka, Noriko; Soda, Makoto*; Yokobori, Takehiko*; Miyazaki, Tatsuya*; Oriuchi, Noboru*; Tominaga, Hideyuki*; Kanai, Yoshikatsu*; et al.

British Journal of Cancer, 110(8), p.1985 - 1991, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:60.98(Oncology)

Journal Articles

Clinical significance of L-type amino acid transporter 1 expression as a prognostic marker and potential of new targeting therapy in biliary tract cancer

Kaira, Kyoichi*; Sunose, Yutaka*; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Ishioka, Noriko; Arakawa, Kazuhisa*; Ogawa, Tetsushi*; Sunaga, Noriaki*; Shimizu, Kimihiro*; Tominaga, Hideyuki*; Oriuchi, Noboru*; et al.

BMC Cancer, 13, p.482_1 - 482_12, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:68 Percentile:88.86(Oncology)

Journal Articles

Predicting cetuximab accumulation in ${it KRAS}$ wild-type and ${it KRAS}$ mutant colorectal cancer using $$^{64}$$Cu-labeled cetuximab positron emission tomography

Achmad, A.*; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Yoshioka, Hiroki*; Yamamoto, Shinji*; Tominaga, Hideyuki*; Araki, Takuya*; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Oriuchi, Noboru*; Endo, Keigo*

Cancer Science, 103(3), p.600 - 605, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:56.27(Oncology)

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