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Journal Articles

Optimization of SIMS-APM for high enrichment uranium particles including higher uranium hydride

Tomita, Ryohei; Tomita, Jumpei; Yomogida, Takumi; Suzuki, Daisuke; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Esaka, Fumitaka; Miyamoto, Yutaka

KEK Proceedings 2021-2, p.146 - 150, 2021/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Age determination analysis of a single uranium particle for safeguards

Suzuki, Daisuke; Tomita, Ryohei; Tomita, Jumpei; Esaka, Fumitaka; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Miyamoto, Yutaka

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 328(1), p.103 - 111, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

An analytical technique was developed to determine the age of uranium particles for safeguards. After the chemical separation of uranium and thorium, the $$^{230}$$Th/$$^{234}$$U ratio was measured using single-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and a $$^{233}$$U-based reference material comprising a certain amount of $$^{229}$$Th as a progeny nuclide of $$^{233}$$U. The results allowed us to determine the purification age of two certified materials, i.e., U-850 and U-100, which was in good agreement with the reference purification age (61 y). Moreover, the age of a single U-850 particle was determined with a difference of -28 to 2 years from the reference date.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:164 Percentile:99.44(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:51.82(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:157 Percentile:98.46(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

JAEA Reports

Replacement technology for front acrylic panels of a large-sized glove box using bag-in / bag-out method

Sakuraba, Naotoshi; Numata, Masami; Komiya, Tomokazu; Ichise, Kenichi; Nishi, Masahiro; Tomita, Takeshi; Usami, Koji; Endo, Shinya; Miyata, Seiichi; Kurosawa, Tatsuya; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-071, 34 Pages, 2010/03

JAEA-Technology-2009-071.pdf:21.07MB

As a part of maintenance technology of a large-sized glove box for handling of TRU nuclides, we developed replacement technology for front acrylic panels using the bag-in/bag-out method and applied this technology to replace the deteriorated front acrylic panels at Waste Safety Testing Facility (WASTEF) in Nuclear Science Research Institute of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). As a consequence, we could safely replace the front acrylic panels under the condition of continuous negative pressure only with partial decontamination of the glove box. We also demonstrated that the present technology is highly effective in points of safety, workability and cost as compared to the usual replacement technology for front acrylic panels of a glove box, where workers in an air-line suit replace directly the front acrylic panels in a green house.

Journal Articles

Replacement technique for front acrylic panels of a large size glove box using bag-in / bag-out method

Endo, Shinya; Numata, Masami; Ichise, Kenichi; Nishi, Masahiro; Komiya, Tomokazu; Sakuraba, Naotoshi; Usami, Koji; Tomita, Takeshi

Proceedings of 46th Annual Meeting of "Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling" Working Group (HOTLAB 2009) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2009/09

For safety operation and maintenance of the large size glove box, the degraded acrylic panels of the box must be replaced by the new panels. As the conventional replacement technique, the decontamination of the glove box and installation of isolation tent are necessary to prevent the leak of contamination, because airtight condition of the box is broken down during replacement process. Therefore, the prerequisite works are required considerable manpower. The new replacement technique using bag-in / bag-out method was developed by JAEA. In this technique, for keeping the airtight condition of the box, the inside of degraded panel is covered with an airtight panel and the outside is covered over the large bag which is used to replace the acrylic panels. As the benefits of this technique, the prerequisite works are not required and the manpower is less than a third of the conventional technique.

JAEA Reports

User's manual of DSYS-GUI; The Calculation system of internal dose coefficients

Hato, Shinji; Terakado, Masato*; Tomita, Kenichi*; Homma, Toshimitsu

JAEA-Data/Code 2008-031, 75 Pages, 2009/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2008-031.pdf:3.73MB

This is the user's manual of DSYS-GUI, which calculates the internal dose coefficients by the models of International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). The DSYS-GUI consists of two programs. One is a program for setting calculation conditions and executing. The other is a program for displaying results to figures and tables. The displaying them are used the Microsoft Excel. Anyone can easily calculate the internal dose coefficients and quickly display results as figures and tables with DSYS-GUI.

Journal Articles

Iodine-129 measurements in soil samples from Dolon village near the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site

Endo, Satoru*; Tomita, Jumpei*; Tanaka, Kenichi*; Yamamoto, Masayoshi*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Imanaka, Tetsuji*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Amano, Hikaru; Kawamura, Hidehisa*; Kawamura, Hisao*; et al.

Radiation and Environmental Biophysics, 47(3), p.359 - 365, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:22.31(Biology)

Dolon village located about 60 km from the border of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site is known to be heavily contaminated by the first USSR atomic bomb test in August 1949. Soil samples around Dolon were taken in October 2005 in an attempt to evaluate internal thyroid dose arising from incorporation of radioiodine isotopes (mainly $$^{131}$$I). Iodine-129 in soil was measured by using the technique of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry. From the relationship between $$^{129}$$I and $$^{137}$$Cs (corrected for background and decay from 1949 to 2005) accumulated levels, the background level of $$^{129}$$I and the $$^{129}$$I/$$^{137}$$Cs ratio around Dolon were estimated to be (6.4 $$pm$$0.4) $$times$$ 10$$^{13}$$ atoms m$$^{-2}$$ and 0.25 $$pm$$0.16, respectively. This $$^{129}$$I/$$^{137}$$Cs ratio is almost similar to the fission yield ratio for $$^{239}$$Pu fast fission (0.24).

Journal Articles

Testing of an accident consequence assessment model using field data

Homma, Toshimitsu; Matsubara, Takeshi; Tomita, Kenichi*

Proceedings of International Symposium on Environmental Modeling and Radioecology, p.196 - 203, 2007/03

This paper presents the results obtained from the application of OSCAAR to the Iput dose reconstruction scenario of BIOMASS and also to the Chernobyl $$^{131}$$I fallout scenario of EMRAS, both organized by International Atomic Energy Agency. The Iput Scenario deals with $$^{137}$$Cs contamination of the catchment basin and agricultural area in the Bryansk Region of Russia, which was heavily contaminated after the Chernobyl accident. This exercise was used to test the chronic exposure pathway models in OSCAAR with actual measurements and to identify the most important sources of uncertainty with respect to each part of the assessment. The OSCAAR chronic exposure pathway models almost successfully reconstructed the whole 10-year time course of $$^{137}$$Cs activity concentrations in most requested types of agricultural products and natural foodstuffs. The Plavsk scenario provides an good opportunity to test not only the food chain transfer model of $$^{131}$$I but also the method of assessing $$^{131}$$I thyroid burden. OSCAAR showed in general good capabilities for assessing the important $$^{131}$$I exposure pathways, but also limitations using constant isotopic ratio $$^{131}$$I /$$^{137}$$Cs provided by the scenario to estimate $$^{131}$$I deposition for whole Plavsk district.

Journal Articles

Uncertainty and sensitivity studies with the probabilistic accident consequence assessment code OSCAAR

Homma, Toshimitsu; Tomita, Kenichi*; Hato, Shinji*

Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 37(3), p.245 - 258, 2005/06

This paper addresses two types of uncertainty: stochastic uncertainty and subjective uncertainty in probabilistic accident consequence assessments. The off-site consequence assessment code OSCAAR has been applied to uncertainty and sensitivity analyses on the individual risks of early fatality and latent cancer fatality in the population due to a severe accident. A new stratified meteorological sampling scheme was successfully implemented into the trajectory model for atmospheric dispersion and the statistical variability of the probability distributions of the consequence was examined. A total of 65 uncertain input parameters was considered and 128 runs of OSCAAR were performed in the parameter uncertainty analysis. The study provided the range of uncertainty for the expected values of individual risks of early and latent cancer fatality close to the site. In the sensitivity analyses, the correlation/regression measures were useful for identifying those input parameters whose uncertainty makes an important contribution to the overall uncertainty for the consequence.

JAEA Reports

Study on a new meteorological sampling scheme developed for the OSCAAR code system

Liu, X.*; Tomita, Kenichi*; Homma, Toshimitsu

JAERI-Research 2002-004, 37 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Research-2002-004.pdf:2.14MB

One important step in Level 3 Probabilistic Safety Assessment is meteorological sequence sampling, on which the previous studies were mainly related to code systems using straight line plume model and more efforts are needed for trajectory puff model such as the OSCAAR code system. This report describes the development of a new meteorological sampling scheme for the OSCAAR code system that explicitly considers population distribution. A group of principles was set forth for the development of this new sampling scheme, including completeness, stratification, sample allocation, practicability and so on. The calculation results illustrate that although it is quite difficult to idealize stratification of meteorological sequences based on a few environmental parameters the new scheme do gather the most inverse conditions in a single subset of meteorological sequences. The size of this subset may be as small as a few dozens, so that the tail of a CCDF curve is possible to remain relatively static in different trials of the PCA code system.

JAEA Reports

Radiological consequence assessments of degraded core accident scenarios derived from a generic level 2 PSA of a BWR

Homma, Toshimitsu; Ishikawa, Jun; Tomita, Kenichi*; Muramatsu, Ken

JAERI-Research 2000-060, 80 Pages, 2000/12

JAERI-Research-2000-060.pdf:4.49MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

OSCAAR calculations for the Hanford dose reconstruction scenario of BIOMASS theme 2

Homma, Toshimitsu; Inoue, Yoshihisa*; Tomita, Kenichi*

JAERI-Research 2000-049, 101 Pages, 2000/10

JAERI-Research-2000-049.pdf:3.03MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Uncertainty and sensitivity of accident consequence assessments on meteorological sampling schemes

Homma, Toshimitsu; Liu, X.; Tomita, Kenichi*

Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management (PSAM-5), p.2753 - 2758, 2000/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of a data reduction software for iBIX

Ohara, Takashi; Kusaka, Katsuhiro*; Hosoya, Takaaki; Kurihara, Kazuo; Tomoyori, Katsuaki*; Niimura, Nobuo*; Tanaka, Ichiro*; Suzuki, Jiro*; Nakatani, Takeshi; Otomo, Toshiya*; et al.

no journal, , 

For a single crystal diffractometer, a data reduction software which extracts a HKLF list from the raw data is one of the most important components. We are now developing a new data reduction software for a new single crystal neutron diffractometer, "IBARAKI Biological Crystal Diffractometer (iBIX)", which is now constructing at the MLF of J-PARC.

Oral presentation

Development of a data processing software for a TOF single crystal neutron diffractometer at J-PARC

Ohara, Takashi; Kusaka, Katsuhiro*; Hosoya, Takaaki*; Kurihara, Kazuo; Tomoyori, Katsuaki*; Niimura, Nobuo*; Tanaka, Ichiro*; Suzuki, Jiro*; Nakatani, Takeshi; Otomo, Toshiya*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Sensitivity control of nuclear emulsion using AgBr nano-grains

Ishihara, Kohei*; Takagi, Keisuke*; Kawarabayashi, Jun*; Tomita, Hideki*; Naka, Tatsuhiro*; Asada, Takashi*; Morishima, Kunihiro*; Nakamura, Mitsuhiro*; Kuge, Kenichi*; Maeda, Shigetaka; et al.

no journal, , 

The nuclear emulsion with AgBr nano-grains has been developed for neutron detection under high $$gamma$$-ray background. It has been demonstrated that the detection sensitivity of $$gamma$$-rays can be well suppressed compared to that of neutrons by adjusting the size of AgBr nano-grains to deposit the energy of the secondary electrons produced by $$gamma$$-rays below a certain threshold which can create Ag latent images.

Oral presentation

Isotope ratio analysis of micron sized uranium particle by Large Geometry Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry instrument

Tomita, Ryohei; Esaka, Fumitaka; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Suzuki, Daisuke; Miyamoto, Yutaka

no journal, , 

The research group for safeguards analytical chemistry which belong to Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) introduced new Large Geometry Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (LG-SIMS) instrument (1300-HR$$^{3}$$, CAMECA) to update our capability. LG-SIMS instrument has higher mass resolving power (MRP) than small geometry SIMS (SG-SIMS) instrument we had used. We hope molecular interferences (e.g. Pb, Al, Fe) are removed by LG-SIMS instrument when we analyze uranium bearing particles in environmental sample. In order to obtain the bes LG-SIMS condition for uranium particle analysis, we investigated a relationship between MRP, secondary ion's intensity and peak shape of uranium. One of the most famous molecular interferences of uranium SIMS analysis is PbAl$$^{+}$$ (mass number: 234, 235). If we attempt to remove molecular interferences of the PbAl$$^{+}$$ from uranium mass regions, MRP value of 2741 is required. The MRP of LG-SIMS instrument is defined by entrance and exit slit. We need to keep balance between MRP, secondary ion's intensity and flat-top peak rate. We compared some combination of entrance and exit slit to get better balance. We found the best combination of entrance and exit slit is sized 200 $$mu$$m and 500 $$mu$$m, respectively. LG-SIMS can almost remove PbAl$$^{+}$$ from uranium secondary ions in this condition. This research is part of investigation into safeguards analysis techniques commissioned by nuclear regulatory agency.

Oral presentation

An Examination of environmental sample analyses for safeguard using multi-collector ICP-MS

Tomita, Jumpei; Tomita, Ryohei; Suzuki, Daisuke; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Miyamoto, Yutaka

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

24 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)