中嶋 洋輔*; 武田 寿人*; 市村 和也*; 細井 克洋*; 大木 健輔*; 坂本 瑞樹*; 平田 真史*; 市村 真*; 池添 竜也*; 今井 剛*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 463, p.537 - 540, 2015/08
A divertor simulation experimental module (D-module) with a V-shaped divertor target is installed in the west end-sell in GAMMA 10 large tandem mirror device, and a hydrogen plasma irradiation experiment to the target have been started to investigate radiation cooling mechanism on the target. A gas injection system is installed in the D-module and Langmuir probe and calorie meter array are mounted on the target plate. During the plasma irradiation, the highest electron density of 2.4 10 m and a significant reduction of the electron temperature from a few tens of eV to 2 eV are achieved on the target plate by hydrogen and noble gas injection into the D-module.
中嶋 洋輔*; 坂本 瑞樹*; 吉川 正志*; 大木 健輔*; 武田 寿人*; 市村 和也*; 細井 克洋*; 平田 真史*; 市村 真*; 池添 竜也*; et al.
Proceedings of 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2014) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/10
In the large tandem mirror device GAMMA 10/PDX, a divertor simulation experimental module (D-module) with a V-shaped divertor target have been installed in the end-mirror. A massive gas injection of hydrogen and noble gases (argon and xenon) into the D-module during hydrogen plasma irradiation onto the target was performed, and plasma detachment from the target was investigated. Electron temperature measured by Langmuir probe array on the target was significantly reduced from a few tens of eV to 3 eV, and particle flux was also reduced. A bright H emission in the upstream region of the D-module and strong reduction near the target were observed by a two-dimensional image of H emission in the target observed with a high-speed camera. Molecular activated recombination (MAR) process is expected to contribute to the reduction of the electron temperature and the particle flux.
利根川 翔*; 笠原 成*; 福田 竜生; 杉本 邦久*; 安田 伸広*; 鶴原 悠悟*; 渡邊 大樹*; 水上 雄太*; 芳賀 芳範; 松田 達磨*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 5, p.4188_1 - 4188_7, 2014/06
We report on the observation of lattice symmetry breaking from the fourfold to twofold structure by high-resolution synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements at zero field. Small orthorhombic symmetry-breaking distortion sets in at the transition temperature with a jump, uncovering the weakly first-order nature of the hidden-order transition. This distortion is observed only in ultra pure samples, implying a highly unusual coupling nature between the electronic pneumaticity and underlying lattice.
利根川 翔*; 橋本 顕一郎*; 井加田 洸輔*; 鶴原 悠悟*; Lin, Y.-H.*; 宍戸 寛明*; 芳賀 芳範; 松田 達磨; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦; et al.
Physical Review B, 88(24), p.245131_1 - 245131_13, 2013/12
Detailed analyses of the cyclotron resonance lines in a uranium compound URuSi are reported. The analyses of the resonance profiles reveals that the heavier branch of the split line has a larger scattering rate, providing evidence for the existence of hot-spot along the  direction. The result is consistent with the broken fourfold symmetry in the hidden-order phase.
利根川 翔*; 橋本 顕一郎*; 井加田 洸輔*; Lin, Y.-H.*; 宍戸 寛明*; 芳賀 芳範; 松田 達磨; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦; 池田 浩章*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 109(3), p.036401_1 - 036401_5, 2012/07
First observation of cyclotron resonance in the hidden-order phase of ultra clean URuSi is reported. An anomalous splitting of the sharpest resonance line under in-plane magnetic field rotation was found. This is most naturally explained by the domain formation, which breaks the fourfold rotational symmetry of the underlying tetragonal lattice. The result is consistent with the "nematic" Fermi liquid state, in which itinerant electrons have unidirectional correlations.
笠原 成*; Shi, H. J.*; 橋本 顕一郎*; 利根川 翔*; 水上 雄太*; 芝内 孝禎*; 杉本 邦久*; 福田 竜生; 寺嶋 孝仁*; Nevidomskyy, A. H.*; et al.
Nature, 486(7403), p.382 - 385, 2012/06
The electron nematicity, which break rotational symmetry of the crystal lattice, has been recently observed in high- superconductors. In iron-pnictides, it has been associated with the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural transition at , and the observations has been limited in the orthorhombic phase or in the tetragonal phase under uniaxial strain. In this investigation we provide magnetic torque measurements, a thermodynamic evidence which clearly shows the development of nematicity well above and the persistence in the nonmagnetic superconducting regime. Combined with synchrotron X-ray measurements, our results identify two distinct temperatures-one at , signifying a true nematic transition, and the other at (), which we show to be not a true phase transition, but rather what we refer to as a "meta-nematic transition", in analogy to the well-known metamagnetic transition in the theory of magnetism.