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Journal Articles

Downward terrestrial gamma-ray flash observed in a winter thunderstorm

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Makishima, Kazuo*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Physical Review Letters, 123(6), p.061103_1 - 061103_6, 2019/08

Journal Articles

Performance of large volume LaBr$$_{3}$$ scintillation detector equipped with specially-designed shield for neutron resonance capture analysis

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kitatani, Fumito; Harada, Hideo

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 932, p.16 - 26, 2019/07

Journal Articles

High-energy atmospheric phenomena initiated by lightning

Enoto, Teruaki*; Wada, Yuki*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Nippon Butsuri Gakkai-Shi, 74(4), p.192 - 200, 2019/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on neutron beam pulse width dependence in the nuclear fuel measurement by the neutron resonance transmission analysis

Kitatani, Fumito; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Toh, Yosuke; Hori, Junichi*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Takahashi, Yoshiyuki*; Nakajima, Ken*

KURRI Progress Report 2017, P. 99, 2018/08

Journal Articles

Neutron resonance transmission analysis for measurement of nuclear materials in nuclear fuel

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Kitatani, Fumito; Toh, Yosuke; Paradela, C.*; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*

Proceedings of INMM 59th Annual Meeting (Internet), 6 Pages, 2018/07

Journal Articles

Development of active neutron NDA system for nuclear materials

Toh, Yosuke; Ozu, Akira; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Kitatani, Fumito; Komeda, Masao; Maeda, Makoto; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Heyse, J.*; Paradela, C.*; et al.

Proceedings of INMM 59th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2018/07

Journal Articles

Termination of electron acceleration in thundercloud by intracloud/intercloud discharge

Wada, Yuki*; Bowers, G. S.*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Kamogawa, Masashi*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Smith, D.*; Furuta, Yoshihiro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; et al.

Geophysical Research Letters, 45(11), p.5700 - 5707, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:53.8(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of neutron resonance transmission analysis as a non-destructive assay technique for nuclear nonproliferation

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Kitatani, Fumito; Maeda, Makoto; Toh, Yosuke; Kureta, Masatoshi

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 13(Sp.1), p.2406004_1 - 2406004_4, 2018/02

Recently, it has become important in the field of nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security to quantify nuclear materials (NMs) of uranium and plutonium in nuclear fuel using a non-destructive assay (NDA) technique. Currently, there is no reliable NDA system to apply to nuclear fuels such as spent fuel, fuel debris and next generation fuel for nuclear transmutation. Accordingly, development of NDA techniques for quantification of NMs in those fuels is an urgent issue. Neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) is one candidate that is applicable to the quantification of NMs. Utilizing pulsed neutron beams, NRTA analyzes the content of a sample by measuring neutron beams that are transmitted from the sample. It is one of the reliable NDA methods that are based on a neutron time-of-flight technique for accurately evaluating nuclear data such as total cross sections and resonance parameters. A present NRTA system generally requires a large electron linear accelerator to produce intense neutron beams. Therefore this is not so easy to apply to various facilities that are used to measure NMs. Given this situation, a compact NRTA system would be required for practical applications of a method to quantify NMs in various samples. In order to realize a compact NRTA system, we consider two types of system: one uses a D-T neutron generator with pulse width of 10 $$mu$$sec and the other a small electron linac with pulse width of 1 $$mu$$sec Assuming each system is applied to measurements of NMs in spent fuel, numerical calculations were carried out and the results showed that the pulse widths of neutron beam largely affect the NRTA measurements. In this presentation, we will talk about the NRTA technique and give a schematic design of a compact NRTA system. Then, comparing calculation results for a D-T tube with those for a small electron linac, we especially discuss how the pulse widths of neutron beams to be used for NRTA affect the measurement of NMs in nuclear fuel.

Journal Articles

Photonuclear reactions triggered by lightning discharge

Enoto, Teruaki*; Wada, Yuki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Okuda, Kazufumi*; Makishima, Kazuo*; Sato, Mitsuteru*; Sato, Yosuke*; Nakano, Toshio*; et al.

Nature, 551(7681), p.481 - 484, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:3.91(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Neutron resonance analysis for nuclear safeguards and security applications

Paradela, C.*; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; Harada, Hideo; Kitatani, Fumito; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.09002_1 - 09002_4, 2017/09

 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Influence of the neutron transport tube on neutron resonance densitometry

Kitatani, Fumito; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Takamine, Jun; Hori, Junichi*; Sano, Tadafumi*

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.09032_1 - 09032_3, 2017/09

 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Development of active neutron NDA techniques for nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security

Toh, Yosuke; Ozu, Akira; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Kitatani, Fumito; Komeda, Masao; Maeda, Makoto; Kureta, Masatoshi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Seya, Michio; et al.

EUR-28795-EN (Internet), p.684 - 693, 2017/00

Journal Articles

LaBr$$_3$$ $$gamma$$-ray spectrometer for detecting $$^{10}$$B in debris of melted nuclear fuel

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Kitatani, Fumito; Harada, Hideo; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Mondelaers, W.*; Paradela, C.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 837, p.153 - 160, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:76.09(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Development of active neutron NDA techniques for nonproliferation and nuclear security, 2; Study on a compact NRTA system

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Kitatani, Fumito; Maeda, Makoto; Kureta, Masatoshi

Proceedings of INMM 57th Annual Meeting (Internet), 6 Pages, 2016/07

From a viewpoint of nuclear safeguards and nuclear security, it has recently become important to develop a non-destructive assay (NDA) system that accurately determines the amount of special nuclear materials (SNMs) in various samples such as spent fuels, next generation MA-Pu fuels and fuel debris. One candidate of those NDA techniques is neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA). It relies on a neutron time-of-flight measurement and is a well-established method to apply for the accurate evaluations of nuclear data, including total cross sections and resonance parameters. The potential of NRTA to quantify SNM in complex materials has been already demonstrated by performing NRTA measurement at IRMM/GELINA under collaboration of JAEA and JRC. However, a present NRTA system usually has a large electron accelerator facility to generate intense neutrons, whereas this is very difficult to apply to various facilities that need to measure SNM. Therefore a compact NRTA system would be required for practical applications of quantifying SNM in a variety of samples. In order to realize a compact NRTA system, we are developing a prototype with a D-T neutron generator that has a pulse width of 10 $$mu$$s and an average maximum neutron yield ranging from $$10^{8}$$ n/s to $$2times10^{9}$$ n/s. Numerical calculations were used to optimize the system performance to quantify SNM and MA in spent and MA-Pu fuels. In this presentation, those numerical calculation results, together with a brief description of the prototype, are presented. In addition, we discuss a future prospect of a compact NRTA system equipped with a neutron source with a shorter pulse width (ex. 100 ns) and a more intense neutron yield.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of neutron resonance densitometry, 2; Neutron resonance capture analysis

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Harada, Hideo; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kitatani, Fumito; Kureta, Masatoshi; Becker, B.*; Kopecky, S.*; Heyse, J.*; Paradela, C.*; Mondelaers, W.*; et al.

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-36-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/12

Neutron Resonance Densitometry (NRD) was developed as a non-destructive assay to quantify U and Pu isotopes in particle-like debris. NRD is composed of neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) and Neutron Resonance Capture Analysis (NRCA) or Prompt Gamma-ray Analysis (PGA). NRCA/PGA in NRD plays a role of identifying impurities in debris under the high-radiation field primarily caused by $$^{137}$$Cs. For this purpose, a novel LaBr$$_3$$ $$gamma$$-ray detector employing specific shields has been newly developed. With the developed $$gamma$$-ray detector, a demonstration NRCA experiment was performed at a neutron time of flight facility GELINA (Belgium). As a result, samples (Hf, Gd, Ni) placed in a black box that is completely sealed by third party were successfully identified by the experiment. This presentation explains the design concept of the $$gamma$$ ray detector including its detection principle and details of the demonstration NRCA experiment.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of neutron resonance densitometry, 1; Neutron resonance transmission analysis

Kitatani, Fumito; Harada, Hideo; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Kureta, Masatoshi; Becker, B.*; Kopecky, S.*; Heyse, J.*; Paradela, C.*; Mondelaers, W.*; et al.

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-36-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/12

From 2012 to 2014, Neutron Resonance Densitometry (NRD) is being developed as a non-destructive assay to quantify U and Pu isotopes. NRD is composed of neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA) and Neutron Resonance Capture Analysis (NRCA)/Prompt Gamma-ray Analysis (PGA). NRTA in NRD plays a role of quantifying the amounts of the isotopes of a nuclear fuel material (U, Pu) in molten fuel debris. Therefore, the neutron absorption measurement using Time-of-Flight (TOF) method is carried out. A demonstration NRTA experiment was performed at a neutron time of flight facility GELINA (Belgium). Consequently, we succeeded in iquantifying the randomly selected sample from Au, W, Rh, Nb, Cu. Co, Mn, B contained in a black box. In this presentation, we describe the principle of measurement of the developed NRTA and explain details of the demonstration experiment.

Journal Articles

Active neutron NDA techniques for nuclear non-proliferation applications, 1; Development plan

Kureta, Masatoshi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Ozu, Akira; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Seya, Michio

Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nippon Shibu Dai-36-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/12

The new program "Development of active neutron NDA techniques" has started for non-proliferation applications collaborating with EC-JRC. The final purpose of this program is to establish the measurement techniques for the high radioactive special nuclear material such as MA-Pu fuel for transmutation of minor actinide. In this program, the JAEA will conduct the R&D on active neutron non-destructive measurement techniques, DDA, NRTA, PGA/NRCA and DGS. The development plan and current status of the design study of the active neutron integrated test apparatus named "Active-N" are presented in this report.

Journal Articles

Technique of neutron resonance transmission analysis for active neutron NDA

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kitatani, Fumito; Kureta, Masatoshi; Harada, Hideo; Seya, Michio; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Mondelaers, W.*; Paradela, C.*; et al.

Proceedings of 37th ESARDA Annual Meeting (Internet), p.846 - 851, 2015/08

One of non-destructive techniques using neutron resonance reaction is neutron resonance transmission analysis (NRTA). We are presently developing a new active neutron non-destructive method including NRTA in order to detect and quantify special nuclear materials (SNMs) in nuclear fuels containing MA. We aim at applying the technique to not only particle-like debris but also other materials in high radiation field. For this aim, we make use of fruitful knowledge of neutron resonance densitometry (NRD) that was developed for particle-like debris in melted fuel. NRTA detects and quantifies SNMs by means of analyzing a neutron transmission spectrum via a resonance shape analysis. In this presentation, we explain the basic of NRTA and its role in the active neutron technique. Then, with knowledge obtained in the development of NRD, we discuss items to be investigated for NRTA in our active neutron technique.

Journal Articles

Techniques of neutron resonance capture analysis and prompt $$gamma$$-ray analysis for active neutron NDA

Koizumi, Mitsuo; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Kitatani, Fumito; Kureta, Masatoshi; Seya, Michio; Harada, Hideo; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; Mondelaers, W.*; Paradela, C.*; et al.

Proceedings of 37th ESARDA Annual Meeting (Internet), p.852 - 858, 2015/08

Journal Articles

Development of active neutron NDA techniques for nuclear non-proliferation applications

Kureta, Masatoshi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Ozu, Akira; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Seya, Michio

Proceedings of INMM 56th Annual Meeting (Internet), 9 Pages, 2015/07

The new program "Development of active neutron NDA techniques" has started for non-proliferation applications. The final purpose of this program is to establish the measurement techniques for the high radioactive special nuclear material such as MA-Pu fuel for transmutation of minor actinide. In this program, the JAEA will conduct the R&D on active neutron non-destructive measurement techniques, DDA, NRTA, PGA/NRCA and DGS in collaboration with EC-JRC.

79 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)