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Journal Articles

Late-Holocene salinity changes in Lake Ogawara, Pacific coast of northeast Japan, related to sea-level fall inferred from sedimentary geochemical signatures

Nara, Fumiko*; Watanabe, Takahiro; Matsunaka, Tetsuya*; Yamasaki, Shinichi*; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*; Seto, Koji*; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*; Yasuda, Yoshinori*

Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 592, p.110907_1 - 110907_11, 2022/04

Radiocarbon dating, tephrochronology, and geochemical signatures such as bromine (Br), iodine (I), total sulfur (TS), total organic carbon (TOC), and total nitrogen (TN) in a continuous sediment core (OG12-2) were applied to estimate past salinity change on the Lake Ogawara, Pacific coast of northeast Japan. Since the Lake Ogawara was the inner bay of the Pacific Ocean and became the brackish lake in the late Holocene, clarifying the past salinity change on the lake Ogawara could give us important insight into the past sea level changes of the Pacific Ocean. The core OG12-2 has two tephra layers, the Towada eruption and the Changbaishan eruption (B-Tm: AD 946). The age model for the core OG12-2 was established using the radiocarbon measurements of the plant residues in the core, also was constrained by the B-Tm tephra. Depletions of marine-derived elements (Br, I, and TS), from 88.4 to 64.2 mg/kg, 20.0 to 14.1 mg/kg, and 3.1 to 1.1 mass %, respectively, were observed in the layers with 2200-2000 cal BP. These results indicate paleosalinity changes from saline (inner bay) to brackish conditions within Lake Ogawara caused by sea level fluctuations during the late Holocene.

Journal Articles

Catalog of gamma-ray glows during four winter seasons in Japan

Wada, Yuki*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; Sawano, Tatsuya*; Okada, Go*; Nanto, Hidehito*; et al.

Physical Review Research (Internet), 3(4), p.043117_1 - 043117_31, 2021/12

Journal Articles

Characteristics in trace elements compositions of tephras (B-Tm and To-a) for identification tools

Nara, Fumiko*; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Yamasaki, Shinichi*; Minami, Masayo*; Asahara, Yoshihiro*; Watanabe, Takahiro; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*; Yasuda, Yoshinori*

Geochemical Journal, 55(3), p.117 - 133, 2021/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

The absolute date of the Millennium Eruption (ME) of Changbaishan Volcano is widely recognized as AD 946. The Baegdosan-Tomakomai (B-Tm) tephra dispersed during the ME is a robust-age key bed. In order to identify the tephra, refractive index and major-element compositions of volcanic glass shards are conventionally used. However, trace-element analysis has been rarely carried out, especially for rare-earth elements (REEs) and for tephra layer bulk sediments. Here we present the datasets of major- and trace-element compositions datasets for the glass shards and bulk sediments of the B-Tm and Towada caldera eruptions (To-a) tephra deposits from the Lake Ogawara sediment core, Tohoku region, northern Japan. The depth profiles of the major and trace elements show the significant peaks for the K$$_{2}$$O and some trace elements (Zn, Rb, Zr, Nb, Sn, Y, La, Ce, Nd, Th, and U) at the B-Tm tephra layer in the Lake Ogawara sediment core, but no peaks of these elements at the To-a tephra layer. High concentrations of the trace elements in the B-Tm tephra layer were observed in individual glass shards as well as in the bulk sediment. These concentrations are highlighted by the elemental abundance pattern normalized by the crustal abundance. The elemental pattern in individual glass shards from other Japanese tephras showed significant differences from those of the B-Tm tephra, especially in REEs compositions. The trace-element compositions of the glass shards and bulk sediment show strong advantages for distinguishing the B-Tm tephra from other Japanese tephras.

Journal Articles

Geochemical characteristics of paleotsunami deposits from the Shizuoka plain on the Pacific coast of middle Japan

Watanabe, Takahiro; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*; Kitamura, Akihisa*; Yamasaki, Shinichi*; Nara, Fumiko*

Geochemical Journal, 55(6), p.325 - 340, 2021/00

Geochemical signatures of natural samples could be an effective proxy to identify paleo tsunami deposits. However, less geochemical approach has been applied in the Pacific coast of middle Japan. Therefore, geochemical characteristics of the paleo tsunami deposits were studied using geological samples from the Shizuoka plain in the Pacific coast of middle Japan, and this paper shows the first geochemical dataset of paleo tsunami deposits from the area. In this study, typical geochemical biplots and ternary diagrams were applied to discriminate the paleo tsunami deposits from other layers. Additionally, vertical and horizontal distributions of titanium normalized values and statistical methods of geochemical data could provide the information for characteristic of the deposits to detect prehistorical tsunami inundation.

Journal Articles

Quantitative and semi-quantitative analyses using a portable energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer; Geochemical applications in fault rocks, lake sediments, and event deposits

Watanabe, Takahiro; Ishii, Chikako; Ishizaka, Chika; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Sawai, Yuki*; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*; Matsunaka, Tetsuya*; Ochiai, Shinya*; Nara, Fumiko*

Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 116(3), p.140 - 158, 2021/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Mineralogy)

A portable energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (potable XRF) can be an effective tool for detecting chemical elements in various materials, such as geological, and environmental samples. In this study, working curves were confirmed using reference materials, such as igneous rocks and other geochemical standards, distributed by national and international organizations. Subsequently, quantification and semi-quantification analyses were performed by the portable XRF for inorganic elements in (A) fault rocks, (B) lake sediments from the middle Japan, and (C) soils with paleotsunami deposits from the Pacific coast of northeast Japan. Twenty-four elements (Mg-U) in these geological samples were measured by potable XRF using our working curves. Measured values by the portable XRF of the samples were good agreement with the reported values in almost cases.

Journal Articles

Thundercloud project; Exploring high-energy phenomena in thundercloud and lightning

Yuasa, Takayuki*; Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Hisadomi, Shohei*; Tsuji, Yuna*; Okuda, Kazufumi*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2020(10), p.103H01_1 - 103H01_27, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:32.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

A Geochemical approach for identifying marine incursions; Implications for tsunami geology on the Pacific coast of northeast Japan

Watanabe, Takahiro; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*; Yamasaki, Shinichi*; Sawai, Yuki*; Hosoda, Norihiro*; Nara, Fumiko*; Nakamura, Toshio*; Komai, Takeshi*

Applied Geochemistry, 118, p.104644_1 - 104644_11, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:74.86(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Possible tsunami inundation areas can be predicted from the distribution of paleo tsunami deposits, which are mainly composed of marine-derived sands and muds on land. Such exotic sandy and muddy layers have been identified by multiple approaches. However, there still remain uncertainties and other useful proxies need to be investigated for the identification of tsunami deposits. Here we show the geochemical signatures of modern tsunami deposits from the Pacific coast of Northeast Japan (2011 Tohoku tsunami), as well as those paleo tsunami deposits, which were taken from the Tohoku District (Jogan, ca. 1080 calibrated ages before present [cal BP] and Yayoi, ca. 2000 cal BP). A geochemical ternary diagram (Seawater-Rock-(As+Metals)) enables the weathering trend of tsunami deposits over ca. 2000 years in the Sendai Plain in the Tohoku to be shown. In the paleo tsunami layers from the Tohoku, the Na/Ti atomic ratios markedly increased to 23.4, and the average values were 19.3$$pm$$3.0 (Jogan and Yayoi tsunami deposits), which were clearly higher than those of other layers (soil deposits, 10.3$$pm$$3.5 on average). These results show that the Na/Ti ratio is a useful indicator of marine incursions in our case. Our rapid and simple method using the Na/Ti ratio can be easily applied to the Tohoku, and it may contribute to the detection of unrecorded muddy tsunami deposits.

Journal Articles

Downward terrestrial gamma-ray flash observed in a winter thunderstorm

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Makishima, Kazuo*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Physical Review Letters, 123(6), p.061103_1 - 061103_6, 2019/08


 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:82.27(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Gamma-ray glow preceding downward terrestrial gamma-ray flash

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Sato, Mitsuteru*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.67_1 - 67_9, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:89.5(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Abnormally enhanced diamagnetism in Al-Zn-Mg alloys

Nishimura, Katsuhiko*; Matsuda, Kenji*; Lee, S.*; Nunomura, Norio*; Shimano, Tomoki*; Bendo, A.*; Watanabe, Katsumi*; Tsuchiya, Taiki*; Namiki, Takahiro*; Toda, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 774, p.405 - 409, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:37.05(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

JAEA-JRC collaboration on the development of active neutron NDA techniques

Kureta, Masatoshi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Ozu, Akira; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Tsuchiya, Takahiro*; Seya, Michio; Harada, Hideo; Abousahl, S.*; Heyse, J.*; Kopecky, S.*; et al.

Proceedings of 37th ESARDA Annual Meeting (Internet), p.111 - 120, 2015/08

The JAEA has just started the new program "Development of active neutron NDA techniques" collaborating with EC-JRC. The final purpose of this program is to establish the measurement techniques for the high radioactive special nuclear material such as MA-Pu fuel for transmutation of minor actinide and for nuclear security applications. In this program, JAEA will conduct the R&D on active neutron non-destructive measurement techniques, DDA, NRTA, PGA/NRCA and DGS.

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi*; Enoeda, Mikio; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Uto, Hiroyasu; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nishitani, Takeo; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2010-019, 194 Pages, 2010/08


This report describes the results of the conceptual design study of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor aiming at demonstrating fusion power production in a plant scale and allowing to assess the economic prospects of a fusion power plant. The design study has focused on a compact and low aspect ratio tokamak reactor concept with a reduced-sized central solenoid, which is novel compared with previous tokamak reactor concept such as SSTR (Steady State Tokamak Reactor). The reactor has the main parameters of a major radius of 5.5 m, aspect ratio of 2.6, elongation of 2.0, normalized beta of 4.3, fusion out put of 2.95 GW and average neutron wall load of 3 MW/m$$^{2}$$. This report covers various aspects of design study including systemic design, physics design, torus configuration, blanket, superconducting magnet, maintenance and building, which were carried out increase the engineering feasibility of the concept.

Journal Articles

Development of a cryogenic load frame for a neutron diffractometer

Tsuchiya, Yoshinori*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Umeno, Takahiro*; Machiya, Shutaro*; Osamura, Kozo*

Measurement Science and Technology, 21(2), p.025904_1 - 025904_4, 2010/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:69.54(Engineering, Multidisciplinary)

Strain measurements under loading at cryogenic temperatures are much requested for investigation of the stress/strain effect on the critical current for composite superconductors. In order to provide in-situ measurements of the lattice strain, a cryogenic load frame with a GM refrigerator has been developed, which is suitable for the neutron diffraction facility RESA equipped at JRR-3 in JAEA. The lowest temperature of 4.8 K was achieved, while the capacity of the load frame was 10 kN. Using the present cryogenic load frame, plane spacing measurement was performed under loading for two specified samples of 316 stainless steel and engineering YBCO coated conductor. The relation between applied stress/strain and lattice strain has been made clear in a wide range of temperatures.

Journal Articles

Observation of an energetic radiation burst from mountain-top thunderclouds

Tsuchiya, Harufumi*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Torii, Tatsuo; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Torii, Shunsuke*; Fukuyama, Taro*; Yamaguchi, Takahiro*; Kato, Hiroshi*; Okano, Shinji*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 102(25), p.255003_1 - 255003_4, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:59 Percentile:89.79(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

During thunderstorms on 2008 September 20, a simultaneous detection of $$gamma$$-rays and electrons was made at a mountain observatory in Japan located 2770 m above sea level. Both emissions, lasting 90 seconds, were associated with thunderclouds rather than lightning. The photon spectrum, extending to 10 MeV, can be interpreted as consisting of bremsstrahlung $$gamma$$-rays arriving from a source which is 60-130 m in distance at 90% confidence level. The observed electrons are likely to be dominated by a primary population escaping from an acceleration region in the clouds.

Journal Articles

Ion induced structural modification and nano-crystalline formation of Zr-Al-Ni-Cu metallic glasses

Nagata, Shinji*; Sasase, Masato*; Takahiro, Katsumi*; Tsuchiya, Bun*; Inoue, Aichi; Yamamoto, Shunya; Shikama, Tatsuo*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 267(8-9), p.1514 - 1517, 2009/03

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:56.98(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In this study, effects of the ion implantation on the phase transformation and nano-crystalline formation were examined in Zr-based metallic glasses. Samples were 2 mm thick plates and thin films of Zr$$_{55}$$Al$$_{10}$$Ni$$_{5}$$Cu$$_{30}$$ prepared by casting in a copper mold and by using RF magnetron sputtering, respectively. Ions of Mg, P, Au and Bi with 100-500 keV were implanted in the samples up to 2 $$times$$ 10$$^{16}$$ ions/cm$$^{2}$$ at room temperature. Nano-crystalline structure was found in implanted samples by TEM observation, while the long-range order in the structure was not found for the X-ray diffraction patterns. The electron diffraction patterns indicated the formation of fcc-Zr$$_{2}$$Cu in the P, Au, and Bi implanted region. Changes of the binding energy of the core level electron and valence band structure suggested the formation of Au-Zr or Au-Cu alloys in the Au ion implanted region.

Journal Articles

Status of JT-60SA tokamak under the EU-JA broader approach agreement

Matsukawa, Makoto; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Hayashi, Takao; Higashijima, Satoru; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Ide, Shunsuke; Ishida, Shinichi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(7-9), p.795 - 803, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:74.37(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Does Gd@C$$_{82}$$ have an anomalous endohedral structure? Synthesis and single crystal X-ray structure of the carbene adduct

Akasaka, Takeshi*; Kono, Takayoshi*; Takematsu, Yuji*; Nikawa, Hidefumi*; Nakahodo, Tsukasa*; Wakahara, Takatsugu*; Ishitsuka, Midori*; Tsuchiya, Takahiro*; Maeda, Yutaka*; Liu, M. T. H.*; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 130(39), p.12840 - 12841, 2008/10

 Times Cited Count:70 Percentile:84.61(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We report here the results on single crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis of the Gd@C$$_{82}$$ carbene adduct (Gd@C$$_{82}$$(ad), Ad=adamantylidene). The Gd atom in Gd@C$$_{82}$$(Ad) is located at an off-centered position near a hexagonal ring in the C2v-C$$_{82}$$ cage, as found for M@C$$_{82}$$ (M = Sc and La) and La@C$$_{82}$$(Ad). Theoretical calculation also confirms the position of the Gd atom in the X-ray crystal structure.

Journal Articles

Design optimization for plasma performance and assessment of operation regimes in JT-60SA

Fujita, Takaaki; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Kurita, Genichi; Bialek, J.*; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Sakurai, Shinji; Suzuki, Yutaka; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(11), p.1512 - 1523, 2007/11

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:65.43(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Design of modification of JT-60U, JT-60SA, has been optimized in viewpoint of plasma control, and operation regimes have been evaluated. Upper and lower divertors with different geometry are prepared for flexibility of plasma shape control. The beam lines of negative-ion NBI are shifted downward for off-axis current drive, in order to obtain a weak/reversed shear plasma. The feedback control coils along the port hole in the stabilizing plate are found effective to suppress the resistive wall mode (RWM) and sustain high $$beta$$$$_{rm N}$$ close to the ideal wall limit. The regime of full current drive operation has been extended with upgraded heating and current drive power. Full current drive operation for 100 s with reactor-relevant high values of normalized beta and bootstrap current fraction ($$I$$$$_{rm p}$$ = 2.4 MA, $$beta$$$$_{rm N}$$ = 4.4, $$f$$$$_{rm BS}$$ = 0.70, $$bar{n}$$$$_{rm e}$$/$$n$$$$_{rm GW}$$ = 0.86, H$$_{rm H98y2}$$ = 1.3) is expected in a highly-shaped low-aspect-ratio configuration ($$A$$ = 2.65). High $$beta$$$$_{rm N}$$, high-density ELMy H-mode is also expected.

Journal Articles

Current status of the control system for J-PARC accelerator complex

Yoshikawa, Hiroshi; Sakaki, Hironao; Sako, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Hiroki; Shen, G.; Kato, Yuko; Ito, Yuichi; Ikeda, Hiroshi*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Tsuchiya, Hitoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems (ICALEPCS '07) (CD-ROM), p.62 - 64, 2007/10

J-PARC is a large scale facility of the proton accelerators for the multi-purpose of scientific researches in Japan. This facility consists of three accelerators and three experimental stations. Now, J-PARC is under construction, and LINAC is operated for one year, 3GeV synchrotron has just started the commissioning in this October the 1st. The completion of this facility will be next summer. The control system of accelerators established fundamental performance for the initial commissioning. The most important requirement to the control system of this facility is to minimize the activation of accelerator devices. In this paper, we show that the performances of each layer of this control system have been achieved in the initial stage.

Journal Articles

SlimCS; Compact low aspect ratio DEMO reactor with reduced-size central solenoid

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Sato, Masayasu; Sakurai, Shinji; Hayashi, Takao; Shibama, Yusuke; Isono, Takaaki; Enoeda, Mikio; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Sato, Satoshi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(8), p.892 - 899, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:53 Percentile:87.5(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The concept for a compact DEMO reactor named "SlimCS" is presented. Distinctive features of the concept is low aspect ratio ($$A$$ = 2.6) and use of a reduced-size center solenoid (CS) which has a function of plasma shaping rather than poloidal flux supply. The reduced-size CS enables us to introduce a thin toroidal field (TF) coil system which contributes to reducing the weight and construction cost of the reactor. SlimCS is as compact as advanced commercial reactor designs such as ARIES-RS and produces 1 GWe in spite of moderate requirements for plasma parameters. Merits of low-$$A$$, i.e. vertical stability for high elongation and high beta limit are responsible for such reasonable physics requirements.

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