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Journal Articles

Late-Holocene salinity changes in Lake Ogawara, Pacific coast of northeast Japan, related to sea-level fall inferred from sedimentary geochemical signatures

Nara, Fumiko*; Watanabe, Takahiro; Matsunaka, Tetsuya*; Yamasaki, Shinichi*; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*; Seto, Koji*; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*; Yasuda, Yoshinori*

Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 592, p.110907_1 - 110907_11, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Geography, Physical)

Radiocarbon dating, tephrochronology, and geochemical signatures such as bromine (Br), iodine (I), total sulfur (TS), total organic carbon (TOC), and total nitrogen (TN) in a continuous sediment core (OG12-2) were applied to estimate past salinity change on the Lake Ogawara, Pacific coast of northeast Japan. Since the Lake Ogawara was the inner bay of the Pacific Ocean and became the brackish lake in the late Holocene, clarifying the past salinity change on the lake Ogawara could give us important insight into the past sea level changes of the Pacific Ocean. The core OG12-2 has two tephra layers, the Towada eruption and the Changbaishan eruption (B-Tm: AD 946). The age model for the core OG12-2 was established using the radiocarbon measurements of the plant residues in the core, also was constrained by the B-Tm tephra. Depletions of marine-derived elements (Br, I, and TS), from 88.4 to 64.2 mg/kg, 20.0 to 14.1 mg/kg, and 3.1 to 1.1 mass %, respectively, were observed in the layers with 2200-2000 cal BP. These results indicate paleosalinity changes from saline (inner bay) to brackish conditions within Lake Ogawara caused by sea level fluctuations during the late Holocene.

Journal Articles

Characteristics in trace elements compositions of tephras (B-Tm and To-a) for identification tools

Nara, Fumiko*; Yokoyama, Tatsunori; Yamasaki, Shinichi*; Minami, Masayo*; Asahara, Yoshihiro*; Watanabe, Takahiro; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*; Yasuda, Yoshinori*

Geochemical Journal, 55(3), p.117 - 133, 2021/00

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:63.6(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

The absolute date of the Millennium Eruption (ME) of Changbaishan Volcano is widely recognized as AD 946. The Baegdosan-Tomakomai (B-Tm) tephra dispersed during the ME is a robust-age key bed. In order to identify the tephra, refractive index and major-element compositions of volcanic glass shards are conventionally used. However, trace-element analysis has been rarely carried out, especially for rare-earth elements (REEs) and for tephra layer bulk sediments. Here we present the datasets of major- and trace-element compositions datasets for the glass shards and bulk sediments of the B-Tm and Towada caldera eruptions (To-a) tephra deposits from the Lake Ogawara sediment core, Tohoku region, northern Japan. The depth profiles of the major and trace elements show the significant peaks for the K$$_{2}$$O and some trace elements (Zn, Rb, Zr, Nb, Sn, Y, La, Ce, Nd, Th, and U) at the B-Tm tephra layer in the Lake Ogawara sediment core, but no peaks of these elements at the To-a tephra layer. High concentrations of the trace elements in the B-Tm tephra layer were observed in individual glass shards as well as in the bulk sediment. These concentrations are highlighted by the elemental abundance pattern normalized by the crustal abundance. The elemental pattern in individual glass shards from other Japanese tephras showed significant differences from those of the B-Tm tephra, especially in REEs compositions. The trace-element compositions of the glass shards and bulk sediment show strong advantages for distinguishing the B-Tm tephra from other Japanese tephras.

Journal Articles

Corrosion property of sheath materials using MI cables at conditions simulated severe accident

Nakano, Hiroko; Shibata, Hiroshi; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Proceedings of International Conference on Asia-Pacific Conference on Fracture and Strength 2016 (APCFS 2016) (USB Flash Drive), p.283 - 284, 2016/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect of high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets for Mo-99 production, 3

Ishida, Takuya; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Nishikata, Kaori; Yonekawa, Minoru; Kato, Yoshiaki; Shibata, Akira; Kimura, Akihiro; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2015, P. 64, 2016/08

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Performance test of ex-core high temperature and high pressure water loop test equipment (Contract research)

Nakano, Hiroko; Uehara, Toshiaki; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Jinichi; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

JAEA-Technology 2015-049, 61 Pages, 2016/03


In Japan Atomic Energy Agency, we started a research and development so as to monitor the Nuclear Plant Facilities situations during a severe accident, such as a radiation-resistant monitoring camera under a severe accident, a radiation resistant in-water transmission system for conveying the information in-core and a heat-resistant signal cable. As part of advance in a heat-resistant signal cable, we maintained to ex-core high-temperature and pressure water loop test equipment which can be simulated conditions of BWRs and PWRs for evaluation reliability and property of construction sheath materials. This equipment consists of Autoclave, water conditioning tank, water pump, high-pressure metering pump, preheater, heat exchanger and pure water purification equipment. This report describes the basic design and the results of performance tests of construction machinery and tools of ex-core high-temperature and pressure water loop test equipment.

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect of high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets for Mo-99 production, 2

Nishikata, Kaori; Ishida, Takuya; Yonekawa, Minoru; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kurosawa, Makoto; Kimura, Akihiro; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2014, P. 109, 2015/07

As one of effective applications of the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), JAEA has a plan to produce $$^{99}$$Mo by (n,$$gamma$$) method ((n,$$gamma$$)$$^{99}$$Mo production), a parent nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc. In this study, preliminary irradiation test was carried out with the high-density molybdenum trioxide (MoO$$_{3}$$) pellets in the hydraulic conveyer (HYD) of the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR) and the $$^{99m}$$Tc solution extracted from $$^{99}$$Mo was evaluated. After the irradiation test of the high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets in the KUR, $$^{99m}$$Tc was extracted from the Mo solution and the recovery rate of $$^{99m}$$Tc achieved the target values. The $$^{99m}$$Tc solution also got the value that satisfied the standard value for $$^{99m}$$Tc radiopharmaceutical products by the solvent extraction method.

Journal Articles

Development of instrumentation systems for severe accidents, 5; Basic properties of hydrogen sensor with solid electrolyte for safety measures of LWRs

Otsuka, Noriaki; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Matsui, Tetsuya*; Arita, Setsuo*; Wada, Shohei*

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2015/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of radiation detectors for in-pile measurement

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Nagata, Hiroshi; Endo, Yasuichi; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

KAERI/GP-418/2015, p.110 - 112, 2015/00

$$gamma$$ irradiation experiments with a $$^{60}$$Co source were carried out for developing Self-Powered Gamma Detectors (SPGDs) with lead (Pb) emitter and Self-Powered Neutron Detectors (SPNDs) with Pt-40%Rh emitter prior to in-core irradiation experiments. The results showed the output currents of the SPGDs were proportional to the $$gamma$$ dose rate in the range from about 200-6000 Gy/h with about 10% accuracy. In the case of SPNDs, the output currents flowed in inverse direction and were an order of magnitude lower compared with that of the SPGDs. These different behaviors of the output currents are considered to be caused by the difference in the emitter sizes and the current component originated at the MI cables.

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect of high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets for Mo-99 production

Nishikata, Kaori; Ishida, Takuya; Yonekawa, Minoru; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kurosawa, Makoto; Kimura, Akihiro; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2013, P. 242, 2014/10

As one of effective applications of the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), JAEA has a plan to produce Mo-99 ($$^{99}$$Mo) by (n,$$gamma$$) method ((n,$$gamma$$)$$^{99}$$Mo production), a parent nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc. In this study, preliminary irradiation tests were carried out with the high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets in the KUR and the $$^{99}$$Mo production amount was evaluated between the calculation results and measurement results.

Journal Articles

Uniaxial strain dependence of the critical current of DI-BSCCO tapes

Osamura, Kozo*; Machiya, Shutaro*; Hampshire, D. P.*; Tsuchiya, Yoshinori*; Shobu, Takahisa; Kajiwara, Kentaro*; Osabe, Goro*; Yamazaki, Kohei*; Yamada, Yuichi*; Fujikami, Jun*

Superconductor Science and Technology, 27(8), p.085005_1 - 085005_11, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:74.38(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Electrode properties of Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$ (${it C}$2/${it m}$) for a lithium-battery cathode in several charge-discharge potential ranges

Nakao, Yasuhiro*; Ozawa, Kiyoshi*; Fujii, Hiroki*; Mochiku, Takashi*; Iwai, Hideo*; Tsuchiya, Yoshinori*; Igawa, Naoki

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 38(2), p.229 - 233, 2013/12

Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$ powder with a monoclinic cell related to the space group of ${it C}$2/${it m}$ was synthesized by a simplified coprecipitation method. Its electrode properties as a lithium-battery cathode were investigated in the charge-discharge potential ranges of 2.0 - 4.6, 2.0 - 4.8, and 2.0 - 5.0 V. In all the potential ranges, the electrochemical capacities gradually increased during cycling, and the increased capacities significantly depended on the potential ranges. Compared to the discharge capacities for the potential ranges of 2.0 - 4.6 and 2.0 - 5.0 V, the former merely increased from 12.5 to 22.5 mAhg$$^{-1}$$ between the 1st and 99th cycles, whereas the latter increased from 20.0 to 110.2 mAhg$$^{-1}$$ during the same cycling. The structural variation in Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$ is induced by the cycling, the rhombohedral phase is detected during cycling in the potential range of 2.0 - 5.0 V.

Journal Articles

Development of instrumentation systems for safety measure at LWR's severe accident

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Shibata, Akira; Nagata, Hiroshi; Kimura, Nobuaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Saito, Takashi; Nakamura, Jinichi; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Proceedings of 3rd Asian Symposium on Material Testing Reactors (ASMTR 2013), p.52 - 58, 2013/11

In-pile instrumentation systems in present LWR's are indispensable to monitor all situations during reactor operation and reactor shut down. However, those systems did not work sufficiently under the conditions like as the severe accident at the Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Power Station. Therefore, based on the irradiation measurement technique of experiences accumulated in JMTR, the developments of reactor instrumentation systems to prevent severe core damage accident in advance have been started. The development objects are four instrumentation systems, which are a solid electrolysis type hydrogen concentration sensor, a water gauge of thermocouple type equipped with the heater, a $$gamma$$-ray detector of self-powered type SPGD, and an image analysis system of Cherenkov light for quantification of in-reactor information by CCD cameras. After the developments, the in-pile verification tests of four instrumentation systems are planned at the JMTR.

Journal Articles

Development of $$^{99m}$$Tc production from (n,$$gamma$$)$$^{99}$$Mo based on solvent extraction

Kimura, Akihiro; Awaludin, R.*; Shiina, Takayuki*; Tanase, Masakazu*; Kawauchi, Yukimasa*; Gunawan, A. H.*; Lubis, H.*; Sriyono*; Ota, Akio*; Genka, Tsuguo; et al.

Proceedings of 3rd Asian Symposium on Material Testing Reactors (ASMTR 2013), p.109 - 115, 2013/11

JP, 2011-173260   Patent publication (In Japanese)

$$^{99m}$$Tc is generated by decay of $$^{99}$$Mo. Production of $$^{99}$$Mo is carried out by (n,f) method with high enriched uranium targets, and the production are currently producing to meet about 95% of global supply. Recently, it is difficult to carry out a stable supply for some problems such as aging of reactors etc. Furthermore, the production has difficulties in nuclear proliferation resistance etc. Thus, (n,$$gamma$$) method has lately attracted considerable attention. The (n,$$gamma$$) method has several advantages, but the extremely low specific activity makes its uses less convenient than (n,f) method. We proposed a method based on the solvent extraction, followed by adsorption of $$^{99m}$$Tc with alumina column. In this paper, a practical production of $$^{99m}$$Tc was tried by the method with 1Ci of $$^{99}$$Mo produced in MPR-30. The recovery yields were approximately 70%. Impurity of $$^{99}$$Mo was less than 4.0$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$% and the radiochemical purity was over 99.2%.

Journal Articles

Research and development of high-performance instruments for safety measure for LWRs

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Ueno, Shunji; Komanome, Hirohisa*; Otsuka, Noriaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Kimura, Nobuaki; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Araki, Masanori

Proceedings of 6th International Symposium on Material Testing Reactors (ISMTR-6) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2013/10

During the station blackout situation at the Fukushima Dai-ichi (1F) Nuclear Power Plant, conventional in-pile instrumentation systems did not work sufficiently, resulting in the progress of the severe accident. In June 2011, the Japanese government referred to "Enhancement of instrumentation to identify the status of the reactors and PCVs" as a lesson of the accident at the 1F NPP, in the report of Japanese government to the IAEA ministerial conference in accordance with such situation, we started from 2012 a research and development which corresponds to the provisions so as to monitor the NPPs situations during a severe accident. In this research and development, we have been building of technical bases of a radiation-resistant high-definition and high-sensitivity monitoring camera, a wireless transmission system, and radiation- and heat-resistant signal line. The objective and latest progress situations of the R&D including the results of the characteristic experiments will be introduced in this symposium.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and nonmagnetic impurity effect on magnetic orderings of the isosceles-triangular-lattice antiferromagnet CuMnO$$_2$$

Terada, Noriki*; Tsuchiya, Yoshinori*; Kitazawa, Hideaki*; Metoki, Naoto

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 62(12), p.1905 - 1909, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:27.59(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We have investigated magnetic and nonmagnetic impurity substitution effects on magnetic ordering of a frustrated isosceles triangular lattice antiferromagnet CuMnO$$_2$$ by means of the magnetic neutron diffraction measurements on Cu(Mn$$_{1-y}$$Ga$$_y$$)O$$_2$$. While the magnetic wave vector of the magnetic ground state of "magnetically" substituted Cu(Mn$$_{1-x}$$Cu$$_x$$)O$$_2$$ with x = 0:04 is Q = (-1/2 1/2 0), that in the "nonmagnetically" substituted Cu(Mn$$_{1-y}$$Ga$$_y$$)O$$_2$$ with y =0.05, 0.15 and 0.20 is Q = (-1/2 1/2 1/2) that is identical to that of pure CuMnO$$_2$$. We discuss an influence of magnetic or nonmagnetic impurity substitution on the magnetic ordering of CuMnO$$_2$$, by comparing the results of Cu(Mn$$_{1-y}$$Ga$$_y$$)O$$_2$$ with Cu(Mn$$_{1-x}$$Cux)O$$_2$$.

Journal Articles

Local strain and its influence on mechanical-electromagnetic properties of twisted and untwisted ITER Nb$$_{3}$$Sn strands

Osamura, Kozo*; Machiya, Shutaro*; Tsuchiya, Yoshinori*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Shobu, Takahisa; Sato, Masugu*; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Ochiai, Shojiro*

Superconductor Science and Technology, 25(5), p.054010_1 - 054010_9, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:58.1(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Electrochemical characteristics of layered Li$$_{1.95}$$Mn$$_{0.9}$$Co$$_{0.15}$$O$$_{3}$$ (${it C}$2/${it m}$) as a lithium-battery cathode

Ozawa, Kiyoshi*; Nakao, Yasuhiro*; Mochiku, Takashi*; Cheng, Z.*; Wang, L.*; Iwai, Hideo*; Tsuchiya, Yoshinori*; Fujii, Hiroki*; Igawa, Naoki

Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 159(3), p.A300 - A304, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:47.32(Electrochemistry)

A manganese-based solid solution with the composition of Li$$_{1.95}$$Mn$$_{0.9}$$Co$$_{0.15}$$O$$_{3}$$ was synthesized by a simplified coprecipitation method, and its electrochemical characteristics as a lithium-battery cathode were investigated. Rietveld refinement based on neutron diffraction data revealed that the material is assigned to an Li$$_{2}$$MnO$$_{3}$$-type structure model with a space group symmetry of ${it C}$2/${it m}$. In cycling of the cell in the potential range from 2.0 to 4.8 V at current densities of 30 mAhg$$^{-1}$$, the discharge capacity characteristically increases from 46.3 to 196.5 mAhg$$^{-1}$$ as the cycle increases from 1 to 11, and a discharge capacity above 175.5 mAhg$$^{-1}$$ is obtained between the 23rd and 58th cycles. The cyclic voltammogram and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements showed that the manganese redox reaction is progressively activated during the first ten-odd cycles.

Journal Articles

Magnetic correlations and the influence of atomic disorder in frustrated isosceles triangular lattice antiferromagnet CuMnO$$_2$$

Terada, Noriki*; Tsuchiya, Yoshinori*; Kitazawa, Hideaki*; Osakabe, Toyotaka; Metoki, Naoto; Igawa, Naoki; Oyama, Kenji*

Physical Review B, 84(6), p.064432_1 - 064432_8, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:58.11(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have studied the magnetic correlations of the isosceles triangular lattice antiferromagnet CuMnO$$_2$$. Above $$T$$$$_{rm N}$$, the magnetic correlations are characterized by a two-dimensional (2D) short-range correlation. Below $$T$$$$_{rm N}$$, the magnetic structures have been identified to be collinear with the magnetic moments almost parallel to the $$d_{z^2}$$ orbitals. The stacking sequence along the $$c$$ direction is changed from antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic by atomic disorder. We find that the second-nearest-neighbor interlayer interaction plays an important role for the magnetic stacking along the $$c$$ axis. The magnetic excitation below $$T$$$$_{rm N}$$ is characterized by collective spin-wave excitation with an energy gap of 6 meV from the three-dimensional long-range magnetic order and by spin-liquid-like 2D excitation, indicated by specific heat.

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction measurements of internal strain in Nb$$_{3}$$Sn cable-in-conduit conductors

Hemmi, Tsutomu; Harjo, S.; Ito, Takayoshi; Matsui, Kunihiro; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Nakajima, Hideo; Aizawa, Kazuya; Suzuki, Hiroshi; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 21(3), p.2028 - 2031, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:50.23(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Residual strain in conductors is caused by the difference in the coefficient of expansion between Nb$$_{3}$$Sn strands and the jacket over a temperature range of 5 - 923 K. The superconducting properties of strands vary significantly, depending on the strain. It is important to clarify the residual strain as part of the evaluation of superconducting performance. However, the residual strain of strands in the conductor has not been measured so far because of their complicated configuration and their location in a jacket. The engineering materials diffractometer "Takumi" in J-PARC can measure residual strain with a relative accuracy of around 0.02%, using neutron diffraction. In this study, the Takumi was applied to the measurement of residual strain in strands for the ITER TF conductor. Results indicate that the residual strain of strands in the conductor can be determined, thereby clarifying the mechanism of residual strain and its relationship to superconducting performance.

Journal Articles

Stress/strain effects on industrial superconducting composites

Ito, Takayoshi; Harjo, S.; Osamura, Kozo*; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Awaji, Satoshi*; Machiya, Shutaro*; Oguro, Hidetoshi*; Nishijima, Gen*; Takahashi, Koki*; Matsui, Kunihiro; et al.

Materials Science Forum, 681, p.209 - 214, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:53.4

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