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Journal Articles

Negative excursion of surface electric fields during gamma-ray glows in winter thunderstorms

Wada, Yuki*; Kamogawa, Masashi*; Kubo, Mamoru*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Hayashi, Shugo*; Sawano, Tatsuya*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 128(21), p.e2023JD039354_1 - e2023JD039354_20, 2023/11

Journal Articles

Termination of downward-oriented gamma-ray glow by normal-polarity in-cloud discharge activity

Wada, Yuki*; Wu, T.*; Wang, D.*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Shinoda, Taro*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 128(15), p.e2023JD038606_1 - e2023JD038606_9, 2023/08

Journal Articles

Citizen science observation of a gamma-ray glow associated with the initiation of a lightning flash

Tsurumi, Miwa*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Ikkatai, Yuko*; Wu, T.*; Wang, D.*; Shinoda, Taro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Tsuji, Naoki*; Diniz, G.*; Kataoka, Jun*; et al.

Geophysical Research Letters, 50(13), p.e2023GL103612_1 - e2023GL103612_9, 2023/07

Journal Articles

Development of stabilization treatment technology for radioactive aluminum waste

Seki, Misaki; Fujita, Yoshitaka; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; Zhang, J.*; Yoshinaga, Hisao*; Sano, Tadafumi*; Hori, Junichi*; Nagata, Hiroshi; Otsuka, Kaoru; Omori, Takazumi; et al.

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 29(1), p.2 - 9, 2022/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Mechanisms responsible for adsorption of molybdate ions on alumina for the production of medical radioisotopes

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Niizeki, Tomotake*; Fukumitsu, Nobuyoshi*; Ariga, Katsuhiko*; Yamauchi, Yusuke*; Malgras, V.*; Kaneti, Y. V.*; Liu, C.-H.*; Hatano, Kentaro*; Suematsu, Hisayuki*; et al.

Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 95(1), p.129 - 137, 2022/01

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:71.6(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

In this work, the mechanisms responsible for the adsorption of molybdate ions on alumina are investigated using in-depth surface analyses carried out on alumina specimens immersed in solutions containing different molybdate ions at different pH values. The obtained results reveal that when alumina is immersed in an acidic solution containing molybdate ions, the hydroxyl groups present on the surface are removed to generate positively charged sites, and molybdate ions (MoO$$_{4}$$$$^{2-}$$ or AlMo$$_{6}$$O$$_{24}$$H$$_{6}$$$$^{3-}$$) are adsorbed by electrostatic interaction. Alumina dissolves slightly in an acidic solution to form AlMo$$_{6}$$O$$_{24}$$H$$_{6}$$$$^{3-}$$, which is more easily desorbed than MoO$$_{4}$$$$^{2-}$$. Furthermore, the enhancement in the Mo adsorption or desorption property may be achieved by enriching the surface of the alumina adsorbent with many -OH groups and optimizing Mo solution to adsorb molybdate ions on alumina as MoO$$_{4}$$$$^{2-}$$ ions. These findings will assist researchers in engineering more efficient and stable alumina-based adsorbents for molybdenum adsorption used in medical radioisotope ($$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc) generators.

Journal Articles

Dynamic properties on $$^{99}$$Mo adsorption and $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution with alumina columns

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Seki, Misaki; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*; Yoshinaga, Hisao*; Hori, Junichi*; Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2155, p.012018_1 - 012018_6, 2022/01

Technetium-99m ($$^{rm 99m}$$Tc), the daughter nuclide of Molybdenum-99 ($$^{99}$$Mo), is the most commonly used radioisotope in radiopharmaceuticals. The research and development (R&D) for the production of $$^{99}$$Mo by the neutron activation method ((n, $$gamma$$) method) has been carried out from viewpoints of no-proliferation and nuclear security, etc. Since the specific activity of $$^{99}$$Mo produced by the (n, $$gamma$$) method is extremely low, developing Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ with a large Mo adsorption capacity is necessary to adapt (n, $$gamma$$)$$^{99}$$Mo to the generator. In this study, three kinds of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ specimens with different raw materials were prepared and compared their adaptability to generators by static and dynamic adsorption. MoO$$_{3}$$ pellet pieces (1.5g) were irradiated with 5 MW for 20 min in the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR). Irradiated MoO$$_{3}$$ pellet pieces were dissolved in 6M-NaOH aq. In dynamic adsorption, 1 g of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ was filled into a PFA tube ($$phi$$1.59 mm). The $$^{99}$$Mo adsorption capacity of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ specimens under dynamic condition was slightly reduced compared to that under static condition. The $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution rate was about 100% at 1.5 mL of milking in dynamic adsorption, while it was around 56-87% in static adsorption. The $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{rm 99m}$$Tc ratio of dynamic condition was greatly reduced compared to that of static condition. Therefore, the $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc elution property is greatly affected by the method of adsorbing Mo, e.g., the column shape, the linear flow rate, etc.

Journal Articles

MIRS: an imaging spectrometer for the MMX mission

Barucci, M. A.*; Reess, J.-M.*; Bernardi, P.*; Doressoundiram, A.*; Fornasier, S.*; Le Du, M.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Nakagawa, Hiromu*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Andr$'e$, Y.*; et al.

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.211_1 - 211_28, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:77.31(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

The MMX InfraRed Spectrometer (MIRS) is an imaging spectrometer on board of MMX JAXA mission. MIRS is built at LESIA-Paris Observatory in collaboration with four other French laboratories, collaboration and financial support of CNES and close collaboration with JAXA and MELCO. The instrument is designed to fully accomplish MMX's scientific and measurement objectives. MIRS will remotely provide near-infrared spectral maps of Phobos and Deimos containing compositional diagnostic spectral features that will be used to analyze the surface composition and to support the sampling site selection. MIRS will also study Mars atmosphere, in particular to spatial and temporal changes such as clouds, dust and water vapor.

Journal Articles

Catalog of gamma-ray glows during four winter seasons in Japan

Wada, Yuki*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; Sawano, Tatsuya*; Okada, Go*; Nanto, Hidehito*; et al.

Physical Review Research (Internet), 3(4), p.043117_1 - 043117_31, 2021/12

Journal Articles

Multiple gamma-ray glows and a downward TGF observed from nearby thunderclouds

Hisadomi, Shohei*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Wada, Yuki*; Tsuji, Yuna*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Shinoda, Taro*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 126(18), p.e2021JD034543_1 - e2021JD034543_12, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:83.06(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

Journal Articles

Radiochemical research for the advancement of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{rm 99m}$$Tc generator by (n, $$gamma$$) method, 3

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Seki, Misaki; Namekawa, Yoji*; Nishikata, Kaori; Daigo, Fumihisa; Ide, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; Hori, Junichi*; et al.

KURNS Progress Report 2020, P. 136, 2021/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Microstructures and interface magnetic moments in Mn$$_{2}$$VAl/Fe layered films showing exchange bias

Kubota, Takahide*; Shimada, Yusuke*; Tsuchiya, Tomoki*; Yoshikawa, Tomoki*; Ito, Keita*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Konno, Toyohiko*; Kimura, Akio*; Takanashi, Koki*

Nanomaterials (Internet), 11(7), p.1723_1 - 1723_11, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:21.24(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Gamma-ray observations at the coastal area of Japan Sea in winter seasons

Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Enoto, Teruaki*; Wada, Yuki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Umemoto, Daigo*; Makishima, Kazuo*; GROWTH Collaboration*

Proceedings of Science (Internet), 358, p.1163_1 - 1163_6, 2021/07

Journal Articles

Meteorological aspects of gamma-ray glows in winter thunderstorms

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Kubo, Mamoru*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Shinoda, Taro*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; Sawano, Tatsuya*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Ushio, Tomoo*; Sato, Yosuke*; et al.

Geophysical Research Letters, 48(7), 11 Pages, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:90.96(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

During three winter seasons from November 2016 to March 2019, 11 gamma-ray glows were detected at a single observation site of our ground-based gamma-ray monitoring network in Kanazawa, Japan. These events are analyzed with observations of an X-band radar network, a ceilometer, a disdrometer, and a weather monitor. All the detected glows were connected to convective high-reflectivity regions of more than 35 dBZ, developed up to an altitude of $$>$$2 km. They were also accompanied by heavy precipitation of graupels. Therefore, graupels in the lower layer of thunderclouds that correspond to high-reflectivity regions can form strong electric fields producing gamma-ray glows. Also, these events are compared with a limited sample of nondetection cases, but no significant differences in meteorological conditions were found between detection and nondetection cases in the present study.

Journal Articles

Effect on $$^{99}$$Mo-adsorption/$$^{99m}$$Tc-elution properties of alumina with different surface structures

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Seki, Misaki; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; Kitagawa, Tomoya*; Matsukura, Minoru*; Hori, Junichi*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 327(3), p.1355 - 1363, 2021/03


 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:19.33(Chemistry, Analytical)

We prepared three types of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ with different surface structures and investigated $$^{99}$$Mo-adsorption/$$^{99m}$$Tc-elution properties using [$$^{99}$$Mo]MoO$$_{3}$$ that was irradiated in the Kyoto University Research Reactor. Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ adsorbed [$$^{99}$$Mo]molybdate ions in solutions at different pH; the lower was the pH, the higher was the Mo-adsorption capacity of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$. The $$^{99m}$$Tc-elution properties of molybdate ion adsorbed Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ were elucidated by flowing saline. Consequently, it was suggested that $$^{99}$$Mo-adsorption/desorption properties are affected by the specific surface of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ and $$^{99m}$$Tc-elution properties are affected by the crystal structure of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$.

Journal Articles

Mesoporous alumina-titania composites with enhanced molybdenum adsorption towards medical radioisotope production

Benu, D. P.*; Earnshaw, J.*; Ashok, A.*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Saptiama, I.*; Yuliarto, B.*; Suendo, V.*; Mukti, R. R.*; Fukumitsu, Nobuyoshi*; Ariga, Katsuhiko*; et al.

Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 94(2), p.502 - 507, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:71.99(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Quantitative and semi-quantitative analyses using a portable energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer; Geochemical applications in fault rocks, lake sediments, and event deposits

Watanabe, Takahiro; Ishii, Chikako; Ishizaka, Chika; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Sawai, Yuki*; Tsuchiya, Noriyoshi*; Matsunaka, Tetsuya*; Ochiai, Shinya*; Nara, Fumiko*

Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 116(3), p.140 - 158, 2021/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:37.22(Mineralogy)

A portable energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (potable XRF) can be an effective tool for detecting chemical elements in various materials, such as geological, and environmental samples. In this study, working curves were confirmed using reference materials, such as igneous rocks and other geochemical standards, distributed by national and international organizations. Subsequently, quantification and semi-quantification analyses were performed by the portable XRF for inorganic elements in (A) fault rocks, (B) lake sediments from the middle Japan, and (C) soils with paleotsunami deposits from the Pacific coast of northeast Japan. Twenty-four elements (Mg-U) in these geological samples were measured by potable XRF using our working curves. Measured values by the portable XRF of the samples were good agreement with the reported values in almost cases.

Journal Articles

Two-step-pressurization method in pulsed electric current sintering of MoO$$_{3}$$ for production of $$^{99m}$$Tc radioactive isotope

Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Sato, Soma*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*; Niihara, Koichi*; Nanko, Makoto*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies (Internet), 8(4), p.1154 - 1161, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Pulsed electric current sintering of molybdenum trioxide (MoO$$_{3}$$) was carried out by one- and two-step pressuring methods for fabrication of irradiation target using production of $$^{99}$$Mo and $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc nuclear medicine. At 550$$^{circ}$$C by the two-step pressurizing method, a relative density of 93.1% was obtained while, by the one-step pressurization method, the relative density was 76.9%. Direct sample temperature measurements were conducted by inserting a thermocouple in a punch. By the two-step pressurizing method, the sample temperature was higher than that by the one-step pressurizing method even almost the same die temperature. From voltage and current waveforms, it was thought that the conductivity of the sample increased by the two-step pressurizing method to increase the sample temperature and the relative density. The two-step pressurization method enables us to prepare dense targets at a low temperature from recycled and coarse-grained $$^{98}$$Mo enriched MoO$$_{3}$$ powder.

Journal Articles

Photonuclear reactions in lightning, 1; Verification and modeling of reaction and propagation processes

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 125(20), p.e2020JD033193_1 - e2020JD033193_17, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:17.71(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

Journal Articles

Photonuclear reactions in lightning, 2; Comparison between observation and simulation model

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Makishima, Kazuo*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 125(20), p.e2020JD033194_1 - e2020JD033194_15, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:11.13(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

Journal Articles

Thundercloud project; Exploring high-energy phenomena in thundercloud and lightning

Yuasa, Takayuki*; Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Hisadomi, Shohei*; Tsuji, Yuna*; Okuda, Kazufumi*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2020(10), p.103H01_1 - 103H01_27, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:74.79(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

342 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)