Ando, Masaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Saito, Kimiaki
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 192, p.385 - 398, 2018/12
Car-borne surveys using KURAMA systems have been conducted over a wide area in eastern Japan since 2011. The measurement data collected until 2016 was analyzed, and decreasing trend of the dose rates in regions within 80 km of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant were examined. The averaged dose rates tended to decrease considerably with respect to the physical decay of radiocaesium, and the ecological half-lives of the fast and slow decay components were estimated. The decrease of the dose rate in the forest was slower than its decrease in other regions, and the decrease of the dose rate in urban area was the fastest. The decrease in the dose rates obtained via the car-borne survey was larger than that obtained on flat ground with few disturbances using survey meters approximately 1.5 y after the accident; hereafter, the decrease in the dose rates obtained via the car-borne survey was same as the latter measurement.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Saito, Kimiaki
Hoshasen, 44(3), p.109 - 118, 2018/11
JAEA has started to perform dose rate monitoring using a car-borne survey system KURAMA to rapidly produce the dose rate mappings of the deposited radionuclides in the environment after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. KURAMA is a car-borne survey system developed by Kyoto University to perform dose rate monitoring in a wide area in detail with rapidity. By improving KURAMA with continuous dose rate monitoring, the 2nd generation of KURAMA (KURAMA-II) succeeded in downsizing, durability and automated transmission of data so that enable detailed dose rate mapping in wide area in shorter period of time. This paper reports the radiation characteristics and the simulation analysis of KURAMA-II on the special issue of Hoshasen, the journal of Ionization Radiation Division in the Japan society of applied physics.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Okumura, Ryo*; Saito, Kimiaki
Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 17(1), p.11 - 17, 2018/03
Environmental dose rate monitoring has been performed using scintillation detectors since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident happened. After the accident, various scintillation detectors with directional dependence are used in the measurement, though detectors with superior directional dependence are needed because photons come from various direction in the environment. To investigate the influence of crystal configurations on indicated values of dose rates, pulse height spectra were measured using scintillation-based detectors with different crystal configurations and ambient dose rates were obtained using a spectrum - dose conversion operator (G(E) function). It is found that the dose rate for a rectangular-parallelepiped crystal is 40% than that for a cylindrical one at the maximum. However, the values agreed within 10% among all the detectors irrespective of the crystal shapes, using G(E) functions determined in a rotational irradiation geometry.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Saito, Kimiaki
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 166(Part 3), p.419 - 426, 2017/01
Air dose rate monitoring in the environment has been performed since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident happened. In the measurement, NaI(Tl) and CsI(Tl) scintillation detectors are used, which are usually used in nuclear power plants and calibrated in a uniform irradiation condition in a radiation calibration field. In general, however, the detector responses are dependent on incident direction and in reality, the incident direction of the photons is not uniform in the environment. In this study, to evaluate the dependence of dose on the photon incident direction, the spectrum - dose conversion operator (G(E) function) for air kerma in a semi-infinite radiation field were obtained using the PHITS code for commonly used NaI(Tl) and CsI(Tl) scintillation detectors. The results indicate that the commonly used scintillation detectors overestimate the doses by a maximum of 40% for mono-energetic photons but under the real environment, one could obtain the dose in the semi-infinite radiation field within 20%.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko; Sasaki, Shinichi*
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 11, p.060004_1 - 060004_6, 2016/11
Track structure and energy deposition around charged particle beams in microscopic site of a living cell is important information for understanding of biological effects of energetic heavy ion beams. In this work, measurements of lineal energy () distributions for various kinds of ion beams have been performed for the verification of the microdosimetric function that incorporated in the PHITS code. In the international symposium focused on radiation detectors, the wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter that developed in this study to measure distributions will be introduced, together with a series of data.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko
JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 141, 2016/09
Deposit energy distribution in microscopic site in a living cell is important information for understanding of biological effects of energetic heavy ion beams. In this work, a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter has been used for the measurement of lineal energy () distributions and dose-mean of () at radial direction of 30 MeV H at TIARA, for the verification of the microdosimetric function of PHITS. The measured () summed in radial direction agree with the corresponding data from the microdosimetric calculations using the PHITS code fairly well. The of 30 MeV proton beam presents the smallest value at = 0.0 and gradually increase with radial distance, while the values of heavy ions such as iron showed rapid decrease with radial distance. This experimental result demonstrates that the stochastic deposit energy distribution of high-energy protons in microscopic region is rather constant both in the core and in the penumbra region of the track structure.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Ogawa, Tatsuhiko
Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 168(2), p.190 - 196, 2016/02
Deposit energy distribution in microscopic site in a living cell is important information for understanding of biological effects of energetic heavy ion beams. In this work, a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter has been used for the measurement of lineal energy (y) distributions and dose-mean of y (yD) at radial direction of 30 MeV H at TIARA, for the verification of the microdosimetric function of PHITS. The measured yf(y) summed in radial direction agree with the corresponding data from the microdosimetric calculations using the PHITS code fairly well. The yD of 30 MeV proton beam presents the smallest value at r = 0.0 and gradually increase with radial distance, while the values of heavy ions such as iron showed rapid decrease with radial distance. This experimental result demonstrates that the stochastic deposit energy distribution of high-energy protons in microscopic region is rather constant both in the core and in the penumbra region of the track structure.
Oshima, Takeshi; Yokoseki, Takashi; Murata, Koichi; Matsuda, Takuma; Mitomo, Satoshi; Abe, Hiroshi; Makino, Takahiro; Onoda, Shinobu; Hijikata, Yasuto*; Tanaka, Yuki*; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(1S), p.01AD01_1 - 01AD01_4, 2016/01
Nagamatsu, Aiko*; Casolino, M.*; Larsson, O.*; Ito, Tsuyoshi*; Yasuda, Nakahiro*; Kitajo, Keiichi*; Shimada, Ken*; Takeda, Kazuo*; Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko
Physics Procedia, 80, p.25 - 35, 2015/12
JAXA has been investigated the effect of the shielding material for dosimeters in the ISS Russian segment under the ALTCRISS project. The PADLES package is a passive dosimeters which usually consists of two types of passive and integrating dosimeters, a CR-39 plastic nuclear track detector and a thermoluminescence dosimeter. In the ALTCRISS experiments, both tissue-equivalent material CR-39 PNTDs and NAN-JAERI were enclosed in the PADLES packages as radiators for CR-39 to precisely measure a personal exposed doses. We compared the doses obtained by PADLESs with or without the PEs, and with or difference of the two tissue-equivalent materials. The results of space radiation measurements of the ALTCRISS project Phase 1 to 4 using the PADLES system will be reported in this time: Phase 1 experiments was from December 2005 to April 2006, Phase 2 was from April to September 2006, phase 3 was from Sep 2006 to April 2007, and Phase 4 was conducted from May to October 2007.
Hijikata, Yasuto*; Mitomo, Satoshi*; Matsuda, Takuma*; Murata, Koichi*; Yokoseki, Takashi*; Makino, Takahiro; Takeyama, Akinori; Onoda, Shinobu; Okubo, Shuichi*; Tanaka, Yuki*; et al.
Proceedings of 11th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-11) (Internet), p.130 - 133, 2015/11
Ogawa, Tatsuhiko; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Hashimoto, Shintaro; Satoh, Daiki; Tsuda, Shuichi; Niita, Koji*
Physical Review C, 92(2), p.024614_1 - 024614_14, 2015/08
For prediction of radiological impact of heavy ions in accelerator facilities, space missions and cancer therapy, nuclear reaction models play a fundamental role. As one of such models, JAERI Quantum molecular dynamics (JQMD) has been successfully used to describe production of residue and secondary particles in nucleus-nucleus collisions. However, it has been pinpointed that JQMD underestimates projectile-like fragments produced in peripheral collisions. Moreover, no cross section data systematically measured over a wide energy range are not available, which makes it difficult to benchmark the reaction models. In this study, we develop a method to measured fragmentation cross sections using a thick target and detecting fragments produced from incident ions fragmented in the target using telescope detectors. Thus we obtained fragmentation cross sections systematically over a wide energy range. We also revise the description of reaction mechanism and ground-state nuclear structure in JQMD to take into account for peripheral collisions accurately. So far, ground-state nuclei got excited and sometimes disintegrated owing to frame transform from the laboratory system to the center-of-mass system. Fragment production cross sections calculated by the revised JQMD (JQMD2.0) are in better agreement with the literature data.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Mikami, Satoshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Okumura, Ryo*; Takamiya, Koichi*; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Seki, Akiyuki; et al.
Radioisotopes, 64(4), p.275 - 289, 2015/04
This article provides practically useful information on air dose rate measurements in the environments. The basic requirements for the accurate measurements are described giving actual data. The characteristics and some measured results are shown for reliable methods which are widely used in the environmental radiation measurements. Further, information is given on internet sites where air dose rates and related data obtained by official organizations can be browsed.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Saito, Kimiaki
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.260 - 265, 2015/01
The car-borne survey system, KURAMA-II, developed by the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute has been used for air dose rate mapping after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. The KURAMA-II consists of a CsI(Tl) scintillation detector, a GPS device, and a control device for data processing. The dose rates monitored by the KURAMA-II are based on the G(E) function (spectrum-dose conversion operator), which can precisely calculate dose rate from the measured pulse-height distribution even if the energy spectrum changes significantly. The characteristics of the KURAMA-II have been investigated with particular consideration to the reliability of the calculated G(E) function, dose rate dependence, statistical fluctuation, angular dependence, and energy dependence. The results indicate that 100 units of KURAMA-II systems have acceptable quality for mass monitoring dose rates in the environment.
Ando, Masaki; Nakahara, Yukio; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Kinouchi, Nobuyuki; Sato, Tetsuro*; Tanigaki, Minoru*; et al.
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.266 - 280, 2015/01
A series of car-borne surveys using the KURAMA and KURAMA-II systems was conducted in a wide area in eastern Japan from June 2011 to December 2012 to evaluate the distribution of air dose rates around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, and to determine the time-dependent trend of decrease in air dose rates. An automated data processing system was established, which enables analyses of large amounts of data obtained with the use of about 100 units of the measurement system in a short time. The initial data for studying the migration status of radioactive cesium was obtained in the first survey, followed by the other car-borne surveys having wider measurement ranges. Comparing the measured air dose rates obtained in each survey, it was found that the decreasing trend of air dose rates measured through car-borne surveys was larger than that expected from the physical decay of radioactive cesium and that measured using NaI (Tl) survey meters around the road.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Watanabe, Ritsuko; Takada, Masashi*
Journal of Radiation Research, 56(1), p.197 - 204, 2015/01
Radial dependence of lineal energy distribution, yf(y), have been experimentally evaluated for a 0.72 micrometer site in tissue using 290 MeV/u carbon and 500 MeV/u iron ion beams using a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter. The yf(y) distributions and dose-mean of y, are compared with the calculation by a track structure simulation code TRACION and a microdosimetric function of the PHITS code. The values of the measured agree with those of the calculation within 20% but differences in the shape of yf(y) were found in the case of the iron ion irradiation. The result indicates that further improvement of the calculation model for yf(y) distribution in PHITS is needed in terms of the analytical function that reproduce energy deposition by delta rays, in the case that primary ions have LET more than a few hundred keV/micrometer.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Saito, Kimiaki
"Fukushima No Fukko Ni Mukete No Hoshasen Ni Kansuru Korekara No Kadai" Shimpojiumu Hokokusho, p.30 - 33, 2015/00
Dose rate monitoring in air in the environment has been performed since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident happened. The reliability of detectors such as survey-meters is ensured under a controlled set of standard conditions in a radiation calibration field. However, the calibration is performed only in a uniform irradiation condition in general, but in reality, the incident direction of the photons is random in the environment. Since detector responses are dependent on incident direction, except for spherical detectors, it is necessary to evaluate the reliability of the measured dose. In this study, using the PHITS code, dose rates in air of a common NaI(Tl) scintillation survey-meter and CsI(Tl) detectors used in the KURAMA system are calculated in a semi-infinite radiation field. In the presentation, the dependence of the dose rates on the incident direction of photons will be shown.
Kobayashi, Riki*; Kaneko, Koji; Saito, Kotaro*; Mignot, J.-M.*; Andr, G.*; Robert, J.*; Wakimoto, Shuichi; Matsuda, Masaaki*; Chi, S.*; Haga, Yoshinori; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(10), p.104707_1 - 104707_5, 2014/10
Hoken Butsuri, 49(2), p.61 - 63, 2014/06
This is a report of the second symposium of Fukushima project held on Feb. 22, 2013, by Japan Health Physics Society.
Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Nakahara, Yukio; Sato, Tetsuro; Seki, Akiyuki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Ando, Masaki; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Takamiya, Koichi*; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2013-037, 54 Pages, 2013/10
JAEA has been performing dose rate mapping in air using a car-borne survey system KURAMA-II. The KURAMA system is a GPS-aided mobile radiation monitoring system that has been newly developed by Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute in response to the nuclear disaster. The KURAMA system is composed of an energy-compensated scintillation survey meter for measuring dose rate, electric device for controlling both the dose rates and the position data from a GPS module, a computer server for processing and analyzing data from KURAMA, and client PCs for providing for end users. The KURAMA-II has been improved in small-packaging, durability, and automated data transmission. In consequence, dose rate mapping in wide area has become possible in shorter period of time. This report describes the construction of KURAMA-II, its application and a suggestion of how to manage a large number of KURAMA-II.
Isotope News, (706), p.59 - 62, 2013/02
The spectrum-dose conversion operators (hereafter, G(E) function) for CsI(Tl) scintillation counters with various crystal sizes were calculated based on the response functions obtained by a Monte Carlo simulation code, MCNP5. The G(E) functions were determined in the cases of crystal sizes 13 13 20 mm for ambient dose, H*(10). It is found that the values of H(10) deduced from the pulse-height spectra and the G(E) function agree with those of H*(10) evaluated in the calibration field in JAEA in the case of irradiations by Cs, Ra and Co source.