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JAEA Reports

Study on characterisation of colloidal silica grout under condition of sea water

Toguri, Satohito*; Okihara, Mitsunobu*; Tsuji, Masakuni*; Nakashima, Hitoshi*; Sugiyama, Hirokazu*; Saito, Akira*; Sato, Toshinori; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Masunaga, Kosuke

JAEA-Research 2017-013, 131 Pages, 2018/02

JAEA-Research-2017-013.pdf:8.49MB

The discussions on scientifically promising site for the geological disposal has been made at the council of studying group on techniques for geological disposal of radioactive wastes, which is held by Resources and Energy Agency. From the aspect of ensuring safety during the transportation of disposal waste, the coastal area is discussed to be a more suitable area. This report shows the result of the first year of this project as following items; Study on the state-of-art technology and remain tasks; laboratory tests on characterization of colloidal silica grout under sea water; Study on the development of grouting technology (design and the evaluation method of influence on the rock mass).

Journal Articles

Development of the reasonable confirmation methods concerning radioactive wastes from research facilities

Hayashi, Hirokazu; Okada, Shota; Izumo, Sari; Hoshino, Yuzuru; Tsuji, Tomoyuki; Nakata, Hisakazu; Sakai, Akihiro; Amazawa, Hiroya; Sakamoto, Yoshiaki

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/04

A near surface disposal for low-level radioactive waste (LLW) generated from commercial nuclear power plants (NPP) is operating in Japan. However, the disposal of LLW from other nuclear facilities and radioisotope utilization facilities has not yet been implemented. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) plans to implement the near surface disposal. In order to be disposed of these wastes, it must be confirmed by the regulator that each waste package (radioactive waste solidified with filling materials, such as cement, in a container by a regulated method is termed a waste package) conforms to technical standards that aim for safe disposal. JAEA has studied reasonable confirmation methods to demonstrate the conformity of the waste package to the technical standard as NPP operators have studied it. This report describes the outline of our activities focused on development of the confirmation method applicable to radioactive wastes from research facilities.

Journal Articles

Grouting experiment with colloidal silica at 300 m depth of the Mizunami URL

Kobayashi, Shinji*; Nobuto, Jun*; Sugiyama, Hirokazu*; Kusano, Takashi*; Tsuji, Masakuni*; Mikake, Shinichiro; Matsui, Hiroya

Proceedings of European Rock Mechanics Symposium (EUROCK 2012) (CD-ROM), 13 Pages, 2012/05

JAEA (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) has been conducting geoscientific research and development at underground research laboratory under construction, in crystalline rock at Mizunami, Gifu. Considering water treatment expense, the water inflow should be minimized. Although cement grout has been applied to reduce the inflow at 460 m depth at the MIU (Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory), water inflow through narrow fractures which cement grout cannot penetrate might be a problem at deeper underground. Colloidal silica grout, which is liquid-type grout, has high durability as well as good penetrability and is therefore tested at a depth of 300 m. The results indicated that liquid-type grout could sufficiently reduce the hydraulic conductivity of rock mass with less than 1 Lu. In the water pressure resistance test, the ultra-high-pressure packer was set in the pilot hole. The results indicated that liquid-type grout could keep sealing effect even under high water pressures over 9 MPa.

Journal Articles

Control of epitaxy of graphene by crystallographic orientation of a Si substrate toward device applications

Fukidome, Hirokazu*; Takahashi, Ryota*; Abe, Shunsuke*; Imaizumi, Kei*; Handa, Hiroyuki*; Kang, H. C.*; Karasawa, Hiromi*; Suemitsu, Tetsuya*; Otsuji, Taiichi*; Enta, Yoshiharu*; et al.

Journal of Materials Chemistry, 21(43), p.17242 - 17248, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:67.71(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Present status of Japanese tasks for lithium target facility under IFMIF/EVEDA

Nakamura, Kazuyuki; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Kanemura, Takuji; Kondo, Hiroo; Ida, Mizuho; Niitsuma, Shigeto; Otaka, Masahiko; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(9-11), p.2491 - 2494, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:65.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In IFMIF/EVEDA, tasks for lithium target system are shared to 5 validation tasks (LF1-5) and a design task (LF6). The purpose of LF1 task is to construct and operate the EVEDA lithium test loop, and JAEA has a main responsibility to the performance of the Li test loop. LF2 is a task for the diagnostics of the Li test loop and IFMIF design. Basic research for the diagnostics equipment has been completed, and the construction for the Li test loop will be finished before March in 2011. LF4 is a task for the purification systems with nitrogen and hydrogen. Basic research for the purification equipment has been completed, and the construction of the nitrogen system for the Li test loop will be finished before March in 2011. LF5 is a task for the remote handling system with the target assembly. JAEA has an idea to use the laser beam for cutting and welding of the lip part of the flanges. LF6 is a task for the design of the IFMIF based on the validation experiments of LF1-5.

Journal Articles

Target system of IFMIF-EVEDA in Japanese activities

Ida, Mizuho; Fukada, Satoshi*; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Kanemura, Takuji*; Kondo, Hiroo; Miyashita, Makoto; Nakamura, Hiroo; Sugiura, Hirokazu*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 417(1-3), p.1294 - 1298, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:28.8(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activities (EVEDA) of the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) was started. As a Japanese activity for the target system, EVEDA Lithium Test Loop simulating hydraulic and impurity conditions of IFMIF is under design and preparation for fabrication. Feasibility of thermo-mechanical structure of the target assembly and the replaceable back-plate made of F82H (a RAFM) and 316L (a stainless steel) is a key issue. Toward final validation on the EVEDA loop, diagnostics applicable to a high-speed free-surface Li flow and hot traps to control nitrogen and hydrogen in Li are under tests. For remote handling of target assemblies and the replaceable back-plates activated up to 50 dpa/y, lip weld on 316L-316L by laser and dissimilar weld on F82H-316L are under investigation. As engineering design of the IFMIF target system, water experiments and hydraulic/thermo-mechanical analyses of the back-plate are going.

Journal Articles

Research and development using quantum beam at Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, JAEA

Tsuji, Hirokazu

Hoshasen To Sangyo, (128), p.2 - 3, 2010/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a knowledge based system linked to a materials database

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Fujita, Mitsutane*; Xu, Y.*; Yoshida, Kenji*; Mashiko, Shinichi*; Shimura, Kazuki*; Miyakawa, Shunichi*; Ashino, Toshihiro*

Data Science Journal (Internet), 3, p.88 - 94, 2004/07

The distributed material database system named "Data-Free-Way" has been developed by four organizations (the National Institute for Materials Science, the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, the Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute, and the Japan Science and Technology Corporation) under a cooperative agreement. In order to create additional values of the system, knowledge base system, in which knowledge extracted from the material database is expressed, is planned to be developed for more effective utilization of Data-Free-Way. XML (eXtensible Markup Language) has been adopted as the description method of the retrieved results and the meaning of them. One knowledge note described with XML is stored as one knowledge which composes the knowledge base. This paper describes the current status of Data-Free-Way, the description method of knowledge extracted from the material database with XML and the distributed material knowledge base system.

JAEA Reports

Development of facility for in-situ observation during slow strain rate test for irradiated materials

Nakano, Junichi; Tsukada, Takashi; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Terakado, Shogo; Koya, Toshio; Endo, Shinya

JAERI-Tech 2003-092, 54 Pages, 2004/01

JAERI-Tech-2003-092.pdf:14.05MB

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is a degradation phenomenon caused by synergy of neutron radiation, aqueous environment and stress on in-core materials, and it is an important issue in accordance with increase of aged light water reactors. Isolating crack initiation stage from crack growth stage is very useful for the evaluation of the IASCC behavior. Hence facility for in-situ observation during slow strain rate test (SSRT) for irradiated material was developed. As performance demonstrations of the facility, tensile test with in-situ observation and SSRT without observation were carried out using unirradiated type 304 stainless steel in 561 K water at 9 MPa. The following were confirmed from the results. (1) Handling, observation and recording of specimen can be operated using manipulators in the hot cell. (2) In-situ observation can be performed in pressurized high temperature water and flat sheet type specimen is suitable for the in-situ observation. (3) Test condition can be kept constantly and data can be obtained automatically for long test period.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of corrosion behavior on ion irradiated stainless steel using AFM

Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Miwa, Yukio; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Tsukada, Takashi

Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems-Water Reactors (CD-ROM), p.1185 - 1190, 2004/01

The aim of this work is to evaluate corrosion behavior of irradiated materials for mechanistic understanding of irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC). Solution annealed high purity Fe-18Cr-12Ni specimens were used in this study. H and He were implanted during irradiation with 12MeV Ni$$^{3+}$$ ion at 573K and 673K. After corrosion procedure, the specimens were examined with atomic force microscope (AFM) to evaluate corrosion behavior. It was shown that the corroded volume of irradiated area increased with radiation damage. H implantation at lower temperature accelerated corrosion, but H implantation at higher temperature did not accelerate corrosion. He implantation suppressed corrosion, and corroded volume was larger for the specimens irradiated at 673K than these at 573K. It is suggested from this study that implantations of H and He affect the passivating behavior of Ni$$^{3+}$$ ion irradiated alloy.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of corrosion behavior of ion irradiated stainless steel using atomic force microscope

Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Miwa, Yukio; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Tsukada, Takashi

Nihon AEM Gakkai-Shi, 11(4), p.242 - 248, 2003/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Influence of H and He on corrosion behavior of ion irradiated stainless steel

Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Miwa, Yukio; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Tsukada, Takashi; Abe, Hiroaki*; Sekimura, Naoto*

JAERI-Review 2003-033, TIARA Annual Report 2002, p.171 - 173, 2003/11

The aim of this work is to evaluate corrosion behavior of irradiated materials for mechanistic understanding of irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC). Solution annealed high purity Fe-18Cr-12Ni specimens were used in this study. H and He were implanted during irradiation with 12MeV Ni$$^{3+}$$ ion at 573K. After corrosion procedure, the specimens were examined with atomic force microscope (AFM) to evaluate corrosion behavior. It was shown that the corroded volume of irradiated area increased with radiation damage. H implantation at lower temperature accelerated corrosion. He implantation suppressed corrosion.

Journal Articles

AFM evaluation for corrosion behavior of ion irradiated stainless steel

Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Miwa, Yukio; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Tsukada, Takashi

Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-11) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2003/04

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) of austenitic stainless steel has been studied as main concern of an aging problem of light water reactor (LWR) materials. It is essential to evaluate corrosion behavior of irradiated materials for mechanistic understanding of IASCC. The aim of this work is to evaluate the corrosion behavior of ion irradiated materials using atomic force microscope (AFM), and evaluate the influence of radiation temperature, radiation damage, H and He implantation.

Journal Articles

Program of in-pile IASCC testing under the simulated actual plant condition; Thermohydraulic design study of saturated temperature capsule for IASCC irradiation test

Ide, Hiroshi; Matsui, Yoshinori; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Komori, Yoshihiro; Itabashi, Yukio; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Tsukada, Takashi; Nagata, Nobuaki*; Dozaki, Koji*; Takiguchi, Hideki*

Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-11) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2003/04

The advanced water chemistry controlled irradiation research device has been developed in JAERI to perform irradiation tests for research on IASCC. The irradiation device consists of the SATCAP (Saturated Temperature Capsule) inserted into the JMTR core and the water control unit installed out-of-core. Regarding the SATCAP, thermohydraulic design of the SATCAP was performed aiming at controlling the specimen temperature with high accuracy and increasing water flow velocity on the specimen surface to improve the controllability of water chemistry. As a result of irradiation test using the new type SATCAP, each specimen temperature and water chemistry were able to be controlled as designed.

Journal Articles

AFM evaluation of grain boundary corrosion behavior on ion irradiated stainless steel

Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Miwa, Yukio; Tsukada, Takashi; Tsuji, Hirokazu

JAERI-Conf 2003-001, p.397 - 404, 2003/03

It is essential to evaluate corrosion behavior at grain boundary of irradiated materials for mechanistic understanding of Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC). However there is no suitable technique to evaluate grain boundary corrosion behavior of irradiated materials. The aim of this work is to develop the measurement method for the grain boundary corrosion behavior of irradiated materials using atomic force microscope (AFM). Ni ion was irradiated to solution annealed Fe-18Cr-12Ni alloy at about 573K. The peak damage level was estimated as 1 dpa. To study relationship of grain boundary character and corrosion behavior, orientation imaging microscope (OIM) observation was conducted. After potentiostatic corrosion procedure, the surface of the specimens were examined with AFM and OIM. Some of grain boundaries were corroded, and these were random coincidence grain boundaries. The depth of the corroded region at grain boundaries was successfully evaluated with AFM in nanometer scale.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of corrosion behavior of ion irradiated stainless steel using atomic force microscope

Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Miwa, Yukio; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Tsukada, Takashi

Dai-12-Kai MAGDA Konfarensu (Oita) Koen Rombunshu, p.191 - 196, 2003/00

Development and research about analytical method for the study of corrosion behavior of austenitic stainless steel after irradiation was conducted from the point of view for basic study of IASCC (Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking). Ion irradiations were conducted with several irradiation conditions these were irradiation temperature, radiation damage, the contents of helium (He) implantation. AFM (Atomic Force Microscope) was used to evaluate surface condition of irradiated specimens after corrosion procedure. Corrosion condition was developed to obtain good surface condition of irradiated specimens to evaluate corrosion behavior by AFM. It was succeeded and corrosion behavior at inside of grains and grain boundaries of irradiated specimens was obtained. EBSP (Electron Backscatter Diffraction Pattern) was used to evaluate relation of corrosion behavior with grain boundary character. Moreover, relations of corrosion behavior with irradiation condition were discussed.

Journal Articles

Characterization of 316L(N)-IG SS joint produced by hot isostatic pressing technique

Nakano, Junichi; Miwa, Yukio; Tsukada, Takashi; Kikuchi, Masahiko; Kita, Satoshi; Nemoto, Yoshiyuki; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Jitsukawa, Shiro

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 307-311(Part2), p.1568 - 1572, 2002/12

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:62.82(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Type 316LN stainless steel of the international thermonuclear experimental reactor (ITER) Grade (316LN-IG SS) is being considered for the first wall/ blanket component. Hot isostatic pressing (HIP) technique is expected for the fabrication of module. To evaluate the integrity and susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of HIPed 316LN-IG SS, tensile tests in vacuum and slow strain rate tests (SSRT) in high temperature water were performed. Specimen with the HIPed joint shows no deterioration of the tensile strength and susceptibility to SCC in oxygenated water. Thermally sensitized specimen with the HIPed joint was low susceptible to SCC in creviced environment. It is concluded that the strength at joint location is as high as that at the base alloy and the joint interface appears integrity.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of in-pile and out-of-pile stress relaxation in 316L stainless steel under uniaxial loading

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Miwa, Yukio; Tsukada, Takashi; Kikuchi, Masahiko; Kita, Satoshi; Yonekawa, Minoru; Nakano, Junichi; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Nakajima, Hajime

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 307-311(Part1), p.331 - 334, 2002/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:30.46(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) caused by simultaneous effects of neutron irradiation and high temperature water environments has been pointed out as one of the major concerns of in-core structural materials not only for the light water reactors (LWRs) but also for the water-cooled fusion reactor. It is necessary to evaluate precisely stress condition under irradiation environment, because stress is one of key factors on IASCC. Stress relaxation of tensile type specimens under fast neutron irradiation at 288$$^{circ}$$C has been studied for type 316L stainless steel in Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR). This paper describes the in-pile and out-of-pile stress-relaxation test results of tensile type specimens for type 316L stainless steel as compared with the literature data by Foster, which were mainly obtained by bent beam specimens. Moreover these experimental results were compared with the analytical ones by using Nakagawa's model.

Journal Articles

Development of a non-destructive testing technique using ultrasonic wave for evaluation of irradiation embrittlement in nuclear materials

Ishii, Toshimitsu; Ooka, Norikazu; Hoshiya, Taiji; Kobayashi, Hideo*; Saito, Junichi; Niimi, Motoji; Tsuji, Hirokazu

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 307-311(Part.1), p.240 - 244, 2002/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:24.34(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of knowledge base system linked to material database

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Yoshida, Kenji*; Mashiko, Shinichi*; Fujita, Mitsutane*; Shimura, Kazuki*; Kinugawa, Junichi*; Tsuji, Hirokazu; Miyakawa, Shunichi*; Iwata, Shuichi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 1(4), p.412 - 418, 2002/12

The distributed material database system named 'Data-Free-Way' has been developed by four organizations (the National Institute for Materials Science, the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, the Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute, and the Japan Science and Technology Corporation) under a cooperative agreement. In order to create additional values of the system, knowledge base system, in which knowledge extracted from the material database is expressed, is planned to be developed for more effective utilization of Data-Free-Way. XML (eXtensible Markup Language) has been adopted as the description method of the retrieved results and the meaning of them. One knowledge note described with XML is stored as one knowledge which composes the knowledge base. This paper describes the current status of Data-Free-Way, the description method of knowledge extracted from the material database with XML and the distributed material knowledge base system.

134 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)