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Journal Articles

X-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetocaloric study of Pr$$_{1-x}$$Sr$$_{x}$$CoO$$_{3}$$ (0$$leq x leq$$0.5)

Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Yoshii, Kenji

Materials Chemistry and Physics, 238, p.121885_1 - 121885_5, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have conducted X-ray absorption spectroscopy study for perovskite cobaltite Pr$$_{1-x}$$Sr$$_{x}$$CoO$$_{3}$$ (0$$leq x leq$$0.5) to understand Sr doping effect and magnetocaloric measurement for Pr$$_{0.5}$$Sr$$_{0.5}$$CoO$$_{3}$$ to reveal the origin of magnetic anomaly at around 110 K. The extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements at the Co ${it K}$-edge suggest that the average valence value of Co ions increases, the interatomic distance of Co-O bonding decreases, and the local distortion of CoO$$_{6}$$ octahedron increases as Sr is doped in PrCoO$$_{3}$$. The interatomic distance of Co-O bonding shrinks more greatly for the larger doping region. No temperature dependent electronic and structural changes were observed from Co ${it K}$-edge X-ray absorption spectra in the whole thermal range studied (17-300 K). The magnetocaloric effect of Pr$$_{0.5}$$Sr$$_{0.5}$$CoO$$_{3}$$ indicates the change of magnetic structure at 110 K.

Journal Articles

In Situ Time-Resolved XAFS Studies on Laser-induced Particle Formation of Palladium Metal in an Aqueous/EtOH solution

Saeki, Morihisa*; Matsumura, Daiju; Yomogida, Takumi; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Tsuji, Takuya; Saito, Hiroyuki*; Oba, Hironori*

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123(1), p.817 - 824, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Physical)

Reaction kinetics of laser-induced particle formation in an aqueous solution of PdCl$$_{4}$$$$^{2-}$$ was investigated by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and dispersive X-ray absorption fine structure (DXAFS). The Pd particle was generated by irradiation of nanosecond pulsed 266-nm laser. The TEM observation showed dependence of the particle size on the laser fluence and promotion of the particle growth by irradiation of high-fluence laser. The DXAFS data give us the Pd$$^{2+}$$ concentration. Temporal changes of the Pd$$^{2+}$$ concentration analyzed based on Finke-Watzky two step mechanism. The analysis elucidates that the laser photon contributes to the reduction of the PdCl$$_{4}$$$$^{2-}$$ ion by the one-photon process and to the autocatalytic growth of the Pd particles by the multi-photon process.

Journal Articles

Ce substitution and reduction annealing effects on electronic states in Pr$$_{2-x}$$Ce$$_x$$CuO$$_4$$ studied by Cu $$K$$-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Asano, Shun*; Ishii, Kenji*; Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Ina, Toshiaki*; Suzuki, Kensuke*; Fujita, Masaki*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(9), p.094710_1 - 094710_5, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:65.99(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Nanoscale spatial analysis of clay minerals containing cesium by synchrotron radiation photoemission electron microscopy

Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Kobayashi, Toru; Shimoyama, Iwao; Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Nishihata, Yasuo; Kogure, Toshihiro*; Okochi, Takuo*; Yasui, Akira*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 112(2), p.021603_1 - 021603_5, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:77.37(Physics, Applied)

A synchrotron radiation photoemission electron microscope (SR-PEEM) was applied to demonstrate pinpoint analysis of micrometer-sized weathered biotite clay particles with artificially adsorbed cesium (Cs) atoms. Despite the insulating properties of the clay, we observed the spatial distributions of constituent elements (Si, Al, Cs, Mg, Fe) without charging issues. We found that Cs atoms were likely to be adsorbed evenly over the entire particle. Spatially-resolved X-ray absorption spectra (XAS) of the Cs M$$_{4,5}$$-edge region showed Cs to be present in a monocation state (Cs$$^{+}$$). Further pinpoint XAS measurements were also performed at the Fe L$$_{2,3}$$-edge to determine the chemical valence of the Fe atoms. Our results demonstrate the utility of SR-PEEM as a tool for spatially-resolved chemical analyses of various environmental substances, which is not limited by the poor conductivity of samples.

Journal Articles

Study on laser-induced particle formation of palladium ion by time-resolved X-ray spectroscopy

Saeki, Morihisa*; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Oba, Hironori*; Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Yomogida, Takumi

Denki Gakkai Kenkyukai Shiryo, Denshi Zairyo Kenkyukai (EFM-17-010$$sim$$021), p.15 - 18, 2017/09

Irradiation of nanosecond pulsed UV laser into a solution of palladium ion leads to formation of palladium particles with sub-micron size particles by time-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy.

Journal Articles

Challenges for enhancing Fukushima environmental resilience, 4; Development of physical and heat treatment methods on aiming at decontamination, volume reduction and reuse of contaminated soil

Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Honda, Mitsunori; Shimoyama, Iwao; Ito, Kenichi*; Mampuku, Yuzo*; Tsuji, Takuya; Matsumura, Daiju

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 59(8), p.483 - 487, 2017/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite as a potential sorbent for strontium

Sekine, Yurina; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Kozai, Naofumi; Onuki, Toshihiko; Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Kawasaki, Riku*; Akiyoshi, Kazunari*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.2064_1 - 2064_8, 2017/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:33.78(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

A calcium (Ca)-deficient hydroxyapatite was investigated for its potential to remove Sr$$^{2+}$$ from environmentally relevant water. We conducted sorption tests on solutions having Mg$$^{2+}$$ and Ca$$^{2+}$$ as competing cations at the Sr$$^{2+}$$ concentration of 0.05 mmol/L. The Ca-deficient hydroxyapatite maintained its high Sr$$^{2+}$$ sorption ratio: the sorption ratio was above 80% in the presence of Mg$$^{2+}$$ and Ca$$^{2+}$$ in the concentrations between 0.1 to 1.0 mmol/L, whereas stoichiometric hydroxyapatite showed a lower ratio even in the presence of small amounts of Mg$$^{2+}$$ and Ca$$^{2+}$$. The bonding states of Sr$$^{2+}$$ onto the Ca-deficient hydroxyapatite were evaluated by extended X-ray absorption fine structure measurements. The results indicated that there are specific sorption sites in Ca-deficient hydroxyapatite where Sr$$^{2+}$$ could be stably and preferentially immobilized.

Journal Articles

Local structure analysis of ZrN, and Dy$$_{0.5}$$Zy$$_{0.5}$$N surrogate materials for fast reactor nitride fuel

Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Tsuji, Takuya; Matsumura, Daiju; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Takaki, Seiya; Takano, Masahide

Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 42(2), p.23 - 26, 2017/04

ZnN is a possible candidate for the diluent material for nitride fuels containing transuranium elements. Pellets of inert matrix material ZrN, and surrogate nitride fuel material Dy$$_{0.5}$$Zr$$_{0.5}$$N, are fabricated for the purpose of investigating the crystal structure. Lattice parameters of Dy$$_{1-x}$$Zr$$_x$$N followed the Vegard's low, in spite of the large lattice mismatch ($$sim$$ 7%) between DyN and ZrN. Local structure analysis was performed by X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) and atomic pair-distribution function (PDF) methods. The Zr-N nearest neighbor bond distance changed as changing the Dy composition. The complex local structure of DyN and ZrN is related to the preferable effects of ZrN.

Journal Articles

Local structure around cesium in montmorillonite, vermiculite and zeolite under wet condition

Tsuji, Takuya; Matsumura, Daiju; Kobayashi, Toru; Suzuki, Shinichi; Yoshii, Kenji; Nishihata, Yasuo; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Clay Science, 18(4), p.93 - 97, 2014/12

Oral presentation

Anomalous X-ray scattering of liquid AgI under pressure

Hattori, Takanori; Tomomasa, Masatoshi*; Higaki, Takuya*; Tsuji, Kazuhiko*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Anomalous X-ray scattering of liquid AgI under pressure

Hattori, Takanori; Tomomasa, Masatoshi*; Higaki, Takuya*; Tsuji, Kazuhiko*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Anomalous X-ray scattering of liquid AgI under pressure, 2

Hattori, Takanori; Tomomasa, Masatoshi*; Higaki, Takuya*; Tsuji, Kazuhiko*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Chemical studies of Mo and W in preparation of a Seaborgium (Sg) reduction experiment using MDG, FEC, and SISAK

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Miyashita, Sunao*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Kaneya, Yusuke; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Lerum, H. V.*; et al.

no journal, , 

To carry out a continuous reduction experiment of Sg with the low production rates and the short half-life, we are developing a new chemistry assembly consisting of a membrane degasser (MDG), a flow electrolytic column (FEC), the continuous liquid-liquid extraction apparatus, and the liquid scintillation counting system (SISAK). Recently, we have begun preparatory studies with Mo and W isotopes. Aqueous solution dissolving Mo and W was successfully separated from a carrier gas. Redox couples of Mo(VI)/Mo(V) and W(VI)/W(V) in HCl have been characterized for their macro amounts. Extraction behavior of Mo(VI) and W(VI) between toluene containing hinokitiol (HT) and HCl was successfully observed by a batch method. On-line extractions of short-lived Mo and W were also carried out using SISAK and MDG. In the symposium, our present status of the preparation with Mo and W will be presented.

Oral presentation

Electrolytic reduction studies of Mo and W towards the reduction of seaborgium

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Attallah, M. F.*; Goto, Naoya*; Gupta, N. S.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Huang, M.*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; Kaneya, Yusuke; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; et al.

no journal, , 

Towards electrolytic reduction of Sg, batch-wise electrolytic reduction of carrier-free $$^{93m}$$Mo and $$^{176,181}$$W radiotracers was studied using a flow electrolytic column (FEC). The electrolyzed samples from a FEC were chemically analyzed by solvent extraction with TOA and HDEHP to separate and identify reduced species from the stable Mo(VI) and W(VI) ones based on their different extraction behavior. $$^{93m}$$Mo and $$^{176, 181}$$W were applied as radiotracers. We also performed cyclic voltammetry and UV/Vis absorption spectrometry of macro amounts of Mo and W in acidic solutions to obtain information on redox reactions of these elements under given conditions. In the conference, the present status of the preparatory reduction experiments with Mo and W will be presented.

Oral presentation

Electrolytic reduction of Mo and W as lighter homologues of seaborgium

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Miyashita, Sunao*; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Kitayama, Yuta*; Lerum, H. V.*; Goto, Naoya*; Kaneya, Yusuke; Komori, Yukiko*; Mitsukai, Akina*; Vascon, A.; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Developments towards aqueous phase chemistry of transactinide elements

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Asai, Masato; Attallah, M. F.*; Goto, Naoya*; Gupta, N. S.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Kaneko, Masashi*; Kaneya, Yusuke; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; et al.

no journal, , 

Due to short half-lives less than 10 s and extremely low production rates, transactinide elements heavier than seaborgium (Sg) are produced on an atom per hour scale. Therefore, a continuous rapid chemistry assembly is required to study aqueous-phase chemistry of these heaviest elements. In the present study, we started developments of a continuous chemistry assembly. Our first attempt was made in on-line experiments with Mo and W, lighter homologs of Sg, to optimize a chemistry assembly consisting of a newly developed membrane degasser as an interface between gas-jet and aqueous phase, a flow electrolytic column apparatus utilized to control oxidation states of Mo and W ions, and the continuous liquid-liquid extraction apparatus of SISAK for separation. In the conference, present status of the developments will be presented.

Oral presentation

Synchrotron radiation photoemission electron microscope observation of Cs-containing clay mineral

Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Kobayashi, Toru; Shimoyama, Iwao; Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Nishihata, Yasuo; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Kogure, Toshihiro*; Motai, Satoko*; et al.

no journal, , 

Fundamental researches on adsorption state of radiaoactive Cs in clay mineral (aluminosilicate) have become important from the virewpoints of development of decontamination or volume-reduction techniques since the accident of Fukushima Daiiichi Nuclear Power Station. Pinpoint surface chemical analysis with nanometer spatial resolutions focusing on a target sample has been needed. In this presentation, I will show our recent work on nanoscale pinpoint surface chemical analysis for Cs-containing clay mineral by means of synchrotron radiation PEEM at BL17SU in SPring-8.

Oral presentation

XAFS study on effect of molybdenum addition on photo-induced particle formation of palladium

Saeki, Morihisa; Matsumura, Daiju; Yomogida, Takumi; Taguchi, Tomitsugu; Tsuji, Takuya; Kusano, Shogo*; Miyazaki, Tatsuya*; Takao, Koichiro*; Oba, Hironori; Nakashima, Nobuaki*

no journal, , 

Recently, we found that photo-induced particle formation of Pd$$^{2+}$$ was promoted by coexistence of molybdenum anion in aqueous solution. In this study, we performed in-situ time-resolved XAFS measurement in the photoreduction of Pd$$^{2+}$$ in presence of various concentration of molybdenum anion. The effect of molybdenum addition on photo-induced particle formation of Pd will be discussed based on the relationship between the photoreduction rate of Pd$$^{2+}$$ and the concentration of molybdenum anion.

Oral presentation

XAFS study on effect of molybdenum addition on photo-induced particle formation of palladium

Saeki, Morihisa; Matsumura, Daiju; Yomogida, Takumi; Taguchi, Tomitsugu; Tsuji, Takuya; Kusano, Shogo*; Miyazaki, Tatsuya*; Takao, Koichiro*; Oba, Hironori; Nakashima, Nobuaki*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

SPring-8 utilization research towards the technical development for Fukushima environmental recovery

Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Kobayashi, Toru; Awual, M. R.; Suzuki, Shinichi; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Matsumura, Daiju; Tsuji, Takuya; Nishihata, Yasuo; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

34 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)