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Journal Articles

Repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater using different pre-concentration methods

Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Aono, Tatsuo*; Ashikawa, Nobuo*; Ebina, Hiroyuki*; Iijima, Takeshi*; Ishimaru, Kei*; Kanai, Ramon*; Karube, Jinichi*; Konnai, Yae*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 322(2), p.477 - 485, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:32.52(Chemistry, Analytical)

We assessed the repeatability and reproducibility of methods for determining low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater in Fukushima. Twenty-one laboratories pre-concentrated three of 10 L samples by five different pre-concentration methods (prussian-blue-impregnated filter cartridges, coprecipitation with ammonium phosphomolybdate, evaporation, solid-phase extraction disks, and ion-exchange resin columns), and activity of radiocesium was measured. The z-scores for all of the $$^{137}$$Cs results were within $$pm$$2, indicating that the methods were accurate. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) indicating the variability in the results from different laboratories were larger than the RSDs indicating the variability in the results from each separate laboratory.

Journal Articles

Development of glass melting process for LLW at the research project commissioned by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry

Fukui, Toshiki*; Maki, Takashi*; Miura, Nobuyuki; Tsukada, Takeshi*

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 23(2), p.169 - 173, 2016/12

The basic research programs for the next generation vitrification technology, which are commissioned project from Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan, have been implemented from 2014 until 2018 for developing the advanced vitrification technology of low level wastes and high level liquid wastes.

Journal Articles

Precise determination of $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C level structure by $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy

Hosomi, Kenji; Ma, Y.*; Ajimura, Shuhei*; Aoki, Kanae*; Dairaku, Seishi*; Fu, Y.*; Fujioka, Hiroyuki*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Imoto, Wataru*; Kakiguchi, Yutaka*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2015(8), p.081D01_1 - 081D01_8, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:68.2(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Level structure of the $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C hypernucleus was precisely determined by means of $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. We identified four $$gamma$$-ray transitions via the $$^{12}$$C$$(pi^{+},K^{+}gamma)$$ reaction using a germanium detector array, Hyperball2. The spacing of the ground-state doublet $$(2^{-}, 1^{-}_{1})$$ was measured to be $$161.5pm0.3$$(stat)$$pm0.3$$ (syst)keV from the direct $$M1$$ transition. Excitation energies of the $$1^{-}_{2}$$ and $$1^{-}_{3}$$ states were measured to be $$2832pm3pm4$$, keV and $$6050pm8pm7$$, keV, respectively. The obtained level energies provide definitive references for the reaction spectroscopy of $$Lambda$$ hypernuclei.

Journal Articles

Grain boundary character of cracks observed in IASCC and IGSCC

Miwa, Yukio; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Tsukada, Takashi; Kato, Yoshiaki; Tomita, Takeshi; Nagata, Nobuaki*; Dozaki, Koji*; Takiguchi, Hideki*

Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems (CD-ROM), 14 Pages, 2007/00

Grain boundary (GB) character of cracks observed in irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) and in intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) was examined using the orientation imaging microscope (OIM). IASCC were produced by constant load tests with 1/4T-CT specimens for pre-irradiated (1.8 dpa at 546 K) type 304 stainless steel. The tests for pre-irradiated specimens were performed by the post irradiation SCC test or the in-reactor SCC test at the Japan Materials Testing Reactor. In all specimens, cracks propagated mainly along random grain boundaries (GBs), and small amount of cracks propagated along low angle GBs ($$Sigma$$ 1), twin GBs ($$Sigma$$ 3) and coincidence site lattice (CSL) GBs ($$Sigma$$ 5-27). Fraction of the GB character was compared with the author's previous studies in which the fraction of IGSCC in thermally-sensitized type 304 stainless steel and unirradiated type 316L stainless steel were measured on CT specimens and a BWR shroud sample. The relationship between SCC behavior and the GB character was discussed. It was considered that the difference of the fraction of GB character between IASCC and IGSCC related to the deformation mode of irradiated stainless steel such as dislocation channelling.

Journal Articles

Study of metallofullerenes encapsulating actinides

Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Sueki, Keisuke*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Miyake, Yoko*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Kodama, Takeshi*; Kikuchi, Koichi*; Otsuki, Tsutomu*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences, 3(1), p.151 - 154, 2002/06

The oxidation state of actinide elements encapsulated in fullerenes is studied. HPLC elution behavior of actinide-fullerenes is classified into two groups; the elution behavior of the first group, encapsulating U, Np, and Am, is similar to that of the light lanthanide-fullerenes, such as La, Ce, Pr, and Nd, while the behavior of the second group, encapsulating Th and Pa, is quite different from that of any lanthanide-fullerenes. The chemical species in the main HPLC elution peak of each group were identified as M@C82 and M@C84 (M = metal atom) from the mass of the U and Th fullerenes, respectively. The oxidation states of the U and Th atoms in the fullerenes were deduced to be 3+ and 4+, respectively, from the UV/vis/NIR absorption and XANES spectroscopy.

Journal Articles

Measurements of the depth profile of the refractive indices in oxide films on SiC by spectroscopic ellipsometry

Iida, Takeshi*; Tomioka, Yuichi*; Yoshimoto, Kimihiro*; Midorikawa, Masahiko*; Tsukada, Hiroyuki*; Orihara, Misao*; Hijikata, Yasuto*; Yaguchi, Hiroyuki*; Yoshikawa, Masahito; Ito, Hisayoshi; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 41(2A), p.800 - 804, 2002/02

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:53.19(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Isolation and characterization of light actinide metallofullerenes

Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Zhao, Y.*; Sueki, Keisuke*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu; Nagame, Yuichiro; Kodama, Takeshi*; Suzuki, Shinzo*; Otsuki, Tsutomu*; Sakaguchi, Masahiko*; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 123(1), p.181 - 182, 2001/01

 Times Cited Count:63 Percentile:84.55(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking of stainless steel irradiated in FBR, 1

Tsukada, Takashi; Shiba, Kiyoyuki; Nakajima, Hajime; Usui, Takeshi; Omi, Masao; Goto, Ichiro; ; Nakagawa, Tetsuya; Kawamata, Kazuo; ; et al.

JAERI-M 92-165, 41 Pages, 1992/11

JAERI-M-92-165.pdf:4.99MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

TOPO reversed-phase extraction behavior of rutherfordium in HCl solutions

Toyoshima, Atsushi; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Ishii, Yasuo; Tome, Hayato; Sato, Tetsuya; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of high-level liquid waste conditioning technology for advanced nuclear fuel cycle, 1; Outline of the research and development

Morita, Yasuji; Yamagishi, Isao; Sato, Soichi; Kirishima, Akira*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Tsukada, Takeshi*; Kurosaki, Ken*

no journal, , 

Development of high-level liquid waste (HLW) conditioning technology for advanced nuclear fuel cycle was conducted for the purpose of the reduction of potential problems in the verification process for HLW. The present report introduces the outline of the research and development, which consists of Mo-Pd-Ru separation technology and advances treatment technology for dissolution residue.

Oral presentation

Development of high-level liquid waste conditioning technology for advanced nuclear fuel cycle; Aiming at steady operation of vitrification process

Morita, Yasuji; Yamagishi, Isao; Sato, Soichi; Kirishima, Akira*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Tsukada, Takeshi*; Kurosaki, Ken*

no journal, , 

Development of high-level liquid waste (HLW) conditioning technology for advanced nuclear fuel cycle was conducted for the purpose of the reduction of potential problems in the verification process for HLW. The present report introduces the outline of the research and development, which consists of Mo-Pd-Ru separation technology and advances treatment technology for dissolution residue.

Oral presentation

Development of high-level liquid waste conditioning technology for advanced nuclear fuel cycle, 12; Reaction of simulated residue with nitric acid

Usami, Tsuyoshi*; Tsukada, Takeshi*; Morita, Yasuji

no journal, , 

Development of high-level liquid waste (HLW) conditioning technology for advanced nuclear fuel cycle was conducted for the purpose of the reduction of potential problems in the verification process for HLW. It includes development of separation technology for Mo, Pd and Ru from HLW and development of separate treatment of the insoluble residue. To evaluate characteristics of the insoluble residue, simulated residue of metal alloy composed of Ru, Rh, Pd, Mo and Re was dissolved with heated nitric acid. The results showed that higher concentration of Pd and Mo in the alloy makes the alloy easier to be dissolved. The alloy without Pd was hardly dissolved by nitric acid. On the other hand, the alloy without Ru was dissolved easily.

Oral presentation

Development of high-level liquid waste conditioning technology for advanced nuclear fuel cycle, 19; Dependence of dissolution rate of insoluble residue on its composition

Usami, Tsuyoshi*; Tsukada, Takeshi*; Yamagishi, Isao; Morita, Yasuji

no journal, , 

Development of high-level liquid waste (HLW) conditioning technology for advanced nuclear fuel cycle was conducted for the purpose of the reduction of potential problems in the verification process for HLW. It includes development of separation technology for Mo, Pd and Ru from HLW and development of separate treatment of the insoluble residue. To evaluate characteristics of the insoluble residue, simulated residue of metal alloy composed of Ru, Mo, Rh and Pd was dissolved with heated nitric acid. The results showed that higher concentration of Pd in the alloy makes the alloy easier to be dissolved, and higher concentration of Ru makes the alloy more difficult to be dissolved.

Oral presentation

Development of high-level liquid waste conditioning technology for advanced nuclear fuel cycle, 21; Overall results and evaluation

Morita, Yasuji; Yamagishi, Isao; Sato, Soichi; Kirishima, Akira*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Uehara, Akihiro*; Tsukada, Takeshi*; Usami, Tsuyoshi*; Kurosaki, Ken*

no journal, , 

Development of high-level liquid waste (HLW) conditioning technology for advanced nuclear fuel cycle was conducted for the purpose of the reduction of potential problems in the verification process for HLW. It includes development of separation technology for Mo, Pd and Ru from HLW and development of separate treatment of the insoluble residue. The present report gives the overall results of the research and development and their evaluation. For the Mo separation, the extraction process with HDEHP was developed by performing continuous extraction tests and process simulation by a calculation code. An extraction process for Pd by 5,8-diethyl-7-hydroxy-6-dodecanone oxime was also developed, but was evaluated as less mature than the HEDHP process. As Ru separation method, volatilization of RuO$$_{4}$$ after electrochemical oxidation was examined. Dissolution residue (metal alloy) and recovered Pd and Ru were solidified together by hot-press method.

Oral presentation

Long-term dissolution behavior of insoluble residue

Usami, Tsuyoshi*; Tsukada, Takeshi*; Morita, Yasuji

no journal, , 

Development of high-level liquid waste (HLW) conditioning technology for advanced nuclear fuel cycle was conducted for the purpose of the reduction of potential problems in the verification process for HLW. It includes development of separation technology for Mo, Pd and Ru from HLW and development of separate treatment of the insoluble residue. To evaluate characteristics of the insoluble residue, simulated residue of metal alloy composed of Ru, Rh, Pd, Mo and Re was dissolved with heated nitric acid. The results showed that higher concentration of Pd and Mo in the alloy makes the alloy easier to be dissolved. The alloy without Pd was hardly dissolved by nitric acid. On the other hand, the alloy without Ru was dissolved easily.

Oral presentation

Consideration for long-term storage of a spent zeolite adsorption vessel, 9; Internal heating type drying test of zeolite packed in transparent vessel model

Uruga, Kazuyoshi*; Tsukada, Takeshi*; Yamagishi, Isao; Terada, Atsuhiko; Uchiyama, Hideaki*

no journal, , 

CIPPEI fabricated a small scale model of the spent zeolite adsorption vessel in Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant and performed to heating test at the center of the zeolite filling bed. As a result, the chloride concentration at the bottom of vessel decreases as time has passed. Chlorine concentrated around the adsorption vessel center.

Oral presentation

Consideration for long-term storage of a spent zeolite adsorption vessel, 8; External heating type drying test of zeolite packed in small SUS vessel

Yamagishi, Isao; Kato, Chiaki; Nagaishi, Ryuji; Arisaka, Makoto; Uruga, Kazuyoshi*; Tsukada, Takeshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

"Basic Research Programs for the Next Generation Vitrification Technology" the achievements so far

Yoshioka, Masahiro*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Miura, Nobuyuki; Tsukada, Takeshi*

no journal, , 

The basic research programs for the next generation vitrification technology, which are commissioned project from Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan to IHI Corporation (IHI), Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited (JNFL), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI), have been implemented from 2014 for developing the advanced vitrification technology of low level wastes and high level liquid wastes (HLLW). In these programs, the developmental works such as the high waste loading glass, the alternate glasses of current borosilicate glasses including glass-ceramics and the minor actinide adsorbent glasses have been entrusted with the above organizations.

Oral presentation

The Outline of "Basic Research Programs of Vitrification Technology for Waste Volume Reduction"

Ishio, Takahiro*; Kanehira, Norio*; Hoshino, Takeshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Iwabuchi, Hiroki; Tsukada, Takeshi*

no journal, , 

In Japan, the High Level radioactive Liquid Waste (HLLW) generated along with the nuclear fuel cycle is to be vitrified, and its vitrification technology has been made practicable. And, various kinds of Low Level radioactive Liquid Waste (LLW) generated from reprocessing plant and nuclear power plants in Japan have been primarily treated by various methods such as incineration, compaction, cement solidification, however, vitrification method have not been introduced. On the other hand, there is a potential generation of LLW which has relatively high radioactivity level in case of conducting the decommissioning of reprocessing plant and nuclear power plants. Therefore, various kinds of the solidification and the volume reduction technologies have been developed in order to ensure the stable forms with smaller volumes for the LLW disposal. Furthermore, if the foundation for LLW vitrification technology is developed, it can be reflected in the advancement of vitrification technology of HLLW. Therefore, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry launched the project "Basic Research Programs of Vitrification Technology for Waste Volume Reduction" during FY 2014 - 2018. IHI Corporation (IHI), Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited (JNFL), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI) have commissioned this project. The development goals for this project are as follows. (1) To develop LLW generated at nuclear power plants and reprocessing plant, etc., to reinforce the foundation of vitrification technology for high volume reduction and more stable waste. (2) To study also advanced improvement of vitrification of HLLW that is practically used in Japan, by reflecting the findings obtained from LLW infrastructures. In this presentation we will report on our past achievements and future plans in this project.

Oral presentation

Absorption and lifting of salt water by zeolite

Uruga, Kazuyoshi*; Tsukada, Takeshi*; Terada, Atsuhiko; Yamagishi, Isao

no journal, , 

For the safe storage of zeolite wastes generated by the treatment of radioactive saline water at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, this study investigated the fundamental transport properties of water and chloride in zeolite column.

24 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)