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JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2011

Kunimaru, Takanori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Hikima, Ryoichi; Tanno, Takeo; Sanada, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-018, 169 Pages, 2013/09

JAEA-Review-2013-018.pdf:15.71MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in 2011 fiscal year. This report shows the results of the investigation, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2011, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Plan for fiscal year 2012

Kunimaru, Takanori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Kuboshima, Koji; Takeuchi, Ryuji; Mizuno, Takashi; Sato, Toshinori; et al.

JAEA-Review 2012-028, 31 Pages, 2012/08

JAEA-Review-2012-028.pdf:3.86MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU project is planned in three overlapping phases; Surface-based Investigation Phase (Phase I), Construction Phase (Phase II) and Operation Phase (Phase III). Currently, the project is under the Construction Phase and the Operation Phase. This document introduces the research and development activities planned for 2012 fiscal year based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010, construction plan and research collaboration plan, etc.

Journal Articles

Barrier distributions derived from quasielastic backscattering of $$^{48}$$Ti, $$^{54}$$Cr, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{64}$$Ni, and $$^{70}$$Zn projectiles on a $$^{208}$$Pb target

Mitsuoka, Shinichi; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Tsuruta, Kaoru*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*

Physical Review Letters, 99(18), p.182701_1 - 182701_4, 2007/11

 Times Cited Count:63 Percentile:88.47(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In order to study the nucleus-nucleus interaction in Pb-based cold fusion, we have measured excitation functions for quasi-elastic scattering of $$^{48}$$Ti, $$^{54}$$Cr, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{64}$$Ni and $$^{70}$$Zn projectiles on $$^{208}$$Pb target at backward angles of nearly 180$$^{circ}$$. Coulomb barrier distributions were extracted from the first derivative of measured quasi-elastic scattering cross sections relative to the Rutherford scattering cross section. The mean values of the barrier distributions always shift toward the low energy side about 4-6 MeV compared with the Bass barrier height. The shape of the barrier distributions are well reproduced by the results of a coupled-channels calculation taking account of the coupling effects of two phonon excitations of the quadrupole vibration for the projectiles and three phonon excitations of the octupole vibration for the $$^{208}$$Pb target.

Journal Articles

Measurement of evaporation residue and fission cross sections of the reaction $$^{30}$$Si + $$^{238}$$U at subbarrier energies

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hofmann, S.*; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Comas, V. F.*; Gan, Z.*; Heinz, S.*; Heredia, J. A.*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences, 8(2), p.73 - 78, 2007/10

Journal Articles

Measurement of evaporation residue cross-sections of the reaction $$^{30}$$Si + $$^{238}$$U at subbarrier energies

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hofmann, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Comas, V. F.*; Gan, Z.*; Heinz, S.*; Heredia, J. A.*; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 891, p.71 - 79, 2007/03

Seaborgium isotopes were produced in the fusion reaction $$^{30}$$Si + $$^{238}$$U as evaporation residues (ERs), and the cross sections were determined. The experiment was carried out at GSI in Darmstadt, Germany. At the center-of-mass energy of E$$_{c.m.}$$= 144 MeV, three $$alpha$$ decay chains starting from $$^{263}$$Sg were observed, and the corresponding ER cross section was determined to be 67 pb. At the sub-barrier energy of E$$_{c.m.}$$= 133 MeV, three spontaneous fission events of a new isotope $$^{264}$$Sg were detected. The cross section was 10 pb. The half-life of $$^{264}$$Sg was determined to be 120 ms. The ER cross sections were compared with a statistical model calculation. In the fusion process, the coupled channel calculation taking into account the prolate deformation of $$^{238}$$U was adopted to determine the capture cross section. The calculated capture cross section agrees well with the fission cross section of $$^{30}$$Si + $$^{238}$$U obtained at the JAEA tandem accelerator. The measured cross section of $$^{264}$$Sg at the sub-barrier energy is factor 10$$^{4}$$ larger than the calculation based on the one-dimensional model in the fusion process, showing the fusion enhancement caused by the deformation of $$^{238}$$U. However, disagreement with the calculation suggests the presence of quasi-fission channel. At the above barrier energy of E$$_{c.m.}$$ = 144 MeV, the measured cross section is well reproduced by the calculation. This means that the interaction of $$^{30}$$Si at the equotorial side of $$^{238}$$U has advantage on the fusion process.

Journal Articles

Measurement of evaporation residue cross-sections of the reaction $$^{30}$$Si+$$^{238}$$U at subbarrier energies

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hofmann, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Comas, V. F.*; Gan, Z.*; Heinz, S.*; Heredia, J. A.*; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 29(3), p.281 - 287, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:60 Percentile:93.82(Physics, Nuclear)

Seaborgium isotopes were produced in the fusion reaction $$^{30}$$Si + $$^{238}$$U as evaporation residues (ERs), and the cross sections were determined. The experiment was carried out at GSI in Darmstadt, Germany. At the center-of-mass energy of E$$_{c.m.}$$= 144 MeV, three $$alpha$$ decay chains starting from $$^{263}$$Sg were observed, and the corresponding ER cross section was determined to be 67 pb. At the sub-barrier energy of E$$_{c.m.}$$= 133 MeV, three spontaneous fission events of a new isotope $$^{264}$$Sg were detected. The cross section was 10 pb. The half-life of $$^{264}$$Sg was determined to be 120 ms. The ER cross sections were compared with a statistical model calculation. In the fusion process, the coupled channel calculation taking into account the prolate deformation of $$^{238}$$U was adopted to determine the capture cross section. The calculaed capture cross section agrees well with the fission cross section of $$^{30}$$Si + $$^{238}$$U obtained at the JAEA tandem accelerator. The measured cross section of $$^{264}$$Sg at the sub-barrier energy is factor 10$$^{4}$$ larger than the calculation based on the one-dimensional model in the fusion process, showing the fusion enhancement caused by the deformation of $$^{238}$$U. However, disagreement with the calculation suggests the presence of quasi-fission channel. At the above barrier energy of E$$_{c.m.}$$ = 144 MeV, the measured cross section is well reproduced by the calculation. This means that the interaction of $$^{30}$$Si at the equatorial side of $$^{238}$$U has advantage on the fusion process.

Journal Articles

Evidence of complete fusion in the sub-barrier $$^{16}$$O+$$^{238}$$U reaction

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Nagame, Yuichiro; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Mitsuoka, Shinichi; Tsuruta, Kaoru; Sato, Kenichiro; Lin, C. J.; Osawa, Takaaki*

Physical Review Letters, 93(16), p.162701_1 - 162701_4, 2004/10

 Times Cited Count:79 Percentile:90.4(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The fission fragment angular distributions for reactions using actinide targets such as $$^{16}$$O+$$^{238}$$U show anomalously large anisotropy than the prediction of the transition state model. To interprete this phenomenon, the orientation dependent quasi-fission model was proposed. As the $$^{238}$$U has prolate deformation, the interaction of $$^{16}$$O with the $$^{238}$$U in the sub-barrier region is restricted to the tip collisions. Hinde et al. interpreted that the anomalously large angular anisotropy is due to the quasi-fission, that is the complete fusion is not achieved in the sub-barrier region. The presence (or absence) of the complete fision is found by measuring the evaporation residue cross sections. We measured the evaporation residue cross sections for $$^{16}$$O+$$^{238}$$U by using the $$^{16}$$O beams supplied by the JAERI-tandem accelerator. As a result, complete fusion was observed in the sub-barrier region and no significant fusion hindrace was observed.

Journal Articles

Precise experiment on (anti-n)+d scattering at 12MeV

Nishimori, Nobuyuki; Sagara, K.*; Fujita, T.*; Wakamatsu, Fumihiko*; Bussaki, Toru*; Maeda, Kazuhide*; Akiyoshi, H.*; Tsuruta, Kaoru*; Nakamura, Hiroyuki*; Nakashima, Takao*

Nuclear Fusion, 631, p.697C - 700C, 1998/03

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Measurement of fusion barrier distribution for cold fusion reactions

Mitsuoka, Shinichi; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Tsuruta, Kaoru; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Production of Sg isotopes in the fusion reaction $$^{30}$$Si + $$^{238}$$U

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Mitsuoka, Shinichi; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Hofmann, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Comas, V. F.*; Gan, Z.*; Heinz, S.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Seaborgium isotopes were produced in the fusion reaction $$^{30}$$Si + $$^{238}$$U as evaporation residues (ERs), and the cross sections were determined. The experiment was carried out at GSI in Darmstadt, Germany. At the center-of-mass energy of E$$_{c.m.}$$= 144 MeV, three $$alpha$$ decay chains starting from $$^{263}$$Sg were observed, and the corresponding ER cross section was determined to be 67 pb. At the sub-barrier energy of E$$_{c.m.}$$= 133 MeV, three spontaneous fission events of a new isotope $$^{264}$$Sg were detected. The cross section was 10 pb. The half-life of $$^{264}$$Sg was determined to be 120 ms. The ER cross sections were compared with a statistical model calculation. In the fusion process, the coupled channel calculation taking into account the prolate deformation of $$^{238}$$U was adopted to determine the capture cross section. The calculated capture cross section agrees well with the fission cross section of $$^{30}$$Si + $$^{238}$$U obtained at the JAEA tandem accelerator. The measured cross section of $$^{264}$$Sg at the sub-barrier energy is factor 10$$^{4}$$ larger than the calculation based on the one-dimensional model in the fusion process, showing the fusion enhancement caused by the deformation of $$^{238}$$U. However, disagreement with the calculation suggests the presence of quasi-fission channel. At the above barrier energy of E$$_{c.m.}$$ = 144 MeV, the measured cross section is well reproduced by the calculation. This means that the interaction of $$^{30}$$Si at the equotorial side of $$^{238}$$U has advantage on the fusion process.

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