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論文

Determination of mole percentages of brush and root of polymer chain grafted onto porous sheet

内山 翔一郎*; 石原 量*; 梅野 太輔*; 斎藤 恭一*; 山田 伸介*; 廣田 英幸*; 浅井 志保

Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 46(6), p.414 - 419, 2013/06

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:60.38(Engineering, Chemical)

Radiation-induced graft polymerization has been applied to the commercial production of functional materials, e.g., absorber of basic gases and ion-exchanger of proteins. However, to date, the graft chain has not been satisfactorily characterized because of the difficulty in isolating the graft chain from the trunk polymer. In this study, a simple method is used to determine the mole percentages of the polymer brush and root of the epoxy-group-containing graft chain, on the basis of the differences in swelling induced by the sequential introduction of ion-exchange groups into a hydrophobic graft chain with a reagent dissolved in water as the solvent. The proposed method enables us to scientifically depict an image of the polymer chain grafted onto the porous polymer and helps us to design porous polymers.

論文

Removal of cesium using cobalt-ferrocyanide-impregnated polymer-chain-grafted fibers

石原 量*; 藤原 邦夫*; 原山 貴登*; 岡村 雄介*; 内山 翔一朗*; 杉山 まい*; 染谷 孝明*; 天海 亘*; 海野 理*; 小野 翼*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 48(10), p.1281 - 1284, 2011/10

AA2011-0190.pdf:0.45MB

Zeolites combined with insoluble metal ferrocyanides are known as adsorbents capable of specifically capturing cesium ions and attract much attention, due to its easy operation at sites for processing water contaminated with radioisotopes. To achieve more effective adsorption, we prepared a novel M-FC-impregnated fiber by radiation-induced graft polymerization and subsequent chemical modifications. Cobalt ions were bound to a sodium styrene sulfonate-grafted 6-nylon fiber via an ion-exchange interaction. Subsequently, the bound cobalt ions were reacted with potassium ferrocyanide to form insoluble or sparingly soluble cobalt-ferrocyanide (Co-FC). The resultant Co-FC-impregnated fiber with a Co-FC content of 7.3% exhibited a high affinity to cesium ions in the presence of NaCl. Such fibers can be fabricated into various fiber modules suitable for the removal of radioisotopes at sites.

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