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Journal Articles

Role of residual transition-metal atoms in oxygen reduction reaction in cobalt phthalocyanine-based carbon cathode catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cell

Kobayashi, Masaki*; Niwa, Hideharu*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Horiba, Koji*; Oshima, Masaharu*; Ofuchi, Hironori*; Terakura, Kiyoyuki*; Ikeda, Takashi; Koshigoe, Yuka*; Ozaki, Junichi*; et al.

Journal of Power Sources, 196(20), p.8346 - 8351, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:70.76(Chemistry, Physical)

The electronic structure of Co atoms in CoPc-based carbon catalysts, which were prepared by pyrolyzing a mixture of CoPc and phenol resin polymer up to 1000$$^circ$$C, has been investigated using XAFS analysis and HXPES. The Co K XAFS spectra show that most of the Co atoms are in the metallic state and small quantities of oxidized Co components are present in the samples even after acid washing to remove Co atoms. Based on the difference in probing depth between XAFS and HXPES, it was found that after acid washing, the surface region with the aggregated Co clusters is primarily composed of metallic Co. Since the electrochemical properties remain almost unchanged even after the acid washing process, the residual metallic and oxidized Co atoms themselves will hardly contribute to the ORR activity of the CoPc-based carbon cathode catalysts, implying that the active sites of the CoPc-based catalysts primarily consist of light elements such as C and N.

Journal Articles

Conduction-band electronic states of YbInCu$$_4$$ studied by photoemission and soft X-ray absorption spectroscopies

Utsumi, Yuki*; Sato, Hitoshi*; Kurihara, Hidenao*; Maso, Hiroyuki*; Hiraoka, Koichi*; Kojima, Kenichi*; Tobimatsu, Komei*; Okochi, Takuo*; Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; et al.

Physical Review B, 84(11), p.115143_1 - 115143_7, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:31.79(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have studied conduction-band (CB) electronic states of a typical valence-transition compound YbInCu$$_4$$ by means of temperature-dependent hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (HX-PES), soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), and soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (SX-PES) of the valence band. We have described the valence transition in YbInCu$$_4$$ in terms of the charge transfer from the CB to Yb 4$$f$$ states.

Journal Articles

X-ray photoemission spectroscopy analysis of N-containing carbon-based cathode catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Niwa, Hideharu*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Horiba, Koji*; Harada, Yoshihisa*; Oshima, Masaharu*; Terakura, Kiyoyuki*; Ikeda, Takashi; Koshigoe, Yuka*; Ozaki, Junichi*; Miyata, Seizo*; et al.

Journal of Power Sources, 196(3), p.1006 - 1011, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:80 Percentile:92(Chemistry, Physical)

We report on the electronic structure of three different types of N-containing carbon-based cathode catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells observed by hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy. C 1s spectra show the importance of $$sp^{2}$$ carbon network formation for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity. Samples having high oxygen reduction reaction activity in terms of oxygen reduction potential contain high concentration of graphite-like nitrogen. Based on a quantitative analysis of our results, the oxygen reduction reaction activity of the carbon-based cathode catalysts will be improved by increasing concentration of graphite-like nitrogen in a developed $$sp^{2}$$ carbon network.

Journal Articles

Selective vibrational excitation in the resonant Auger decay following core-to-$$pi^*$$ transitions in N$$_2$$O

Travnikova, O.*; C$'e$olin, D.*; Bao, Z.*; B${o}$rve, K. J.*; Tanaka, Takahiro*; Hoshino, Masamitsu*; Kato, Hideki*; Tanaka, Hiroshi*; Harries, J.; Tamenori, Yusuke*; et al.

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 181(2-3), p.129 - 134, 2010/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:8.07(Spectroscopy)

In N$$_2$$O a detailed study of the vibrational distribution of the state reached after decay of core-to-$$pi^*$$ excitation of N terminal, N central and O 1s core levels is reported. We observe a change in the relative intensity of bending versus stretching modes while scanning the photon energy across all three resonances. While this effect is known to be due to the Renner-Teller splitting in the core-excited states, we could derive that the antisymmetric stretching is excited mainly in the decay of the N terminal 1s-to-$$pi^*$$ excitation. An explanation for such selectivity is provided in terms of interplay of vibrational structure on potential energy surfaces of different electronic states involved in the process.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

JAEA Reports

Studies on grouting performance in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (Contract research)

Kawamura, Hideki*; Ando, Kenichi*; Noda, Masaru*; Tanaka, Tatsuya*; Matsuda, Takeshi*; Fujii, Haruhiko*; Hashimoto, Shuji*; Ueda, Tadashi*; Matsui, Hiroya; Takeuchi, Shinji; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-081, 182 Pages, 2010/03


Grouting has practical importance for the reduction of groundwater inflow into excavations during construction of underground facilities. Considering the performance assessment of a radioactive waste repository, the performance of the engineered barrier system could be adversely affected by a high pH plume generated from grout. Therefore, a quantitative estimation of the effectiveness of grouting and grout material is essential. This study has been performed in the Mizunami URL being excavated in crystalline rock as a part of the Project for Grouting Technology Development for the Radioactive Waste Repository funded by METI, Japan. The aims were to evaluate the applicability of existing grouting technology and to develop methodology to determine the distribution of grout and change in hydraulic properties of the grouted rock volume. The target rock is the volume of rock around a planned refuge niche where the pre-excavation grouting was performed at 200-m depth from ground surface. After excavation of the refuge niche, ten boreholes were drilled and different kinds of investigations were carried out during and after drilling. The results were integrated and groundwater flow analysis of pre and post excavation grouting conditions were carried out to estimate quantitatively the effect of pre-excavation grouting. The results suggest that current pre-excavation grouting technology is effective for reduction of groundwater inflow into excavations and that hydraulic conductivity of the surrounding rock can be reduced by more than one order of magnitude.

Journal Articles

Effect of water distributions on performances of JARI standard PEFC by using neutron radiography

Murakawa, Hideki*; Ueda, Tadanobu*; Yoshida, Takehisa*; Sugimoto, Katsumi*; Asano, Hitoshi*; Takenaka, Nobuyuki*; Mochiki, Koichi*; Iikura, Hiroshi; Yasuda, Ryo; Matsubayashi, Masahito

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 605(1-2), p.127 - 130, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:83.4(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Photoabsorption spectra of CF$$_3$$I and thermally dissociated CF$$_3$$I near the C 1s, I 3d and F 1s ionisation thresholds

Tanaka, Takahiro*; Hoshino, Masamitsu*; Kato, Hideki*; Harries, J.; Tamenori, Yusuke*; Ueda, Kiyoshi*; Tanaka, Hiroshi*

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 164(1-3), p.24 - 27, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:26.08(Spectroscopy)

We report soft X-ray total ion yield and angular-resolved ion yield spectra of CF$$_3$$I in the C 1s, I 3d and F 1s ionisation regions, and tentatively assign the observed electronic states. Anisotropy in ion yield is observed only for the C 1s$$rightarrowsigma^*_{C-I}$$ transition, indicating that the dipole moment for this transition is parallel to the C$$_{3v}$$. The effusive source of CF$$_3$$I is heated to 800 K to produce a mixture of CF$$_3$$ and I, and the resulting spectra are compared to those recorded at room temperature to reveal the first information on the inner-shell excitation of CF$$_3$$.

Journal Articles

Spectroscopic characterization of ultrashort laser driven targets incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models

Sherrill, M. E.*; Abdallah, J.*; Csanak, G.*; Dodd, E. S.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki*; Yamakawa, Koichi; et al.

High-Power Laser Ablation VII (Proceedings of SPIE Vol.7005), p.70051R_1 - 70051R_11, 2008/06

Journal Articles

Research and development of nuclear fusion

Ushigusa, Kenkichi; Seki, Masahiro; Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Norimatsu, Takayoshi*; Kamada, Yutaka; Mori, Masahiro; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Inoue, Takashi; Sakamoto, Keishi; et al.

Genshiryoku Handobukku, p.906 - 1029, 2007/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models

Sherrill, M. E.*; Abdallah, J. Jr.*; Csanak, G.*; Dodd, E. S.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki*; Yamakawa, Koichi; et al.

Physical Review E, 73(6), p.066404_1 - 066404_6, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:77.97(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A model that solves simultaneously both the electron and atomic kinetics was used to generate synthetic He$$_alpha$$ X-ray spectra to characterize a high intensity ultrashort laser driven Ar cluster target experiment. In particular, level populations were obtained from a detailed collisional-radiative model where collisional rates were computed from a time varying electron distribution function obtained from the solution of the zero dimensional Boltzmann equation. In addition, aparticle-in-cell simulation was used to model the laser interaction with the cluster target and provided the initial electron energy distribution function (EEDF) for the Boltzmann solver. This study suggests that the high density plasma contribution to the time-integrated He$$_alpha$$ spectrum was in a highly non-equilibrium state in both the EEDF and the ion level populations and provides a prediction of 5.7 ps for the average cluster integrity time for this high density state.

Journal Articles

Coupled electron and atomic kinetics through the solution of the Boltzmann equation for generating time-dependent X-ray spectra

Sherrill, M. E.*; Abdallah, J. Jr.*; Csanak, G.*; Kilcrease, D. P.*; Dodd, E. S.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki; et al.

Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer, 99(1-3), p.584 - 594, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:13.72(Optics)

In this work, we present a model that solves self-consistently the electron and atomic kinetics to characterize highly non-equilibrium plasmas, in particular for those systems where both the electron distribution function is far from Maxwellian and the evolution of the ion level populations are dominated by time dependent atomic kinetics. In this model, level populations are obtained from a detailed collisional-radiative model where collision rates are computed from a time varying electron distribution function obtained from the solution of the zero-dimensional Boltzmann equation. The Boltzmann collision term includes the effects of electron-electron collisions, electron collisional ionization, excitation and de-excitation. An application for He$$_alpha$$ spectra from a short pulse laser irradiated argon cluster target will be shown to illustrate the results of our model.

Journal Articles

Selective transition to the closely-lying states Cs(7$$D$$$$_{3/2}$$) and Cs(7$$D$$$$_{5/2}$$) by femtosecond laser pulses

Yamada, Hidetaka; Yokoyama, Keiichi; Teranishi, Yoshiaki*; Sugita, Akihiro; Shirai, Toshizo*; Aoyama, Makoto; Akahane, Yutaka; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki*; Yamakawa, Koichi; et al.

Physical Review A, 72(6), p.063404_1 - 063404_5, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:32.38(Optics)

A demonstration of coherent quantum control for ultrafast precise selection of closely-lying states is reported. A phase-locked pair of femtosecond laser pulses is generated through a pulse shaper to excite the ground-state cesium atom to the Cs(7$$D$$$$_{3/2}$$) and Cs(7$$D$$$$_{5/2}$$) states by two-photon absorption. The excited state population is measured by detecting fluorescence from each spin-orbit state. By controlling the phase-difference of the pulse pair, an ultrafast precise selection is accomplished. The contrast ratio of the maximal to minimal selection ratio exceeds 10$$^3$$ with the delay less than 400 fs.

Journal Articles

Measurement of $$2l-nl$$' X-ray transitions from $$approx$$1 $$mu$$m Kr clusters irradiated by high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses

Hansen, S. B.*; Fournier, K. B.*; Faenov, A. Y.*; Magunov, A. I.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Y.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; et al.

Physical Review E, 71(1), p.016408_1 - 016408_9, 2005/01

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:58.15(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

X-ray line emission from $$2l-nl$$' transitions in Ne-like Kr and nearby ions has been observed from $$approx$$ 1 $$mu$$m Kr clusters irradiated by fs-scale laser pulses at the JAERI facility in Kyoto, Japan. The dependence of X-ray spectral features and intensity on the incident laser intensity is rather weak, indicating that the 1-2 ps cluster lifetimes limit the number of ions beyond Ne-like Kr that can be produced by collisional ionization. A collisional-radiative model based on the relativistic multiconfigured FAC code has been constructed and used to determine that the cluster plasma has electron densities near 10$$^{22}$$ cm$$^{-3}$$, temperature of a few hundred eV and hot electron fraction of a few percent.

Journal Articles

Electron acceleration by a nonlinear wakefield generated by ultrashort (23-fs) high-peak-power laser pulses in plasma

Kando, Masaki; Masuda, Shinichi; Zhidkov, A.*; Yamazaki, Atsushi; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Kondo, Shuji; Homma, Takayuki*; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Nakajima, Kazuhisa; Hayashi, Yukio; et al.

Physical Review E, 71(1), p.015403_1 - 015403_4, 2005/01

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:79.46(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Relativistic laser plasma from micron-sized argon clusters as a debris-free X-ray source for pulse X-ray diffraction

Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tsuji, Koichi*; Yamakawa, Koichi; Hironaka, Yoichiro*; Kishimura, Hiroaki*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 85(21), p.5099 - 5101, 2004/11

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:41.51(Physics, Applied)

We have demonstrated diffraction from Si(111) crystal using X-rays from highly ionized Ar ions produced by laser irradiation with an intensity of 6$$times$$10$$^{18}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$ and a pulse duration of 30 fs acting upon micron-sized Ar clusters. The measured total photon flux and line width in the He$$_{alpha1}$$ line (3.14 keV) were 4$$times$$10$$^{7}$$ photons/shot/4$$pi$$sr and 3.7 eV (FWHM), respectively, which is sufficient to utilize as a debris-free light source for time-resolved X-ray diffraction studies.

Journal Articles

Effects of Kinetic Radionuclide Sorption onto Colloids for Radionuclide Transport in Fractured Rock; Experimental and Numerical Studies

Kurosawa, Susumi; Ibaraki, Motomu*; Yui, Mikazu; Ueda, Shinzo*; Yoshikawa, Hideki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 3(3), p.249 - 256, 2004/09

Colloidal effect is one of the major factors to enhance the transport of radionuclide in groundwater. In this study, the impact of kinetic reactions of radionuclide sorption onto both the fracture wall and colloid on the transport behavior of radionuclide were investigated by carrying out the transport experiment of the radionuclide with colloid through fractured rock. In the experiments, the Cs and clay colloid were used as moderately sorbing radionuclide and typical natural colloid by the concentration of 1.0$$times$$10$$^{-6}$$ g/l (7.5$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$ mol/l) and 3.5$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$ g/l, respectively. The granodiorite with artificially the single fracture (dimension: 50$$times$$50$$times$$0.5 mm) was used. The results of the transport experiments were analyzed by numerical simulation code of radionuclide transport COLFRAC which can model radionuclide transport based on either equilibrium or kinetic reaction of radionuclide sorption onto fracture wall and colloid. Consequently, it was indicated that calculated results strongly dep

JAEA Reports

Evaluation in an Effect of Microorganism on Performance Assessment by COLFRAC

Kurosawa, Susumi; Sasaki, Ryoichi; Ueda, Shinzo*; Yoshikawa, Hideki

JNC TN8400 2004-012, 68 Pages, 2004/07


In order to evaluate the impact of microorganism by COLFRAC, which simulates colloid-facilitated contaminant migration, the microorganism - radionuclide sorption data and microbial films data in deep geological environment were surveyed. After the survey, the data conversion to be able to calculate the effect of them on performance assessment in COLFRAC has been undertaken. As the results of calculation by COLFRAC, the transport behavior of radionuclide may be enhanced, when radionuclide will be taken in the microorganism. Furthermore, the results indicated that the transport rate of radionuclide depends on microbial concentration.

Journal Articles

Generation of X-rays and energetic ions from superintense laser irradiation of micron-sized Ar clusters

Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki; Kishimoto, Yasuaki; Yamakawa, Koichi; Faenov, A. Y.*; Magunov, A. I.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; et al.

Laser and Particle Beams, 22(3), p.215 - 220, 2004/07

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:80.38(Physics, Applied)

High resolution K-shell spectra of a plasma created by superintense laser irradiation of micron-sized Ar clusters have been measured with an intensity above 10$$^{19}$$ W/cm$$^2$$ and a pulse duration of 30 fs. The total photon flux of 2$$times$$10$$^8$$ photons/pulse was achieved for He$$_{alpha1}$$ resonant line of Ar ($$lambda$$=3.9491 AA , 3.14 keV). In parallel with X-ray measurements, energy distributions of emitted ions have been measured. The multiply-charged ions with kinetic energies up to 800 keV were observed. It is found that hot electrons produced by high contrast laser pulses allow the isochoric heating of clusters and shift the ion balance towards the higher charge states, which enhances both the X-ray line yield of the He-like argon ion and the ion kinetic energy.

Journal Articles

Microdroplet evolution induced by a laser pulse

Smirnov, M. B.*; Skobelev, I. Y.*; Magunov, A. I.*; Faenov, A. Y.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Yamakawa, Koichi; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; et al.

Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, 98(6), p.1123 - 1132, 2004/06

Interaction between high-power ultrashort laser pulse and giant clusters (microdroplets) consisting of 10$$^9$$ to 10$$^{10}$$ atoms is considered. The microdroplet size is comparable to the laser wavelength. A model of the evolution of a microdroplet plasma induced by a high-power laser pulse is developed, and the processes taking place after interaction with the pulse are analyzed. It is shown theoretically that the plasma is superheated: its temperature is approximately equal to the ionization potential of an ion having a typical charge. The microdroplet plasma parameters are independent of the pulse shape and duration. The theoretical conclusions are supported by experimental studies of X-ray spectra conducted at JAERI, where a 100-terawatt Ti-sapphire lasersystem was used to irradiate krypton and xenon microdroplets by laser pulses with pulse widths of 30 to 500 fs and intensities of 6$$times$$10$$^{16}$$ to 2$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$.

44 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)