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Journal Articles

Progress in the geological disposal program in Japan

Deguchi, Akira*; Umeki, Hiroyuki*; Ueda, Hiroyoshi*; Miyamoto, Yoichi; Shibata, Masahiro; Naito, Morimasa; Tanaka, Toshihiko*

LBNL-1006984 (Internet), p.12_1 - 12_22, 2016/12

The H12 report demonstrated the feasibility of safe and technically reliable geological disposal in 1999. The Government of Japan re-evaluated the geological disposal program in terms of technical feasibility based on state-of-the-art geosciences and implementation process, because more than 10 years have passed from H12 and the Great Earthquake and nuclear accident have increased public concern regarding nuclear issues and natural hazards to cause accidents at nuclear facilities. Following the re-evaluation, the Government concluded further to promote geological disposal program, and thus the Basic Policy for Final Disposal was revised in 2015 including a new approach to siting process with identification of "Scientifically Preferable Areas". NUMO and relevant research organizations such as JAEA have been carrying out R and D activities to increase technical reliability for geological disposal. NUMO has started to develop a generic safety case.

Journal Articles

Development of an accurate methodology for measuring the pore fluid pH of low-pH cementitious materials

Alonso, M. C.*; Garc$'i$a Calvo, J. L.*; Pettersson, S.*; Cu$~n$ado, M.*; Vuorio, M.*; Weber, H.*; Ueda, Hiroyoshi*; Naito, Morimasa; Walker, C.

Proceedings of 13th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement (13th ICCC) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2011/07

Low pH cementitious (LopHC) materials are expected to be used in the construction of an underground repository for the geological disposal of high level radioactive waste (HLW). A fundamental aspect of the development of LopHC is the accurate and reliable measurement of the pore fluid pH in order to qualify and help quantify mix designs to achieve specific pH targets. The main objective of the current research is the development of an agreed protocol for measuring the pH value of LopHC. There are four different methods described in the literature for characterizing the pore solution of cementitious materials: (1) Pore fluid expression; (2) Leaching methods, including both in-situ and ex-situ techniques); (3) Percolation methods; and (4) Embedded pH sensors. In a first step, different parameters that may affect the measured pH values were evaluated, including the solid/liquid ratio, fineness, carbonation, time, and the results obtained from a pH meter in comparison with an OH titration. Based on the results obtained from the first step, selected protocols were proposed and tested for reproducibility and repeatability in 8 laboratories of 7 countries using the same LopHC sample. The proposed methodologies showed very promising results with low deviation and high reproducibility and have allowed the development of an agreed set of simple protocols for the determination of pH in LopHC.

JAEA Reports

A Study for the safety evaluation of geological disposal of TRU waste and influence on disposal site design by change of amount of TRU waste (Joint research)

Hasegawa, Makoto; Kondo, Hitoshi; Kamei, Gento; Hirano, Fumio; Mihara, Morihiro; Takahashi, Kuniaki; Funabashi, Hideyuki; Kawatsuma, Shinji; Ueda, Hiroyoshi*; Oi, Takao*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2011-003, 47 Pages, 2011/02


In 2009, NUMO and JAEA set up a technical commission to investigate the reasonable TRU waste disposal following a cooperation agreement between these two organizations. In this report, the calculation result of radionuclide transport for a TRU waste geological disposal system was described, by using the TIGER code and the GoldSim code at identical terms. Comparing the calculation result, a big difference was not seen. Therefore, the reliability of both codes was able to be confirmed. Moreover, the influence on the disposal site design (Disposal capacity: 19,000 m$$^{3}$$) was examined when 10% of the amount of TRU waste increased. As a result, it was confirmed that the influence of the site design was very little based on the concept of the Second Progress Report on Research and Development for TRU Waste Disposal in Japan.

Journal Articles

Study on improvement of reliability on inventory assessment in vitrified waste for long-term safety of geological disposal

Ishikawa, Masumi*; Kaneko, Satoru*; Kitayama, Kazumi*; Ishiguro, Katsuhiko*; Ueda, Hiroyoshi*; Wakasugi, Keiichiro*; Shinohara, Nobuo; Okumura, Keisuke; Chino, Masamichi; Moriya Noriyasu*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 8(4), p.304 - 312, 2009/12

Since quality control issues for vitrified waste are defined mainly with the focus on the transport and storage of the waste rather than the long-term safety of geological disposal, they do not cover inventories of long-lived nuclides which are of most interest in the safety assessment of geological disposal. Therefore we suggest a flow chart for assessment of inventories of long-lived nuclides in the vitrified waste focusing on measured value. We started a programme to examine the applicability as well as to improve reliability of nuclide generation/decay code and nuclear data library using liquid waste from spent fuel with clear irradiation history. To solve the issue of quality control for vitrified waste, comprehensive study is needed in aspects not only of geological disposal field but also of operation of nuclear power plant, reprocessing of spent fuel and vitrification of liquid waste. This study is a pioneering study to integrate them.

Journal Articles

EBS modelling for the development of repository concepts tailored to siting environments

Ishiguro, Katsuhiko*; Ueda, Hiroyoshi*; Wakasugi, Keiichiro*; Sakabe, Yasushi*; Kitayama, Kazumi*; Umeki, Hiroyuki; Takase, Hiroyasu*

Engineered Barrier Systems (EBS) in the Safety Case; The Role of Modelling, p.167 - 180, 2007/02

Japanese siting approach calls for volunteer host municipalities for an HLW repository and places particular emphasis on design flexibility. The repository concept should be developed to be tailored to the given siting environments. Starting from the H12 repository concept, NUMO has been examining a range of possible repository design options including EBS. The requirements and strategy of model development for performance assessment and process understanding have been discussed taking into account the step-wise, iterative process of development of repository concepts. The areas further to develop the models and databases in the long-term R&D programme have been identified as a wish list in order to evaluate a range of potential repository concepts, focusing on the near-field for the early stages of development process. Among the issues in the list, NUMO has started the development of a flexible computer code for three-dimensional mass transport model to evaluate various design options and components of the EBS. This tool has been applied for the analysis of the barrier effects of the tunnel plugs placed in fractured rock media.

Journal Articles

A Structured approach for stepwise tailoring of repository concepts to volunteer sites

Kitayama, Kazumi*; Umeki, Hiroyuki; Ueda, Hiroyoshi*; Mckinley, I. G.*; Kaku, Kenichi*

Proceedings of 10th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management (ICEM '05) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2005/09

NUMO has been developing a structured approach to the entire stepwise repository development process. This includes both a bottom-up procedure for analysing the applicability of particular repository components (or sub-systems) within the range of expected site characteristics and a top-down multi-attribute analysis approach for comparing alternative disposal concepts or siting options.

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