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Journal Articles

Fabrication of Y-junction waveguides using proton beam writing

Miura, Kenta*; Sato, Takahiro; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Koka, Masashi; Uehara, Masato*; Kiryu, Hiromu*; Takano, Katsuyoshi*; Okubo, Takeru; Yamazaki, Akiyoshi; Kada, Wataru; et al.

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 126, 2012/01

Journal Articles

Fabrication of polymer optical waveguides for the 1.5-$$mu$$m band using focused proton beam

Miura, Kenta*; Machida, Yuki*; Uehara, Masato*; Kiryu, Hiromu*; Ozawa, Yusuke*; Sasaki, Tomoyuki*; Hanaizumi, Osamu*; Sato, Takahiro; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Koka, Masashi; et al.

Key Engineering Materials, 497, p.147 - 150, 2012/00

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:96.61

Journal Articles

Fabrication of polymer optical waveguides for the 1.5-$$mu$$m band using focused proton beam

Miura, Kenta*; Machida, Yuki*; Uehara, Masato*; Kiryu, Hiromu*; Ozawa, Yusuke*; Sasaki, Tomoyuki*; Hanaizumi, Osamu*; Sato, Takahiro; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Koka, Masashi; et al.

Key Engineering Materials, 497, p.147 - 150, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:2.48

Journal Articles

Quasiparticle excitations in newly discovered antiperovskite superconductor ZnNNi$$_3$$

Oishi, Kazuki*; Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Yamazaki, Takahiro*; Uehara, Akira*; Kozawa, Katsuya*; Kimishima, Yoshihide*; Uehara, Masatomo*

Physica C, 470(Suppl.1), p.S705 - S706, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:13.13(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Commissioning results on the cryogenic hydrogen system for moderators in JSNS

Aso, Tomokazu; Tatsumoto, Hideki; Otsu, Kiichi; Uehara, Toshiaki; Kawakami, Yoshihiko; Sakurayama, Hisashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

Proceedings of 19th Meeting of the International Collaboration on Advanced Neutron Sources (ICANS-19) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2010/07

In the J-PARC, the cryogenic hydrogen system for the 1MW pulsed spallation neutron source (JSNS) plays a role in supplying supercritical hydrogen at a temperature of 18 K and pressure of 1.5 MPa to three moderators in which spallation neutrons generated in a mercury target are slowed down to cold neutrons. Through the off-beam commissioning until April 2008, we confirmed that the specifications of the cryogenic system were satisfied as expected, and we could succeed in circulating supercritical hydrogen with the maximum flow rate of about 190 g/s. We have succeeded in generating first neutrons in the mercury target and providing moderated neutrons through the hydrogen moderators without any problems in May 2008. We also confirmed characteristics of the cryogenic hydrogen system with accepting the proton beam on the mercury target as on-beam commissioning.

Journal Articles

Pressure control characteristics of the cryogenic hydrogen system for a 300-kW proton beam operation

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Aso, Tomokazu; Otsu, Kiichi; Uehara, Toshiaki; Sakurayama, Hisashi; Kawakami, Yoshihiko; Kato, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

Proceedings of International Cryogenic Engineering Conference 23 (ICEC-23) and International Cryogenic Materials Conference 2010 (ICMC 2010), p.1009 - 1014, 2010/07

The cryogenic hydrogen system provides supercritical hydrogen to three hydrogen moderators and removes the nuclear heating of 3.75 kW for a 1-MW proton beam operation at the J-PARC. A pressure control system that used a heater and an accumulator was designed to mitigate a pressure fluctuation caused by the sudden heat load of kW-order. The temperature and pressure behaviors were studied for a 300-kW beam operation. It was confirmed that the pressure control system made it possible to reduce the pressure fluctuation below 13.5 kPa. A simulation model was derived and could describe the experimental results within 15% errors.

Journal Articles

Performance test of a centrifugal supercritical hydrogen pump

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Aso, Tomokazu; Otsu, Kiichi; Uehara, Toshiaki; Sakurayama, Hisashi; Kawakami, Yoshihiko; Kato, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Yoshinaga, Seiichiro*

Proceedings of International Cryogenic Engineering Conference 23 (ICEC-23) and International Cryogenic Materials Conference 2010 (ICMC 2010), p.377 - 382, 2010/07

A dynamic gas bearing centrifugal pump that circulated supercritical hydrogen with a large flow rate of more than 0.16 kg/s was developed to minimize the hydrogen density change at the moderator. The two pumps were simultaneously operated in parallel for redundancy. The performance test results indicated that the dimensionless characteristics for the single and the parallel operations existed on an identical curve. An outstanding peak adiabatic efficiency exited at the flow coefficient of 0.046, independently of the revolution. It was verified that the developed hydrogen pump satisfied the design requirement.

Journal Articles

Safety interlock of the cryogenic hydrogen system at J-PARC

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Aso, Tomokazu; Otsu, Kiichi; Uehara, Toshiaki; Sakurayama, Hisashi; Kawakami, Yoshihiko; Kato, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

Proceedings of International Cryogenic Engineering Conference 23 (ICEC-23) and International Cryogenic Materials Conference 2010 (ICMC 2010), p.601 - 606, 2010/07

At the J-PARC, the cryogenic hydrogen system provides supercritical hydrogen to three hydrogen moderators and removes the nuclear heating evolved by converting high energy neutrons into cold neutrons. As safety countermeasure, fail-safe devices such as relief valves and rupture disks are installed and a hydrogen explosion-proof structure is adopted. Additionally, the safety interlock system that is divided into 7 categories based on the trouble events is established to protect the equipments and to ensure the safety at the occurrence of a trouble. It is confirmed that the interlock system can be operated without any problems. The recovery procedures are also established.

Journal Articles

Development of the cryogenic hydrogen system for a spallation neutron source in J-PARC

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Aso, Tomokazu; Otsu, Kiichi; Uehara, Toshiaki; Sakurayama, Hisashi; Kawakami, Yoshihiko; Kato, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

AIP Conference Proceedings 1218, p.297 - 304, 2010/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.16

In JSNS, supercritical hydrogen at around 20 K and 1.5 MPa was selected as a moderator material. Three kinds of hydrogen moderators are installed to provide pulsed neutron beam with higher neutronic performance. A cryogenic hydrogen system, in which a hydrogen circulation system is cooled by a helium refrigerator system with the refrigerator capacity of 6.45 kW at 15.6 K, provides the supercritical hydrogen to the moderators and absorbs nuclear heating in the moderators. Through the off-beam commissioning, we have confirmed that the cryogenic hydrogen system can be cooled down to 18 K within 19 hours. The supercritical hydrogen with the mass flow rate of 190 g/s can be circulated at the rated condition. It is verified that the cryogenic hydrogen system is satisfied with the performance requirements. In May 2008, we have succeeded in providing the first cold neutron beam cooled by the cryogenic hydrogen system.

Journal Articles

Pressure fluctuation behavior in the cryogenic hydrogen system caused by a 100 kW proton beam injection

Tatsumoto, Hideki; Aso, Tomokazu; Otsu, Kiichi; Uehara, Toshiaki; Sakurayama, Hisashi; Kawakami, Yoshihiko; Kato, Takashi; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

AIP Conference Proceedings 1218, p.289 - 296, 2010/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.16

A cryogenic hydrogen system provides the supercritical hydrogen to the moderators and removes the nuclear heating at the moderators, which is estimated to 3.8 kW for a proton beam power of 1 MW. In order to mitigate pressure fluctuation caused by suddenly turning a proton beam on and off, we should design a pressure control system, which is composed of a heater as an active controller for thermal compensation and an accumulator as a passive volume controller. In December 2007, a 109 kW proton beam was injected to the JSNS. The pressure fluctuation behaviors have been studied for the 109 kW proton beam operation. As soon as the proton beam is injected, the accumulator starts to spontaneously constrict. The heater control can succeed in maintaining a constant heat load applied to the cryogenic hydrogen system. The pressure control system can reduce the pressure fluctuation below 5 kPa. We have confirmed that the pressure control system should be effective.

Journal Articles

Commissioning of the cryogenic hydrogen system in J-PARC; Preliminary operation by helium gas

Aso, Tomokazu; Tatsumoto, Hideki; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Otsu, Kiichi; Uehara, Toshiaki; Kawakami, Yoshihiko; Sakurayama, Hisashi; Maekawa, Fujio; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Ushijima, Isamu*

Proceedings of International Cryogenic Engineering Conference 22 (ICEC-22) and International Cryogenic Materials Conference 20 (ICMC 2008), p.741 - 746, 2009/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Magnetism on Mg$$_{1-x}$$Zn$$_x$$C$$_y$$Ni$$_3$$

Uehara, Masatomo*; Yamazaki, Takahiro*; Kori, Tatsuya*; Kashida, Takefumi*; Kimishima, Yoshihide*; Oishi, Kazuki

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 68(11), p.2178 - 2182, 2007/11

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:53.86(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

The magnetic phase diagram for Mg$$_{1-x}$$Zn$$_x$$C$$_y$$Ni$$_3$$ has been tentatively constructed based on magnetization and muon spin relaxation ($$mu$$SR) measurements. The superconducting phase was observed to fade as $$x$$ ($$y$$) increases (decreases). The low $$y$$ samples show early stages of long-range ferromagnetism, or complete long-range ferromagnetism. In the phase diagram, the ferromagnetic phase exists in addition to the superconducting phase, suggesting that there is some correlation between superconductivity and ferromagnetism, even though the coexistence of ferromagnetism and superconductivity is not observed from the $$mu$$SR measurements down to 20 mK for the superconducting sample.

Journal Articles

In search of zonal flows by using direct density fluctuation measurements

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Shinohara, Koji; Ejiri, Akira*; Takase, Yuichi*; Ido, Takeshi*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 49(10), p.1611 - 1625, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:81.77(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

It was found that the envelope of the ambient density fluctuation of the drift wave turbulence has spectral peaks aroound zonal flow frequencies. A method to detect the zonal flow using this characteristic was considered using the JFT-2M density fluctuation data. There is a possibility that the zonal flow will be able to be detected in the future burning plasmas by using the density fluctuations measured by some density fluctuation measurement by such as the microwave reflectometer and so on.

Journal Articles

Experimental study of nonlinear processes in edge turbulence of toroidal plasmas

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Nagaoka, Kenichi*; Shinohara, Koji; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Uehara, Kazuya; Kusama, Yoshinori; Ida, Katsumi*; Yoshimura, Yasuo*; Okamura, Shoichi*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 1(9), p.041_1 - 041_15, 2006/09

Nonlinear processes between meso-scale structures and turbulent fluctuations in the edge region of the toroidal plasmas were studied using the bispectrum analysis. In the JFT-2M tokamak, divertor plasmas were investigated as well as the limiter plasmas, and the amplitude and phase of the bispectrum function of the potential fluctuation were found to be consistent with an analysis of the drift wave-zonal flow system. In the CHS machine, the edge plasmas during the H-mode were investigated. It was found that the edge potential begins to decrease before the decrease of the intensity of the deuterium line (by about 30ms), and the edge fluctuations are found to be composed of low frequency MHD fluctuations, drift wave like broad band electrostatic fluctuations and high frequency electromagnetic fluctuations. Nonlinear coupling between the MHD fluctuations and the electrostatic fluctuations or the electromagnetic fluctuations were found for the first time.

Journal Articles

Observation of coherent bicoherence and biphase in potential fluctuations around geodesic acoustic mode frequency on JFT-2M

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Ejiri, Akira*; Takase, Yuichi*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Shinohara, Koji; Uehara, Kazuya; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(5A), p.A377 - A386, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:60.16(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A bispector analysis and envelope moduration analysis of the potential oscillations of a low frequency (1kHz) oscillation, a high frequency (10-15kHz) oscillation and background turbulence are presented. The low frequency mode and the high frequency mode are considered to be a low frequency zonal flow and a geodesic acoustic mode respectively. We could found that the low frequency oscillation has a three wave interaction with the background turbulence as well as the high frequency oscillation does from the bicoherence (nonlinear coupling coefficient), biphase and envelope moduration relation. Apparently, the modulation of the high frequency mode by the low frequency mode was suggested, but it was found that the bicoherence between them is small and the modulation relation was not concluded. Therefore, it is concluded that the nonlinear interaction between the zonal flow - zonal flow system does not exist or the interaction of them is linear if any. Thus it was found that the marked nonlinear interaction occurs only in the turbulence - zonal flow system and not in the zonal flow - zonal flow system.

Journal Articles

Bispectral analysis applied to coherent floating potential fluctuations obtained in the edge plasmas on JFT-2M

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Takase, Yuichi*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Ejiri, Akira*; Ida, Katsumi*; Shinohara, Koji; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 48(4), p.S1 - S15, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:75.73(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This paper presents the results of bispectral analysis of floating potential fluctuations in the edge region of ohmically heated plasmas in the JFT-2M tokamak. Inside of the outermost magnetic surface,coherent modes were observed around the frequency of geodesic acoustic mode which is a kind of the zonal flow. The squared bicoherence shows significant nonlinear couplings between the coherent fluctuations and the background fluctuations (which are likely to contain drift wave turbulent fluctuations). The experimental results that the total bicoherence is proportional to the squared amplitude of the coherent fluctuation, and that the biphase of the coherent modes localizes around a constant value $$pi$$, are consistent with the theoretical prediction on the drift wave - zonal flow systems based on the Hasegawa-Mima model.

Journal Articles

Convergence study of bispectral analysis in experiments of high temperature plasmas

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Sanae*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Shinohara, Koji; Uehara, Kazuya; Kusama, Yoshinori; Ejiri, Akira*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 77(4), p.045110_1 - 045110_6, 2006/04

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:49.28(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A convergence study of bispector non-linear analysis applied to the fluctuation of toroidal plasmas is studied. A theoretical study of the convergence is presented. And it was found that the convergence property of the total bicoherence and bispector of the fluctuations of drift wave or zonal flow observed in the JFT-2M tokamak plasma is consistent with the theoretical analysis, and also found that the realization number for the convergence is fairly large, for example about 1000 for the JFT-2M experimental fluctuation data. As stated, we made a base for such fluctuation analysis.

Journal Articles

Observation of nonlinear processes between coherent fluctuations and turbulent fluctuations in the edge regions of JFT-2M and CHS

Nagashima, Yoshihiko*; Ito, Kimitaka*; Ito, Sanae*; Fujisawa, Akihide*; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Nagaoka, Kenichi*; Ejiri, Akira*; Takase, Yuichi*; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Shinohara, Koji; et al.

Europhysics Conference Abstracts (CD-ROM), 30I, 4 Pages, 2006/00

The results of the analyses of nonlinear processes in the plasma in JFT-2M tokamak and CHS machine are reported. In both machines, the measurements of the fluctuations were done by electrostatic probes. The obtained bicoherence and biphase from the potential data in JFT-2M were found to be close to the values obtained from a theoretical model of the interaction of the zonal flow and the drift wave turbulence. Therefore the experimentally obtained nonlinear interaction is considered to be that interaction of the zonal flow and the drift wave turbulence. By the analysis of the CHS H-mode plasma, a marked nonlinear interaction was found between a characteristic MHD magnetic fluctuation and density turbulence. By analysing the cross bispectrum of the density fluctuation and the potential fluctuation, it was found that the fluctuating particle flux is affected by the MHD oscillation. As stated above, we progressed in the investigation of the nonlinear processes of the edge plasmas.

Journal Articles

Simultaneous heating by high power lower hybrid waves and neutral beams in the JT-60 tokamak

Ushigusa, Kenkichi; Imai, Tsuyoshi; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Sakamoto, Keishi; F.X.Soeldner*; *; Tsuji, Shunji; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Naito, Osamu; Uehara, Kazuya; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 29(2), p.265 - 276, 1989/02

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:58.11(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Lower hybrid wave heating into neutral beam heated plasma in the JT-60 tokamak

Ushigusa, Kenkichi; Imai, Tsuyoshi; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Sakamoto, Keishi; F.X.Soldner*; *; Tsuji, Shunji; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Naito, Osamu; Uehara, Kazuya; et al.

JAERI-M 88-115, 28 Pages, 1988/06

JAERI-M-88-115.pdf:0.87MB

no abstracts in English

29 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)