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Journal Articles

Development of a widely usable amino acid tracer; $$^{76}$$Br-$$alpha$$-methyl-phenylalanine for tumor PET imaging

Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Suzuki, Yurika*; Yamaguchi, Aiko*; Watanabe, Shigeki; Uehara, Tomoya*; Nagamori, Shushi*; Kanai, Yoshikatsu*; Ishioka, Noriko; Tsushima, Yoshito*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 56(5), p.791 - 797, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:34.92(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

Journal Articles

COMPASS code development; Validation of multi-physics analysis using particle method for core disruptive accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Naito, Masanori*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Okada, Hidetoshi*; Uehara, Yasushi*; et al.

Proceedings of 8th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-8) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2010/10

In this paper, FY2009 results of the COMPASS code development are reported. Validation calculations for melt freezing and blockage formation, eutectic reaction of metal fuel, duct wall failure (thermal-hydraulic analysis), fuel pin failure and disruption and duct wall failure (structural analysis) are shown. Phase diagram calculations, classical and first-principles molecular dynamics were used to investigate physical properties of eutectic reactions: metallic fuel/steel and control rod material/steel. Basic studies for the particle method and SIMMER code calculations supported the COMPASS code development. COMPASS is expected to clarify the basis of experimentally-obtained correlations used in SIMMER. Combination of SIMMER and COMPASS will be useful for safety assessment of CDAs as well as optimization of the core design.

Journal Articles

Validation for multi-physics simulation of core disruptive accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors by COMPASS code

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Zhang, S.*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Naito, Masanori*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Okada, Hidetoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-13) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2009/09

Dispersion and freezing of molten core material was calculated by the COMPASS code to compare with the experimental data of GEYSER. Molten core material flowed up with freezing on the pipe inner surface. As a molten pool behavior, CABRI-TPA2 experiment was analyzed, where a sphere of solid steel was surrounded by solid fuel. Power was injected to cause melting and boiling of the steel sphere. SCARABEE-BE+3 test was analyzed by COMPASS as a validation of failure of duct walls.

Journal Articles

Next generation safety analysis methods for SFRs, 6; SCARABEE BE+3 analysis with SIMMER-III and COMPASS codes featuring duct-wall failure

Uehara, Yasushi*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Naito, Masanori*; Okada, Hidetoshi*; Yamano, Hidemasa; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamamoto, Yuichi*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*

Proceedings of 17th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-17) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2009/06

A mesoscopic approach with the COMPASS code is expected to advance the understanding of key phenomena during event progression in core disruptive accidents. In this paper, the overall analysis of SCARABEE-BE+3 test with the SIMMER-III is described as well as the simulation with COMPASS, focusing on the duct wall failure in a small temporal and spatial window cut from the SIMMER-III analysis results.

Journal Articles

COMPASS code development and validation; A Multi-physics analysis of core disruptive accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors using particle method

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Liu, J.*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Zhang, S.*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Naito, Masanori*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of 2009 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '09) (CD-ROM), 1 Pages, 2009/05

A computer code, named COMPASS, is developed for multi-physics analysis of core disruptive accidents of sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs). A meshless method, called MPS method, is employed since complex thermal-hydraulics and structural problems with various phase change processes have to be analyzed. Verification for separeted basic processes and validation for practical phenomena are carried out. COMPASS is also expected to investigate molten fuel discharge to avoid re-criticality in large size SFR cores. Both MOX and metal fuels are considered. Eutectic reactions between the metal fuel and the cladding material are investigated by phase diagram calculation, classical and first-principles molecular dynamics. Basic studies relevant to the numerical methods support the code development of COMPASS. Parallel processing is implemented by OpenMP to treat large-scale problems. A visualization tool is also prepared by using AVS.

Journal Articles

Code development for multi-physics and multi-scale analysis of core disruptive accidents in fast reactors using particle methods

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Zhang, S.*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Naito, Masanori*; Okada, Hidetoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 16th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC-16) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2008/10

A computer code, named COMPASS, is being developed for various complex phenomena of core disruptive accidents (CDAs) in sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs). The COMPASS is designed to analyze multi-physics problems involving thermal hydraulics, structure and phase change, in a unified framework of the MPS (Moving Particle Semi-implicit) method. The project has been carried out by six organizations for five years from FY2005 to FY2009. In this paper, the outcomes of the project in FY2007 are presented. Three validation calculations were completed by following the validation plan: melt freezing and blockage formation, molten pool boiling, and duct wall failure. The COMPASS code development was supported by basic studies of the numerical method, material science for eutectic reaction of the metal fuel, and SIMMER-III analyses.

Journal Articles

Code development for core disruptive accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Liu, J.*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Zhang, S.*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Naito, Masanori*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of IAEA Topical Meeting on Advanced Safety Assessment Methods for Nuclear Reactors (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2007/10

A computer code, named COMPASS (Computer Code with Moving Particle Semi-implicit for Reactor Safety Analysis), is being developed for various complex phenomena of core disruptive accidents (CDAs) in sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs). Theoretical studies are performed about a unified algorithm for compressible and incompressible flows, fluid flow with solid debris, and algorithm improvement for free surface flows. Code verification and validation procedures are established by exploiting the past experiences in those of SIMMER-III code. COMPASS will be used for separated phenomena in CDAs, while the whole core will be analyzed by SIMMER-III. COMPASS is expected to clarify the detailed process in duct wall failure and fuel discharge to avoid re-criticality during CDAs in large size SFRs.

Journal Articles

Design, synthesis, and evaluation of [$$^{188}$$Re]Organorhenium-labeled antibody fragments with renal enzyme-cleavable linkage for low renal radioactivity levels

Uehara, Tomoya*; Koike, Miho*; Nakata, Hideo*; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Iida, Yasuhiko*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Akizawa, Hiromichi*; Endo, Keigo*; Arano, Yasushi*

Bioconjugate Chemistry, 18(1), p.190 - 198, 2007/01

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:53.3(Biochemical Research Methods)

Renal localization of radiolabeled antibody fragments constitutes a problem in targeted imaging and radiotherapy. To estimate the applicability of the molecular design to metallic radionuclides, [$$^{188}$$Re]tricarbonyl(cyclopentadienylcarbonate)rhenium ([$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-COOH) was conjugated with maleoyl-glycyl-lysine to prepare [$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-GK. The cleavage of the glycyl-lysine linkage of the compound generates a glycine conjugate of [$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-Gly. [$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-GK was conjugated to thiolated Fab fragments to prepare [$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-GK-Fab. The biodistribution of radioactivity after injection of [$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-GK-Fab was compared with that of [$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-Fab. [$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-GK-Fab exhibited significantly lower renal radioactivity levels than did [$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-Fab. The analysis of urine samples collected for 6 h postinjection of [$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-GK-Fab showed that [$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-Gly was the major radiometabolite. In tumor-bearing mice, [$$^{188}$$Re]CpTR-GK-Fab significantly reduced renal radioactivity levels without impairing the radioactivity levels in tumor. These findings indicate that the molecular design of radioparmaceuticals labeled with metallic radionuclides can be useful by using a radiometal chelate of high inertness and by designing a radiometabolite of high urinary excretion when released from antibody fragments following cleavage of a glycyl-lysine linkage. This study also indicates that a change in chemical structure of a radiolabel attached to a glycyl-lysine linkage significantly affected enzymes involved in the hydrolysis reaction.

Journal Articles

Assessment of $$^{186}$$Re chelate-conjugated bisphosphonate for the development of new radiopharmaceuticals for bones

Uehara, Tomoya*; Jin, Z. L.*; Ogawa, Kazuma*; Akizawa, Hiromichi*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Nakayama, Morio*; Arano, Yasushi*

Nuclear Medicine and Biology, 34(1), p.79 - 87, 2007/01

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:39.18(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

In this study, a key factor affecting the pharmacokinetics of a chelate-conjugated BP was investigated to estimate the validity and the applicability of molecular design. Chemically inert and well-characterized [$$^{186}$$Re]CpTR-Gly was conjugated with 3-amino-1-hydroxypropylidene-1,1-bisphosphonate and purified by HPLC to prepare [$$^{186}$$Re]CpTR-Gly-APD. Plasma stability, plasma protein binding, hydroxyapatite (HA) binding and the pharmacokinetics of [$$^{186}$$Re]CpTR-Gly-APD were compared with those of $$^{186}$$Re 1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-diphosphonate (HEDP). The HPLC-purified [$$^{186}$$Re]CpTR-Gly-APD showed higher plasma stability, higher HA binding, higher bone accumulation and lower plasma protein binding than did $$^{186}$$Re -HEDP. Although $$^{186}$$Re -HEDP possessed HA binding and bone accumulation similar to those of [$$^{186}$$Re]CpTR-Gly-APD, the specific activity of $$^{186}$$Re -labeled BPs was found to play a crucial role in bone accumulation and blood clearance. Thus, the molecular design of chelate-conjugated BP would be useful for the development of bone-seeking radiopharmaceuticals with a variety of radionuclides by selecting chelating molecules that provide high specific activities.

Journal Articles

Rhemium-186-monoaminemonoamidedithiol-conjugated bisphosphonate derivatives for bone pain palliation

Ogawa, Kazuma*; Mukai, Takahiro*; Arano, Yasushi*; Otaka, Akira*; Ueda, Masashi*; Uehara, Tomoya*; Magata, Yasuhiro*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Saji, Hideo*

Nuclear Medicine and Biology, 33(4), p.513 - 520, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:50 Percentile:18.48(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

To develop a radiopharmaceutical for the palliation of painful bone metastases based on the concept of bifunctional radiopharmaceuticals, we synthesized a bisphosphonate derivative labeled with rhenium-186 ($$^{186}$$Re) that contains a hydroxyl group at the central carbon of its bisphosphonate structure and attached a stable $$^{186}$$Re-MAMA chelate to the amino group of a 4-amino-butylidene-bisphosphonate derivative, $$^{186}$$Re-MAMA-HBP, and investigated the effect of a hydroxyl group at the central carbon of its bisphosphonate structure on the affinity for hydroxyapatite and biodistribution by conducting a comparative study with $$^{186}$$Re-MAMA-BP. $$^{186}$$Re-MAMA-HBP was prepared by a reaction with $$^{186}$$ReO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$ and SnCl$$_{2}$$ in citrate buffer after the deprotection of trityl groups of Tr-MAMA-HBP. After reversed phase HPLC, $$^{186}$$Re-MAMA-HBP had a radiochemical purity of over 95 %. Compared with $$^{186}$$Re-MAMA-BP, $$^{186}$$Re-MAMA-HBP showed a greater affinity for hydroxyapatite beads in vitro and accumulated a significantly higher level in the femur in vivo. Thus, the introduction of a hydroxyl group into $$^{186}$$Re complex-conjugated bisphosphonates would be effective in enhancing accumulation in bone. These findings provide useful information on the design of bone-seeking therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals.

Journal Articles

In vivo recognition of Cyclopentadienyltricarbonylrhenium (CpTR) derivatives

Uehara, Tomoya*; Koike, Miho*; Nakata, Hideo*; Miyamoto, Shigehiko*; Motoishi, Shoji; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Oku, Naoto*; Nakayama, Morio*; Arano, Yasushi*

Nuclear Medicine and Biology, 30(3), p.327 - 334, 2003/04

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:49.84(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Labeling with radioactive rhenium for the purpose of the pain relief of cancerous bone metastasis

Ogawa, Kazuma*; Ono, Masahiro*; Fujioka, Yasushi*; Saji, Hideo*; Mukai, Takahiro*; Konishi, Junji*; Uehara, Tomoya*; Arano, Yasushi*; Onoma, Katsuyuki

Kaku Igaku, 37(5), P. 577, 2000/09

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Design of bone-targeted labeled oligoaspartate with $$^{99m}$$Tc and $$^{186/188}$$Re

Kiyota, Sachiko*; Uehara, Tomoya*; Ishii, Daisuke*; Akizawa, Hiromichi*; Hashimoto, Kazuyuki; Arano, Yasushi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

R&D of the next generation safety analysis methods for fast reactors with new computational science and technology, 8; Status of R&D in FY2006

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Liu, J.*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Zhang, S.*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Naito, Masanori*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; et al.

no journal, , 

A computer code is developed based on a particle method technology in order to simulate in detail various phenomana in core disruptive accidents in fast reactors. This report is a summary of progress during FY2006 in a five-year project of the code development.

Oral presentation

Development of $$^{76}$$Br-labeled antibody fragments for reduction of non-target radioactivity

Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Watanabe, Shigeki; Watanabe, Satoshi; Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Uehara, Tomoya*; Akizawa, Hiromichi*; Iida, Yasuhiko*; Ishioka, Noriko; Arano, Yasushi*; Endo, Keigo*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Synthesis and ${it in vivo}$ evaluation of $$^{111}$$In labeled hippuric acid derivative with high urinary excretion

Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Kanai, Ayaka*; Uehara, Tomoya*; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Arano, Yasushi*

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Development of 2-$$^{76}$$Br-bromo-$$alpha$$-methyl-L-phenylalanine as a novel $$^{76}$$Br-labeled PET tracer

Ohshima, Yasuhiro; Hanaoka, Hirofumi*; Suzuki, Yurika*; Yamaguchi, Aiko*; Watanabe, Shigeki; Uehara, Tomoya*; Nagamori, Shushi*; Kanai, Yoshikatsu*; Ishioka, Noriko; Tsushima, Yoshito*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

17 (Records 1-17 displayed on this page)
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