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Journal Articles

Progress of the J-PARC cesiated rf-driven negative hydrogen ion source

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Namekawa, Yuya*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo

AIP Conference Proceedings 2052, p.050002_1 - 050002_7, 2018/12

In the 2017/2018 campaign, the J-PARC cesiated rf-driven negative hydrogen (H$$^-$$) ion source producing H$$^-$$ beam with the beam current of 47 mA accomplished three long-term operations more than 2,000 hours without any serious issues. On the final day of this campaign, the ion source produced an H$$^-$$ beam current of 72 mA so that the linac commissioning group could demonstrate the beam current of 60 mA at the linac exit. We are also conducting an endurance test of a J-PARC-made antenna at a test bench. The antenna achieved the operation time approximately 1,400 hours.

Journal Articles

Present status of the J-PARC cesiated rf-driven H$$^-$$ ion source

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Namekawa, Yuya*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo

AIP Conference Proceedings 2011, p.050018_1 - 050018_3, 2018/09

Journal Articles

Operation status of the J-PARC H$$^{-}$$ ion source

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Nammo, Kesao*; Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Ueno, Akira; Namekawa, Yuya*; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.889 - 892, 2018/08

In 2017-2018 campaign, three times of long-time operation more than 2,000 hours of the J-PARC rf-driven negative hydrogen (H$$^{-}$$) ion source producing H$$^{-}$$ beam with the beam current of 47 mA were successfully achieved without any serious problems. At the final day of this campaign, the ion source produced an H$$^{-}$$ beam with the current of 72 mA in order to demonstrate the beam current of 60 mA at the linac exit. We are also conducting an endurance test of a J-PARC-made antenna at a test bench. Approximately 1,400-hour operation with the antenna was successfully performed.

Journal Articles

Operation status of the J-PARC H$$^{-}$$ ion source

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Shibata, Takanori*; Takagi, Akira*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.651 - 654, 2017/12

Operation of a cesiated rf-driven negative hydrogen ion source was initiated in September 2014 in response to the requirements of beam current upgrade in J-PARC linac. Delivery of the required beam current from the ion source to the J-PARC accelerators has been successfully performed. In 2016-2017 campaign, continuous operation of the ion source for approximately 1,845 hours (from April to July 2017) was achieved with beam current of 47 mA.

Journal Articles

New precise measurement of muonium hyperfine structure interval at J-PARC

Ueno, Yasuhiro*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 238(1), p.14_1 - 14_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:17.79

Journal Articles

Operation status of the J-PARC RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source

Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ueno, Akira; Shinto, Katsuhiro

AIP Conference Proceedings 1869, p.030053_1 - 030053_7, 2017/08

A cesiated RF-driven negative hydrogen ion source was started to operate in September, 2014 in response to the need for upgrading J-PARC's linac beam current. The ion source mainly comprises a stainless-steel plasma chamber, a beam extractor, and a large vacuum chamber with two turbo molecular pumps of 1500 L/s for differential pumping. The ion source has been successfully providing the required beam current to the accelerator without any significant issues other than a single-incident antenna failure occurred in October, 2014. Continuous operation for approximately 1,000 h was achieved with a beam current and duty factor of 45 mA and 1.25 % (0.5 msec and 25 Hz), respectively. In this paper, we will present the some operation parameters and the beam stability through the long-term user operation.

Journal Articles

High density plasma calculation of J-PARC RF negative ion source

Shibata, Takanori*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Naito, Fujio*; Nammo, Kesao*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Takagi, Akira*; Ueno, Akira

AIP Conference Proceedings 1869, p.030017_1 - 030017_11, 2017/08

From September 2014, operation of Cs-seeded, multi-cusp, Radio Frequency (RF), hydrogen negative ion source (J-PARC source) has been started. The operation for 1,000 hours of J-PARC source has been achieved with H$$^{-}$$ beam current 45 mA and duty factor of 1.25 % (0.5 msec and 25 Hz). In the present study, mechanisms of hydrogen plasma ramp-up and H$$^{-}$$ production/transport processes in the steady state (which lasts for few 100 us) are investigated by numerical modeling for RF plasma. In the simulation, charged particle (e, H$$^{+}$$, H$$_2^{+}$$, and Cs$$^{+}$$) transport, time variations of inductive and capacitive electromagnetic field, collision processes between charged and neutral (H, H$$_{2}$$) particles are solved simultaneously. The model is applied to KEK parallel computation System-A with 32 nodes and 256 GB memory in order to solve high density RF plasma up to around 10$$^{18}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ with adequate statisticity. In the presentation, time variations of plasma density distributions and average energy are shown with electromagnetic field variations.

Journal Articles

Emittance improvements of cesiated RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source to enable 60 mA operation of high-energy and high-intensity LINACs by plasma impurity controls

Ueno, Akira; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Oguri, Hidetomo

AIP Conference Proceedings 1869, p.030011_1 - 030011_10, 2017/08

At the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), the operation of a 400-MeV linear accelerator (LINAC) with an extraction H$$^{-}$$ ion beam intensity of 60 mA is under investigation. This intensity is 20% higher than the 50 mA achieved by the J-PARC LINAC and about 50% higher than those of operating similar LINACs in the world. Recently, the J-PARC cesiated RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source successfully produces a beam enabling the 60 mA operation. A 66-mA beam with 95%-beam transverse normalized rms emittance of 0.23 $$pi$$mm$$cdot$$mrad is produced by controlling the impurities of argon, nitrogen and water molecules in the hydrogen plasma and tuning rod-filter-field.

Journal Articles

Transverse RMS emittance evaluation based upon explicit and reasonable definitions of 100% and 95% beams

Ueno, Akira; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Oguri, Hidetomo

AIP Conference Proceedings 1869, p.030052_1 - 030052_7, 2017/08

In order to compare brightnesses of beams produced by different ion sources, a transverse emittance evaluation procedure with consistency and small ambiguity for different background noises is required. The procedure to evaluate emittances of beams produced by the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) cesiated RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source is presented in this paper. The ambiguity in emittance evaluations is eliminated by defining uniquely 100% and 95% beams with a reasonably corrected beam-signal base-level. Two 95%-beam transverse normalized root mean square emittances of beams, which are produced with almost the same 2-MHz RF power and cesiation condition but with different background noise, are estimated as almost the same values by this procedure.

Journal Articles

Cesiated surface H$$^{-}$$ ion source; Optimization studies

Ueno, Akira

New Journal of Physics (Internet), 19(1), p.015004_1 - 015004_15, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:32.4(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In order to satisfy the increasing intensity requirements of high-energy and high-intensity proton accelerators for an H$$_{-}$$ ion beam with small transverse normalized rms emittances of around 0.25 $$pi$$mm$$cdot$$mrad, diverse parameters possibly reducing the emittances were optimised. Such as the plasma electrode shape and temperature, the radio-frequency (RF) matching network for the igniter plasma, the filter-field strength and distribution, the strength of the axial magnetic field around the beam extraction hole, the cesiasion procedure and the cesium (Cs) density, impurity elements, and so on, were optimized with H$$_{-}$$ ion sources for the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). By optimizing each parameter step by step, the J-PARC cesiated RF-driven H$$_{-}$$ ion source successfully produced the world brightest class beam with 95% beam transverse normalized rms emittances of 0.24 $$pi$$mm$$cdot$$mrad and an intensity of 66 mA.

Journal Articles

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:10.17

Journal Articles

Status of the J-PARC RF ion source

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ueno, Akira; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.940 - 943, 2016/11

In 2014 October, operation of cesium-seeded Radio Frequency (RF)-driven negative hydrogen ion (H$$^{-}$$) source was started in J-PARC LINAC. Due to the skillful RF antenna screening and the proper pre-conditioning process, long term unscheduled beam stop due to the antenna failure did not occur for more than 1 year. The continuous operation of 1,350 hours with a peak beam current of 45 mA was achieved in the recent beam run. Moreover, the fluctuation of beam current in a low energy beam transport (LEBT) is kept within $$pm$$2% of target value by application of three feedback systems. An ion source test-stand was assembled to investigate the ion source beam characteristic, for example, the emittance at the position of the RFQ entrance. In the presentation, we will report the recent status of the ion source operation and some experimental results obtained at the ion source test-stand.

Journal Articles

Fine-tuning to minimize emittances of J-PARC RF-driven H$$^-$$ ion source

Ueno, Akira; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Oguri, Hidetomo

Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02B130_1 - 02B130_5, 2016/02

BB2015-0492.pdf:4.68MB

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:37.2(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) cesiated rf-driven H$$^-$$ ion source (IS), whose requirements are a peak beam intensity of 60mA within normalized emittances of 1.5 $$pi$$mm$$cdot$$mrad both horizontally and vertically, a flat top beam duty factor of 1.25% (500 $$mu$$s$$ times$$ 25 Hz) and a life-time of longer than 1month, has been successfully operated for about one year. The results of the fine-tuning to minimize the emittances of the J-PARC-IS with plasma chamber #3, which had the largest emittances with initial settings among four plasma chambers, will be presented in this paper. The rod-filter-filed will be finely tuned by selecting magnets with slightly different field strengths and/or changing gap-lengths. The dependence of the beam-hole-diameter on the emittances will be also presented. The tuning procedure to improve the emittances is one of the most important technologies for the IS of the high-energy and high-intensity accelerator.

Journal Articles

Status of the RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source for J-PARC linac

Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ueno, Akira; Shibata, Takanori*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02B138_1 - 02B138_3, 2016/02

BB2015-0491.pdf:1.81MB

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:61.24(Instruments & Instrumentation)

For the upgrade of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac beam current, a cesiated RF-driven negative hydrogen ion source was installed in 2014 summer shutdown period, and started to operate on September 29, 2014. The ion source has been successfully operated with a beam current and a duty factor of 33 mA and 1.25% (0.5 ms and 25 Hz), respectively. The result of recent beam operation showed that the ion source is capable of continuous operation for approximately 1,100 h. The spark rate at the beam extractor was observed to be less than once a day, which is acceptable level for the user operation. Although the antenna failure occurred during the user operation on October 26, 2014, there were no further serious troubles since then. In this conference, we will present the some operation parameters and the beam stability of the RF-driven ion source through the long-term user operation.

Journal Articles

Numerical study of plasma generation process and internal antenna heat loadings in J-PARC RF negative ion source

Shibata, Takanori*; Nishida, Kenjiro*; Mochizuki, Shintaro*; Mattei, S.*; Lettry, J.*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02B128_1 - 02B128_3, 2016/02

BB2015-1473.pdf:4.28MB

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:61.24(Instruments & Instrumentation)

A numerical model of plasma transport and electromagnetic field in the J-PARC RF ion source has been developed to understand relation between antenna coil heat loadings and plasma production/transport processes. From the calculation, the local plasma density increase is observed in the region close to the antenna coil. The magnetic field line with absolute magnetic flux density 30-120 Gauss results in the magnetization of electron which leads to high local ionization rate. The results suggest that modification of magnetic configuration can be made to reduce plasma heat flux onto the antenna.

Journal Articles

Operation status of the J-PARC ion source

Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Yamazaki, Saishun; Takagi, Akira*; Koizumi, Isao; Ueno, Akira

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.011009_1 - 011009_6, 2015/09

Journal Articles

Status of the J-PARC RF ion source

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ueno, Akira; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1040 - 1044, 2015/09

In order to satisfy the requirements of the J-PARC second stage, which will produce a 1MW beam, the Cs-free LaB$$_{6}$$-filament-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source was replaced to a cesiated RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source (RF ion source) during the summer shutdown period in 2014. By developing and testing the RF ion source on an off-line test-stand for about five years, it successfully and stably produced a peak current of more than 60mA within the acceptance of the following RFQ linac with the required beam duty-factor of more than 1.25% (500$$mu$$s $$times$$ 25Hz). For about one year, the RF ion source has been operated with a peak current of 33mA routinely, which causes low beam loss in the J-PARC operated with a 500kW beam. It has been also operated with a peak current of 55mA for a few weeks in each two months for the J-PARC beam study striving toward the 1MW beam operation. The beam current is controlled within the error of $$pm$$0.1mA by feed-backing the RF power and the Cs density during the operation. Except for the only one failure of the internal RF-antenna in the beginning of the operation, there was no serious trouble. The RF ion source with the 33mA peak current operation is successfully operated for approximately 1100 hours.

Journal Articles

Present status of J-PARC linac

Oguri, Hidetomo; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ito, Takashi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Ao, Hiroyuki; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Kondo, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.389 - 393, 2014/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation status of the J-PARC ion source

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Koizumi, Isao; Ueno, Akira; Takagi, Akira*; Yamazaki, Saishun; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.946 - 949, 2014/06

A J-PARC ion source driven with a LaB6 filament is being operated without any serious trouble since the restoration from the earthquake. The H$$^{-}$$ ion current from the source is routinely restricted 19 mA for the filament lifetime. In order to increase the beam power at the linac beam operation, the beam current from the ion source was increased to 22 mA. At this operation, the filament lifetime was estimated by the reduction in the filament current. According to the steep reduction in the filament current, the break of the filament was predicted. Although the filament has broken after 10 h from the steep current reduction, the beam operation was restarted 8 h later by the preparation for the exchange of new filament. At the study time for the 3 GeV synchrotron, the ion source was operated at 30 mA for 8 days.

Journal Articles

Development of a Cs-ceeded Rf-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source for the J-PARC

Koizumi, Isao; Ueno, Akira; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Yamazaki, Saishun; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 10th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.920 - 923, 2014/06

In order to satisfy the J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex) 2nd stage requirements the J-PARC rf-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source is under development. The source plasma is produced by an about 50 W CW 30 MHz-rf and an about 40 kW pulsed 2 MHz-rf. The Cs is installed into the plasma chamber by opening the Cs-valve between the plasma chamber and the Cs oven, which is heated to 200$$sim$$240 $$^{circ}$$C. The H$$^{-}$$ ion beam current is maximized by optimizing the Cs quantity depending upon the Cs-valve opening time, the PE temperature depending upon the flow rate of the air through the PE cooling plate, the AMFC by the AMFC coil current, and so on. The experimental results using the plasma chamber made of copper, which satisfied the above requirements, were reported last year. The experimental results using the plasma chamber made of stainless steel are presented in this paper. The observed several interesting differences between the two plasma chambers are also presented.

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