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Journal Articles

Analytical study for low ground contact ratio of buildings due to the basemat uplift using a three-dimensional finite element model

Choi, B.; Nishida, Akemi; Shiomi, Tadahiko; Kawata, Manabu; Li, Y.; Ota, Akira*; Sonobe, Hideaki*; Ino, Susumu*; Ugata, Takeshi*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 10(4), p.23-00026_1 - 23-00026_11, 2023/08

In the seismic evaluation of nuclear facility buildings, basemat uplift-the phenomenon during which the bottom of the basemat of a building partially rises from the ground owing to overturning moments during earthquakes-is a very important aspect because it affects not only structural strength and integrity, but also the response of equipment installed in the building. However, there are not enough analytical studies on the behavior of buildings with a low ground contact ratio due to basemat uplift during earthquakes. In this study, we conducted a simulation using a three-dimensional finite element model from past experiments on basemat uplift; further, we confirmed the validity of this approach. In order to confirm the difference in the analytical results depending on the analysis code, the simulation was performed under the same analytical conditions using the three analysis codes, which are E-FrontISTR, FINAS/STAR and TDAPIII, and the obtained analysis results were compared. Accordingly, we investigated the influence of the difference in adhesion on the structural response at low ground contact ratio. In addition, we confirmed the effects of significant analysis parameters on the structural response via sensitivity analysis. In this paper, we report the analytical results and insights obtained from these investigations.

Journal Articles

Method for detecting optimal seismic intensity index utilized for ground motion generation in seismic PRA

Igarashi, Sayaka*; Sakamoto, Shigehiro*; Ugata, Takeshi*; Nishida, Akemi; Muramatsu, Ken*; Takada, Tsuyoshi*

Transactions of 24th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT-24) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2017/08

For the purpose of improving the precision of probabilistic seismic PRA for NPPs, the authors developed the methodology for generating hazard-consistent ground motions based on stochastic fault models which include seismic-source uncertainties by Monte Carlo Simulation. The PRA with HCGMs would require a lot of computer power. The optimization of ground-motions generations is one of the most important subjects for practical application of the PRA method. For optimizing the ground-motions generations, seismic sources for the generations should be selected effectively, and this can be conducted by utilizing optimal seismic index in the hazard analysis. In this study, the method for detecting the optimal seismic intensity index which corresponds with damage probabilities of the target equipment system was developed, and the validity of the proposed method was confirmed for some equipment systems, which has different weak equipment with each other.

Oral presentation

Application of an efficient evaluation method for predicting building function loss using ground motions with fault models

Igarashi, Sayaka*; Sakamoto, Shigehiro*; Ugata, Takeshi*; Nishida, Akemi; Takada, Tsuyoshi*

no journal, , 

The authors have investigated an efficient method for generating ground motions based on fault models detecting the optimal seismic intensity index which has good correlation with the seismic risk of the building. This method is based on the examination of the errors of generated ground-motions which are ordered by the damage probabilities of the system or by their seismic intensity indices. In this study, the errors were evaluated for some cases of an equipment system which has different weak equipment components in order to validate the method. As a result, the smallest error was obtained to the expected seismic intensity index of each system, and the validity of the proposed method was confirmed. The authors also indicated the workflow to conduct the seismic risk assessment for arbitrary building utilized the ground motions based on fault models.

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