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Journal Articles

Control of the size of etchable ion tracks in PVDF; Irradiation in an oxygen atmosphere and with fullerene C$$_{60}$$

Kitamura, Akane; Yamaki, Tetsuya*; Yuri, Yosuke*; Koshikawa, Hiroshi*; Sawada, Shinichi*; Yuyama, Takahiro*; Usui, Aya; Chiba, Atsuya*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 460, p.254 - 258, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:23.13(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Poly(vinylidene-fluoride) (PVDF) film is suitable for investigation of the size of etchable ion tracks because we can clearly judge the finish of the track etching and the surrounding bulk area remains due to the high chemical stability. Thereby we can measure the radius of ion tracks of each ion. In this study, we focused on two irradiation conditions for controlling the size of etchable ion tracks of PVDF films. One was irradiation in an oxygen atmosphere and the other was a fullerene (C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$) cluster beam irradiation. SEM observation showed that the size of pores became larger by irradiation in an oxygen atmosphere. It was found that the oxidation of ion tracks widened the size of etchable ion tracks. The C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ irradiation caused larger etchable tracks on the PVDF surface. The result could represent the effect of local and simultaneous collisions by the swift aggregated ions.

Journal Articles

Ion track etching of PVDF films irradiated with fast C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions

Kitamura, Akane; Yamaki, Tetsuya*; Chiba, Atsuya*; Usui, Aya

QST-M-8; QST Takasaki Annual Report 2016, P. 37, 2018/03

We investigated the track-etched surface of PVDF films irradiated with C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions, comparing the data with C$$^{+}$$ monoatomic ions. PVDF films were irradiated with 6 MeV C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions. The energy of the each carbon ion is 100 keV/atom; thus, for comparison, the PVDF films were also irradiated with 100 keV C$$^{+}$$ ions. SEM and AFM observation showed that the surface irradiated with C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions apparently possessed flat-bottomed pores with an average diameter and depth of approximately 400 and 250 nm, respectively. On the other hand, track-etched pores were also formed on the surface irradiated with C$$^{+}$$ ions, but their morphology was irregular or obscure. In the irradiation with the C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions, the surface diameter of track-etched pores increased with increasing the etching time. The tracks of the 100 keV C$$^{+}$$ ions seemed to be hardly developed by the etching when the time. In conclusion, the C$$_{60}$$$$^{+}$$ cluster ions irradiation caused a large size of etchable tracks on the PVDF surface. The result could represent the effect of local and simultaneous collision by the aggregated ions.

Journal Articles

Oceanic dispersion of Fukushima-derived Cs-137 simulated by multiple oceanic general circulation models

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Furuno, Akiko; Kobayashi, Takuya; In, Teiji*; Nakayama, Tomoharu*; Ishikawa, Yoichi*; Miyazawa, Yasumasa*; Usui, Norihisa*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 180, p.36 - 58, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:44.19(Environmental Sciences)

This study simulates the oceanic dispersion of Fukushima-derived Cs-137 by an oceanic dispersion model and multiple oceanic general circulation models. The models relatively well reproduced the observed Cs-137 concentrations in the coastal, offshore, and open oceans. Multiple simulations in the coastal, offshore, and open oceans consistently suggested that Cs-137 dispersed along the coast in the north-south direction during the first few months post-disaster, and were subsequently dispersed offshore by the Kuroshio Current and Kuroshio Extension. Quantification of the Cs-137 amounts suggested that Cs-137 actively dispersed from the coastal and offshore oceans to the open ocean, and from the surface layer to the deeper layers in the North Pacific.

JAEA Reports

Development of novel technique of negative C$$_{60}$$ ion production by electron attachment using cesium sputter ion source

Usui, Aya; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke

JAEA-Technology 2016-034, 21 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Technology-2016-034.pdf:82.52MB

In the TIARA (Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application), in order to propel the studies on the swift cluster ions, a novel technique was developed to increase the beam intensity of the fullerene ions which would have a considerably larger irradiation effect than any cluster ions. As a new method of negative ion production, the ionization mechanism by electron attachment was introduced as an alternative to the traditional method with the cesium sputtering to the existing cesium sputter type ion source (SNICS). In consequence, the intensity of the negative C$$_{60}$$ ion beam produced using an existing ion source with a novel technique was increased thousand times as high as those using the previous one for 12 hour operation. In this report, we describe the problems in the traditional ionization method and explain the production technique of the negative C$$_{60}$$ ions ionized via electron attachment process, which solves that only by the minor changes in SNICS.

JAEA Reports

Analytical data on contaminated water, rubble and other collected at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Asami, Makoto*; Takahatake, Yoko; Myodo, Masato; Tobita, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Kiwami; Hayakawa, Misa; Usui, Yuka; Watahiki, Hiromi; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; et al.

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-001, 78 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2017-001.pdf:4.92MB
JAEA-Data-Code-2017-001-appendix(DVD-ROM).zip:818.06MB

At Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station owned by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Incorporated (TEPCO), contaminated water (accumulated, treated) secondary waste from water treatment, rubble and soil were collected and analyzed. The data already opened to public was collected as this report. The analytical data reported by TEPCO, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning until the end of March, 2016, was collected. Information on the samples and values of radioactive nuclide concentration and others were tabulated, besides figures, which show change in radioactive nuclide concentration for major nuclides, are contained. And, English translation and the collected data are provided as electric data.

Journal Articles

Current status of electrostatic accelerator at TIARA

Usui, Aya; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Kitano, Toshihiko*; Takayama, Terumitsu*; Orimo, Takao*; Kanai, Shinji*; Aoki, Yuki*; Hashizume, Masashi*; et al.

Dai-28-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.117 - 119, 2015/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Generation of negative fullerene ions using SNICS ion source

Chiba, Atsuya; Usui, Aya; Yamada, Keisuke

Dai-28-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.53 - 56, 2015/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

SiC coating as hydrogen permeation reduction and oxidation resistance for nuclear fuel cladding

Usui, Takahiro*; Sawada, Akihiko; Amaya, Masaki; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Chikada, Takumi*; Terai, Takayuki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(10), p.1318 - 1322, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:95.79(Nuclear Science & Technology)

SiC coating is one of countermeasures for the prevention of oxidation and hydrogen embrittlement of fuel claddings because SiC has high resistance of oxidation and hydrogen permeation. Hydrogen permeation and oxidation experiments for the cladding materials with SiC coatings were conducted in unirradiated conditions. The sputtering method was employed to make SiC coatings. In the hydrogen permeation experiment, SUS316 was used as a base material of the coating. SUS316 with SiC coatings showed hydrogen permeation reduction by one order of magnitude. In the oxidation experiments, Zry-4 and SUS316 were used as base materials of the coatings. The weight gain of the Zry-4 specimens with a SiC coating decreased by about one-fifth compared to the uncoated ones. This phenomenon was observed for SUS316 at 750 $$^{circ}$$C as well. The peel-off of the coating was observed in some experiments, and it is considered that the peel-off was caused by the difference of the thermal expansions between coatings and base materials. Thicker coatings showed better oxidation resistance, but thinner coatings showed more tolerance of peel-off.

Journal Articles

Present status of TIARA at JAEA

Yuyama, Takahiro; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Yoshida, Kenichi; Ishizaka, Tomohisa; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.302 - 304, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Novel technique for generating negative fullerene ions using a cesium sputter ion source

Chiba, Atsuya; Usui, Aya; Yamada, Keisuke

Dai-27-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.56 - 59, 2015/03

Utilization of the swift fullerene ion beam in TIARA using the tandem accelerator tends to increase year after year. However, only a few currents obtained by a generating method of negative ions with a cesium sputtering is hindrance to the progress of study. A generating method of the negative fullerene ions is developed on the basis of an electron attachment. As a result, the method permits us to obtain stable beam intensity more than a thousand-fold compared with that produced by the sputtering method.

Journal Articles

Current status of electrostatic accelerators at TIARA

Usui, Aya; Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Kitano, Toshihiko*; Takayama, Terumitsu*; Orimo, Takao*; Kanai, Shinji*; Aoki, Yuki*; et al.

Dai-27-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.118 - 121, 2015/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation on the long-term variation of radioactive cesium concentration in the North Pacific due to the Fukushima disaster

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Furuno, Akiko; Usui, Norihisa*; Kamachi, Masafumi*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 136, p.64 - 75, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:61.91(Environmental Sciences)

Numerical simulations on oceanic radioactive cesium dispersions in the North Pacific were conducted with a focus on the long-term variation of the radioactive cesium concentration after the Fukushima disaster. It was suggested that the $$^{137}$$Cs concentration had already been reduced to the pre-Fukushima background value in the wide area within the North Pacific 2.5 years after the Fukushima disaster.

Journal Articles

Drift simulation of tsunami debris in the North Pacific

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Nishikawa, Shiro*; Ishikawa, Yoichi*; Usui, Norihisa*; Kamachi, Masafumi*; Aso, Noriko*; Tanaka, Yusuke*; Awaji, Toshiyuki*

Global Environmental Research (Internet), 18(1), p.81 - 96, 2014/09

A drift simulation of tsunami debris flushed out from the Tohoku district, Japan, into the North Pacific due to the tsunami on March 11, 2011, has been conducted to monitor and forecast the drift path over the North Pacific. Results showed that tsunami debris was first transported eastward by the intense Kuroshio Extension and westerly, spreading in the north and south directions by both an energetic ocean eddy and a storm track over the ocean. Tsunami debris with larger windage was transported over the North Pacific by ocean surface wind rather than ocean current and arrived at the west coast of the North American Continent in the fall of 2011. Tsunami debris located near the North American Continent migrated, associated with the basin-scale seasonal change in the atmospheric pressure pattern. Our forecast run suggested that the tsunami debris belt will be formed from the North American Continent in the east to the Philippines in the west.

Journal Articles

Intercomparison of numerical simulations on oceanic dispersion of the radioactive cesium released because of the Fukushima disaster

Kawamura, Hideyuki; Kobayashi, Takuya; Furuno, Akiko; Usui, Norihisa*; Kamachi, Masafumi*; Nishikawa, Shiro*; Ishikawa, Yoichi*

Proceedings of 19th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC 2014) (USB Flash Drive), 7 Pages, 2014/08

Numerical simulations on oceanic dispersion of the radioactive cesium in the North Pacific from March 2011 to September 2013 were conducted to clarify the concentration of the radioactive cesium released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. We implemented the oceanic dispersion simulations with two independent ocean reanalysis dataset. It was suggested that the $$^{137}$$Cs concentration in the North Pacific was lower than the pre-Fukushima background level about two years after the Fukushima disaster. The intercomparison revealed that meso-scale eddies in the Kuroshio Extension region may have efficiently diluted the radioactive cesium concentration at the sea surface. In addition, it was suggested that the enhanced downward current accompanied by the meso-scale eddies played an important role in transporting the radioactive cesium into the intermediate layer.

Journal Articles

Status report on technical developments of electrostatic accelerators

Yamada, Keisuke; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Matoba, Shiro; Chiba, Atsuya; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Uno, Sadanori

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 159, 2014/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation of electrostatic accelerators

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Nara, Takayuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 179, 2014/03

Three electrostatic accelerators at TIARA were operated on schedule in fiscal year 2012 except changing its schedule by cancellations of users. The yearly operation time of the 3 MV tandem accelerator, the 400 kV ion implanter and the 3MV single-ended accelerator were in the same levels as the ordinary one, whose operation time totaled to 2,073, 1,847 and 2,389 hours, respectively. The tandem accelerator had no trouble, whereas the ion implanter and the single-ended accelerator stopped by any troubles for one day and four days, respectively. The molecular ion beam of helium hydride was generated by the ion implanter, because the users required irradiation of several cluster ions in order to study the effect of irradiation. As a result, its intensity of beam was 50 nA at 200 kV. The ion beam of tungsten (W) at 15 MeV was accelerated by the tandem accelerator, whose intensity was 20 nA at charge state of 4+, because of the request from a researcher in the field of nuclear fusion.

Journal Articles

Current status of electrostatic accelerators at TIARA

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Kitano, Toshihiko*; Takayama, Terumitsu*; Orimo, Takao*; Kanai, Shinji*; Aoki, Yuki*; et al.

Dai-26-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.79 - 81, 2013/07

Three electrostatic accelerators at TIARA were operated on schedule in fiscal year 2012 except changing its schedule by cancellations of users. The yearly operation time of the 3MV tandem accelerator, the 400 kV ion implanter and the 3 MV single-ended accelerator were in the same levels as the ordinary one, whose operation time totaled to 2,073, 1,847 and 2,389 hours, respectively. The tandem accelerator had no trouble, whereas the ion implanter and the single-ended accelerator stopped by any troubles for one day and four days, respectively. The ion implanter generated molecular ion beam of helium hydride by using the Freeman type ion source, because of the request from the user. As a result, its intensity of beam was 50 nA at 200 kV.

JAEA Reports

JRTF decommissioning project; Evaluation of project management data concerning dismantling activities of glove boxes, 1

Muraguchi, Yoshinori; Kanayama, Fumihiko; Usui, Hideo; Izumo, Sari; Tachibana, Mitsuo

JAEA-Technology 2012-035, 69 Pages, 2012/12

JAEA-Technology-2012-035.pdf:4.96MB

Dismantling activities of equipment in JAEA's Reprocessing Test Facility (JRTF) used for wet reprocessing test started from 1996. Glove boxes and hoods installed in the main building were dismantled preferentially for securing temporary place of dismantled waste and dismantling tools by dismantling activities. Of these, 8 glove boxes (glove box group) were installed in room 232 of the main building. The glove box group was dismantled by setting up a large plastic enclosure (greenhouse) for work efficiency. In this report, dismantling procedure and actual data obtained from dismantling activity were arranged about dismantling activity of glove box group of room 232 in 1996. About dismantling activity of glove box group, manpower of the basic work items extracted by classifying into common work items and independent work items were analyzed. In addition, calculation equation was examined concerning dismantling of glove boxes.

Journal Articles

Progress in development and design of the neutral beam injector for JT-60SA

Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Tanaka, Yutaka; Inoue, Takashi; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Taniguchi, Masaki; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Umeda, Naotaka; Akino, Noboru; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), p.835 - 838, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:58.2(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Neutral beam (NB) injectors for JT-60 Super Advanced (JT-60SA) have been designed and developed. Twelve positive-ion-based and one negative-ion-based NB injectors are allocated to inject 30 MW D$$^{0}$$ beams in total for 100 s. Each of the positive-ion-based NB injector is designed to inject 1.7 MW for 100s at 85 keV. A part of the power supplies and magnetic shield utilized on JT-60U are upgraded and reused on JT-60SA. To realize the negative-ion-based NB injector for JT-60SA where the injection of 500 keV, 10 MW D$$^{0}$$ beams for 100s is required, R&Ds of the negative ion source have been carried out. High-energy negative ion beams of 490-500 keV have been successfully produced at a beam current of 1-2.8 A through 20% of the total ion extraction area, by improving voltage holding capability of the ion source. This is the first demonstration of a high-current negative ion acceleration of $$>$$1 A to 500 keV. The design of the power supplies and the beamline is also in progress. The procurement of the acceleration power supply starts in 2010.

Journal Articles

Accelerator neutron dosimetry using composite-gas-filled proportional counting tube

Usui, Toshihide; Mikami, Satoshi; Hashimoto, Makoto; Nakayama, Naoto; Suzuki, Chihiro*; Tani, Kotaro*; Yamasaki, Keizo*; Misawa, Tsuyoshi*

KURRI Progress Report 2010, P. 209, 2011/10

no abstracts in English

67 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)