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Journal Articles

Computer code analysis of irradiation performance of axially heterogeneous mixed oxide fuel elements attaining high burnup in a fast reactor

Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Yokoyama, Keisuke; Nemoto, Junichi*; Ishitani, Ikuo*; Ito, Masahiro*; Pelletier, M.*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 359, p.110448_1 - 110448_7, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Coupled computer code analyses of irradiation performance of axially heterogeneous mixed oxide (MOX) fuel elements with high burnup in a fast reactor were conducted. Post-irradiation experiments revealed local concentration of Cs near the interfaces between MOX fuel and blanket columns including the internal blanket of the fuel elements as well as an increase in their cladding diameters. The analyses indicated that the local Cs concentration occurred as a result of Cs axial migration from the MOX fuels toward the blanket pellets near the interfaces. Swelling of the blanket pellets induced by the formation of low-density Cs-U-O compound was not sufficient to cause pellet-to-cladding mechanical interaction (PCMI). The PCMI analyzed in the MOX fuel column regions was insignificant, and the cladding diameter increases were caused mainly by void swelling in cladding and irradiation creep due to fission gas pressure.

Journal Articles

Ultra-high temperature creep rupture and transient burst strength of ODS steel claddings

Yano, Yasuhide; Sekio, Yoshihiro; Tanno, Takashi; Kato, Shoichi; Inoue, Toshihiko; Oka, Hiroshi; Otsuka, Satoshi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Kaito, Takeji; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 516, p.347 - 353, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

9Cr-ODS steel claddings consisting of tempered martensitic matrix, showed prominent creep rupture strength at 1000 $$^{circ}$$C, which surpassed that of heat-resistant austenitic steels although creep rupture strength of tempered martensitic steels is generally lower than that of austenitic steels at high temperatures. The measured creep rupture strength of 9Cr-ODS steel claddings at 1000 $$^{circ}$$C was higher than that from extrapolated creep rupture trend curves formulated using data at temperatures from 650 to 850 $$^{circ}$$C. This superior strength seemed to be owing to transformation of the matrix from the $$alpha$$-phase to the $$gamma$$-phase. The transient burst strengths for 9Cr-ODS steel were much higher than those for 11Cr-ferritic/martensitic steel (PNC-FMS). Cumulative damage fraction analyses suggested that the life fraction rule can be used for the rupture life prediction of 9Cr-ODS steel and PNC-FMS claddings in the transient and accidental events with a certain accuracy.

Journal Articles

Coupled computer code study on irradiation performance of a fast reactor mixed oxide fuel element with an emphasis on the fission product cesium behavior

Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Nemoto, Junichi*; Ishitani, Ikuo*; Ito, Masahiro*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 331, p.186 - 193, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:52.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A computer code for the analysis of the overall irradiation performance of a fast reactor mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel element was coupled with a specialized code for the analysis of fission product cesium behaviors in a MOX fuel element. The coupled code system allowed for the analysis of the radial and axial Cs migrations, the generation of Cs chemical compounds and fuel swelling due to Cs-fuel-reactions in association with the thermal and mechanical behaviors of the fuel element. The coupled code analysis was applied to the irradiation performance of a fast reactor MOX fuel element attaining high burnup for discussion on the axial distribution of Cs, fuel-to-cladding mechanical interaction owing to the Cs-fuel-reactions by comparing the calculated results with post irradiation examinations.

Journal Articles

Analyses of deformation and thermal-hydraulics within a wire-wrapped fuel subassembly in a liquid metal fast reactor by the coupled code system

Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Ito, Masahiro*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 317, p.133 - 145, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:29.98(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The coupled numerical analysis of mechanical and thermal behaviors was performed for a wire-wrap fuel pin bundle subassembly irradiated in a fast reactor. For the analysis, the fuel pin bundle deformation analysis code BAMBOO and the thermal hydraulics analysis code ASFRE exchanged the deformation and temperature analysis results through the iterative calculations to attain convergence corresponding to the static balance between deformation and temperature. The analysis by the coupled code system showed that radial distribution of coolant temperatures in a subassembly tended to be flattened as a result of the fuel pin bundle deformation governed by cladding void swelling and irradiation creep. Such temperature distribution was slightly analyzed as a result of the small bowing of the fuel pins due to the cladding-wire interaction even when no bundle-duct interaction occurred. The effect of the spacer wire-pitch on deformation and thermal hydraulics was also investigated in this study.

Journal Articles

Ultra-high temperature tensile properties of ODS steel claddings under severe accident conditions

Yano, Yasuhide; Tanno, Takashi; Oka, Hiroshi; Otsuka, Satoshi; Inoue, Toshihiko; Kato, Shoichi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Kaito, Takeji; Ukai, Shigeharu*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 487, p.229 - 237, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:3.15(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Ultra-high temperature ring tensile tests were carried out to investigate the tensile behavior of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel claddings and wrapper materials under severe accident conditions; temperatures ranged from room temperature to 1400$$^{circ}$$C which is near the melting point of core materials. The experimental results showed that tensile strength of 9Cr-ODS steel claddings was highest in the core materials at the ultra-high temperatures between 900 and 1200$$^{circ}$$C, but that there was significant degradation in tensile strength of 9Cr-ODS steel claddings above 1200$$^{circ}$$C. This degradation was attributed to grain boundary sliding deformation with $$gamma$$/$$delta$$ transformation, which was associated with reduced ductility. On the other hand, tensile strength of recrystallized 12Cr-ODS and FeCrAl-ODS steel claddings retained its high value above 1200 $$^{circ}$$C unlike the other tested materials. Present study includes the result of "R&D of ODS ferritic steel fuel cladding for maintaining fuel integrity at the high temperature accident condition" entrusted to Hokkaido University by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT).

Journal Articles

Evaluation on tolerance to failure of ODS ferritic steel claddings at the accident conditions of fast reactors

Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Yano, Yasuhide; Otsuka, Satoshi; Naganuma, Masayuki; Tanno, Takashi; Oka, Hiroshi; Kato, Shoichi; Kaito, Takeji; Ukai, Shigeharu*; Kimura, Akihiko*; et al.

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/04

Tolerance of fast rector fuel elements to failure in the typical accident conditions was evaluated for the oxide-dispersion-strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel claddings that are candidate of the cladding material for advanced fast reactors. The evaluation was based on the cladding creep damage, which was quantified by the cumulative damage fractions (CDFs). It was shown that the CDFs of the ODS ferritic steel cladding were substantially lower than the breach limit of 1.0 in the loss of flow and transient over power conditions until a passive reactor shutdown system operates.

Journal Articles

Effect of thermo-mechanical treatments on nano-structure of 9Cr-ODS steel

Oka, Hiroshi; Tanno, Takashi; Otsuka, Satoshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Kaito, Takeji; Onuma, Masato*

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 9, p.346 - 352, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:20.43(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Tensile properties and hardness of two types of 11Cr-ferritic/martensitic steel after aging up to 45,000 h

Yano, Yasuhide; Tanno, Takashi; Sekio, Yoshihiro; Oka, Hiroshi; Otsuka, Satoshi; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Kaito, Takeji

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 9, p.324 - 330, 2016/12

BB2015-1728.pdf:1.04MB

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:29.89(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Strength anisotropy of rolled 11Cr-ODS steel

Tanno, Takashi; Yano, Yasuhide; Oka, Hiroshi; Otsuka, Satoshi; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Kaito, Takeji

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 9, p.353 - 359, 2016/12

BB2015-1727.pdf:6.74MB

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:45.52(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Materials for core components of fusion reactors and fast reactors, such as blankets and fuel cladding tubes, must be excellent in high temperature strength and irradiation resistance because they will be exposed to high heat flux and heavy neutron irradiation. Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steels have been developing as the candidate material. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) have been developing 9 and 11 Chromium (Cr) ODS steels for advanced fast reactor cladding tubes. The JAEA 11Cr-ODS steels were rolled in order to evaluate their anisotropy. Tensile tests and creep tests of them were carried out at 700 $$^{circ}$$C in longitudinal and transverse orientation. The anisotropy of tensile strength was negligible, though that of creep strength was distinct. The observation results and chemical composition analysis suggested that the cause of the anisotropy in creep strength was prior powder boundary including Ti-rich precipitates.

JAEA Reports

Development of BDI behavior evaluation method in the fast reactor fuel assembly; Improvement of out-of-pile bundle compression test technology

Higashiuchi, Atsushi; Ishimi, Akihiro; Katsuyama, Kozo; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Ichikawa, Shoichi

JAEA-Technology 2015-057, 72 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-057.pdf:36.91MB

Bundle-duct interaction (BDI) in fast reactors (FRs) is one of the limiting factors for burnup. To study the high performance fuel for FR fuel, it is important to establish the method to predict accurately the BDI behavior for the fuel assembly of large-diameter fuel pins. Therefore, it was adopted a new method that the bundle compression test apparatus is placed outside the cell, the bundle specimen is put in the airtight container for contamination prevention, and the bundle specimen is carried in the cell for internal observation by X-ray CT examination apparatus. From the result of this test, it was confirmed that the new method of out-of-pile bundle compression test is carried out as it was before. The results of this test are available to study integrity assessment of fast reactor fuel, validation of the BDI analysis code and substantiation of the safety design guidelines of fast reactor. In addition, it is possible to reflect in the BDI behavior evaluation for "ASTRID".

Journal Articles

Development of numerical simulation system for thermal-hydraulic analysis in fuel assembly of sodium-cooled fast reactor

Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Hashimoto, Akihiko*; Imai, Yasutomo*; Ito, Masahiro*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1702, p.040011_1 - 040011_4, 2015/12

A numerical simulation system, which consists of a deformation analysis program and three kinds of thermal-hydraulics analysis programs, is being developed in Japan Atomic Energy Agency in order to offer methodologies to clarify thermal-hydraulic phenomena in fuel assemblies of sodium-cooled fast reactors under various operating conditions including fuel deformation. This paper gives a summary of numerical methods of component programs of the system and their validation studies.

Journal Articles

Development of a mixed oxide fuel pin performance analysis code "CEDAR"; Models and analyses of fuel pin irradiation behavior

Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Mizuno, Tomoyasu; Nemoto, Junichi*; Ishitani, Ikuo*; Ito, Masahiro*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 280, p.27 - 36, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:38.6(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A deterministic computer code CEDAR has been developed to analyze irradiation behaviors of a mixed-oxide fuel pellet pin in a FBR. The FEM was incorporated into the mechanical calculation part of the code for properly analyzing stress-strain status in the fuel pellet and cladding, and mechanical interaction between the fuel pellet and cladding. The code features mechanistic analyses of irradiation behaviors of a fuel pin by integrating a lot of models to analyze major irradiation phenomena, thus expressing actual fuel pin irradiation behaviors. Analysis capabilities of the code were validated by calculations of fuel pellet temperatures, fractional fission gas releases of fuel pins and fuel pin cladding diametral strain profiles. The mechanisms of the fuel pin irradiation behaviors such as redistribution of Americium, PCMI and JOG formation were interpreted from the code analyses for the actual irradiation test fuel pins.

Journal Articles

Verification of the FBR fuel bundle-duct interaction analysis code BAMBOO by the out-of-pile bundle compression test with large diameter pins

Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Ito, Masahiro*; Nemoto, Junichi*; Ichikawa, Shoichi; Katsuyama, Kozo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 452(1-3), p.552 - 556, 2014/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:87.88(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The BAMBOO code was verified by results for the out-of-pile bundle compression test with large diameter pin bundle deformation under the bundle-duct interaction (BDI) condition. The pin diameters of were 8.5 mm and 10.4 mm, which are targeted as preliminary fuel pin diameters for the upgraded core of the prototype FBR and for demonstration and commercial FBRs studied in the FaCT project. In the bundle compression test, bundle cross-sectional views were obtained from X-ray computer tomography (CT)images and local parameters of bundle deformation were measured by CT image analyses. In the verification, calculation results of bundle deformation obtained by the BAMBOO code analyses were compared with the experimental results from the CT image analyses. The comparison showed that the BAMBOO code reasonably predicts deformation of large diameter pin bundles under the BDI condition by assuming that pin bowing and cladding oval distortion are the major deformation mechanisms.

JAEA Reports

Evaluation on BDI of large diameter pin bundles by out-of-pile bundle compression test

Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Ichikawa, Shoichi; Katsuyama, Kozo

JAEA-Research 2013-039, 25 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Research-2013-039.pdf:19.15MB

Bundle-Duct Interaction (BDI) in core fuel subassemblies in FBRs is a limiting factor for fuel burnup. Thus, BDI is an important evaluation item in the upgraded core of the Monju prototype FBR and the demonstration FBR studied in the FaCT project because the fuel subassemblies are to be used to high burnup condition. Since fuel subassemblies of these FBRs consists of large diameter fuel pins, the out-of-pile bundle compression test with large diameter pins was performed to evaluate their BDI bundle. In the compression test, bundle cross-sectional images (CT images) were obtained by using the X-ray computer tomography. The CT images were numerically analyzed to evaluate the deformation of pin bundles due to BDI. The evaluation results revealed that deformation of large diameter pin bundles are controlled by pin bowing and cladding oval-distortion the same as in the case of currently used small diameter pin bundles.

JAEA Reports

Evaluation of irradiation behavior on oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel claddings irradiated in Joyo/CMIR-6

Yano, Yasuhide; Otsuka, Satoshi; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Ogawa, Ryuichiro; Sekine, Manabu; Endo, Toshiaki; Yamagata, Ichiro; Sekio, Yoshihiro; Tanno, Takashi; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2013-030, 57 Pages, 2013/11

JAEA-Research-2013-030.pdf:48.2MB

It is necessary to develop the fast reactor core materials, which can achieve high-burnup operation improving safety and economical performance. Ferritic steels are expected to be good candidate core materials to achieve this objective because of their excellent void swelling resistance. Therefore, oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel and 11Cr-ferritic/martensitic steel (PNC-FMS) have been respectively developed for cladding and wrapper tube materials in Japan Atomic Energy Agency. In this study, the effects of fast neutron irradiation on mechanical properties and microstructure of 9Cr-and 12Cr-ODS steel claddings for fast reactor were investigated. Specimens were irradiated in the experimental fast reactor Joyo using the CMIR-6 at temperatures between 420 and 835$$^{circ}$$C to fast neutron doses ranging from 16 to 33 dpa. The post-irradiation ring tensile tests were carried out at irradiation temperatures.

JAEA Reports

Irradiation behavior analyses of oxide fuel pins for SFR high breeding cores

Mizuno, Tomoyasu; Koyama, Shinichi; Kaito, Takeji; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Tanaka, Kenya

JAEA-Technology 2013-012, 13 Pages, 2013/06

JAEA-Technology-2013-012.pdf:2.34MB

A mixed oxide fuel pin concept with annular pellets and an ODS cladding is a possible driver fuel for commercialized Sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) core. This fuel concept was considered with low breeding ratio as a standard, break-even breeding cores and cores with high breeding ratio (high breeding cores). Some calculations of fuel pin irradiation performance of (U,Pu) oxide fuel and minor actinides bearing oxide fuel were conducted by a fuel performance analysis code CEDAR developed in JAEA to understand the steady state irradiation behavior of fuel pins for the cores with high breeding ratio. The fuel temperature profiles, fuel and cladding deformation profiles, and radial temperature distribution at end of life (EOL) were evaluated. Those results show that the MOX fuel pin having the specifications and irradiation conditions used in this investigation would be irradiated moderately up to approximately 250 GWd/t with well integrity.

JAEA Reports

Fast reactor fuel pin behavior analyses in a LOF type transient event

Mizuno, Tomoyasu; Koyama, Shinichi; Kaito, Takeji; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Tanaka, Kenya

JAEA-Technology 2013-011, 10 Pages, 2013/06

JAEA-Technology-2013-011.pdf:2.02MB

In order to evaluate integrity limiting parameters of fuel pins during fast reactor core transient events, such as fuel center line temperature and cladding maximum temperature, the fast reactor fuel pin performance code CEDAR was used for calculation. The temperature histories of fuel pins during a loss of flow (LOF) type transient events was calculated based on Ross & Stoute type gap conductance model and constant gap conductance model used in a core transient calculation code like HIPRAC. The calculated maximum temperatures of cladding and adjacent coolant channel were lower in the case with Ross & Stoute type model than in the case of constant gap conductance model due to the dynamic change of gap conductance of the former case. It is indicated that core transient calculations with constant gap conductance give conservative cladding and coolant temperatures than that with Ross & Stoute type gap conductance model which is thought to be realistic.

JAEA Reports

Fuel temperature analyses of metallic fuel pins for sodium-cooled fast reactors

Mizuno, Tomoyasu; Koyama, Shinichi; Kaito, Takeji; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Tanaka, Kenya

JAEA-Technology 2013-010, 17 Pages, 2013/06

JAEA-Technology-2013-010.pdf:2.46MB

Metallic fuel, U-Pu(TRU)-Zr is a fuel candidate for Sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) selected as a possible promising future nuclear reactor system in Generation-IV international forum (GIF). Design studies were performed in the Japanese feasibility study on commercialized fast reactor cycle system, and the irradiation behavior of metallic fuel is under investigation through analytical fuel performance code calculations with preliminary analytical models. Some calculations of U-Pu(TRU)-Zr fuel irradiation performance were conducted by a simplified calculation grogram developed in JAEA. Axial profile of fuel pin centerline temperature calculated by using effective fuel thermal conductivity where sodium ingress into fuel was considered fits well with actual fuel micro structures after the irradiation. The effective fuel thermal conductivity with sodium ingress is suitable for the irradiation behavior investigation.

JAEA Reports

Fuel temperature analyses at overpower of metallic fuel pin for sodium-cooled fast reactors

Mizuno, Tomoyasu; Koyama, Shinichi; Kaito, Takeji; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Tanaka, Kenya

JAEA-Technology 2013-009, 12 Pages, 2013/06

JAEA-Technology-2013-009.pdf:1.3MB

Metallic fuel, U-Pu(TRU)-Zr is a fuel candidate for Sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) selected as a possible promising future nuclear reactor system in Generation-IV international forum (GIF). Design studies were performed in the Japanese feasibility study on commercialized fast reactor cycle system, and the irradiation behavior of metallic fuel is under investigation through analytical fuel performance code calculations with preliminary analytical models. As fuel temperature analyses at overpower events are also major interest, some calculations of U-Pu(TRU)-Zr fuel irradiation performance were conducted by a simplified calculation program developed in JAEA. The calculated fuel temperature at the maximum power of overpower events, 110-120% of steady state power, was around 1100K in maxim. It is clear that this temperature was low enough to avoid fuel melting in the event.

JAEA Reports

Irradiation behavior analyses of oxide fuel pins for startup core of a demonstration SFR

Mizuno, Tomoyasu; Koyama, Shinichi; Kaito, Takeji; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Tanaka, Kenya

JAEA-Technology 2013-007, 17 Pages, 2013/05

JAEA-Technology-2013-007.pdf:1.69MB

As a swelling resistant austenitic steel, PNC316, is candidate cladding tube material of the first core of demonstration Sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR). The irradiation behavior of an annular MOX fuel pin with (U,Pu) oxide fuel contained in PNC 316 cladding was evaluated by a fuel performance analysis code CEDAR developed in JAEA. The fuel temperature profiles, fuel and cladding deformation profiles, and radial temperature distribution at EOL were evaluated. Those results show that the fuel pin keeps its integrity at least up to 100 GWd/t of peak burnup.

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