Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Comas, V. F.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 96(5), p.054327_1 - 054327_11, 2017/12
A detailed -decay spectroscopy study of Tl has been performed at ISOLDE (CERN). Z-selective ionization by the Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source (RILIS) coupled to mass separation provided a high-purity beam of Tl. Fine-structure decays to excited levels in the daughter Au were identified and an -decay scheme of Tl was constructed based on an analysis of - and - - coincidences. Multipolarities of several -ray transitions deexciting levels in Au were determined. Based on the analysis of reduced -decay widths, it was found that all decays are hindered, which signifies a change of configuration between the parent and all daughter states.
Lic, R.*; Rotaru, F.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; Grvy, S.*; Negoita, F.*; Poves, A.*; Sorlin, O.*; Andreyev, A.; Borcea, R.*; Costache, C.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 95(2), p.021301_1 - 021301_6, 2017/02
The decay of Mg was used to study the Al nucleus through spectroscopy at the Isotope Separator On-Line facility of CERN. Previous studies identified two -decaying states in Al having spin-parity assignments =4 dominated by the normal configuration (d5/2) (f7/2) and = 1 by the intruder configuration (d5/2) (d3/2)(f7/2). Their unknown ordering and relative energy have been the subject of debate for the placement of Al inside or outside the = 20 "island of inversion". We report here that the 1 intruder lies only 46.6 keV above the 4 ground state. In addition, a new half-life of =44.9(4)ms, that is twice as long as thepreviously measured 20(10) ms, has been determined for Mg. Large-scale shell-model calculations with the recently developed SDPF-U-MIX interaction are compared with the new data and used to interpret the mechanisms at play at the very border of the = 20 island of inversion.
Barzakh, A.*; Andreyev, A.; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Fink, D. A.*; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 95(1), p.014324_1 - 014324_12, 2017/01
Hyperfine structure and isotope shifts have been measured for the ground and isomeric states in the neutron deficient isotopes Tl using the 276.9 nm transition. The experiment has been performed at the CERN Isotope Separator On-Line facility using the in-source resonance-ionization laser spectroscopy technique. Spins for the ground states in Tl have been determined as = 1/2. Magnetic moments and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii have been deduced. By applying the additivity relation for magnetic moments of the odd-odd Tl nuclei the leading configuration assignments were confirmed. A deviation of magnetic moments for isomeric states in Tl from the trend of the heavier Tl nuclei is observed. The charge radii of the ground states of the isotopes Tl follow the trend for isotonic (spherical) lead nuclei. The noticeable difference in charge radii for ground and isomeric states of Tl has been observed, suggesting a larger deformation for the intruder-based 9/2 and 10 states compared to the ground states. An unexpected growth of the isomer shift for Tl has been found.
Lund, M. V.*; Andreyev, A.; Borge, M. J. G.*; Cederkll, J.*; De Witte, H.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Fynbo, H. O. U.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Harkness-Brennan, L. J.*; Howard, A. M.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 52(10), p.304_1 - 304_14, 2016/10
Beta-delayed proton emission from Mg has been measured at ISOLDE, CERN, with the ISOLDE Decay Station setup including both charged-particle and -ray detection capabilities. A total of 27 delayed proton branches were measured including seven so far unobserved. An updated decay scheme, including three new resonances above the proton separation energy in Na and more precise resonance energies, is presented. Beta-decay feeding to two resonances above the Isobaric Analogue State in Na is observed. This may allow studies of the 4032.9(2.4) keV resonance in Ne through the beta decay of Mg, which is important for the astrophysically relevant reaction O(,)Ne. Beta-delayed protons were used to obtain a more precise value for the half-life of Mg, 91.4(1.0) ms.
Truesdale, V. L.*; Andreyev, A.; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Sels, S.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Capponi, L.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 94(3), p.034308_1 - 034308_11, 2016/09
A nuclear-decay spectroscopy study of the neutron-deficient isotope At is reported where an isotopically pure beam was produced using the selective Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source and On-Line Isotope Mass Separator (CERN). The fine-structure decay of At allowed the low-energy excited states in the daughter nucleus Bi to be investigated. A -delayed fission study of At was also performed. A mixture of symmetric and asymmetric fission-fragment mass distributions of the daughter isotope Po (populated by decay of At) was deduced based on the measured fission-fragment energies. A DF probability (At) = 9(1)10 was determined.
Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Heberger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kalaninov, Z.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(6), p.064316_1 - 064316_12, 2016/06
Isomeric states in Po and Po were studied at the velocity filter SHIP. The isotopes were produced in the fusion-evaporation reactions Pr(Fe, )Po and Sm(V, )Po. Several new -ray transitions were attributed to the isomers and - coincidences for both isomers were studied for the first time. The 459-keV transition earlier, tentatively proposed as de-exciting the isomeric level in Po, was replaced by a new 248-keV transition, and the spin of this isomer was reassigned from (11) to (10). The de-excitation of the (11) isomeric level in Po by the 154-keV transition was confirmed and a parallel de-excitation by a 733-keV (E3) transition to (8) level of the ground-state band was suggested. Moreover, side feeding to the (4) level of the ground-state band was proposed. The paper also discusses strengths of transitions de-exciting 11 isomers in neighboring Po and Pb isotopes.
Nowak, K.*; Wimmer, K.*; Hellgartner, S.*; Mcher, D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Gaffney, L. P.*; Gernhuser, R.*; Iwanicki, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.044335_1 - 044335_10, 2016/04
The Ar()Ar two-neutron transfer reaction at 2.16 MeV/u was studied at CERN using a Ar radioactive beam and a tritium loaded radioactive target. Angular distributions for three final states were measured and based on the shape of the differential cross section an excited state at 3695 keV was identified as the first excited 0 state. The differential cross-sections for the 0-ground state, and first excited 2 and 0 states are compared to DWBA calculations including two-step reactions through the intermediate nucleus Ar. By comparison large scale shell model calculations using state-of-the-art effective interactions, with and without the tensor components of the interactions, it was observed that the cross-shell proton-neutron tensor interaction has measurable effects on the observables at low excitation energy in Ar.
Lic, R.*; Mach, H.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Gargano, A.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; Mrginean, N.*; Sotty, C. O.*; Vedia, V.*; Andreyev, A.; Benzoni, G.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.044303_1 - 044303_7, 2016/04
The levels in Sn populated from the decay of In isomers were investigated at the ISOLDE facility of CERN using the newly commissioned ISOLDE Decay Station. The lowest 1/2 state and the 3/2 ground state in Sn are expected to have configurations dominated by the neutron (=0) and (=2) single-particle states, respectively. Consequently, these states should be connected by a somewhat slow -forbidden transition. Using fast-timing spectroscopy we have measured the half-life of the 1/2 315.3-keV state, = 19(10) ps, which corresponds to a moderately fast transition. Shell-model calculations using the CD-Bonn effective interaction, with standard effective charges and factors, predict a 4-ns half-life for this level. We can reconcile the shell-model calculations to the measured value by the renormalization of the effective operator for neutron holes.
Van Beveren, C.*; Andreyev, A.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Fedorov, D.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; et al.
Journal of Physics G; Nuclear and Particle Physics, 43(2), p.025102_1 - 025102_22, 2016/02
-decay spectroscopy of Tl has been performed at the CERN isotope separator on-line (ISOLDE) facility. New fine-structure decays have been observed for both isotopes. -decay branching ratios of 0.089(19), 0.047(6) and 1.22(30) have been deduced for the (10), (7) and (2) states respectively in Tl and a lower limit of 0.49 for the -decay branching ratio of Tl. A new half-life of 9.5(2) s for the (2) state in Tl and 1.9(1) s for the low-spin state in Tl has been deduced. Using - coincidence analysis, multiple rays were observed de-exciting levels in Au fed by Tl decays. The transitions connecting these low-lying states in Au are essential to sort the data and possibly identify bands from inbeam studies in these isotopes. Owing to the complex fine-structure decays and limited knowledge about the structure of the daughter nuclei, only partial level schemes could be constructed for both gold isotopes in the present work. Reduced -decay widths have been calculated and are compared with values obtained in neighboring odd-A and even-A thallium isotopes. Except for the allowed decay of the Tl (10) state, the other fine-structure decays observed in this study are hindered. This points to strong structural changes between parent thallium and daughter gold isotopes.
Van Beveren, C.*; Andreyev, A.; Barzakh, A.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Fedorov, D.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Huyse, M.*; Kster, U.*; Lane, J. F. W.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 92(1), p.014325_1 - 014325_8, 2015/07
Decay spectroscopy of Tl has been performed at the CERN Isotope Separator On-Line (ISOLDE) facility. An excitation energy of 506.1(1) keV and a half-life of 47.1(7) ms of the intruder based (10) state have been extracted. The internal decay characteristics of this state are determined and discussed, extending the systematics of such states in the even-mass thallium nuclei below neutron midshell at N = 104. The retardation factors of the isomeric M2 and E3 transitions are deduced and compared with retardation factors in neighboring odd-mass and even-mass thallium isotopes. The new information is combined with a review of hindered and unhindered -decay data of Bi populating levels in daughter nuclei Tl and supports the interpretation of the intruder character of the (10) state in Tl.
Gaffney, L. P.*; Robinson, A. P.*; Jenkins, D. G.*; Andreyev, A.; Bender, M.*; Blazhev, A.*; Bree, N.*; Bruyneel, B.*; Butler, P.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 91(6), p.064313_1 - 064313_11, 2015/06
Radioactive ion beams of Rn were studied by means of low-energy Coulomb excitation at REX-ISOLDE, CERN. The electric-quadrupole (E2) matrix elements connecting the first excited 2 to the ground state of these nuclei was extracted, which permits to determine the collectivity of these isotopes, which in both cases is deduced to be weak, as expected from the low-lying level-energy scheme. Comparisons were also made with beyond-mean-field model calculations and the magnitude of the transitional quadrupole moments are well reproduced.
Diriken, J.*; Patronis, N.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Bildstein, V.*; Blazhev, A.*; Darby, I. G.*; De Witte, H.*; Eberth, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 91(5), p.054321_1 - 054321_15, 2015/05
Excited states up to an excitation energy of 5.8 MeV were populated in the neutron-rich isotope Ni via the Ni(d,p) transfer reaction at REX-Isolde, CERN. In particular, single-neutron states above the N=40 sub-shell gap were populated, and the relative spectroscopic factors were extracted using distorted-wave Born approximation analysis. The positive parity g, d and s neutron orbits above the shell closure are assumed to induce strong quadrupole collectivity in neutron-rich Fe and Cr isotopes. The extracted relative spectroscopic factors show that the strength of the d orbit is mostly split over two states, hinting to substantial mixing of the neutron d configuration with collective modes of the core. The size of the N=50 shell gap was also estimated, and found to be 2.6 MeV near Ni, as also determined in lighter Ni isotopes.
Ghys, L.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*
Physical Review C, 91(4), p.044314_1 - 044314_7, 2015/04
The process of -delayed fission (DF) provides a versatile tool to study low-energy fission in nuclei far away from the -stability line, especially for nuclei which do not fission spontaneously. The aim of this paper is to investigate systematic trends in DF partial half-lives. A semi-phenomenological framework was developed to systematically account for the behavior of DF partial half-lives. The DF partial half-life appears to exponentially depend on the difference between the Q value for decay of the parent nucleus and the fission-barrier energy of the daughter (after decay) product. Such dependence was found to arise naturally from some simple theoretical considerations. This systematic trend was confirmed for experimental DF partial half-lives spanning over seven orders of magnitude when using fission barriers calculated from either the Thomas-Fermi or the liquid-drop fission model. The same dependence was also observed, although less pronounced, when comparing to fission barriers from the finite-range liquid-drop model or the Thomas-Fermi plus Strutinsky integral method.
Fink, D. A.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Bastin, B.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Flanagan, K. T.*; Ghys, L.*; et al.
Physical Review X, 5(1), p.011018_1 - 011018_15, 2015/01
A Laser Ion Source and Trap (LIST) for a thick-target, isotope-separation on-line facility has been implemented at CERN ISOLDE for the production of pure, laser-ionized, radioactive ion beams. The first physics application of the LIST enables the suppression of francium contamination in ion beams of neutron-rich polonium isotopes at ISOLDE by more than 1000 with a reduction in laser-ionization efficiency of only 20. Resonance ionization spectroscopy is performed directly inside the LIST device, allowing the study of the hyperfine structure and isotope shift of Po for the first time. Nuclear decay spectroscopy of Po is performed for the first time, revealing its half-life, -to--decay branching ratio, and -particle energy. This experiment demonstrates the applicability of the LIST at radioactive ion-beam facilities for the production and study of pure beams of exotic isotopes.
Orlandi, R.; Mcher, D.*; Raabe, R.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Pain, S. D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Chapman, R.*; de Angelis, G.*; Johansen, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 740, p.298 - 302, 2015/01
Single-neutron states in Zn have been populated using the reaction Zn(d,p) at REX-Isolde, CERN. The analysis reveals that the lowest excited states in Zn lie at approximately 1 MeV, and involve neutron orbits above the N=50 shell gap. A 5/2 configuration was assigned to the 983-keV state. Comparison with large-scale shell model calculations supports a robust neutron N=50 shell closure for Ni. These data constitute an important step towards the understanding the magicity of Ni and the structure of nuclei in the region.
Diriken, J.*; Patronis, N.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Bildstein, V.*; Blazhev, A.*; Darby, I. G.*; De Witte, H.*; Eberth, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 736, p.533 - 538, 2014/09
The neutron orbits , d and s are assumed to be responsible for the swift onset of collectivity observed in the region below Ni. In order to gather information on the single-particle energies and spectroscopic factors of these orbitals, single-particle states in the nucleus Ni were populated using the reaction Ni(d,p), in inverse kinematics, at REX-ISOLDE, CERN. The new isotope was studied using combined particle- spectroscopy. Comparison with DWBA calculations, permitted the identification of positive parity states with a substantial amount of d (1007 keV) and d (2207 and 3277 keV) single-particle strength. Comparisons with extended Shell-Model calculations was also performed to confirm the single-particle nature of these states, and to deduce general properties around Ni.
Elseviers, J.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Comas, V. F.*; Diriken, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 88(4), p.044321_1 - 044321_13, 2013/10
The detailed analysis of the -delayed fission data of Tl is presented. The experiment was performed by producing a pure beam of Tl by means of highly selective resonance laser ionization followed by mass separation with the ISOLDE isotope separator. A surprising asymmetric mass distribution of fission fragments from Hg, the daughter of Tl decays, was obtained. Here, the energy calibration of the silicon detectors, which is crucial for a proper determination of the fission fragments' energy and mass split, is presented and the total kinetic energy and its dependence on the mass split ratio is discussed. A more precise -delayed fission probability of 3.2(2)10 was deduced.
Andreyev, A.; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*
Reviews of Modern Physics, 85(4), p.1541 - 1559, 2013/10
The article reviews the studies of exotic tipe of low-energy nuclear fission, beta-delayed fission. Emphasis is made on the new data from neutron-deficient nuclei in the lead region, previously scarecely studied as far as fission is concerned. These data establish the new region of asymmetric fission in addition to the previously known one in the transuranium nuclei. New production and identification techniques, which emerged in the last two decades, such as te wider use of electromagnetic separators and the application of selective laser ionization to produce intense isotopically or even isomerically pure radioactive beams are highlighted.
Andreyev, A. N.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Qi, C.*; Liotta, R. J.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Franchoo, S.*; Heberger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 110(24), p.242502_1 - 242502_5, 2013/06
-decay data for more than 20 nuclei of the most neutron-deificient isotopes in the region from lead to thorium was obtained. The combined analysis allowed us for the first time to clearly show that crossing the Z=82 shell to higher proton numbers strongly accelerates the decay. The analysis support the conjecture that both the N=126 and Z=82 shell closures stongly influence the -formation probability.
Rothe, S.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Borschevsky, A.*; Capponi, L.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; De Witte, H.*; Eliav, E.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 4, p.1835_1 - 1835_6, 2013/05
The radioactive element astatine exists only in trace amounts in nature. Its properties can therefore only be explored by study of smallest quantities of artificially produced isotopes or by performing theoretical calculations. One of the most important properties influencing the chemical behaviour is the energy required to remove one electron from the valence shell, referred to as the ionization potential (IP). Here we use laser spectroscopy to probe the optical spectrum of astatine near the ionization threshold. The observed series of Rydberg states allowed the deduction of the IP of the astatine atom for the first time. New ab initio calculations were performed to support the experimental result. The measured value of IP(At) serves as a benchmark for quantum chemistry calculations of the properties of astatine as well as for the theoretical prediction of the ionization potential of super-heavy element 117, the heaviest homologue of astatine.