Huang, H.*; Zhang, W. Q.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Liu, Z.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Li, Z. H.*; Guo, C. Y.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Andel, B.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 833, p.137345_1 - 137345_8, 2022/10
The decay of the 13/2 isomeric state in Hg was observed for the first time following the decay of the 13/2 isomer in Pb produced in the NdCr reaction. Using - delayed coincidence measurements, the half-life of this isomer was measured to be 290(30) s. This isomer is proposed to deexcite by an unobserved low-energy 2 transition to the known 9/2 member of a strongly prolate-deformed 7/2 band, followed by a 105-keV 1 transition to the bandhead. A lower limit of B(2)0.018 W.u. was deduced for the unobserved transition. The presumed retardation is proposed to be due to the notable shape change between the initial, nearly spherical, and the final, strongly deformed, states. A similar scenario is also considered for the 13/2 isomer in Hg, suggesting both are cases of shape isomers. The B(2) systematics of neutron transitions across the nuclear chart is discussed.
Andel, B.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Blazhev, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Lica, R.*; Nadja, H.*; Stryjczyk, M.*; 他52名*
Physical Review C, 104(5), p.054301_1 - 054301_13, 2021/11
A new -decaying state in Bi has been identified at the ISOLDE Decay Station at the CERN-ISOLDE facility. A preferred assignment was suggested for this state based on the -decay feeding pattern to levels in Po and shell-model calculations. The half-life of the state was deduced to be min. The deexcitation of the levels populated in Po by the decay of this state was investigated via coincidences and a number of new levels and transitions were identified. Shell-model calculations for excited states in Bi and Po were performed using two different effective interactions: the H208 and the modified Kuo-Herling particle interaction. Both calculations agree on the interpretation of the new -decaying state as an isomer and allow for the tentative assignment of shell-model states to several high-spin states in Po.
Harding, R. D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; 他26名*
Physical Review C, 104(2), p.024326_1 - 024326_16, 2021/08
A detailed nuclear spectroscopy study of Au was performed at ISOLDE, CERN. This work provides new insights into the low-lying levels in the daughter nuclei Ir. For Au, the nuclear magnetic moments of a high spin and low spin state were determined and used to predict the most likely configuration of each level. Their -decay branching ratios were also extracted: a 58(5)% branching for the low-spin state, and 29(5)% for the high-spin state.
Brunet, M.*; Podolyk, Zs.*; Berry, T. A.*; Brown, B. A.*; Carroll, R. J.*; Lica, R.*; Sotty, Ch.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Borge, M. J. G.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 103(5), p.054327_1 - 054327_13, 2021/05
The structure of Po populated through the EC/ decay of At is investigated using -ray spectroscopy at the ISOLDE Decay Station. The presented level scheme contains 27 new excited states and 43 new transitions, as well as a further 50 previously observed rays which have been (re)assigned a position. Through the analysis using the shell model calculations approximately half of the -decay strength of At is found to proceed via allowed decay and half via first-forbidden decay. The first-forbidden transitions predominantly populate core excited states at high excitation energies, which is qualitatively understood using shell model considerations.
Harding, R. D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Atanasov, D.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; 他40名*
Physical Review C, 102(2), p.024312_1 - 024312_16, 2020/08
A detailed nuclear spectroscopy study of Au was performed. An -decay branching ratio of % and a half-life of s have been derived. The first measurement of the hyper fine structure for atomic transitions has been also performed, from which the magnetic dipole moment has been extracted. A spin assignment of is proposed for the ground state of Au, with a  configuration.
Cubiss, J. G.*; Harding, R. D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Althubiti, N.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Farooq-Smith, G. J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 101(1), p.014314_1 - 014314_4, 2020/01
Ghys, L.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Capponi, L.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Cubiss, J.*; Derkx, X.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 100(5), p.054310_1 - 054310_13, 2019/11
The aim of this work was to investigate the -decay properties of Fr and daughter products. Neutron-deficient francium nuclei are produced at ISOLDE-CERN bombarding a UCx target with 1.4 GeV protons. Due to the very high statistics and the high beam purity, improved decay data for Fr and its daughters were obtained. The observation of crossover transitions positioned the isomeric high-spin level of At at an excitation energy of 265(3) keV. Half-life values of 4.47(5) s and 1.28(10) s were extracted for the ground state and isomeric state of At and 52(3) ms for the ground-state decay of Fr.
Wrzosek-Lipska, K.*; Rezynkina, K.*; Bree, N.*; Zieliska, M.*; Gaffney, L. P.*; Petts, A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Bastin, B.*; Bender, M.*; Blazhev, A.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 55(8), p.130_1 - 130_23, 2019/08
The neutron-deficient mercury isotopes serve as a classical example of shape coexistence, whereby at low energy near-degenerate nuclear states characterized by different shapes appear. The electromagnetic structure of even-mass Hg isotopes was studied using safe-energy Coulomb excitation of neutron-deficient mercury beams delivered by the REX-ISOLDE facility at CERN. The population of 0, 2, and 4 states was observed in all nuclei under study. Reduced matrix elements coupling populated yrast and non-yrast states were extracted, including their relative signs. These are a sensitive probe of shape coexistence and may be used to validate nuclear models. The experimental results are discussed in terms of mixing of two different configurations and are compared with three different model calculations: the Beyond Mean Field model, the Interacting Boson Model with configuration mixing and the General Bohr Hamiltonian. Partial agreement with experiment was observed, hinting to missing ingredients in the theoretical descriptions.
Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 99(6), p.064317_1 - 064317_6, 2019/06
Berry, T. A.*; Podolyk, Zs.*; Carroll, R. J.*; Lic, R.*; Grawe, H.*; Timofeyuk, N. K.*; Alexander, T.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ansari, S.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 793, p.271 - 275, 2019/06
Gamow-Teller decay is forbidden if the number of nodes in the radial wave functions of the initial and final states is different. This = 0 requirement plays a major role in the decay of heavy neutron-rich nuclei, affecting the nucleosynthesis through the increased half-lives of nuclei on the astrophysical -process pathway below both = 50 (for 82) and = 82 (for 126). The level of forbiddenness of the = 1 10 transition has been investigated from the decay of the ground state of Hg into the single-proton-hole nucleus Tl in an experiment at the ISOLDE Decay Station. From statistical observational limits on possible -ray transitions depopulating the 0 state in Tl, an upper limit of 3.910 % was obtained for the probability of this decay, corresponding to log 8.8 within a 95% confidence limit. This is the most stringent test of the = 0 selection rule to date.
Barzakh, A. E.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Seliverstov, M. D.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Ascher, P.*; Atanasov, D.*; Beck, D.*; Biero, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054317_1 - 054317_9, 2019/05
Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shifts for the 795-nm atomic transitions in At have been measured at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments, and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii, have been deduced. A large inverse odd-even staggering in radii, which may be associated with the presence of octupole collectivity, has been observed. Namely, the radius of the odd-odd isotope At has been found to be larger than the average.
Van Duppen, P.*; Andreyev, A. N.
The Euroschool of Exotic Beams, Vol.5, p.65 - 116, 2018/04
decay and -delayed fission are two important decay modes of heavy exotic nuclei. Experimental decay and -delayed fission studies deliver significant nuclear-structure information in regions of the nuclear chart with limited accessibility. This information is important to improve the predictability of contemporary nuclear models used for e.g. nuclear astrophysics calculations. The basic principles and the current understanding of and -delayed fission decay are introduced. Examples of recent experiments and their impact on the understanding of heavy nuclei are presented.
Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Comas, V. F.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 96(5), p.054327_1 - 054327_11, 2017/12
A detailed -decay spectroscopy study of Tl has been performed at ISOLDE (CERN). Z-selective ionization by the Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source (RILIS) coupled to mass separation provided a high-purity beam of Tl. Fine-structure decays to excited levels in the daughter Au were identified and an -decay scheme of Tl was constructed based on an analysis of - and - - coincidences. Multipolarities of several -ray transitions deexciting levels in Au were determined. Based on the analysis of reduced -decay widths, it was found that all decays are hindered, which signifies a change of configuration between the parent and all daughter states.
Lic, R.*; Rotaru, F.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; Grvy, S.*; Negoita, F.*; Poves, A.*; Sorlin, O.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Borcea, R.*; Costache, C.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 95(2), p.021301_1 - 021301_6, 2017/02
The decay of Mg was used to study the Al nucleus through spectroscopy at the Isotope Separator On-Line facility of CERN. Previous studies identified two -decaying states in Al having spin-parity assignments =4 dominated by the normal configuration (d5/2) (f7/2) and = 1 by the intruder configuration (d5/2) (d3/2)(f7/2). Their unknown ordering and relative energy have been the subject of debate for the placement of Al inside or outside the = 20 "island of inversion". We report here that the 1 intruder lies only 46.6 keV above the 4 ground state. In addition, a new half-life of =44.9(4)ms, that is twice as long as thepreviously measured 20(10) ms, has been determined for Mg. Large-scale shell-model calculations with the recently developed SDPF-U-MIX interaction are compared with the new data and used to interpret the mechanisms at play at the very border of the = 20 island of inversion.
Barzakh, A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Fink, D. A.*; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 95(1), p.014324_1 - 014324_12, 2017/01
Hyperfine structure and isotope shifts have been measured for the ground and isomeric states in the neutron deficient isotopes Tl using the 276.9 nm transition. The experiment has been performed at the CERN Isotope Separator On-Line facility using the in-source resonance-ionization laser spectroscopy technique. Spins for the ground states in Tl have been determined as = 1/2. Magnetic moments and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii have been deduced. By applying the additivity relation for magnetic moments of the odd-odd Tl nuclei the leading configuration assignments were confirmed. A deviation of magnetic moments for isomeric states in Tl from the trend of the heavier Tl nuclei is observed. The charge radii of the ground states of the isotopes Tl follow the trend for isotonic (spherical) lead nuclei. The noticeable difference in charge radii for ground and isomeric states of Tl has been observed, suggesting a larger deformation for the intruder-based 9/2 and 10 states compared to the ground states. An unexpected growth of the isomer shift for Tl has been found.
Lund, M. V.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Borge, M. J. G.*; Cederkll, J.*; De Witte, H.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Fynbo, H. O. U.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Harkness-Brennan, L. J.*; Howard, A. M.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 52(10), p.304_1 - 304_14, 2016/10
Beta-delayed proton emission from Mg has been measured at ISOLDE, CERN, with the ISOLDE Decay Station setup including both charged-particle and -ray detection capabilities. A total of 27 delayed proton branches were measured including seven so far unobserved. An updated decay scheme, including three new resonances above the proton separation energy in Na and more precise resonance energies, is presented. Beta-decay feeding to two resonances above the Isobaric Analogue State in Na is observed. This may allow studies of the 4032.9(2.4) keV resonance in Ne through the beta decay of Mg, which is important for the astrophysically relevant reaction O(,)Ne. Beta-delayed protons were used to obtain a more precise value for the half-life of Mg, 91.4(1.0) ms.
Truesdale, V. L.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Sels, S.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Capponi, L.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 94(3), p.034308_1 - 034308_11, 2016/09
A nuclear-decay spectroscopy study of the neutron-deficient isotope At is reported where an isotopically pure beam was produced using the selective Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source and On-Line Isotope Mass Separator (CERN). The fine-structure decay of At allowed the low-energy excited states in the daughter nucleus Bi to be investigated. A -delayed fission study of At was also performed. A mixture of symmetric and asymmetric fission-fragment mass distributions of the daughter isotope Po (populated by decay of At) was deduced based on the measured fission-fragment energies. A DF probability (At) = 9(1)10 was determined.
Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Antalic, S.*; Heberger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kalaninov, Z.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(6), p.064316_1 - 064316_12, 2016/06
Isomeric states in Po and Po were studied at the velocity filter SHIP. The isotopes were produced in the fusion-evaporation reactions Pr(Fe, )Po and Sm(V, )Po. Several new -ray transitions were attributed to the isomers and - coincidences for both isomers were studied for the first time. The 459-keV transition earlier, tentatively proposed as de-exciting the isomeric level in Po, was replaced by a new 248-keV transition, and the spin of this isomer was reassigned from (11) to (10). The de-excitation of the (11) isomeric level in Po by the 154-keV transition was confirmed and a parallel de-excitation by a 733-keV (E3) transition to (8) level of the ground-state band was suggested. Moreover, side feeding to the (4) level of the ground-state band was proposed. The paper also discusses strengths of transitions de-exciting 11 isomers in neighboring Po and Pb isotopes.
Nowak, K.*; Wimmer, K.*; Hellgartner, S.*; Mcher, D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Gaffney, L. P.*; Gernhuser, R.*; Iwanicki, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.044335_1 - 044335_10, 2016/04
The Ar()Ar two-neutron transfer reaction at 2.16 MeV/u was studied at CERN using a Ar radioactive beam and a tritium loaded radioactive target. Angular distributions for three final states were measured and based on the shape of the differential cross section an excited state at 3695 keV was identified as the first excited 0 state. The differential cross-sections for the 0-ground state, and first excited 2 and 0 states are compared to DWBA calculations including two-step reactions through the intermediate nucleus Ar. By comparison large scale shell model calculations using state-of-the-art effective interactions, with and without the tensor components of the interactions, it was observed that the cross-shell proton-neutron tensor interaction has measurable effects on the observables at low excitation energy in Ar.
Lic, R.*; Mach, H.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Gargano, A.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; Mrginean, N.*; Sotty, C. O.*; Vedia, V.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Benzoni, G.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.044303_1 - 044303_7, 2016/04
The levels in Sn populated from the decay of In isomers were investigated at the ISOLDE facility of CERN using the newly commissioned ISOLDE Decay Station. The lowest 1/2 state and the 3/2 ground state in Sn are expected to have configurations dominated by the neutron (=0) and (=2) single-particle states, respectively. Consequently, these states should be connected by a somewhat slow -forbidden transition. Using fast-timing spectroscopy we have measured the half-life of the 1/2 315.3-keV state, = 19(10) ps, which corresponds to a moderately fast transition. Shell-model calculations using the CD-Bonn effective interaction, with standard effective charges and factors, predict a 4-ns half-life for this level. We can reconcile the shell-model calculations to the measured value by the renormalization of the effective operator for neutron holes.