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Journal Articles

Measurement of a time dependent spatial beam profile of an RF-driven H$$^-$$ ion source

Wada, Motoi*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Sasao, Mamiko*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(1), p.013330_1 - 013330_5, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The ions are extracted from an ion source through a plasma sheath where a low frequency electromagnetic induction drives transport of charged particles including the target ions. High frequency alternating current commonly excites plasmas in sources for negative hydrogen (H$$^-$$) ions at a frequency in the MHz range. A high-speed beam current monitor system coupled to a narrow entrance slit enabled the investigation of the special distribution of the AC component intensity of the H$$^-$$ ion beam extracted from an ion source driven by a 2 MHz radio frequency (RF) power. The distribution showed a smaller oscillation of the beam at the center.

Journal Articles

Development of a negative hydrogen ion source for spatial beam profile measurement of a high intensity positive ion beam

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Wada, Motoi*; Nishida, Tomoaki*; Demura, Yasuhiro*; Sasaki, Daichi*; Tsumori, Katsuyoshi*; Nishiura, Masaki*; Kaneko, Osamu*; Kisaki, Masashi*; Sasao, Mamiko*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1390, p.675 - 683, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.19

Journal Articles

A Negative ion beam probe for diagnostics of a high intensity ion beam

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Wada, Motoi*; Kaneko, Osamu*; Tsumori, Katsuyoshi*; Nishiura, Masaki*; Sasao, Mamiko*; Kisaki, Masashi*

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.999 - 1001, 2010/05

We propose a negative ion beam probe system as a new scheme to diagnose beam profile of high power positive ion beams. Two RF linacs of IFMIF have to drive the neutron source by providing continuous-wave (CW) positive deuterium ion beams with the intensity of 125 mA each at the beam energy of 40 MeV. During the CW beam operations, the extreme intensity of the beam and the severe radiation levels make the beam diagnostics with conventional techniques in the transport lines terribly difficult. A beam of negative ions liable to lose the additional electron at the occasion of impact with a high energy particle can work as a probe to measure the positive ion beam profile. On possible configuration to achieve high intensity beam profile measurement is to inject a negative ion probe beam into the target beam perpendicularly, and measure the attenuation of the negative ion beam by beam-beam interaction at each position. We have started an experimental study for the proof-of-principle of the new beam profile monitoring system. The paper presents the status quo of this beam profile monitor system development and the prospects to apply the system to the IFMIF beam line controls.

Journal Articles

Energetic protons from a few-micron metallic foil evaporated by an intense laser pulse

Matsukado, Koji*; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Kinoshita, Kenichi*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Utsumi, Takayuki*; Li, Z.*; Fukumi, Atsushi*; Hayashi, Yukio; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 91(21), p.215001_1 - 215001_4, 2003/11

 Times Cited Count:134 Percentile:95.57(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Effect of the thermomechanical treatment conditions onto characteristics of chromium-zirconium copper after the solution treatment

Hada, Kazuhiko; Nishi, Hiroshi; Hirose, Takanori; Mori, Kensuke; Aoki, Shoji*; Wada, Masahiko*; Yamamichi, Tetsuo*

no journal, , 

Chromium-zirconium copper as precipitation hardened copper alloy is examined as one of the structural materials used for the ITER in vacuum vessel components. The process that consists of a thermomechanical treatments series of the solution treatment with rapid cooling to obtain the supersaturated solid solution and the aging treatment etc., is adopted in order to obtain the demanded high strength in manufacturing of this alloy material. However, as this alloy is precipitation hardened copper alloy, it is concerned that the great change in the strength characteristic is caused by the thermomechanical treatments conditions, especially the difference of the quenching cooling rate after the solution treatment in manufacturing. In this research, the influence of the quenching cooling rate condition after the solution treatment and the other conditions on this copper alloy was investigated by measuring the tensile test properties of the specimens that are prepared by treatments with some quenching cooling rate conditions after the solution treatment and aging treatment. One of the typical results from this study is that, for the quenching cooling rate after the solution treatment, it was understood that the cooling rate change from 1 to 10$$^{circ}$$C/s causes the great growth in the tensile strength. Therefore, when this alloy component is manufactured by heat history process like HIP process and needed to be treated solution treatment to be use for the structural component, it is important to guarantee the strength of the product by checking the quenching cooling rate after the solution treatment.

Oral presentation

High energy beam profile diagnostics by using a negative ion probe beam, 2

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Wada, Motoi*; Nishida, Tomoaki*; Demura, Yasuhiro*; Sasaki, Daichi*; Tsumori, Katsuyoshi*; Kisaki, Masashi*; Nishiura, Masaki*; Kaneko, Osamu*; Sasao, Mamiko*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Direct action is the key to understand the high biological effects caused by particle beams

Hirayama, Ryoichi*; Matsumoto, Yoshitaka*; Uzawa, Akiko*; Takase, Nobuhiro*; Tsuruoka, Chizuru*; Wada, Mami*; Noguchi, Miho; Kase, Yuki*; Matsufuji, Naruhiro*; Ito, Atsushi*; et al.

no journal, , 

The contribution of indirect action mediated by OH radicals in cell killing can be estimated from the maximum degree of protection by dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), which suppresses indirect action of radiation without affecting direct action. Exponentially growing Chinese hamster ovary cells under oxic and hypoxic conditions were exposed to X-rays and iron ions having a dose-averaged LET at 200 keV/micrometer in the presence or absence of DMSO, and the cell survival was determined using the colony formation assay. The contributions of indirect action of 76% and 50% were found for X-rays under oxic and hypoxic conditions, respectively. In contrast, the contributions of indirect action for iron ions were estimated to be 42% and 32%. The RBE values were 2.8 for oxic and 5.3 for hypoxic, and the OER values were 2.8 for X-rays and 1.5 for iron ions. When the RBE and OER were estimated separately for direct action (RBE(D) and OER(D)) and indirect action (RBE(I) and OER(I)); the RBE(D) was larger than RBE(I) under both normal and low oxygen concentrations. The OER(D) values for both X-rays and iron ions were lower than that for OER(I). Thus, direct action of radiation gives a remarkably higher RBE and lower OER for cell killing than indirect action. It is possible that particle beams may be highly effective in treating cancer if the particle therapy can only use the portion of direct action out of total radiation actions; this would be exemplified by the usage of radioactive 9C-ion beams and boron neutron capture.

Oral presentation

Development of a beam profile monitor using a negative ion probe beam for high intensity positive ion beams

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Wada, Motoi*; Nishida, Tomoaki*; Kisaki, Masashi*; Tsumori, Katsuyoshi*; Nishiura, Masaki*; Kaneko, Osamu*; Sasao, Mamiko*

no journal, , 

We have proposed a negative ion beam probe system as a new scheme to diagnose beam profiles of high power positive ion beams. We show the present status of the proof-of-principle experiment for the negative ion beam probe system performed at NIFS NBI test stand. A negative hydrogen ion source which produces a rectangular shape beam was installed at the diagnostic chamber in the NBI test stand and the total current of H$$^-$$ beam extracted from the ion source was measured. We obtained the total H$$^-$$ beam current of 10 $$mu$$A with the beam energy of 3 kV.

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