Eichler, R.*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Chiera, N. M.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Dressler, R.*; Dllmann, Ch. E.*; Even, J.*; Fangli, F.*; Goetz, M.*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences, 131, p.07005_1 - 07005_7, 2016/12
In recent years gas-phase chemical studies assisted by physical pre-separation allowed for the productions and investigations of fragile single molecular species of superheavy elements. The latest highlight is the formation of very volatile hexacarbonyl compound of element 106, Sg(CO). Following this success, second-generation experiments were performed to measure the first bond dissociation energy between the central metal atom and the surrounding ligand. The method using a tubular decomposition reactor was developed and successfully applied to short-lived Mo(CO), W(CO), and Sg(CO).
Usoltsev, I.*; Eichler, R.*; Wang, Y.*; Even, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Dllmann, Ch. E.*; et al.
Radiochimica Acta, 104(3), p.141 - 151, 2016/03
Conditions of the production and decomposition of hexacarbonyl complexes of short-lived Mo and W isotopes were investigated to study thermal stability of the heaviest group 6 hexacarbonyl complex Sg(CO). A tubular flow reactor was tested to decompose the hexacarbonyl complexes and to extract the first bond dissociation energies. A silver was found to be the most appropriate reaction surface to study the decomposition of the group 6 hexacarbonyl. It was found that the surface temperature at which the decomposition occurred was correlated to the first bond dissociation energy of Mo(CO) and W(CO), indicating that the first bond dissociation energy of Sg(CO) could be determined with this technique.
Even, J.*; Ackermann, D.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Dllmann, Ch. E.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(3), p.2457 - 2466, 2015/03
Rapid In situ synthesis of metal carbonyl complexes has been demonstrated using short-lived isotopes produced in nuclear fission and fusion reactions. The short-lived isotopes with high recoil energy directly react with carbon-monoxides and form carbonyl complexes. Only highly volatile complexes were fast transported in a gas stream to counting and chemistry devices. Short-lived Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, W, Re, Os, and Ir were found to form volatile carbonyl complexes, while no volataile complex of Hf and Ta were detected. This technique has been applied to a chemical investigation of the superheavy element Sg (atomic number 106), and will be applicable to various fields of nuclear science with short-lived transition metal isotopes.
Even, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; Dllmann, Ch. E.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F. L.*; et al.
Science, 345(6203), p.1491 - 1493, 2014/09
A new superheavy element complex, a seaborgium carbonyl, has been successfully synthesized, and its adsorption property has been studied using a cryo-thermochromatography and -detection apparatus COMPACT. Nuclear reaction products of short-lived Sg preseparated with a gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS at RIKEN were directly injected into a gas cell filled with He/CO mixture gas, and chemical reaction products of volatile carbonyl complexes were trasported to COMPACT. The Sg carbonyl complex detected with COMPACT was found to be very volatile with adsorption enthalpy of 50 kJ/mol, from which we have concluded that this complex should be a Sg hexacarbonyl Sg(CO). This is the first synthesis of organometallic compounds of transactinide elements for which only simple inorganic comounds have been synthesized so far.
Maeda, Hiroki*; Ishiguro, Yuki*; Honda, Takashi*; Jung, J.-S.*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Kimura, Tsuyoshi*; Wakabayashi, Yusuke*
Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, 121(3), p.265 - 267, 2013/03
Structural deformation of a magnetocapacitive material SmMnO was studied by X-ray diffraction measurement in a magnetic field. This antiferromagnetic material shows a jump in dielectric constant at 9 K only when a magnetic field of a few tesla is applied. In-field X-ray diffraction measurements clarified that there is no sudden change in structure that involves atomic displacement within the c-plane in Pbnm notation, while the antiferromagnetic phase transition at 60 K gives rise to a noticeable rotation of the MnO octahedra. This rotation occurs to maximize the energy gain through the exchange interaction.
Uozumi, Yusuke*; Sawada, Yusuke*; Mzhavia, A.*; Nogamine, Sho*; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Kin, Tadahiro; Hohara, Shinya*; Wakabayashi, Genichiro*; Nakano, Masahiro*
Physical Review C, 84(6), p.064617_1 - 064617_11, 2011/12
Deuteron production from intermediate-energy proton-nucleus interactions was investigated through experiments and model calculations, mainly to develop a theoretical model by elucidating the mechanism of cluster production. Spectral double-differential cross sections were measured for inclusive (, ) reactions on five targets in the periodic table, namely C, Al, V, Nb, and Au, at beam energies of 300 and 392 MeV. The cross sections were determined in almost the entire outgoing energy range from the highest down to 30 MeV and at laboratory angles from 20 to 104. To interpret the measured spectra, we proposed a new model that includes the nucleon correlations of the initial- and final-state interactions to describe cluster knockout and pickup within the intranuclear cascade model. The results of the model calculations showed reasonable agreements with those of the experiments. Moreover, the model indicated reasonable predictive power for the (, He), (, ), and (, ) reactions measured elsewhere.
Iwamoto, Hiroki; Imamura, Minoru*; Koba, Yusuke*; Fukui, Yoshinori*; Wakabayashi, Genichiro*; Uozumi, Yusuke*; Kin, Tadahiro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hohara, Shinya*; Nakano, Masahiro*
Physical Review C, 82(3), p.034604_1 - 034604_8, 2010/09
We investigate proton-production double-differential cross sections (DDXs) for 300- and 392-MeV proton-induced reactions on O, V, Tb, Ta, Au, Pb, and Bi. Emitted proton energies are measured with stacked scintillator spectrometers by the - technique. Experimental results are compared with the intranuclear cascade (INC) and quantum molecular dynamics models. Although both models can reproduce spectral DDXs, there is a difference at the most forward and backward angles. The cause of these differences is discussed in terms of the refraction caused by the nuclear potential. Angular distributions of the present data are well accounted for by the Kalbach systematics plus INC one-step calculations. The quasi-free-scattering contribution increases with decreasing target mass and increasing emission energy.
Ishii, Kenji; Inami, Toshiya; Murakami, Yoichi; Hao, L.*; Iwasa, Kazuaki*; Kogi, Masafumi*; Aoki, Yuji*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Sato, Hideyuki*; Imada, Shin*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 329-333(1-4), p.467 - 468, 2003/05
Resonant x-ray scattering study was carried out to investigate an anomalous ordered state ( = 6.5 K) in the filled skutterudite PrFeP. At the Pr- absorption edge, we observed resonant features in = odd reflections, which are forbidden in the structure above . Because these reflections contain the difference of anomalous scattering factor between two Pr atoms in the unit cell, and the ordered state is attributed to the ordering of two different electronic states of Pr.
Inami, Toshiya; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Murakami, Yoichi*; Koyama, Ichiro*; Wakabayashi, Yusuke*; Yamada, Yasusada*
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 38(suppl.38-1), p.212 - 214, 1999/06
no abstracts in English