Niunoya, Sumio*; Hata, Koji*; Uyama, Masao*; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Wakasugi, Keiichiro
Dai-45-Kai Gamban Rikigaku Ni Kansuru Shimpojiumu Koenshu (CD-ROM), p.226 - 231, 2018/01
The objective of this research is to investigate the long-term hydro-mechanical behavior of rock mass around the shaft in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory (URL). The long-term monitoring has been carried out by optical AE sensors, optical water pressure sensors, and optical temperature sensors below 350m depth of the shaft in the Horonobe URL. From the first analytical results, it was too hard to discriminate the uncleared AE wave by using the resonant characteristic. Thus, at this time, we tried to reanalysis by using the half width of spectrum, we could discriminate it correctly as AE from the breaking of rock.
Oe, Toshiaki*; Wakasugi, Keiichiro
Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 24(1), p.27 - 32, 2017/06
The report estimates the life-time of the waste glass dissolution in the geologic disposal environment. The overall safety report on the geologic disposal in Japan showed very short life-time of approximately 70,000 years under pessimistic assumptions ignoring the temperature decrease due to radioactive decay and dissolution rate reduction due to surface shrinkage. These factors are physically established phenomena and may not be excluded. The dissolution models including these factors of temperature and surface area decreases are discussed and used for re-evaluation. Three fracture models are presented for evaluating the surface area decreases; a single plate, monotonic spheres, spheres having power-law distribution. All models have the same initial volume as the waste glass block for mass conservation and the total surface areas are 10 times higher than the initial pristine block because of the fracture development during production. The results indicate the retention time of 50% of initial mass exceed 100,000 years even by different fracture models and the dissolution life-times are expected for 260,000700,000 years depending on models. These results imply more strong isolation capability of the waste glass than that estimated in the overall safety report.
Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Yamaguchi, Masaaki; Koo, Shigeru*; Nagao, Fumiya; Kato, Tomoko; Suzuki, Yuji*; Ebashi, Takeshi; Umeki, Hiroyuki*; Niibori, Yuichi*
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 16(1), p.15 - 33, 2017/03
This study provides a method of safety assessment for the geological disposal of HLW to evaluate the effects of uplift and erosion which are widespread phenomena identified on regional and global scales, and are more or less difficult to avoid in Japan. This method enables to deal with different uplift rate and erosion rate, and to evaluate repository depth, the time required for a repository to reach the weathered zone and surface of the ground, and the number of waste packages eroded as a function of time by using a landform evolution model. Based on trial analysis, the result shows that the maximum dose in the Base Case (uplift rate: 0.3 mm/y) is less than the targeted criterion suggested by the international organization even if the repository reaches the ground surface. Furthermore, the diversifying effect on timing the waste packages to reach to weathered zone due to heterogeneity on altitude of bottom of weathered zone reduces one order magnitude of result of the existed dose assessment. The new method is applicable to evaluate safety of geological disposal based on realistic phenomena of uplift and erosion and to quantify a safety margin and robustness of the disposal system.
Takahashi, Yuta*; Oe, Toshiaki*; Wakasugi, Keiichiro
Tokai Daigaku Kiyo Kogakubu, 56(2), p.21 - 26, 2016/00
Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Kitamura, Akira; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Oda, Chie; Ishidera, Takamitsu; et al.
JAEA-Research 2014-030, 457 Pages, 2015/03
JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, based on some examples of developing method of hydro-geological structure model, acquired knowledge are arranged using the tree diagram, and model uncertainty and its influence on the evaluation items were discussed. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the developed approach for "defining conditions" has been reevaluated and improved from practical viewpoints. In addition, the uncertainty evaluation for the effect of use of cementitious material, as well as glass dissolution model, was conducted with analytical evaluation. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, based on survey of precedent procedures, multiple-approach for distribution coefficient of rocks was established, and the adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to sedimentary rock and granitic rock. Besides, an approach for solubility setting was developed including the procedure of selection of solubility limiting solid phase. The adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to key radionuclides.
Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Hayano, Akira; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Oda, Chie; Kitamura, Akira; Osawa, Hideaki; et al.
JAEA-Research 2013-037, 455 Pages, 2013/12
Following FY2011, JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, the tree diagram of methodology of groundwater travel time has been extended for crystalline rock, in addition, tree diagram for sedimentary rock newly has been organized. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the existing approach has been improved in terms of a practical task, and applied and tested for near field focusing on the buffer. In addition, the uncertainty of some important processes and its impact on safety functions are discussed though analysis. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, the approaches for parameter setting have been developed for sorption for rocks and solubility, and applied and tested through parameter setting exercises for key radionuclides.
Shimemoto, Hidenori; Yamaguchi, Masaaki; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Shibata, Masahiro
JAEA-Research 2013-012, 35 Pages, 2013/10
In this study, we focus on uplift and erosion and climatic and sea-level changes among natural phenomena and pick up fluvial erosion is main and means large velocity between different type of erosion in Japan, and developed conceptual modeling of geomorphic change due to fluvial erosion with respect to fluvial erosion and sedimentation system, to evaluate the potential impact of exposure case of high level radioactive waste to land surface. Conceptual modeling of geomorphic change caused by fluvial erosion is developed with riverhead and downriver, such catchment areas are not treated until now, by conceptualization of geomorphic change on river due to uplift and denudation and climatic and sea-level changes for about last hundred and twenty thousand years. Furthermore, we analysis the depth and width of deepening and lateral erosion around river channel using the data of alluvium and show an example of the setup method concerning dimension on conceptual model to estimate the erosion volume contribute to the evaluation as to high level radioactive waste exposure process to land surface. We illustrate by an example the dimension as to valley within the central Japanese mountains using DEM data on conceptual model at riverhead. We develop conceptual modeling of geomorphic change on the basis of the feature on fluvial erosion in Japan and set basic intelligence to evaluate the potential impact of repository exposure to land surface caused by fluvial erosion, based on above study.
Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Nakajima, Kunihiko*; Shimemoto, Hidenori; Shibata, Masahiro; Yamaguchi, Masaaki
Proceedings of 21st International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-21) (DVD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2013/07
In Japan, uplift and erosion scenarios must be analysed since this natural phenomena would be inevitable at most sites in Japan. It's increasingly important to enhance the confidence of the assessment for the uplift and erosion scenarios, as no assessment cut-off times have yet been defined. In this context, this study carried out bounding analysis to find out parameter conditions to satisfy hypothetical dose criteria. The results show that there are no cases that satisfy 10 microSv/y. However, all cases are below 300 microSv/y. The discussion also implies that to accelerate the release from the EBS for minimising the dose in later phase is inadequate and ineffective at all, due to multiple barriers and multiple safety functions. In principal, the influence of uplift and erosion should be reduced by appropriate site selection and design as much as possible to ensure the sufficient nuclides decay while the repository is staying at the deep underground.
Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Koo, Shigeru*; Shibata, Masahiro
JAEA-Research 2011-006, 31 Pages, 2011/06
Although confirmation of the long-term safety of the constructed geological disposal system has been conducted by using scenario, model and data according to the internationally agreed methodology, there were a few researches that focused on individual safety functions and their relationships. This is because multiple safety functions are a fundamental concept for ensuring the safety of the geological disposal, and the long-term safety is accomplished by the whole system. Therefore, we developed a methodology to identify performance of the individual safety functions and their relationships considering the characteristic of the multiple safety functions, and examined the safety functions in the engineered barrier system based on this methodology. The results from this study are useful for constructing design requirements for the system components of the geological disposal as well as developing repository concept.
Fujita, Tomoo; Taniguchi, Naoki; Matsui, Hiroya; Tanai, Kenji; Maekawa, Keisuke; Sawada, Atsushi; Makino, Hitoshi; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Shibata, Masahiro; et al.
JAEA-Research 2011-001, 193 Pages, 2011/03
This report summarizes the progress of research and development on geological disposal during the surface-based investigation phase (2001-2005) in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory project, of which aims are to apply the design methods of geological disposal and mass transport analysis to actual geological conditions obtained from the surface-based investigations in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory project as an example of actual geological environment.
Ishikawa, Masumi*; Kaneko, Satoru*; Kitayama, Kazumi*; Ishiguro, Katsuhiko*; Ueda, Hiroyoshi*; Wakasugi, Keiichiro*; Shinohara, Nobuo; Okumura, Keisuke; Chino, Masamichi; Moriya Noriyasu*
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 8(4), p.304 - 312, 2009/12
Since quality control issues for vitrified waste are defined mainly with the focus on the transport and storage of the waste rather than the long-term safety of geological disposal, they do not cover inventories of long-lived nuclides which are of most interest in the safety assessment of geological disposal. Therefore we suggest a flow chart for assessment of inventories of long-lived nuclides in the vitrified waste focusing on measured value. We started a programme to examine the applicability as well as to improve reliability of nuclide generation/decay code and nuclear data library using liquid waste from spent fuel with clear irradiation history. To solve the issue of quality control for vitrified waste, comprehensive study is needed in aspects not only of geological disposal field but also of operation of nuclear power plant, reprocessing of spent fuel and vitrification of liquid waste. This study is a pioneering study to integrate them.
Fujita, Tomoo; Taniguchi, Naoki; Matsui, Hiroya; Tanai, Kenji; Nishimura, Mayuka; Kobayashi, Yasushi; Hiramoto, Masayuki; Maekawa, Keisuke; Sawada, Atsushi; Makino, Hitoshi; et al.
JAEA-Research 2007-045, 140 Pages, 2007/03
This report summarizes the progress of research and development on geological disposal during the surface-based investigation phase (2001-2005) in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory project (HOR), of which aims are to apply the design methods of geological disposal and mass transport analysis to actual geological environments and derive future subjects based on the results. The design methods of geological disposal were reviewed based on the recent knowledge and the advertences were identified. Then the parameters for virtual design of engineered barrier system, backfill deposition hole and tunnel were set up based on actual geological conditions obtained from the surface-based investigations in HOR as an example of actual geological environment. The conceptual structure from site investigation and evaluation to mass transport analysis was represented as a work flow at first. Then following this work flow a series of procedures for mass transport analysis were carried out based on actual geological conditions obtained from the surface-based investigations in HOR to illustrate the functioning of the work flow and the applicability of this methodology. Consequently, knowledge that will help follow-up or future execution and planning activities was obtained.
Makino, Hitoshi; Kawamura, Makoto; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Okubo, Hiroo*; Takase, Hiroyasu*
JAEA-Data/Code 2007-005, 67 Pages, 2007/02
In this study, based on an improvement method for treatment of FEP interaction a computer tool to support scenario analysis by specialists of performance assessment has been developed. Anticipated effects of this tool are to improve efficiency of complex and time consuming scenario analysis work and to reduce possibility of human errors in this work. This tool also enables to describe interactions among a vast number of FEP's and the related information as interaction matrix, and analysis those interactions from a variety of perspectives.
Ishiguro, Katsuhiko*; Ueda, Hiroyoshi*; Wakasugi, Keiichiro*; Sakabe, Yasushi*; Kitayama, Kazumi*; Umeki, Hiroyuki; Takase, Hiroyasu*
Engineered Barrier Systems (EBS) in the Safety Case; The Role of Modelling, p.167 - 180, 2007/02
Japanese siting approach calls for volunteer host municipalities for an HLW repository and places particular emphasis on design flexibility. The repository concept should be developed to be tailored to the given siting environments. Starting from the H12 repository concept, NUMO has been examining a range of possible repository design options including EBS. The requirements and strategy of model development for performance assessment and process understanding have been discussed taking into account the step-wise, iterative process of development of repository concepts. The areas further to develop the models and databases in the long-term R&D programme have been identified as a wish list in order to evaluate a range of potential repository concepts, focusing on the near-field for the early stages of development process. Among the issues in the list, NUMO has started the development of a flexible computer code for three-dimensional mass transport model to evaluate various design options and components of the EBS. This tool has been applied for the analysis of the barrier effects of the tunnel plugs placed in fractured rock media.
Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro
Hoshasei Haikibutsu Anzen Kenkyu Nenji Keikaku (Heisei-13-NendoHeisei-17-Nendo) Kenkyu Seika Hokokushu, p.111 - 116, 2006/03
no abstracts in English
Maekawa, Keisuke; Sawada, Atsushi; Hara, Akio; Takebe, Atsuji; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Kato, Tomoko; Ebashi, Takeshi; Shibata, Katsushi*
Hoshasei Haikibutsu Anzen Kenkyu Nenji Keikaku (Heisei-13-NendoHeisei-17-Nendo) Kenkyu Seika Hokokushu, p.117 - 129, 2006/03
no abstracts in English
Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Kawamura, Makoto; Ebashi, Takeshi
Hoshasei Haikibutsu Anzen Kenkyu Nenji Keikaku (Heisei-13-NendoHeisei-17-Nendo) Kenkyu Seika Hokokushu, p.130 - 140, 2006/03
no abstracts in English
Makino, Hitoshi; Sawada, Atsushi; Maekawa, Keisuke; Shibata, Masahiro; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Koo, Shigeru*; Hama, Katsuhiro; Kurikami, Hiroshi; et al.
JNC TN1400 2005-021, 148 Pages, 2005/09
Kato, Tomoko; Suzuki, Yuji*; Makino, Hitoshi; Uchida, Masahiro; Naito, Morimasa; Wakasugi, Keiichiro*; Takahashi, Yoshiaki*
JNC TN1400 2005-024, 14 Pages, 2005/08
Biosphere assessment is positioned as part of an important factor in safety assessment to convert nuclide release rates into surface environment to measures of effect for human, such as radiation dose. In general, a lot of data are handled in the biosphere assessment, and they are based on the feature of specific site. Therefore, it is reasonable to screen parameters in order to manage the limited resource and develop the biosphere assessment effectively. JNC and NUMO established
Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Makino, Hitoshi; Koo, Shigeru*
Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu, 10(1), p.21 - 30, 2004/00