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Journal Articles

Current Status of R&D and PIE Program for ADS Material Development in JAEA

Saito, Shigeru; Okubo, Nariaki; Obayashi, Hironari; Wan, T.; Sugawara, Takanori; Sasa, Toshinobu; Maekawa, Fujio

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.071003_1 - 071003_6, 2020/02

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) proposes transmutation of minor actinides (MA) by accelerator-driven systems (ADS). The ADS designed by JAEA is a system composed by LBE (Lead-Bismuth Eutectic) spallation target and a subcritical core. In the ADS, a beam window (BW) is exposed in complex field of heavy irradiation by proton/neutron and corrosion by flowing LBE. To develop ADS structural materials, it is of critical importance to investigate materials used in such environment. Thus, JAEA plans to construct a proton irradiation facility at the J-PARC to prepare an irradiation database for candidate ADS structural materials and to investigate irradiation effects in flowing LBE environment. In this paper, giving a whole scope of the JAEA ADS development, some results of experimental measurements and the specific program for planed R&D will be presented.

Journal Articles

Steady-state and transient experiments in mock-up of J-PARC LBE spallation target system using mock-up loop "IMMORTAL"

Obayashi, Hironari; Yamaki, Kenichi; Kita, Satoshi; Yoshimoto, Hidemitsu; Wan, T.; Saito, Shigeru; Sasa, Toshinobu

Proceedings of 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18) (USB Flash Drive), p.262 - 274, 2019/08

Construction of an experimental facility using LBE spallation target is under planning in the framework of J-PARC project to understand the compatibility of candidate ADS structural materials under flowing high temperature LBE environment with proton / neutron irradiation. We constructed a mock-up test loop, IMMORTAL to verify the feasibility of a primary cooling system in the target system. Including the layout considering remote maintainability, the same design as the actual JAEA's LBE target is reflected in most devices of IMMORTAL such as an electromagnetic pump (EMP), a heat exchanger and instrumentations. During the integrated tests, the individually developed devices of LBE loop system worked without significant malfunction. Several experimental data to verify the safety analysis model for LBE loop system using RELAP5-3D was acquired by simulation experiment of transient events such as beam over power and decrease of forced cooling.

Journal Articles

Numerical study on the potential of cavitation damage in a lead-bismuth eutectic spallation target

Wan, T.; Naoe, Takashi; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Materials, 12(4), p.681_1 - 681_15, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Thermal-hydraulic analysis of the LBE spallation target head in JAEA

Wan, T.; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Nuclear Technology, 205(1-2), p.188 - 199, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Optimization of design of the LBE spallation target at JAEA

Wan, T.; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Proceedings of 12th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-12) (USB Flash Drive), 14 Pages, 2018/10

Journal Articles

Flow-accelerated corrosion of type 316L stainless steel caused by turbulent lead-bismuth eutectic flow

Wan, T.; Saito, Shigeru

Metals, 8(8), p.627_1 - 627_22, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:62.14(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Design of LBE spallation target for ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) in J-PARC

Saito, Shigeru; Obayashi, Hironari; Wan, T.; Okubo, Nariaki; Sugawara, Takanori; Endo, Shinya; Sasa, Toshinobu

Proceedings of 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Applications of Accelerators (AccApp '17) (Internet), p.448 - 457, 2018/05

JAEA proposes transmutation of minor actinides by accelerator-driven systems (ADS). To obtain the data for ADS design, JAEA plans to construct the ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) within the framework of the J-PARC project. In TEF-T, a 250 kW proton-beam-driven LBE (Lead-Bismuth Eutectic) spallation target will be installed to prepare an irradiation database for candidate ADS structural materials. Design activities of the LBE target and target trolley have been progressed. Conceptual design of hot-cells for LBE target loop maintenance and PIE (Post Irradiation Examination) of irradiated samples have been finished. Two LBE loops were manufactured. One is a loop for TEF-T target mock-up and the other is that for collection of material corrosion characteristics in flowing LBE. Oxygen potential control systems for LBE flow have been also developed. Remote handling tests for the target exchange are underway. In this paper, current activities and studies to realize TEF-T will be presented.

Journal Articles

Study on the thermal-hydraulic of TEF-T LBE spallation target in JAEA

Wan, T.; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Proceedings of 17th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-17) (USB Flash Drive), 13 Pages, 2017/09

Journal Articles

Experimental application of ultrasonic flowmeter for TEF-T LBE spallation target system

Obayashi, Hironari; Hirabayashi, Masaru; Wan, T.; Sasa, Toshinobu

Proceedings of 17th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-17) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2017/09

Journal Articles

Effects of grain size on ultrasonic attenuation in type 316L stainless steel

Wan, T.; Naoe, Takashi; Wakui, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Materials, 10(7), p.753_1 - 753_17, 2017/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:57.2(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Study on the evaluation of erosion damage by using laser ultrasonic integrated with a wavelet analysis technique

Wan, T.; Naoe, Takashi; Wakui, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 842(1), p.012010_1 - 012010_10, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:6.14

Journal Articles

Design of 250kW LBE spallation target for the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC)

Sasa, Toshinobu; Saito, Shigeru; Obayashi, Hironari; Sugawara, Takanori; Wan, T.; Yamaguchi, Kazushi*; Yoshimoto, Hidemitsu

NEA/CSNI/R(2017)2 (Internet), p.111 - 116, 2017/06

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) proposes to reduce the environmental impact caused from high-level radioactive waste by using Accelerator-driven system (ADS). To realize ADS, JAEA plans to build the Transmutation Experimental Facility (TEF) within the framework of J-PARC project. For the JAEA-proposed ADS, lead-bismuth eutectic alloy (LBE) is adopted as a coolant for subcritical core and spallation target. By using TEF in J-PARC, we are planning to solve technical difficulties for LBE utilization by completion of the data for the design of ADS. The 250kW LBE spallation target will be located in TEF facility to prepare material irradiation database. Various R&Ds for important technologies required to build the facilities are investigated such as oxygen content control, instruments development, remote handling techniques for target maintenance, and spallation target design. The large scale LBE loops for 250kW target mock up and material corrosion studies are also manufactured and ready for various experiments. The latest status of 250kW LBE spallation target optimization will be described in the presentation.

Journal Articles

Study on optimisation of target head design for the TEF-T LBE spallation target

Wan, T.; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

NEA/CSNI/R(2017)2 (Internet), p.117 - 127, 2017/06

Journal Articles

Evaluation of globally- & locally-distributed erosion/cavitation damage by using laser ultrasonics

Wan, T.; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Kashika Joho Gakkai-Shi (USB Flash Drive), 36(Suppl.2), 8 Pages, 2016/10

Journal Articles

Numerical study on LBE flow behavior of the TEF-T LBE spallation target at JAEA

Wan, T.; Obayashi, Hironari; Sasa, Toshinobu

Proceedings of 11th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-11) (USB Flash Drive), 12 Pages, 2016/10

Journal Articles

In-situ structural integrity evaluation for high-power pulsed spallation neutron source by using a laser Doppler method

Wan, T.; Naoe, Takashi; Wakui, Takashi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Futakawa, Masatoshi

JAEA-Conf 2015-002, p.76 - 87, 2016/02

High power accelerator driven pulsed spallation neutron sources are being developed in the world. Mercury is used as a target material to produce neutrons via the spallation reaction induced by injected protons. At the moment of the proton injection, the mercury vessel with a double wall structure is impulsively excited by the interaction between mercury and solid wall. The vibrational signals were measured in noncontact and remotely by using a Laser Doppler Vibrometer (LDV) system to evaluate the structure integrity. The extreme damages were assumed as the first step, i.e., the inner structure was partly broken by erosion. The dependency of vibrational behaviors on the damage was systematically investigated through numerical simulations and experiments. A LDV was installed to monitor the dependency of an electro-Magnetic Impact Testing Machine (MIMTM) vibration on the damage size. Through the numerical simulation, it was found that the target vessel vibration depends on the damage size. A technique referred to a Wavelet Differential Analysis (WDA) has been developed to enhance the effect of damages on the impulsive vibration behavior. However, the vibration signals obtained from MIMTM contain considerable noise. In order to reduce the noise effect on the impulsive vibration behavior, the statistical methods referred to an Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and an Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was applied. Numerical simulation results that obtained from controlling the damage size, were firstly added to random noise with various levels manually, and then were analyzed by the statistic methods. Then, the field data that measured from the real mercury target was analyzed. The results represent that the combination of WDA and ANOVA/ANCOVA could effectively indicate the damage dependency.

Journal Articles

In-situ structural integrity evaluation for high-power pulsed spallation neutron source; Effects of cavitation damage on structural vibration

Wan, T.; Naoe, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 468, p.321 - 330, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:59.43(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

TEF beam window design and evaluation of structural integrity

Obayashi, Hironari; Takei, Hayanori; Wan, T.; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Sasa, Toshinobu

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.041002_1 - 041002_7, 2015/09

Journal Articles

Mechanical property change in the region of very high-cycle fatigue

Xiong, Z.; Naoe, Takashi; Wan, T.; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Maekawa, Katsuhiro*

Procedia Engineering, 101, p.552 - 560, 2015/03

BB2014-3103.pdf:0.47MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:31.82

Very high-cycle fatigue behaviour of SUS316L, which is used as the structural material of the spallation neutron sources, was investigated through the ultrasonic fatigue test with the strain rate of 10$$^2$$ s$$^{-1}$$. Cross-sectional hardness distributions of the fatigue-failed specimens for solution annealed (SA) and cold worked (CW) 316L were measured to understand the cyclic hardening or softening. In addition, the tensile tests of the fatigue-failed specimens were performed at room temperature. Furthermore, the nonlinear ultrasonic system was used for evaluating the dislocation density variation. The results showed the cyclic hardening in the region of very high-cycle fatigue in the case of SA. In contrast, in the case of 10%CW, cyclic softening occurred when the number of cycles below 10$$^6$$ and followed by cyclic hardening. In the case of 20%CW, cyclic softening was observed when the number of cycles below 10$$^7$$, while cyclic hardening occurred subsequently.

Journal Articles

Damage evaluation by impulsive response in structure filled with liquid

Wan, T.; Naoe, Takashi; Wakui, Takashi; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Maekawa, Katsuhiro*

Applied Mechanics and Materials, 566, p.629 - 636, 2014/06

A double-walled liquid mercury target vessel, which consists of outer and inner walls, is being globally developed for MW-class spallation neutron sources. When proton beams bombard a mercury target, pressure waves are generated due to the rapid thermal heat deposition. These pressure waves trigger impulsive vibrations in the mercury vessel, and cause cavitation damage to the inner wall of the vessel. In this study, the dependency of the vibration behavior of the mercury vessel on the damage is systematically investigated through numerical simulations and experiments, for inner wall damage characterized by hole diameters of 1, 5, 10, 20, and 40 mm. A method referred to as wavelet differential analysis is developed, and a parameter referred to as average intensity is derived for a quantitative damage evaluation. Both the numerical simulation and experimental results show that the average intensity is damage-sensitive and depends on the damage feature size. The critical damage hole diameter is estimated to be 10 mm during damage evaluation.

36 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)