Nagatani, Taketeru; Nakajima, Shinji; Kawakubo, Yoko; Shiromo, Hideo; Asano, Takashi; Marlow, J.*; Swinhoe, M. T.*; Menlove, H.*; Rael, C.*; Kawasue, Akane*; et al.
Book of Abstracts, Presentations and Papers of Symposium on International Safeguards; Linking Strategy, Implementation and People (Internet), 8 Pages, 2015/03
Nakajima, Shinji; Nagatani, Taketeru; Shiromo, Hideo; Asano, Takashi; Marlow, J. B.*; Swinhoe, M. T.*; Menlove, H. O.*; Rael, C. D.*; Kawasue, Akane*; Iso, Shoko*; et al.
Proceedings of INMM 55th Annual Meeting (Internet), 10 Pages, 2014/07
The Advanced Fuel Assembly Assay System (AFAS) is an unattended non-destructive assay (NDA) system by neutron measurement to verify the plutonium amount in an LWR plutonium and uranium mixed oxide (MOX) fuel assembly. The assembly will be fabricated in the MOX fuel fabrication plant under construction by the Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited. The AFAS has been developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory under the auspices of the Secretariat of Nuclear Regulation Authority in Japan. The AFAS is the first NDA system which will verify the active length of the assembly without inspector attendance. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has conducted the performance test for the AFAS under the contract with Nuclear Material Control Center to demonstrate this active length verification technology by using MOX fuel assemblies owned by JAEA. As the results, it was confirmed that measurement error of the active length for the MOX fuel assembly was less than 0.1% and it was satisfied with requirement by IAEA. This paper provides the performance test results for the active length verification of the AFAS.
Nakajima, Shinji; Nagatani, Taketeru; Asano, Takashi; Kawasue, Akane*; Iso, Shoko*; Kumakura, Shinichi*; Watanabe, Takehito*; Marlow, J. B.*; Swinhoe, M. T.*; Menlove, H. O.*; et al.
Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai (INMM) Nihon Shibu Dai-34-Kai Nenji Taikai Rombunshu (Internet), 9 Pages, 2013/10
The Advanced Verification for Inventory Sample System (AVIS) is a nondestructive assay (NDA) system in order to verify the plutonium mass in the small MOX samples at Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited (JNFL) MOX fuel fabrication plant (J-MOX) under construction. The AVIS is required the high measurement performance because the AVIS will be used as a verification tool to substitute destructive analysis for a part of the samples which needs the bias defect verification. Therefore, the AVIS will fulfill an important role in the safeguards approach for J-MOX. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) conducted the performance test of the AVIS under the contract with NMCC. As the results of these tests, we confirmed that the AVIS could almost satisfy the required performance by IAEA.
Nakajima, Shinji; Nagatani, Taketeru; Asano, Takashi; Marlow, J. B.*; Swinhoe, M. T.*; Menlove, H. O.*; Rael, C. D.*; Kawasue, Akane*; Iso, Shoko*; Kumakura, Shinichi*; et al.
Proceedings of INMM 54th Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2013/07
The advanced verification inventory system (AVIS) is a nondestructive assay (NDA) system developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to measure small samples of bulk plutonium and uranium mixed oxide (MOX) powder and pellets at the Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited (JNFL) mixed oxide fuel fabrication plant (J-MOX). In order to mitigate the workload on the Rokkasho On-Site Laboratory (OSL), it is intended that the AVIS measurement will be substituted for a part of the Destructive Assay (DA) for J-MOX. Based on the commission from Office for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Safeguards (JSGO) of Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) and Nuclear Material Control Center (NMCC), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has conducted the performance test of the AVIS in order to confirm the system performance before installation at the J-MOX site. The performance test consists of two phases. In the phase 1 test, detector parameters such as detector efficiency and die-away time were evaluated by using a californium-252 neutron source. These results agreed well with design value and were reported at the 53rd INMM annual meeting. JAEA conducted the phase 2 test by using MOX materials in order to evaluate the total measurement uncertainty (TMU). In the test, influence of sample density, plutonium concentration and organic additives in samples were also evaluated. Consequently, it is expected that AVIS can achieve the target TMU of 0.5% required in user requirement of IAEA by optimizing measurement condition and by using well-characterized standards. This paper provides a summary of the results of comprehensive performance test of AVIS.
Nagatani, Taketeru; Nakajima, Shinji; Asano, Takashi; Marlow, J. B.*; Swinhoe, M. T.*; Menlove, H. O.*; Rael, C. D.*; Kawasue, Akane*; Iso, Shoko*; Kumakura, Shinichi*; et al.
Proceedings of INMM 53rd Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2012/07
The advanced verification for inventory sample system (AVIS) is a nondestructive assay (NDA) system designed to measure small samples of bulk plutonium uranium mixed oxide (MOX) powder and pellets at the proposed Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited (JNFL) mixed oxide fuel fabrication plant (J-MOX). The system consists of a He-based passive neutron well counter with an integrated high-purity germanium system. The AVIS is intended to meet a performance specification of a total measurement uncertainty of less than 0.5% in the neutron (Pu effective) measurement. It is intended that the AVIS measurement will be substituted for a fraction of the DA samples from J-MOX. JAEA has conducted performance testing on the AVIS in order to confirm the system performance before installation and to minimize the period of calibration at J-MOX site. In this paper, we provide a summary of the result of performance test phase 1 and the test plan of performance test phase 2 of the AVIS.
Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Hidaka, Kosuke*; Hirabayashi, Keiichi*; Nakamura, Yasuhiro*; Moriguchi, Daisuke*; Kumabe, Masahiro*; Hirano, Hidetaka*; Hirayama, Shusuke*; Naito, Yuki*; Motooka, Chikahide*; et al.
Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1725 - 1728, 2011/08
Oka, Kiyoshi; Seki, Takeshi*; Naito, Takehito*; Watanabe, Shinya*; Wakabayashi, Takao*; Naganawa, Akihiro*; Inui, Kazuo*; Yoshino, Junji*
Nihon Gazo Igaku Zasshi, 28(1), p.12 - 24, 2010/05
Focusing on the measurement function loaded on our rigid-typed endoscope for the fetal surgery treatment, we proposed that its combination with a generally used digestive endoscope enabled calibration of lesion size in stomach. While adding the function, with which the target size is to be easily measured, on the endoscope, we simplified the system structure as much as possible. We also tried to minimize the total cost by using the generally used endoscope, instead of making it from scratch. Combining another development, the composite-type optical fiberscope with diameter of 1.1mm, with a generally used endoscope, we proposed the following as the features: (1)acquisition of fiberscope image, (2)laser irradiation for treatments, (3)applying the real time measurement function of distance and blood flow by semiconductor laser to the generally used endoscope. We have operated the clinical study to the gastric wall of person with no health problem, using this system and confirmed it was available for practical use.
Ishikawa, Noriko; Oka, Kiyoshi; Naganawa, Akihiro*; Yoshino, Junji*; Wakabayashi, Takao*; Watanabe, Shinya*; Naito, Takehito*
Nihon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu, C, 75(756), p.2359 - 2361, 2009/08
Instruments for measuring the internal pressure of digestive organs are used for diagnosing functional diseases, judging how critical the condition is, and deciding the treatment method or determining the degree of alleviation. However, the technique wherein the internal pressure of the small intestine is measured is highly invasive and painful for patients, and the insertion of the catheter via transducers is not preferred because it involves the insertion of an electric instrument in the body. In this study, we developed a system that measures the pressure of the small intestine with an ileus tube, which is generally used for the treatment of ileus. The main feature of our system is that can be used to measure internal pressure without the insertion of electric instruments such as transducers into the body, allowing the assessment of ileus without causing pain to the patient being treated. In this note, we present a brief description of the structure and function of this instrument used to measure the internal pressure of the small intestine.
Watanabe, Takehito*; Arakawa, Hiroyuki*; Kajimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Satoh, Daiki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Noda, Shusaku*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Ishibashi, Kenji*; Nakamura, Takashi*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 587(1), p.20 - 28, 2008/03
We have developed a phoswich detector for neutron spectrometry, which adopts a reversed configuration of slow- and fast-decay-time scintillators in its inner and surrounding outer regions, respectively, in the detection of recoil protons from a hydrogenous radiator. The phoswich detector consists of an inner slow, NaI(Tl) scintillator, and an outer fast, plastic scintillator. The response functions of the phoswich detector were measured for neutron energies ranging from 100 to 350 MeV. The experiment used the recoil-proton method and pulse-shape discrimination with the two-gate integration technique using a spallation neutron source at the WNR facility of the LANSCE. To evaluate the effectiveness of the phoswich configuration, full energy deposition fraction was calculated. The calculation confirmed that the phoswich detector with a reversed configuration is useful for neutron measurements.
Bonearu, L.*; Kawano, Toshihiko*; Watanabe, Takehito*; Chiba, Satoshi
Physical Review C, 75(5), p.054618_1 - 054618_10, 2007/05
The nucleon direct-semidirect (DSD) capture cross sections are obtained by calculating a transition amplitude to the Hartree-Fock-BCS bound states. The radial matrix elements in the DSD amplitudes are calculated from the radial part of the single-particle wave functions. For deformed nuclei the single-particle states are expanded in the cylindrical harmonic-oscillator basis and then projected on the spherical harmonic-oscillator basis. The pairing correlations are treated in the BCS approach and the calculated spectroscopic factors are in fairly good agreement with experimental data in the even tin isotopes from Sn to Sn. The resulting DSD cross sections for the neutron capture by Pb and U are found to be in good agreement with the available experimental data. The calculations are also performed for the neutron capture on Sn and Sn isotopes that are important for ther-process in astrophysics.
Keutgen, N.; Matsuhashi, Shimpei; Mizuniwa, Chizuko; Ito, Takehito*; Fujimura, Takashi; Ishioka, Noriko; Watanabe, Satoshi; Sekine, Toshiaki; Uchida, Hiroshi*; Hashimoto, Shoji
Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 57(2), p.225 - 233, 2002/09
no abstracts in English
Furukawa, Jun*; Yokota, Harumi*; Tanoi, Keitaro*; Ueoka, Shiori*; Matsuhashi, Shimpei; Ishioka, Noriko; Watanabe, Satoshi; Uchida, Hiroshi*; Tsuji, Atsunori*; Ito, Takehito*; et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 249(2), p.495 - 498, 2001/08
We present real time Vanadate (V) uptake imaging in a cowpea plant by Positron Emitting Tracer Imaging System (PETIS). Vanadium-48 was produced by bombarding a Sc foil target with 50 MeV -particles at Takasaki Ion accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA) AVF cyclotron. Then V was added to the culture solution to investigate the V distribution in a cowpea plant. The real time uptake of the V was monitored by PETIS. We measured the distribution of V in a whole plant after 3, 6 and 20 hours of V treatment by Bio-imaging Analyzer System (BAS). After the 20 hour treatment, vanadate was detected at the up-ground part of the plant. To know the effect of V uptake on plant activity, F-labeled water uptake was analyzed by PETIS. When a cowpea plant was treated with V for 20 hours before F-labeled water uptake experiment, the total amount of F-labeled water absorption was drastically desreased. Results suggest the inhibition of water uptake was mainly caused by the vanadate already moved to the up-ground part of the plant.
Nakanishi, Tomoko*; Tanoi, Keitaro*; Yokota, Harumi*; Kang, D.-J.*; Ishii, Ryuichi*; Ishioka, Noriko; Watanabe, Satoshi; Osa, Akihiko; Sekine, Toshiaki; Matsuhashi, Shimpei; et al.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 249(2), p.503 - 507, 2001/08
We present the water uptake ability of cowpea () which has been regarded as one of the most drought resistant species among the pulse crops. It has been suggested that in the lower part of the stem, parenchymatous tissue for storing water had been developed for the function of deought resistance. We confirmed that in this tissue, water amount was high compared to the other stems by neutron radiography. Then the water uptake manner was measured by positron emitting tracer imaging system (PETIS) using F labeled water produced by a cyclotron. Comparing the water uptake manner of cowpea plant with that of common bean, cowpea plant was found to maintain high water uptake activity after drying treatment, suggesting the high drought resistant character.
Nakanishi, Tomoko*; Yokota, Harumi*; Tanoi, Keitaro*; Ikeue, Natsuko*; Okuni, Yoko*; Furukawa, Jun*; Ishioka, Noriko; Watanabe, Satoshi; Osa, Akihiko; Sekine, Toshiaki; et al.
Radioisotopes, 50(6), p.265 - 269, 2001/06
O-Labeled and F-Labeled water uptake manner in a soybean plant was compared by PETIS (Positron Emitting Tracer Imaging System). O-Labeled water (half-life: 2 min) and F-Labeled water (half-life: 110 min) were produced by a cyclotron by N(d,n)O and O(,pn)F reactions, respectively. A root of a soybean plant was cut off and each labeled water was supplied from the basal part of the plant. The gamma-rays emitted from the sample was measured by a BGO counter with a detection area of 5 cm15 cm. The radioactivity from each stem was accumlated every 15 s till 20 min. It was found that F-labeled water was taken up much faster than O-labeled water, suggesting that in F-labeled water, fluorine was moved in the form of F-ion. When BAS image of O-labeled water in a plant after 5 min and 10 min of water supply was taken, it was found that the labeled water was observed only in the lowest internode, between a root and the first leaves.
Moriyama, Kiyofumi; Yoshino, Takehito; Maruyama, Yu; Nakamura, Hideo; Watanabe, Atsushi*
no journal, ,
Numerical analyses of iodine chemistry were performed on OECD/ISP41 problems and BWR wet well in a severe accident condition with a mechanistic iodine chemistry model. Validity and remaining issues in the model were discussed.
Nagatani, Taketeru; Nakajima, Shinji; Asano, Takashi; Kawasue, Akane*; Iso, Shoko*; Kumakura, Shinichi*; Watanabe, Takehito*; Marlow, J.*; Martyn, S.*; Menlove, H.*; et al.
no journal, ,
The AVIS (Advanced Verification for Inventory sample System), which was designed by LANL in partnership with Nuclear Material Control Center (NMCC), is a nondestructive assay (NDA) system to measure the plutonium mass for plutonium uranium mixed oxide (MOX) powder and pellet for large scale MOX fuel fabrication plant (J-MOX). The AVIS is intended to meet a performance specification of a total measurement uncertainty of less than 0.5% in the neutron (Pu effective) measurement. It is intended that the AVIS measurement will be substituted for a fraction of the DA samples to reduce the number of DA from J-MOX. Therefore, the AVIS has a crucial role to attain effective safeguards for J-MOX. JAEA, which has experience/knowledge to develop the NDA system and plutonium handling field, was entrusted with performance testing for the AVIS from NMCC. JAEA has conducted performance testing on the AVIS using standard radiation source (neutron and ). As the results of test, it was confirmed that the AVIS has the designed performance. As a next step, JAEA will conduct the AVIS test using MOX materials in order to evaluate the relevant measurement accuracy. This paper reports the performance test results and future MOX test plans of the AVIS.
Sakaki, Hironao; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Dover, N.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Nishitani, keita*; Kon, Akira; Hayakawa, Takehito; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Kin, Tadahiro*; Watanabe, Yukinobu; et al.
no journal, ,
We will discuss the upgrade project of J-KAREN-P laser system. In particular, we are going to speak about diagnostics system for ion-beam.