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JAEA Reports

Solvent extraction and release behavior of ruthenium and europium in fire accident conditions in reprocessing plants (Contract research)

Amano, Yuki; Watanabe, Koji; Masaki, Tomoo; Tashiro, Shinsuke; Abe, Hitoshi

JAEA-Technology 2016-012, 21 Pages, 2016/06

JAEA-Technology-2016-012.pdf:1.81MB

To contribute to safety evaluation of fire accident in fuel reprocessing plants, solvent extraction behavior of ruthenium, which could form volatile species, was investigated. Distribution ratios of ruthenium at fire accident conditions were obtained by extraction experiments with several solvent composition at different temperature as parameters. In order to investigate release behavior of ruthenium and europium at fire accident, release ratios of ruthenium and europium were also obtained by solvent combustion experiments.

Journal Articles

A Mathematical model of radiation-induced responses in a cellular population including cell-to-cell communications

Hattori, Yuya; Suzuki, Michiyo; Funayama, Tomoo; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Yokoya, Akinari; Watanabe, Ritsuko

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 166(1-4), p.142 - 147, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:40.75(Environmental Sciences)

Cell-to-cell communication is one of the important factors to understand the mechanisms of radiation-induced responses such as radiation-induced bystander effects at low doses. In the present study, we propose simulation-based analyses of the intercellular signal transmissions between the individual cells in the cellular population. We developed the transmissions of two types of signals, i.e., X is transmitted via culture medium and Y is transmitted via gap junctions based on the diffusion equation. To observe the cell cycle as the response of cell induced by the signals, X and Y, we represented the cell cycle as a virtual clock including several check-point pathways and the cyclic process (G1, S, G2, M phases). The cellular population was divided into the grids (cells), and the signals and the clock were calculated for each grid. The signals, X, Y, were transmitted to the cells and stopped the clocks at the check points. Furthermore, the radiation was modeled as the radiation signal, Z, which affected the clock and the signals, X and Y. We input the radiation signal, Z, to specific cells, and simulated the behaviors of the clock of each cell and signals, X and Y. We will discuss the usefulness of our model for investigating the mechanisms of radiation-induced responses of the cell cycle via cell-to-cell communications.

Journal Articles

Effect of ionizing radiation upon dehydrated Pv11 cultured cells originated from the sleeping chironomid

Watanabe, Kazuyo*; Akitsuki, Takashi*; Shimura, Sachiko*; Gusev, O.*; Cornette, R.*; Kikawada, Takahiro*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Funayama, Tomoo; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Okuda, Takashi*

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 87, 2015/03

The Sleeping Chironomid, ${it Polypedilum vanderplanki}$ can stand complete desiccation (anhydrobiosis) and also shows radio-resistance. Recently, we have generated cultured cell (Pv11) originated from ${it P. vanderplanki}$ embryo which can also stand complete dehydration. In this study, we examine the tolerance of cultured cell Pv11 against ionbeam irradiation.

Journal Articles

Analysis of bystander effect induced by cell membrane response in glioma cells

Wada, Seiichi*; Ando, Tatsuhiko*; Watanabe, Aya*; Kakizaki, Takehiko*; Natsuhori, Masahiro*; Funayama, Tomoo; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Yokota, Yuichiro; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 79, 2015/03

So far, we clarified that X-ray irradiation induced cell killing by bystander effect mediated-secreted factor. This phenomenon was related with sphingomyelinase (SMase). In this study we analyzed mechanism of secreted SMase from irradiated cells after irradiation. SMase was detected in the culture medium after irradiation by SDS-PAGE. Then, SMase was detected in the exosome of culture medium, but not out of exosome after irradiation. This result indicates that SMase was secreted as exosome from the irradiated cells.

Journal Articles

Tolerance of anhydrobiotic eggs of the tardigrade ${it Ramazzottius varieornatus}$ to extreme environments

Horikawa, Daiki*; Yamaguchi, Ayami*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Tanaka, Daisuke*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Yukuhiro, Fumiko*; Kuwahara, Hirokazu*; Kunieda, Takekazu*; Watanabe, Masahiko*; Nakahara, Yuichi*; et al.

Astrobiology, 12(4), p.283 - 289, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:70.08(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We examined the hatchability of hydrated and anhydrobiotic eggs of the tardigrade ${it Ramazzottius varieornatus}$ to hatch after ionizing irradiation (helium ions), extremely low and high temperatures, and high vacuum. Anhydrobiotic eggs (50% lethal dose; 1690 Gy) were substantially more radioresistant than hydrated ones (50% lethal dose; 509 Gy). Anhydrobiotic eggs also have a broader temperature resistance compared with hydrated ones. Over 70% of the anhydrobiotic eggs treated at high and low temperatures, but all of the hydrated eggs failed to hatch. After exposure to high vacuum conditions, the hatchability of the anhydrobiotic eggs was comparable to that of untreated control eggs.

Journal Articles

Monte Carlo simulation of radial distribution of DNA strand breaks along the C and Ne ion paths

Watanabe, Ritsuko; Wada, Seiichi*; Funayama, Tomoo; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Saito, Kimiaki; Furusawa, Yoshiya*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 143(2-4), p.186 - 190, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:76.2(Environmental Sciences)

Microscopic energy deposition pattern in an ion track is thought to affect on the spatial distribution of DNA damage as well as the damage spectrum. In this study, we focus on the intra-track spatial distribution of DNA damage in cellular condition based on the energy deposition pattern for each ion obtained by the detailed Monte Carlo track structure simulation. The estimation was performed for C and Ne ions with similar LET around 440 keV/$$mu$$m. As a result, radial DNA damage distribution shows different pattern for C and Ne ions. That is, DSBs or non-DSB type clustered damage are formed in the limited central area while the isolated damages as SSBs and base lesions are spread in larger area. Such tendency is more clearly shown for Ne ions than C ions. This result shows good agreement with the previously obtained experimental observation at TIARA, which indicates the different types of DNA damage shows different distribution pattern around C and Ne projectiles in cell nuclei.

Journal Articles

Establishment of a rearing system of the extremotolerant tardigrade ${it Ramazzottius varieornatus}$; A New model animal for astrobiology

Horikawa, Daiki*; Kunieda, Takekazu*; Abe, Wataru*; Watanabe, Masahiko*; Nakahara, Yuichi*; Yukuhiro, Fumiko*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Wada, Seiichi*; Funayama, Tomoo; et al.

Astrobiology, 8(3), p.549 - 556, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:70 Percentile:89.07(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report the successful rearing of the herbivorous tardigrade, ${it Ramazzottius varieornatus}$, by supplying the green alga ${it Chlorella vulgaris}$ as food. The life span was 35 d, deposited eggs required 5.7 d to hatch, and animals began to deposit eggs 9 d after hatching. The reared individuals of this species had an anhydrobiotic capacity throughout their life cycle in egg, juvenile, and adult stages. Furthermore, the reared adults in an anhydrobiotic state were tolerant of temperatures of 90$$^{circ}$$C and -196$$^{circ}$$C and exposure to 99.8% acetonitrile or irradiation with 4000 Gy $$^{4}$$He ions. Based on their life history traits and tolerance to extreme stresses, ${it R. varieornatus}$ might be a suitable model for astrobiological studies of multicellular organisms.

Journal Articles

Radiation tolerance linked to anhydrobiosis in ${it Polypedilum vanderplanki}$

Nakahara, Yuichi*; Watanabe, Masahiko*; Kikawada, Takahiro*; Fujita, Akihiko*; Horikawa, Daiki*; Okuda, Takashi*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Funayama, Tomoo; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Wada, Seiichi*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2007-060, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2006, P. 113, 2008/03

We have shown that anhydrobiotic larvae of ${it Polypedilum vanderplanki}$ have higher tolerance against both high linear energy transfer (LET) radiation than hydrated larvae. We therefore examined effects of high-LET radiation on four kinds of larvae: (1) normal hydrated (intact) larva, (2) intermediates between the anhydrobiotic and normal hydrated state, (3) almost completely dehydrated (anhydrobiotic) larvae, and (4) immediately rehydrated larvae that are assumed to have a similar molecular profile to anhydrobiotic larvae. The intermediates and immediately rehydrated larvae survived longer after high-LET radiation than intact larvae, indicating that radiation tolerance could be enhanced even in hydrated larvae. Physiological changes toward anhydrobiosis, e.g. accumulation of protectants or increasing damage repair capacity, correlate with improved radiation tolerance in hydrated larvae.

Journal Articles

Heavy-ion microbeam system at JAEA-Takasaki for microbeam biology

Funayama, Tomoo; Wada, Seiichi*; Yokota, Yuichiro; Fukamoto, Kana; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Kakizaki, Takehiko*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Suzuki, Michiyo; Furusawa, Yoshiya*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Research, 49(1), p.71 - 82, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:77.74(Biology)

Research concerning cellular responses to low dose irradiation, radiation-induced bystander effects, and the biological track structure of charged particles has recently received particular attention in the field of radiation biology. Target irradiation employing a microbeam represents a useful means of advancing this research by obviating some of the disadvantages associated with the conventional irradiation strategies. The heavy-ion microbeam system at JAEA-Takasaki can provide target irradiation of heavy charged particles to biological material at atmospheric pressure using a minimum beam size 5 $$mu$$m in diameter. The system can be applied to the investigation of mechanisms within biological organisms not only in the context of radiation biology, but also in the fields of general biology such as physiology, developmental biology and neurobiology, and should help to establish and contribute to the field of "microbeam biology".

Journal Articles

Effects of heavy ions and $$gamma$$-ray on the tardigrade ${it Milnesium tardigradum}$

Horikawa, Daiki*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Katagiri, Chihiro*; Watanabe, Masahiko*; Kikawada, Takahiro*; Nakahara, Yuichi*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Wada, Seiichi*; Funayama, Tomoo; Higashi, Seigo*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2006-042, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2005, P. 116, 2007/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiation tolerance in the tardigrade ${it Milnesium tardigradum}$

Horikawa, Daiki*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Katagiri, Chihiro*; Watanabe, Masahiko*; Kikawada, Takahiro*; Nakahara, Yuichi*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Wada, Seiichi*; Funayama, Tomoo; Higashi, Seigo*; et al.

International Journal of Radiation Biology, 82(12), p.843 - 848, 2006/12

 Times Cited Count:110 Percentile:99.11(Biology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Estimation of radiation tolerance to high LET heavy ions in an anhydrobiotic insect, ${it Polypedilum vanderplanki}$

Watanabe, Masahiko*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Fujita, Akihiko*; Kikawada, Takahiro*; Nakahara, Yuichi*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Horikawa, Daiki*; Wada, Seiichi*; Funayama, Tomoo; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; et al.

International Journal of Radiation Biology, 82(12), p.835 - 842, 2006/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:73.49(Biology)

The aim of this study is to characterize the tolerance to high-LET radiations of${it P. vanderplanki}$. Larval survival and subsequent metamorphoses were compared between anhydrobiotic (dry) and non-anhydrobiotic (wet) samples after exposure to 1 to 7000 Gy of three types of heavy ions with LET values ranging from 16.2 to 321 keV/$$mu$$m. At all LET values measured, dry larvae consistently showed greater radiation tolerance than hydrated larvae, due to the disaccharide trehalose in anhydrobiotic animals. Relative biological effectiveness (RBE) values based on the median inhibitory doses reached a maximum at 116 keV/$$mu$$m ($$^{12}$$C). Anhydrobiosis potentiates radiation tolerance in terms of larval survival, pupation and adult emergence of ${it P. vanderplanki}$ exposed to high-LET radiations. ${it P. vanderplanki}$ larvae might have more efficient DNA damage repair after radiation than other chironomid species.

Journal Articles

Biological effects of anhydrobiosis in an African chironomid, ${it Polypedilum vanderplanki}$ on radiation tolerance

Watanabe, Masahiko*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Fujita, Akihiko*; Kikawada, Takahiro*; Horikawa, Daiki*; Nakahara, Yuichi*; Wada, Seiichi*; Funayama, Tomoo; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; et al.

International Journal of Radiation Biology, 82(8), p.587 - 592, 2006/08

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:88.8(Biology)

The present study aims to evaluate effects of anhydrobiosis on radiation tolerance in an anhydrobiotic insect, Polypedilum vanderplanki. Larval survival (48 h), anhydrobiotic ability, metamorphosis and reproduction after exposure to 1 to 9000 Gy of $$gamma$$-rays at the larval stage were comparedbetween anhydrobiotic (dry) and normal (wet) phases. Wet larvae were killed in a dose-dependent manner at doses higher than 2000 Gy, and all died within 8 h after 4000 Gy exposure. In contrast, dry larvae survived even 5000 Gy, and some of them still tolerated 7000 Gy and were alive at 48 h after rehydration. Moreover, greater radiotolerance of dry larva, compared to wet ones, was demonstrated interms of metamorphoses. However, anhydrobiosis did not protect against radiation damage in terms of producing viable offspring. These results indicate that anhydrobiosis enhances radiotolerance, resulting in increases of successful metamorphoses.

Journal Articles

Contribution of circulating hemocytes to the regeneration of heavy ion beams ($$^{12}$$C$$^{5+}$$) irradiated hematopoietic organs in the silkworm, ${it Bombyx mori}$, through the way of phagocytosis of injured cells after invasion

Ling, E.*; Shirai, Koji*; Kanekatsu, Rensuke*; Kiguchi, Kenji*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Funayama, Tomoo; Watanabe, Hiroshi*

Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 30(6), p.531 - 543, 2006/00

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:55.03(Fisheries)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Training report of the FBR cycle training facility in 2004FY

Watanabe, Tomoo; Ozawa, Kazumasa; Otsuka, Jiro; Sasaki, Kazuichi; Sawada, Makoto

JNC TN4440 2005-001, 40 Pages, 2005/07

JNC-TN4440-2005-001.pdf:1.85MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization of pathways dependent on the ${it uvsE}$, ${it uvrA1}$ or ${it uvrA2}$ gene product for UV resistance in ${it Deinococcus radiodurans}$

Tanaka, Masashi*; Narumi, Issei; Funayama, Tomoo; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Watanabe, Hiroshi*; Matsunaga, Tsukasa*; Nikaido, Osamu*; Yamamoto, Kazuo*

Journal of Bacteriology, 187(11), p.3693 - 3697, 2005/06

 Times Cited Count:34 Percentile:52.97(Microbiology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Irradiation of mammalian cultured cells with a collimated heavy-ion microbeam

Funayama, Tomoo; Wada, Seiichi; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Watanabe, Hiroshi*

Radiation Research, 163(2), p.241 - 246, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:66.08(Biology)

As the first step for the analysis of the biological effect of heavy charged-particle radiation, we established a method for the irradiation of individual cells with a heavy ion microbeam apparatus at JAERI-Takasaki. CHO-K1 cells attached on the thin film of ion track detector, CR-39, were automatically detected under fluorescent microscope, and irradiated individually with $$^{40}$$Ar$$^{13+}$$ ion (11.5 MeV/u, LET=1260 keV/$$mu$$m) microbeam. Without killing the irradiated cells, trajectories of irradiated ions were visualized as etch-pits by treatment of CR-39 with alkaline-ethanol solution at 37$$^{circ}$$C. The exact positions of ion hits were determined by overlaying images of both cells and etch-pits. The cells that were irradiated with argon ions showed a reduced growth in post-irradiate observations. Moreover, a single hit of an argon ion to the cell nucleus resulted in strong growth inhibition. These results tell us that our truthful irradiation method now enables us to start a precise study of the cellular response of high-LET radiation effects on cells.

Journal Articles

Radiation response mechanisms of the extremely radioresistant bacterium ${it Deinococcus radiodurans}$

Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Narumi, Issei; Sato, Katsuya; Funayama, Tomoo; Kikuchi, Masahiro; Kitayama, Shigeru; Watanabe, Hiroshi*

Uchu Seibutsu Kagaku, 18(3), p.134 - 135, 2004/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

PprA; A Novel protein from ${it Deinococcus radiodurans}$ that stimulates DNA ligation

Narumi, Issei; Sato, Katsuya; Cui, S.*; Funayama, Tomoo; Kitayama, Shigeru; Watanabe, Hiroshi*

Molecular Microbiology, 54(1), p.278 - 285, 2004/10

 Times Cited Count:124 Percentile:91.8(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

The extraordinary radiation resistance of ${it Deinococcus radiodurans}$ results from the efficient capacity of the bacterium to repair DNA double-strand breaks. By analyzing the DNA damage repair-deficient mutant, KH311, a unique radiation-inducible gene (designated ${it pprA}$) responsible for loss of radiation resistance was identified. Investigations in vitro showed that the gene product of ${it pprA}$ (PprA) preferentially bound to double-stranded DNA carrying strand breaks, inhibited ${it Escherichia coli}$ exonuclease III activity, and stimulated the DNA end-joining reaction catalyzed by ATP-dependent and NAD-dependent DNA ligases. These results suggest that ${it D. radiodurans}$ has a radiation-induced nonhomologous end-joining repair mechanism in which PprA plays a critical role.

JAEA Reports

Training report of the FBR cycle training facility in 2004FY

Watanabe, Tomoo; Ozawa, Kazumasa; Otsuka, Jiro; SASAKI, Kazuhito; Sawada, Makoto

JNC TN4410 2004-003, 20 Pages, 2004/07

JNC-TN4410-2004-003.pdf:0.66MB

The FBR cycle training facility consists of sodium handling training facility and maintenance training facility, and is being contributed to train for the operators and maintenance workers of the prototype fast breeder reactor "Monju". So far, some training courses have been added to the both training courses of sodium handling technologies maintenance technologies in every year in order to carry out be significant training for preparation of Monju restarting. As encouragement of the sodium handling technology training in 2003FY, the sodium heat transfer basic course was equipped as the 9th sodium handling training course with the aims of learning basic principal technology regarding sodium heat transfer. While, for the maintenance training course, a named "Monju Systems Learning Training Course", which aims to learn necessary knowledge as the engineers related Monju development, was provided newly in this year as an improvement concerned the maintenance course. In 2003FY, nine sodium handling technology training courses were carried out total 33 times and 235 trainees took part in those training courses. Also, nine training courses concerning the maintenance technology held 15 times and total 113 trainees participated. On the other hand, the 4th special lecture related sodium technology by France sodium school instructor was held on Mar. 15-17 and 34 trainees participated. Consequently, a cumulative trainees since October in 2000 opened the FBR cycle training facility reached to 1,236 so for.

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