Kosaka, Wataru; Uchibori, Akihiro; Takata, Takashi; Yanagisawa, Hideki*; Watanabe, Akira*; Jang, S.*
Proceedings of 19th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-19) (Internet), 11 Pages, 2022/03
For the safety assessment of a steam generator (SG) in a sodium-cooled fast reactor, the analysis code LEAP-III can evaluate the water leak rate during the long-term event progress including the tube failure propagation triggered by an occurrence of a small water leak in a failed heat transfer tube in SG. The LEAP-III has the advantage in completing the calculation with low computational cost since it consists of semi-empirical formulae and one-dimensional equations of conservation. However, an evaluation model of temperature distribution by the reacting jet provides wider high temperature region than the experimental data. As a result, LEAP-III shows excessive conservativeness in some case. A Lagrangian particle method code based on engineering approaches has been developed in order to improve this model to get more realistic temperature distribution. In this method, the jet behavior and chemical reaction are simulated using Newton's equation of motion with several engineering approximations instead of solving multi-dimension multiphase thermal hydraulic equations with sodium-water reaction. In this study, interparticle interaction force model was added, and also the chemical reaction and gas-liquid heat transfer evaluation models were improved. We conducted a test analysis, and compared the results by this particle method with the ones by SERAPHIM, that is a mechanistic analysis code for multi-dimensional multiphase flow considering compressibility and sodium-water reaction. Through this test analysis, it confirmed that this particle method has the basic capability to get a realistic temperature distribution with low computational cost, and also to predict tube failure occurrence by coupled with LEAP-III.
Watanabe, Masari*; Kurita, Nubuyuki*; Tanaka, Hidekazu*; Ueno, Wataru*; Matsui, Kazuki*; Goto, Takayuki*; Hagihara, Masato
Physical Review B, 105(5), p.054414_1 - 054414_12, 2022/02
Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Okada, Makoto*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Hagura, Naoto*; Kada, Wataru*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 477, p.60 - 65, 2020/08
IBIL and EXAFS analyses were applied on strucutral analysis of Eu complex formed in adsorbent developed for extraction chromatography. Those analyses revealed slight structural difference between adsorbent and solvent systems.
Watanabe, So; Katai, Yuya*; Matsuura, Haruaki*; Kada, Wataru*; Koka, Masashi*; Sato, Takahiro*; Arai, Tsuyoshi*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 450, p.61 - 65, 2019/07
Kawamura, Seiko; Takahashi, Ryuta*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Yamauchi, Yasuhiro*; Nakamura, Masatoshi*; Ouchi, Keiichi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Kambara, Wataru*; Aoyama, Kazuhiro*; Sakaguchi, Yoshifumi*; et al.
Journal of Neutron Research, 21(1-2), p.17 - 22, 2019/05
The Cryogenics and Magnets group in the Sample Environment team is responsible for operation of cryostats and magnets for user's experiments at the MLF in J-PARC. We have introduced a top-loading He cryostat, a bottom-loading He cryostat, a dilution refrigerator insert and a superconducting magnet. The frequency of use of them dramatically becomes higher in these two years, as the beam power and the number of proposal increase. To respond such situation, we have made efforts to enhance performance of these equipment as follows. The He cryostat originally involves an operation software for automatic initial cooling down to the base temperature and automatic re-charge of He. Recently we made an additional program for automatic temperature control with only the sorb heater. Last year, a new outer vacuum chamber of the magnet with an oscillating radial collimator (ORC) was fabricated. The data quality was drastically improved by introducing this ORC so that the magnet can be used even for the inelastic neutron scattering experiments.
Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09
Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.
Yokota, Wataru; Yuri, Yosuke; Watanabe, Shinichi*; Oshiro, Yukimitsu*; Kubono, Shigeru*
JAEA-Technology 2016-005, 21 Pages, 2016/03
The Center of Nuclear Science (CNS) of Tokyo University conducts the research on nuclear physics using CNS Radio-Isotope Beam Separator (CRIB) installed at the RIKEN AVF cyclotron. Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, JAEA has an AVF cyclotron of similar scale and is developing a technology to form a large-area uniform beam by an octupole magnetic field for the research on materials science. They carried out an R&D to increase the cyclotron beam intensity at a target under joint research. The nonlinear beam optics was designed to form a usual cyclotron beam having a large transverse tail into a small-sized tailless distribution so that the beam passes the gas target orifice (6 mm in diameter) of CRIB without a loss. As a result of particle tracking simulations based on the measured beam emittance, it has been found that an octupole magnetic field is effective in tail-folding and a 10-mm-diameter beam can be formed with two octupole magnets added in the present beam line. It has been also found that additional magnets need to be installed and the beam emittance should be reduced for the objective beam size of 6 mm. Moreover, the objective may be attained if the beam path length and configuration of the magnetic lens system are freely chosen.
Sato, Takahiro; Yokoyama, Akihito; Kitamura, Akane; Okubo, Takeru; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Takahatake, Yoko; Watanabe, So; Koma, Yoshikazu; Kada, Wataru*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 371, p.419 - 423, 2016/03
Sakai, Kenji; Kai, Tetsuya; Oi, Motoki; Watanabe, Akihiko; Nakatani, Takeshi; Higemoto, Wataru; Meigo, Shinichiro; Sakamoto, Shinichi; Takada, Hiroshi; Futakawa, Masatoshi
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.264 - 267, 2014/04
no abstracts in English
Inaba, Yusuke*; Tsumagari, Takayuki*; Kida, Tatsuya*; Watanabe, Wataru*; Nakajima, Yasutaka*; Fukuoka, Sachio*; Mori, Atsunori*; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Nakano, Yoshio*; Takeshita, Kenji*
Polymer Journal, 43(7), p.630 - 634, 2011/07
-(tetrakis-2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN) derivatives bearing a polymerizable double bond in the substituent structure of the pyridine ring are synthesized and subjected to copolymerization with -isopropylacrylamide in the presence of AIBN. The obtained poly(TPEN-NIPA) gels show thermo-responsive swelling/shrinking behaviors and are employed for the extraction of cadmium(II) ion from the aqueous solution to examine the relationship of the gel characteristics and the extraction performance. The polymer gels composed of the TPEN derivative bearing C3, C4, C10 and branched C3 spacer chains are synthesized and temperature-dependent extraction behavior of cadmium ion is compared. These gels extract Cd(II) ion efficiently from the aqueous solution in the swelling state at 5C, while little extraction is observed at 45C with shrinking. It is found that poly(TPEN-NIPA) gel of branched C3 spacer (C3b) shows the excellent thermoresponsive extraction performance.
Fukuoka, Sachio*; Kida, Tatsuya*; Nakajima, Yasutaka*; Tsumagari, Takayuki*; Watanabe, Wataru*; Inaba, Yusuke*; Mori, Atsunori*; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Nakano, Yoshio*; Takeshita, Kenji*
Tetrahedron, 66(9), p.1721 - 1727, 2010/02
N,N,N',N'-(tetrakis-2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN) derivatives bearing the different number (1-4) of a double bond moiety on the pyridine ring are synthesized and subjected to copolymerization with N-isopropylacrylamide in the presence of AIBN. The obtained poly(TPEN-NIPA)gels show thermo-responsive swelling/shrinking behaviors and are employed for the extraction of cadmium(II) ion from the aqueous solution to examine the relationship of the gel characteristics and the extraction performance. The polymer gels composed of the TPEN derivative bearing three or four double bonds exhibit temperature-dependent change of swelling and shrinking in water. These gels extract CdII ion efficiently from the aqueous solution in the swelling state at 5C, while little extraction was observed at 45C with shrinking.
Sakai, Kenji; Oi, Motoki; Kai, Tetsuya; Watanabe, Akihiko; Nakatani, Takeshi; Higemoto, Wataru; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Kaminaga, Masanori
JAEA-Technology 2009-042, 44 Pages, 2009/08
A general control system for the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF-GCS) at J-PARC has an advanced and independent system for control of the mercury target, including a large amount of mercury, three moderators with supercritical hydrogen, and cooling systems with radioactive water. Although the MLF-GCS is an independent system, it works closely with the accelerator and other facility control systems within J-PARC. The MLF have succeeded in the first proton beam injection and neutron beam generation in May 2008, and succeeded the muon beams generation in September 2008. The design and construction of the MLF-GCS has finished before the first proton beam injection. It has been operated stably and efficiently in the off- and on- beam commissioning. This paper reports on the design, construction and operation of the MLF-GCS.
Yuri, Yosuke; Ishizaka, Tomohisa; Yuyama, Takahiro; Okumura, Susumu; Ishibori, Ikuo; Yokota, Wataru; Watanabe, Shinichi*; Kubono, Shigeru*; Oshiro, Yukimitsu*
Proceedings of 2009 Particle Accelerator Conference (PAC '09) (DVD-ROM), p.3895 - 3897, 2009/05
Horikawa, Daiki*; Kunieda, Takekazu*; Abe, Wataru*; Watanabe, Masahiko*; Nakahara, Yuichi*; Yukuhiro, Fumiko*; Sakashita, Tetsuya; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Wada, Seiichi*; Funayama, Tomoo; et al.
Astrobiology, 8(3), p.549 - 556, 2008/06
We report the successful rearing of the herbivorous tardigrade, , by supplying the green alga as food. The life span was 35 d, deposited eggs required 5.7 d to hatch, and animals began to deposit eggs 9 d after hatching. The reared individuals of this species had an anhydrobiotic capacity throughout their life cycle in egg, juvenile, and adult stages. Furthermore, the reared adults in an anhydrobiotic state were tolerant of temperatures of 90C and -196C and exposure to 99.8% acetonitrile or irradiation with 4000 Gy He ions. Based on their life history traits and tolerance to extreme stresses, might be a suitable model for astrobiological studies of multicellular organisms.
Tokiwa, Kazuyasu*; Mikusu, Satoshi*; Higemoto, Wataru; Nishiyama, Kusuo*; Iyo, Akira*; Tanaka, Yasumoto*; Kotegawa, Hisashi*; Mukuda, Hidekazu*; Kitaoka, Yoshio*; Watanabe, Tsuneo*
Physica C, 460-462(2), p.892 - 895, 2007/09
Zero- and longitudinal-field muon-spin rotation (ZF-SR and LF-SR) measurements were carried out on a multi-layered HgBaCaCuO (Hg-1245) superconductor with of 108 K. With decreasing temperature, the observed ZF-SR function changed from a Gaussian-type to an exponential-type below 60 K and zero field muon precession was also observed below 45 K. These SR signals are attributed to the development of the antiferromagnetic ordering in inner CuOplanes with a low carrier concentration. These results seem to indicate clear evidence that antiferromagnetism microscopically coexists with superconductivity in the Hg-1245 superconductor below 60 K.
Risdiana*; Adachi, Tadashi*; Oki, Naoki*; Yairi, Satoshi*; Tanabe, Yoichi*; Omori, Keisuke*; Suzuki, Takao*; Watanabe, Isao*; Koda, Akihiro*; Higemoto, Wataru; et al.
Physica C, 460-462(2), p.874 - 875, 2007/09
Zero-field muon-spin-relaxation measurements have been carried out for LaSrCuZnO (LSCO)with = 0-0.10 in the overdoped regime up to = 0.30, in order to investigate whether the dynamical stripe correlations are pinned and stabilized even for the overdoped LSCO or not. It has been found that the Zn-induced slowing down of the Cu-spin fluctuations is weakened with increasing but takes place in the overdoped regime and disappears at = 0.30. This suggests that the stripe-pinning model holds good in the whole superconducting regime of LSCO and that there is no quantum critical point at 0.19.
Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Nishiyama, Kusuo*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Makimura, Shunsuke*; Strasser, P.*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Beveridge, J. L.*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Fukuchi, Koichi*; Sato, Nobuhiko*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 374-375, p.484 - 487, 2006/03
The construction of the Materials and Life Science building was started in the beginning of the fiscal year of 2004. After commissioning of the accelerator and beam transport sections in 2008, muon beams will be available for users in 2009. In this letter, the latest construction status of the J-PARC Muon Science Facility is reported.
Kuroiwa, Sogo*; Takagiwa, Hiroyuki*; Yamazawa, Maki*; Akimitsu, Jun*; Koda, Akihiro*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Oishi, Kazuki; Higemoto, Wataru; Watanabe, Isao*
Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, 7(1), p.12 - 16, 2006/01
The temperature dependence of muon spin relaxation rate exhibits a significant increase below 130 K in CaB and 110 K in BaB, while no sigh of spontaneous muon precession signal under a zero field is observed. Moreover, the electric field gradient at the boron site measured by muon level-crossing resonance exhibits a step like change at 110 K in CaB. These results suggest a change in electronic state and the associated emergence of weak random magnetism below 110-130 K in these alkaline earth hexaborides.
Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Makimura, Shunsuke*; Strasser, P.*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Nishiyama, Kusuo*; Beveridge, J. L.*; Kadono, Ryosuke*; Sato, Nobuhiko*; Fukuchi, Koichi*; et al.
Nuclear Physics B; Proceedings Supplements, 149, p.393 - 395, 2005/12
The J-PARC muon science experimental area is planned to be located in the integrated building of the facility for materials and life science study. One muon target will be installed upstream of the neutron target. The main feature of the facility is introduced.
Yamada, Hirokazu*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Uchida, Munenori*; Akutsu, Yoichi; Motoki, Ryozo; Watanabe, Wataru; Hirata, Shogo*
JAERI-Tech 2004-036, 138 Pages, 2004/03
This document shows the model case concerned with the utilization of constructed facility for the construction of post irradiation examination facility for fusion blanket. In this report, the radioisotope application and development laboratory is considered as constructed facility for post irradiation examination facility and we planned to improve the radioisotope application and development laboratory to the facility of post irradiation examination for fusion material to reduce the construction fee for this facility and promotion of efficiency by concentration of any equipment for fusion material research.