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Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 32 Pages, 2022/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

The Surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Arai, Takehiko*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Science, 364(6437), p.272 - 275, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:170 Percentile:99.77(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu, the target of Hayabusa2 sample return mission, is believed to be a primitive carbonaceous object. The Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on Hayabusa2 acquired reflectance spectra of Ryugu's surface to provide direct measurements of the surface composition and geological context for the returned samples. A weak, narrow absorption feature centered at 2.72 micron was detected across the entire observed surface, indicating that hydroxyl (OH)-bearing minerals are ubiquitous there. The intensity of the OH feature and low albedo are similar to thermally- and/or shock-metamorphosed carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. There are few variations in the OH-band position, consistent with Ryugu being a compositionally homogeneous rubble-pile object generated from impact fragments of an undifferentiated aqueously altered parent body.

Journal Articles

Mineralogical control of the size distribution of stable Cs and radiocesium in riverbed sediments

Tanaka, Kazuya; Watanabe, Naoko*; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Fan, Q.*; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Geochemical Journal, 52(2), p.173 - 185, 2018/00

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:54.91(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

We analyzed riverbed sediments collected at two sites, Yamakiya and Kuroiwa, in Fukushima after the Fukushima accident. The size distributions of K, Rb, and $$^{133}$$Csreflected the mineralogy of sediments, where primary host minerals for these alkali elements would be biotite, K-feldspar, and clay minerals. Silt-size fractions contained high $$^{133}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations possibly due to adsorption on clay minerals. Their concentrations decreased with particle size at the Yamakiya site. In contrast, coarse and very coarse sand fractions from the Kuroiwa site showed higher $$^{133}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in comparison to fine - medium sand fractions. The coarse sand fractions contained many weathered biotite grains. Overall, the size distributions of $$^{133}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs were similar in the sediments, suggesting that the Fukushima-derived radiocesium was distributed into each particle size fraction in response to the distribution of the stable Cs that was controlled by mineralogical composition.

Journal Articles

Ligand exchange adsorption and coordination structure of Pd on $$delta$$-MnO$$_{2}$$ in NaCl solution

Tanaka, Kazuya; Tanaka, Masato*; Watanabe, Naoko*; Tokunaga, Kohei*; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Chemical Geology, 460, p.130 - 137, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:33.97(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Pd is highly accumulated in ferromanganese nodules and crusts relative to its concentration in seawater but the mechanism by which Pd(II) is incorporated remains poorly understood. We investigated the local coordination structure of Pd(II) adsorbed on $$delta$$-MnO$$_{2}$$, using X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analyses indicated that Pd was adsorbed on $$delta$$-MnO$$_{2}$$ through ligand exchange, from Cl coordination to O coordination. Furthermore, curve fitting of EXAFS spectra demonstrated the formation of two different inner-sphere complexes, bidentate-mononuclear and bidentate-binuclear complexes, and this finding was supported by density functional theory calculations. The formation of inner-sphere complexes is reasonable given the relatively large distribution coefficients obtained from adsorption experiments.

Journal Articles

Present status of the tandem accelerator at the JAEA-AMS-TONO; 2015

Fujita, Natsuko; Matsubara, Akihiro*; Watanabe, Takahiro; Kokubu, Yoko; Umeda, Koji*; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Miyake, Masayasu; Owaki, Yoshio*; Nishio, Tomohiro*; et al.

Dai-29-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.39 - 42, 2017/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Present status of the JAEA-AMS-TONO; 2015

Fujita, Natsuko; Matsubara, Akihiro; Watanabe, Takahiro; Kokubu, Yoko; Umeda, Koji; Nishizawa, Akimitsu*; Miyake, Masayasu*; Owaki, Yoshio*; Nishio, Tomohiro*; Kato, Motohisa*

Dai-18-Kai AMS Shimpojiumu Hokokushu, p.85 - 90, 2016/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Simultaneous recovery and separation of rare earth elements in ferromanganese nodules by using ${{it Shewanella putrefaciens}}$

Fujimoto, Jun*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Watanabe, Naoko*; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Hydrometallurgy, 166, p.80 - 86, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:32.38(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

We examined recovery of REEs in Fe-Mn nodules by using ${{it Shewanella putrefaciens}}$ (Fe-reducing bacterium). In this method, Fe-Mn nodule decomposition and REE recovery were achieved simultaneously in a single solution system. Fe-Mn nodules were reductively decomposed in NaCl solution under anaerobic conditions with daily addition of sodium lactate as an electron donor. During the decomposition of Fe-Mn nodule, REEs released from the Fe-Mn nodule were adsorbed on bacterial cells. Of the conditions studied here, the best REE adsorption rates were obtained with 0.5M NaCl solution at pH7 with daily addition of 1 mmol sodium lactate.

Journal Articles

Determination of in-service inspection requirements for fast reactor components using System Based Code concept

Takaya, Shigeru; Kamishima, Yoshio*; Machida, Hideo*; Watanabe, Daigo*; Asayama, Tai

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 305, p.270 - 276, 2016/08

AA2016-0006.pdf:0.51MB

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:23.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In our previous study, we proposed a new process for determining the in-service inspection (ISI) requirements using the System Based Code concept. The proposed process consists of two complementary evaluations, one focusing on structural integrity and the other on plant safety. In this study, the ISI requirements for a reactor guard vessel (RGV) and core support structure (CSS) of a prototype sodium-cooled fast breeder reactor in Japan (Monju) were investigated using the proposed process. It was shown that both components had sufficient reliability even assuming unrealistic severe conditions. The failure occurrences of these components were practically eliminated. Hence, it was concluded that no ISI requirements were needed for these components. The proposed process is expected to contribute to the realization of effective and rational ISI by properly taking into account plant-specific features.

Journal Articles

Study on minimum wall thickness requirement for seismic buckling of reactor vessel based on system based code concept

Takaya, Shigeru; Watanabe, Daigo*; Yokoi, Shinobu*; Kamishima, Yoshio*; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Asayama, Tai

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 137(5), p.051802_1 - 051802_7, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:13.5(Engineering, Mechanical)

The minimum wall thickness required to prevent seismic buckling of a reactor vessel in a fast reactor is derived using the System Based Code (SBC) concept. One of the key features of SBC concept is margin optimization; to implement this concept, the reliability design method is employed, and the target reliability for seismic buckling of the reactor vessel is derived from nuclear plant safety goals. Input data for reliability evaluation, such as distribution type, mean value, and standard deviation of random variables, are also prepared. Seismic hazard is considered to evaluate uncertainty of seismic load. Minimum wall thickness required to achieve the target reliability is evaluated, and is found to be less than that determined from a conventional deterministic design method. Furthermore, the influence of each random variable on the evaluation is investigated, and it is found that the seismic load has a significant impact.

Journal Articles

Determination of ISI requirements on the basis of system based code concept

Takaya, Shigeru; Kamishima, Yoshio*; Machida, Hideo*; Watanabe, Daigo*; Asayama, Tai

Transactions of 23rd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT-23) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2015/08

In our previous study, a new process for determination of in-service inspection (ISI) requirements was proposed on the basis of the System Based Code concept. The proposed process consists of two complementary evaluations, one focusing on structural integrity and the other on plant safety. In this study, ISI requirements for a reactor guard vessel and a core support structure of the prototype sodium-cooled fast breeder reactor in Japan, Monju, were investigated according to the proposed process. The proposed process is expected to contribute to realize effective and rational ISI by properly taking into account plant-specific features.

Journal Articles

Application of the system based code concept to the determination of in-service inspection requirements

Takaya, Shigeru; Asayama, Tai; Kamishima, Yoshio*; Machida, Hideo*; Watanabe, Daigo*; Nakai, Satoru; Morishita, Masaki

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 1(1), p.011004_1 - 011004_9, 2015/01

A new process for determination of inservice inspection (ISI) requirements was proposed based on the System Based Code concept to realize effective and rational ISI by properly taking into account plant specific features. The proposed process consists of two complementary evaluations, one focusing on structural integrity and the other one on detectability of defects before they would grow to an unacceptable size in light of plant safety. If defect detection was not feasible, structural integrity evaluation would be required under sufficiently conservative hypothesis. The applicability of the proposed process was illustrated through an application to the existing prototype fast breeder reactor, Monju.

Journal Articles

Progress of injection energy upgrade project for J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Horino, Koki; Hotchi, Hideaki; Kamiya, Junichiro; Kinsho, Michikazu; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; et al.

Proceedings of 4th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '13) (Internet), p.3833 - 3835, 2014/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on minimum wall thickness requirement of reactor vessel of fast reactor for seismic buckling by system based code

Takaya, Shigeru; Watanabe, Daigo*; Yokoi, Shinobu*; Kamishima, Yoshio*; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Asayama, Tai

Proceedings of 2013 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2013) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2013/07

In this paper, minimum wall thickness requirement of reactor vessel of fast reactor for seismic buckling is discussed on the basis of the System Based Code (SBC) concept. One of key concepts of SBC is the margin optimization. To implement this concept, reliability design method is employed, and the target reliability for seismic buckling of reactor vessel is derived from nuclear plant safety goals. Input data for reliability evaluation such as distribution type, mean value and standard deviation of random variable are prepared. Seismic hazard is considered to evaluate uncertainty of seismic load. Wall thickness needed to achieve the target reliability is evaluated, and as a result, it is shown that the minimum wall thickness can be reduced from that required by a deterministic design method.

Journal Articles

Development of limit state design for fast reactor by system based code

Watanabe, Daigo*; Chuman, Yasuharu*; Asayama, Tai; Takaya, Shigeru; Machida, Hideo*; Kamishima, Yoshio*

Proceedings of 2013 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2013) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2013/07

Limit state design was newly developed in order to apply the margin exchange which is one of the innovative concepts of the System Based Code (SBC). It was shown that limit state design method is applicable to plant design instead of current design criteria. In this report, working example of a reactor vessel of a Fast Reactor subject to thermal load is conducted to demonstrate this concept. As the result allowable stress was increased by changing the acceptance criteria from current design criteria to limit state design criteria.

Journal Articles

The Present situation and future prospects of groundwater colloids studies on the performance assessment of geological disposal of radioactive wastes in Japan

Nagao, Seiya*; Niibori, Yuichi*; Tanaka, Tadao; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Saito, Takumi*; Kirishima, Akira*; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Iijima, Kazuki; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; et al.

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 20(1), p.3 - 14, 2013/06

This paper shows a current status of groundwater colloids studies on the performance assessment of geological disposal of radioactive wastes in Japan, and summaries realistic approach of the colloids studies at a substantial research network for Japanese universities and institutes.

Journal Articles

In-beam fissio study at JAEA for heavy element synthesis

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; Comas, V. F.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Heinz, S.*; Heredia, J. A.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1524, p.68 - 72, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.04

Journal Articles

Status of injection energy upgrade for J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hotchi, Hideaki; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tani, Norio; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Proceedings of 3rd International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '12) (Internet), p.3921 - 3923, 2012/05

The injection energy upgrade from 181 to 400 MeV for J-PARC RCS is planned in 2013. One power supply was replaced and using for a normal operation. An IGBT chopper type power supply which has larger switching noise will be changed to a capacitor bank type. New injection system allows the center injection with 400 MeV and switching painting area. As further steps for the leakage field, it begins to diminish the effect from the beam transport line. A quadrupole corrector system is designed and fabricated to compensate the beta beat due to the injection bump as the first step. Two profile monitors will be modified to correct position systematic errors and third one is going to be installed at dispersion free section. It is important to minimize kicker impedance lower, which may cause the beam instability. A diode, which has high reverse breakdown voltage and works with lower forward voltage, has been developed. Using this new diode, an experiment shows the impedance becomes lower.

Journal Articles

Current status and future direction of full-scale vibration simulator for entire nuclear power plants

Uzawa, Ken; Watanabe, Tadashi; Nishida, Akemi; Suzuki, Yoshio; Takemiya, Hiroshi

High Performance Computing on Vector Systems 2011, p.171 - 184, 2012/01

The Center for Computational Science and E-systems (CCSE) has been promoting researches and developments for the full-scale 3D vibration simulator of an entire nuclear power plant, which is a virtual plant vibration simulator on inter-connected supercomputers. Application example of the vibration simulator to High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) and recent progress of collaborative work for JST-CREST program "Multiscale and multiphysics earthquake-proof simulation" are shown. This year, we started to implement the analysis capability of fluid effects to the vibration simulator. We have presented a two-phase flow model for analyzing a sloshing and suggested importance of turbulent effect to estimate the flow impact on the structure more precisely.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design study of JSFR, 2; Reactor system

Eto, Masao*; Kamishima, Yoshio*; Okamura, Shigeki*; Watanabe, Osamu*; Oyama, Kazuhiro*; Negishi, Kazuo; Kotake, Shoji*; Sakamoto, Yoshihiko; Kamide, Hideki

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles (FR 2009) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2012/00

In the JSFR design, the diameter of the Reactor Vessel (RV) shall be minimized and the reactor internal structures shall be simplified for reduction in construction cost. The reduction in the RV diameter is achieved by adopting an advanced refueling system and the hot RV with high temperature wall. The flow velocity in the reactor upper plenum increases because the diameter of the RV is decreased. As the result, the coolant flow field in reactor upper plenum is severe. The optimization of the coolant flow field in the reactor upper plenum was carried out for prevention the cover gas entrainment and the vortex cavitations at the hot leg intake. In addition, structural integrities for seismic loadings and thermal loadings were evaluated because the design seismic loading was highly increased and the vessel wall is directly exposed to the thermal transients of the upper plenum. This paper describes the characteristics and the results of the design study of the reactor system.

Journal Articles

Thermoresponsive extraction of cadmium(II) ions by poly(TPEN-NIPA) gels; Effect of chain length and branched spacer structure on gel formation and extraction behavior

Inaba, Yusuke*; Tsumagari, Takayuki*; Kida, Tatsuya*; Watanabe, Wataru*; Nakajima, Yasutaka*; Fukuoka, Sachio*; Mori, Atsunori*; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Nakano, Yoshio*; Takeshita, Kenji*

Polymer Journal, 43(7), p.630 - 634, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:38.19(Polymer Science)

${it N,N,N',N'}$-(tetrakis-2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine (TPEN) derivatives bearing a polymerizable double bond in the substituent structure of the pyridine ring are synthesized and subjected to copolymerization with ${it N}$-isopropylacrylamide in the presence of AIBN. The obtained poly(TPEN-NIPA) gels show thermo-responsive swelling/shrinking behaviors and are employed for the extraction of cadmium(II) ion from the aqueous solution to examine the relationship of the gel characteristics and the extraction performance. The polymer gels composed of the TPEN derivative bearing C3, C4, C10 and branched C3 spacer chains are synthesized and temperature-dependent extraction behavior of cadmium ion is compared. These gels extract Cd(II) ion efficiently from the aqueous solution in the swelling state at 5$$^{circ}$$C, while little extraction is observed at 45$$^{circ}$$C with shrinking. It is found that poly(TPEN-NIPA) gel of branched C3 spacer (C3b) shows the excellent thermoresponsive extraction performance.

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