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Journal Articles

First direct mass measurements of nuclides around $$Z$$ = 100 with a multireflection time-of-flight mass spectrograph

Ito, Yuta*; Schury, P.*; Wada, Michiharu*; Arai, Fumiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Ishizawa, Satoshi*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kimura, Sota*; Koura, Hiroyuki; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 120(15), p.152501_1 - 152501_6, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:3.78(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Masses of $$^{246}$$Es, $$^{251}$$Fm and the transfermium nuclei $$^{249-252}$$Md, and $$^{254}$$No, produced by hot- and cold-fusion reactions, in the vicinity of the deformed $$N=152$$ neutron shell closure, have been directly measured using a multi-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrograph. The masses of $$^{246}$$Es and $$^{249,250,252}$$Md were measured for the first time. Using the masses of $$^{249,250}$$Md as anchor points for $$alpha$$ decay chains, the masses of heavier nuclei, up to $$^{261}$$Bh and $$^{266}$$Mt, were determined. These new masses were compared with theoretical global mass models and demonstrated to be in good agreement with macroscopic-microscopic models in this region. The empirical shell gap parameter $$delta_{2n}$$ derived from three isotopic masses was updated with the new masses and corroborate the existence of the deformed $$N=152$$ neutron shell closure for Md and Lr.

Journal Articles

Observation of doubly-charged ions of francium isotopes extracted from a gas cell

Schury, P.*; Wada, Michiharu*; Ito, Yuta*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Kimura, Sota*; Koura, Hiroyuki; MacCormick, M.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 407, p.160 - 165, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:27.27(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Various isotopes of Ac, Ra, Fr, and Rn were produced by fusion-evaporation reactions using a $$^{48}$$Ca beam. The energetic ions were stopped in and extracted from a helium gas cell. The extracted ions were identified using a multi-reflection time-of-fight mass spectrograph. In all cases, it was observed that the predominant charge state for the extracted ions, including the alkali Fr, was 2+.

Journal Articles

New measurement of the $$^{8}$$Li($$alpha$$,n)$$^{11}$$B reaction in a lower-energy region below the Coulomb barrier

Das, S. K.*; Fukuda, Tomokazu*; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Jeong, S. C.*; Ikezoe, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Makoto; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(5), p.055805_1 - 055805_4, 2017/05

 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Direct measurement of nanoscale lithium diffusion in solid battery materials using radioactive tracer of $$^{8}$$Li

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Jung, H. S.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 376, p.379 - 381, 2016/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:57.25(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Influence of linear energy transfer on the scintillation decay behavior in a lithium glass scintillator

Koshimizu, Masanori*; Iwamatsu, Kazuhiro*; Taguchi, Mitsumasa; Kurashima, Satoshi; Kimura, Atsushi; Yanagida, Takayuki*; Fujimoto, Yutaka*; Watanabe, Kenichi*; Asai, Keisuke*

Journal of Luminescence, 169(Part B), p.678 - 681, 2016/01

We analyzed the effects of linear energy transfer (LET) on the scintillation properties of a Li glass scintillator, GS20. The scintillation time profiles were measured by using pulsed ion beams having different LETs. The rise in the scintillation time profiles was faster for higher LET, whereas the decay part was not significantly different for largely different LETs. The LET effects in the rise was ascribed to the effects of excited states interaction during the energy transfer process from the host glass to the luminescent centers, Ce$$^{3+}$$ ions. Supposing that the light yield decreases with LET, the fast rise at high LET was explained in terms of the competition between the energy transfer and the quenching due to the excited states interaction.

Journal Articles

Nuclear structure of $$^{37,38}$$Si investigated by decay spectroscopy of $$^{37,38}$$Al

Steiger, K.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Li, Z.*; Gernh$"a$user, R.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Chen, R.*; Faestermann, T.*; Hinke, C.*; Kr$"u$cken, R.*; Nishimura, Mitsuki*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 51(9), p.117_1 - 117_9, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:45.25(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Seismically-induced reactor coolant leakage as an allegedly-possible cause of accident at unit 1 of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station

Kukita, Yutaka; Watanabe, Norio

JAEA-Technology 2014-036, 38 Pages, 2014/11

JAEA-Technology-2014-036.pdf:26.08MB

NAIIC emphasized the possibility of seismically-induced reactor coolant leakage and implied its causal connection to the accident, in particular at the Fukushima Daiichi Unit 1. This view of NAIIC has been addressed by the Accident Investigation Committee established by the Cabinet decision, NISA, and the Secretariat of NRA. Based on seismic response analyses, plant records and simulations, their reports uniformly note that seismically-induced leakage is unlikely to be a causal factor for the core damage though the possibility of insignificantly small leakage cannot be ruled out completely. Also refuted are some of the arguments made by NAIIC as grounds for suspecting safety-significant leakage. The present report re-examines the leak detection capability through the review of plant instruments and post-accident simulations, and adds some arguments in order to resolve the issue raised by NAIIC without technical ambiguity as far as possible. As well, the plant design uniqueness of Unit 1, the history of facility changes, the operating procedures and the actual operations are looked into to raise issues for further investigation.

Journal Articles

Nanoscale diffusion tracing by radioactive $$^{8}$$Li tracer

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S.-C.*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Osa, Akihiko; Otokawa, Yoshinori; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(11), p.110303_1 - 110303_4, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:78.29(Physics, Applied)

JAEA Reports

Analysis of the radioactivity concentrations in low-level radioactive waste generated from JPDR facilities, 3

Yasuda, Mari; Tanaka, Kiwamu; Watanabe, Koichi; Hoshi, Akiko; Tsuji, Tomoyuki; Kameo, Yutaka

JAEA-Data/Code 2014-011, 59 Pages, 2014/08

JAEA-Data-Code-2014-011.pdf:16.84MB

Simple and rapid methods to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations are required to be established for the near surface disposal of radioactive wastes generated from research facilities at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. In order to establish the methods to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations of miscellaneous solid wastes generated from research and testing reactors, we collected and analyzed samples from miscellaneous solid wastes generated by the decommissioning of JPDR (Japan Power Demonstration Reactor). In the present paper, we summarized data about the radioactivity concentrations which accumulated by the analysis.

Journal Articles

Study on structural integrity assessment of reactor pressure vessel based on three-dimensional thermal-hydraulics and structural analyses

Katsuyama, Jinya; Katsumata, Genshichiro; Onizawa, Kunio; Watanabe, Tadashi*; Nishiyama, Yutaka

Proceedings of 2014 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2014) (DVD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2014/07

For structural integrity assessment on reactor pressure vessel (RPV) of pressurized water reactor during the pressurized thermal shock (PTS) events, temperature of coolant water and heat transfer coefficient between coolant water and RPV are dominant factors. These values can be determined on the basis of thermal-hydraulics (TH) analysis simulating PTS events. Using these values, structural integrity assessment of RPV is performed by thermal-structural analysis, e.g. loading that affects the crack initiation and propagation is evaluated. In this study, we performed the TH and thermal-structural analyses using three-dimensional model of cold-leg, downcomer and RPV to assess loading conditions during the PTS more accurate. We obtained the loading histories at the reactor core region of RPV where a crack is postulated in the structural integrity assessment. Through the comparison between analysis results and current evaluation method, conservatism of current method will be discussed.

Journal Articles

Development of a resonant laser ionization gas cell for high-energy, short-lived nuclei

Sonoda, Tetsu*; Wada, Michiharu*; Tomita, Hideo*; Sakamoto, Chika*; Takatsuka, Takaaki*; Furukawa, Takeshi*; Iimura, Hideki; Ito, Yuta*; Kubo, Toshiyuki*; Matsuo, Yukari*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 295, p.1 - 10, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:9.29(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Superdeformed band in asymmetric N $$>$$ Z nucleus, $$^{40}$$Ar and high-spin states in A = 30 $$sim$$ 40 nuclei

Ideguchi, Eiji*; Ota, Shinsuke*; Morikawa, Tsuneyasu*; Oshima, Masumi; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Toh, Yosuke; Kimura, Atsushi; Harada, Hideo; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Nakamura, Shoji; et al.

Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement, (196), p.427 - 432, 2012/10

Journal Articles

Tilted-foil technique for producing a spin-polarized radioactive isotope beam

Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Mihara, Mototsugu*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Jeong, S. C.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Momota, Sadao*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Matsuta, Kensaku*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.54_1 - 54_10, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.83(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

GEM-MSTPC; An Active-target type detector in low-pressure He/CO$$_{2}$$ mixed gas

Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Yamaguchi, Kanako*; Mizoi, Yutaka*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; Das, S. K.*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 7(3), p.C03036_1 - C03036_14, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:57.36(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We developed an active-target type gas counter operating with low He/CO$$_{2}$$ (10%) detector gas for application in studying low-energy nuclear reactions using radioactive beams. A 400-$$mu$$m-thick gas electron multiplier (THGEM) was used as the proportional counter for high injection rate capability. We examined the gas gain stability and the influence of ion feedback on particle tracks at high beam injection rates of up to 10$$^{5}$$ particles per second (pps) using a low-energy $$^{12}$$C beam. From the result of this examination, we found that the THGEM was found to be applicable for our active target at high injection rates of up to 10$$^{5}$$ pps.

Journal Articles

Low-background prebunching system for heavy-ion beams at the Tokai radioactive ion accelerator complex

Okada, Masashi*; Niki, Kazuaki*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Imai, Nobuaki*; Ishiyama, Hironobu*; Jeong, S. C.*; Katayama, Ichiro*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; Oyaizu, Mitsuhiro*; Watanabe, Yutaka*; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 15(3), p.030101_1 - 030101_10, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:87.28(Physics, Nuclear)

JAEA Reports

Analysis of the radioactivity concentrations in low-level radioactive waste generated from JPDR facilities

Hoshi, Akiko; Tsuji, Tomoyuki; Tanaka, Kiwamu; Yasuda, Mari; Watanabe, Koichi; Sakai, Akihiro; Kameo, Yutaka; Kogure, Hiroto; Higuchi, Hidekazu; Takahashi, Kuniaki

JAEA-Data/Code 2011-011, 31 Pages, 2011/10

JAEA-Data-Code-2011-011.pdf:1.7MB

Simple and rapid methods to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations are required to be established for the near surface disposal of radioactive wastes generated from research facilities at Japan Atomic Energy Agency. In order to establish the methods to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations of miscellaneous solid wastes generated from research and testing reactors, we collected and analyzed samples from miscellaneous solid wastes generated by the decommissioning of JPDR (Japan Power Demonstration Reactor). In the present paper, we summarized data (262 data) about the radioactivity concentrations of the 7 important nuclides ($$^{3}$$H, $$^{14}$$C, $$^{60}$$Co, $$^{59}$$Ni, $$^{63}$$Ni, $$^{90}$$Sr, $$^{137}$$Cs) which accumulated by the analysis.

Journal Articles

Investigation of fission properties and evaporation residue measurement in the reactions using $$^{238}$$U target nucleus

Nishio, Katsuhisa; Ikezoe, Hiroshi; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Aritomo, Yoshihiro; Comas, V. F.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Gorshkov, A.*; Graeger, R.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 17, p.09005_1 - 09005_4, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:46.63

Journal Articles

Progress in development and design of the neutral beam injector for JT-60SA

Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Tanaka, Yutaka; Inoue, Takashi; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Taniguchi, Masaki; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Umeda, Naotaka; Akino, Noboru; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), p.835 - 838, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:50.9(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Neutral beam (NB) injectors for JT-60 Super Advanced (JT-60SA) have been designed and developed. Twelve positive-ion-based and one negative-ion-based NB injectors are allocated to inject 30 MW D$$^{0}$$ beams in total for 100 s. Each of the positive-ion-based NB injector is designed to inject 1.7 MW for 100s at 85 keV. A part of the power supplies and magnetic shield utilized on JT-60U are upgraded and reused on JT-60SA. To realize the negative-ion-based NB injector for JT-60SA where the injection of 500 keV, 10 MW D$$^{0}$$ beams for 100s is required, R&Ds of the negative ion source have been carried out. High-energy negative ion beams of 490-500 keV have been successfully produced at a beam current of 1-2.8 A through 20% of the total ion extraction area, by improving voltage holding capability of the ion source. This is the first demonstration of a high-current negative ion acceleration of $$>$$1 A to 500 keV. The design of the power supplies and the beamline is also in progress. The procurement of the acceleration power supply starts in 2010.

Journal Articles

Study of plasma current decay in the initial phase of high poloidal beta disruptions in JT-60U

Shibata, Yoshihide*; Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Ono, Noriyasu*; Okamoto, Masaaki*; Isayama, Akihiko; Kurihara, Kenichi; Oyama, Naoyuki; Nakano, Tomohide; Kawano, Yasunori; Matsunaga, Go; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 6, p.1302136_1 - 1302136_4, 2011/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Acceleration of 500 keV negative ion beams by tuning vacuum insulation distance on JT-60 negative ion source

Kojima, Atsushi; Hanada, Masaya; Tanaka, Yutaka*; Taniguchi, Masaki; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Inoue, Takashi; Umeda, Naotaka; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Kobayashi, Shinichi*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1390, p.466 - 475, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:39.58

Voltage holding tests by using JT-60 negative ion source and small electrodes was carried out because JT-60 negative ion source had a critical problem about low voltage holding capability for long time. As a result, the voltage holding capability is decreased with the increase of area where local electric field is generated, as well as the surface area according to existing scaling low about surface area. Therefore, in order to improve the voltage holding without changing the existing accelerator, the voltage holding test was carried out by extending gap lengths of the negative ion source. In order to improve the voltage holding, beam radiation shield needs to be optimized additionally. As a result, the voltage holding has been improved to 500 kV and stabilized. By using this modified ion source, negative ion beams of 500 keV up to 3A has been successfully produced.

176 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)