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Journal Articles

Overview of the OECD-NEA Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC)

Fleming, M.*; Bernard, D.*; Brown, D.*; Chadwick, M. B.*; De Saint Jean, C.*; Dupont, E.*; Ge, Z.*; Harada, Hideo; Hawari, A.*; Herman, M.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.15002_1 - 15002_4, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.19

Journal Articles

IRDFF-II; A New neutron metrology library

Trkov, A.*; Griffin, P. J.*; Simakov, S. P.*; Greenwood, L. R.*; Zolotarev, K. I.*; Capote, R.*; Aldama, D. L.*; Chechev, V.*; Destouches, C.*; Kahler, A. C.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 163, p.1 - 108, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:99.09(Physics, Nuclear)

The version II of the International Reactor Dosimetry and Fusion File (IRDFF-II) has been released as a consistent set of nuclear data for fission and fusion neutron metrology applications up to 60 MeV neutron energy. The library is intended to support: (a) applications in research reactors; (b) safety and regulatory applications in the nuclear power generation in commercial fission reactors; and c) material damage studies in support of the research and development of advanced fusion concepts. The paper describes the contents of the library, documents the thorough verification process used in its preparation, and provides an extensive set of validation data gathered from a wide range of neutron benchmark fields. The new library is expected to become the international reference in neutron metrology for multiple applications.

Journal Articles

Summary of 21st joint EU-US Transport Task Force Workshop (Leysin, September 5-8, 2016)

Mantica, P.*; Bourdelle, C.*; Camenen, Y.*; Dejarnac, R.*; Evans, T. E.*; G$"o$rler, T.*; Hillesheim, J.*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Jakubowski, M.*; Ricci, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 57(8), p.087001_1 - 087001_19, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:39.13(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

This conference report summarizes the contributions to, and discussions at, the 21st Joint EU-US Transport Task Force Workshop, held in Leysin, Switzerland, during 5-8 September 2016. The workshop was organized under 8 topics: progress towards full-F kinetic turbulence simulation; high and low Z impurity transport, control and effects on plasma confinement; 3D effects on core and edge transport (including MHD, external fields and stellarators); predictive experimental design; electron heat transport and multi-scale integration; understanding power decay length in the Scrape-Off Layer (SOL); role of the SOL in the L-H transition; validation of fundamental turbulence properties against turbulence measurements.

Journal Articles

An Evaluation of the thermophysical properties of stoichiometric CeO$$_{2}$$ in comparison to UO$$_{2}$$ and PuO$$_{2}$$

Nelson, A. T.*; Rittman, D. R.*; White, J. T.*; Dunwoody, J. T.*; Kato, Masato; McClellan, K. J.*

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 97(11), p.3652 - 3659, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:87.61(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Journal Articles

Energetic ion transport by microturbulence is insignificant in tokamaks

Pace, D. C.*; Austin, M. E.*; Bass, E. M.*; Budny, R.*; Heidbrink, W. W.*; Hillesheim, J. C.*; Holcomb, C. T.*; Gorelenkova, M.*; Grierson, B. A.*; McCune, D. C.*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 20(5), p.056108_1 - 056108_18, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:84.43(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Energetic ion transport due to microturbulence is investigated in MHD-quiescent plasmas by way of neutral beam injection in the DIII-D tokamak. A range of on-axis and off-axis beam injection scenarios are employed to vary relevant parameters such as the character of the background microturbulence and the value of Eb/Te, where Eb is the energetic ion energy and Te the electron temperature. In all cases it is found that any transport enhancement due to microturbulence is too small to observe experimentally. These transport effects are modeled using numerical and analytic expectations that calculate the energetic ion diffusivity due to microturbulence. It is determined that energetic ion transport due to coherent modes, including possible reductions in neutral beam current drive, is a considerably larger effect and should therefore be considered more important for ITER.

Journal Articles

ENDF/B-VII.1 nuclear data for science and technology; Cross sections, covariances, fission product yields and decay data

Chadwick, M. B.*; Herman, M.*; Oblo$v{z}$insk$'y$, P.*; Dunn, M. E.*; Danon, Y.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Smith, D. L.*; Pritychenko, B.*; Arbanas, G.*; Arcilla, R.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 112(12), p.2887 - 2996, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:1623 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The ENDF/B-VII.1 library is our latest recommended evaluated nuclear data file for use in nuclear science and technology applications, and incorporates advances made in the five years since the release of ENDF/B-VII.0. These advances focus on neutron cross sections, covariances, fission product yields and decay data, and represent work by the US Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) in nuclear data evaluation that utilizes developments in nuclear theory, modeling, simulation, and experiment. It features extension of covered nuclei, covariance data for 190 nuclei, R-matrix analyses of neutron reactions on light nuclei, updates for some medium-heavy and actinoid nuclei, etc. Criticality benchmark tests with a transport simulation code MCNP shows improved performances.

Journal Articles

Event structure and double helicity asymmetry in jet production from polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 84(1), p.012006_1 - 012006_18, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:72.31(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report on the event structure and double helicity asymmetry ($$A_{LL}$$) of jet production in longitudinally polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. Photons and charged particles were measured by the PHENIX experiment. Event structure was compared with the results from PYTHIA event generator. The production rate of reconstructed jets is satisfactorily reproduced with the next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation. We measured $$A_{LL}$$ = -0.0014 $$pm$$ 0.0037 at the lowest $$P_T$$ bin and -0.0181 $$pm$$ 0.0282 at the highest $$P_T$$ bin. The measured $$A_{LL}$$ is compared with the predictions that assume various $$Delta G(x)$$ distributions.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:156 Percentile:99.42(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.71(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:149 Percentile:98.49(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

Journal Articles

$$alpha$$-decay damage effects in curium-doped titanate ceramic containing sodium-free high-level nuclear waste

; ; M.W.A.Stewart*; Tsuboi, Takashi; *; E.R.Vance*; K.P.Hart*; Togashi, Yoshihiro; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki; C.J.Ball*; et al.

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 77(9), p.2255 - 2264, 1994/00

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:80.17(Materials Science, Ceramics)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Thermal properties of (U,Ce)O$$_{2pm x}$$

Hiroka, Shun; Murakami, Tatsutoshi; Kato, Masato; Suzuki, Kiichi; Nelson, A.*; White, J.*; McClellan, K.*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Evaluation of (U,Ce)O$$_{2}$$ thermal conductivity

Hiroka, Shun; Kato, Masato; Nelson, A.*; McClellan, K.*; White, J.*

no journal, , 

Thermal diffusivity of (U,Ce)O$$_{2}$$ was measured as a function of O/M, and the thermal conductivity was calculated. Thermal conductivity of (U,Ce)O$$_{2}$$ decreased more sharply with increasing temperature compared with that of (U,Pu)O$$_{2}$$. Also, thermal conductivity of (U,Ce)O$$_{2}$$ showed the highest peak at O/M of 2 and decreased as the O/M is apart from 2 on both hypo-stoichiometric and hyper-stoichimetric regions.

Oral presentation

Thermophyisical properties of (U,Ce)O$$_{2pm x}$$

White, J.*; Hiroka, Shun; Murakami, Tatsutoshi; Nelson, A.*; McClellan, K.*; Kato, Masato

no journal, , 

Use of CeO$$_{2}$$ as a surrogate to better understand the behavior of MOX fuels requires a fundamental investigation of the thermophysical properties to assess the appropriate use. The challenge in performing thermophysical property measurements on oxygen non-toichiometric MOX is in handling the kinetics at elevated temperatures and also in determining a reference state from which to measure the oxygen:metal ratio (O:M). This study integrated the use of identical gas handling systems installed on a thermogravimetric analyzer and the property measurement system (differential scanning calorimeter and laser flash analyzer) to control the partial pressure of oxygen, PO$$_{2}$$, between the system and maintain stoichiometry from ambient temperature to 1200$$^{circ}$$C.

Oral presentation

Thermal conductivity of uranium-cerium mixed oxide

Hiroka, Shun; Nelson, A.*; White, J.*; Kato, Masato; McClellan, K.*

no journal, , 

Thermal diffusivity of (U$$_{0.7}$$Ce$$_{0.3}$$)O$$_{2}$$ and (U$$_{0.8}$$Ce$$_{0.2}$$)O$$_{2}$$ was measured by laser flash method as a function of oxygen-to-metal ratio over the temperature range of 373 K to 1473 K and the thermal conductivity was evaluated. Only stoichiometric data of thermal conductivity of (U,Ce)O$$_{2}$$ was reported and that was comparable with thermal conductivity obtained in this work. Thermal conductivity was highest at stoichiometry, and was not perfectly symmetric with respect to the stoichiometry but slightly lower for hyper-stoichiometric compositions. The thermal conductivity of (U,Ce)O$$_{2}$$ showed the trend with temperature to be comparable to that of (U,Pu)O$$_{2}$$. However, the thermal resistivity did not follow the linear function of temperature, A+BT, which is an unique characteristics in (U,Ce)O$$_{2}$$.

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