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JAEA Reports

Annual report on the environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant FY2020

Nakada, Akira; Nakano, Masanao; Kanai, Katsuta; Seya, Natsumi; Nishimura, Shusaku; Nemoto, Masashi; Tobita, Keiji; Futagawa, Kazuo; Yamada, Ryohei; Uchiyama, Rei; et al.

JAEA-Review 2021-062, 163 Pages, 2022/02

JAEA-Review-2021-062.pdf:2.87MB

Environmental radiation monitoring around the Tokai Reprocessing Plant has been performed by the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratories, based on "Safety Regulations for the Reprocessing Plant of Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Chapter IV - Environmental Monitoring". This annual report presents the results of the environmental monitoring and the dose estimation to the hypothetical inhabitant due to the radioactivity discharged from the plant to the atmosphere and the sea during April 2020 to March 2021. In this report, some data include the influence of the accidental release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station of Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. (the trade name was changed to Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. on April 1, 2016) in March 2011. Appendices present comprehensive information, such as monitoring programs, monitoring methods, monitoring results and their trends, meteorological data and discharged radioactive wastes. In addition, the data which were influenced by the accidental release and exceeded the normal range of fluctuation in the monitoring, were evaluated.

Journal Articles

New design of a sample cell for neutron reflectometry in liquid-liquid systems and its application for studying structures at air-liquid and liquid-liquid interfaces

Akutsu-Suyama, Kazuhiro*; Yamada, Norifumi*; Ueda, Yuki; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Narita, Hirokazu*

Applied Sciences (Internet), 12(3), p.1215_1 - 1215_10, 2022/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Manufacturing of divertor target for JT-60SA

Yamada, Hirokazu*; Sakurai, Shinji; Nakamura, Shigetoshi

FAPIG, (187), p.28 - 31, 2014/02

The activity of "Broader approach (BA)" is carried out under the Japan-EU collaboration towards the early realization of nuclear fusion energy, and the construction of JT-60SA (Super Advanced) has been started as a part of BA. Divertor target of JT-60 consisted of carbon fiber composite tiles bolted on heat sink plate. Due to extension of plasma heating power and pulse duration, divertor target for JT-60SA has to be changed to the concept of carbon fiber block jointed to cooling tube of Cu-alloy for active cooling. Brazing joint between the carbon block and cooling tube is easy to cause joint defect due to the difference in the coefficient of linear expansion of a material. The joint defect reduces heat removal performance of the target. On the occasion of the apparatus manufacture concerned, the structural improvement realized those problems. This paper reports the contents of a structural improvement in the divertor target manufacturing for JT-60SA, etc.

JAEA Reports

Development of grout materials for a geological disposal system for high-level radioactive waste, 2

Kawaguchi, Masanao; Nakanishi, Tatsuro; Kishi, Hirokazu; Nobuto, Jun*; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Fujita, Tomo; Hatanaka, Koichiro

JAEA-Data/Code 2012-007, 250 Pages, 2012/11

JAEA-Data-Code-2012-007.pdf:20.55MB

Cementitious materials are commonly used for rock support, lining, and grouting, their pH plume are considered to have an adverse effect on long-term safety of a geological disposal system. In addition, during the emplacement of waste package with buffer material, it is required to limit amount of groundwater inflow to a certain level by grouting. Therefore, it is necessary to develop new grout materials with penetrability for smaller fractures. We have developed new grout materials, which have better penetrability and are environmentally more friendly than exinting cementitious grout materials since FY 2007. This sequel report shows the most appropriate composition and the penetration characteristic of new grout materials to be suitable for the ${it in-situ}$ experiment based on the result of indoor test carried out after FY 2008.

Journal Articles

Relationship between hypocentral distribution and geological structure in the Horonobe area, northern Hokkaido, Japan

Tokiwa, Tetsuya; Asamori, Koichi; Hiraga, Naoto*; Yamada, Osamu; Moriya, Hirokazu*; Hotta, Hikaru*; Kitamura, Itaru*; Yokota, Hideharu

Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management (ICEM 2010) (CD-ROM), p.117 - 122, 2010/10

In this paper, we discuss the relationship between the accurate hypocentral distribution and 3-D geological structure in and around the Horonobe area, Japan. We carried out multiplet-clustering analysis by using data of the 421 micro-earthquakes which occurred from 1st September, 2003 to 30th September, 2007. The 3-D geological structure model was mainly constructed from previous seismic reflection profiles and drilling data. As a result of this analysis, although there are some differences in depth between them, the hypocenters are distributed in NNW-SSE direction and become deeper from the west toward the east. The distributed pattern of the hypocenters is similar to the one of the geological structure. These results indicate that the hypocentral distribution may represent existence of active zone related to the geological structure, and provide effective information which can contribute to establishing methods for estimating the future evolution of the geological environment.

Journal Articles

The Project for grouting development for high level radioactive waste repository, 4; Development of superfine spherical silica grout

Yamada, Tsutomu*; Sekine, Ichiro*; Sekiguchi, Takashi*; Ishida, Hideaki*; Kishi, Hirokazu; Fukuoka, Naomi

Doboku Gakkai Heisei-22-Nendo Zenkoku Taikai Dai-65-Kai Nenji Gakujutsu Koenkai Koen Gaiyoshu (DVD-ROM), p.89 - 90, 2010/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of superfine spherical silica grout as an alternative grouting material for the geological disposal of long-lived radioactive waste

Naito, Morimasa; Kishi, Hirokazu; Fukuoka, Naomi; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Ishida, Hideaki*

Proceedings of 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-18) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2010/05

As an alternative grouting material for the geological repository of long-lived radioactive waste, the "Superfine Spherical silica Grout" (SFSG) material is developed using a fine spherical silica and a fine calcium hydroxide. The developed SFSG material takes an advantage of its smaller particle size distribution (max. $$sim$$1 micron or less) than those of the cementitious materials, and also provides a low alkaline environment so as to reduce unfavorable effects on the long-term performance of geological disposal system. The SFSG is a mixture of the super fine silica powder, the superfine calcium hydroxide and additives such as superplasticizer. Some preliminary laboratory experiments were carried out to characterize its fundamental properties from the viewpoint of practical use for geological disposal, which is required to be equivalent with the conventional cementitious materials in terms of penetrability, strength, pH performance and workability.

Journal Articles

Determinations of plutonium and curium in the insoluble materials of spent fuel dissolver solutions at the Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Okano, Masanori; Kuno, Takehiko; Nemoto, Hirokazu*; Yamada, Keiji; Watahiki, Masaru; Hiyama, Toshiaki

Proceedings of INMM 50th Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2009/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Momentum-resolved charge excitations in high-$$T$$$$_{rm c}$$ cuprates studied by resonant inelastic X-ray scattering

Ishii, Kenji; Hoesch, M.*; Inami, Toshiya; Kuzushita, Kaori*; Owada, Kenji; Tsubota, Masami; Murakami, Yoichi; Mizuki, Junichiro; Endo, Yasuo; Tsutsui, Kenji*; et al.

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 69(12), p.3118 - 3124, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:19.29(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of advanced tritium breeders and neutron multipliers for DEMO solid breeder blankets

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Terai, Takayuki*; Tanaka, Satoru*; Munakata, Kenzo*; Kato, Shigeru*; Uchida, Munenori*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(9), p.1300 - 1306, 2007/09

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:57.13(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of advanced tritium breeders and neutron multipliers for DEMO solid breeder blankets

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Mishima, Yoshinao*; Yoshida, Naoaki*; Terai, Takayuki*; Tanaka, Satoru*; Munakata, Kenzo*; Kato, Shigeru*; Uchida, Munenori*; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Mechanical properties of weldments using irradiated stainless steel welded by the laser method for ITER blanket replacement

Yamada, Hirokazu*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Takada, Fumiki; Kono, Wataru*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 355(1-3), p.119 - 123, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:25.6(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In this study, the bending properties of welding joint of irradiated material and un-irradiated material (irradiated/un-irradiated joints) were investigated using SS316LN-IG, which is the candidate material for the cooling pipe of ITER. The results of this study showed that the bending position of joints using un-irradiated material was un-irradiated part and that the bending position of irradiated/irradiated joints was fusion area or HAZ (heat affected zone). Although the bending position of joints was different bor the combination pattern between irradiated and un-irradiated materials, the bending strength of joint was almost same. Additionally, it is confirmed that bending strength did not depend on the combination pattern between the irradiated and un-irradiated materials, nor on the relationship between the heat input direction and the bending load direction.

Journal Articles

An Examination into weldability of irradiated material by a laser welding method for repair of ITER blanket

Yamada, Hirokazu*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

FAPIG, (173), p.16 - 20, 2006/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect on mechanical properties of SS/SS HIP joint materials for ITER shielding blankets

Yamada, Hirokazu*; Sato, Satoshi; Mori, Kensuke*; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Takada, Fumiki; Kawamura, Hiroshi

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(1-7), p.631 - 637, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.64(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This study estimated the neutron irradiation effect with 1.5 dpa on the mechanical properties of the SS/SS HIP joint materials jointed in the standard HIP joint condition. Results of this study showed that the HIP process in the standard HIP condition could make SS/SS HIP joint material of which tensile properties was equivalent to that of the SS base material. In addition, the effect of surface roughness at the HIP joint material on the mechanical properties of SS/SS HIP joint material was estimated.

JAEA Reports

Neutron irradiation test of copper alloy/stainless steel joint materials

Yamada, Hirokazu; Kawamura, Hiroshi

JAEA-Technology 2005-001, 28 Pages, 2006/01

JAEA-Technology-2005-001.pdf:5.1MB

As a study about the joint technology of copper alloy and stainless steel for utilization as cooling piping in International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$-dispersed strengthened copper or CuCrZr was joined to stainless steel by three kinds of joint methods (casting joint, brazing joint and friction welding method) for the evaluation of the neutron irradiation effect on joints. A neutron irradiation test was performed to three types of joints and each copper alloy. The average value of fast neutron fluence in this irradiation test was about 2$$times$$10$$^{24}$$n/m$$^{2}$$(E$$>$$1MeV), and the irradiation temperature was about 130$$^{circ}$$C. As post-irradiation examinations, tensile tests, hardness tests and observation of fracture surface after the tensile tests were performed. All type joints changed to be brittle by the neutron irradiation effect like each copper alloy material, and no particular neutron irradiation effect due to the effect of joint process was observed. On the casting and friction welding, hardness of copper alloy near the joint boundary changed to be lower than that of each copper alloy by the effect of joint procedure. However, tensile strength of joints was almost the same as that of each copper alloy before/after neutron irradiation. On the other hand, tensile strength of joints by brazing changed to be much lower than CuAl-25 base material by the effect of joint process before/after neutron irradiation. Results in this study showed that the friction welding method and the casting would be able to apply to the joint method of piping in ITER.

Journal Articles

The Effect of neutron irradiation on mechanical properties of YAG laser weldments using previously irradiated material

Yamada, Hirokazu*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kalinin, G.*; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Takada, Fumiki; Nishikawa, Masahiro*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 340(1), p.57 - 63, 2005/04

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.08(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

This study was performed to clear the effect of neutron re-irradiation on mechanical properties to welding material un-irradiated and irradiated stainless steel. The effect of re-irradiation to these weldaments were evaluated by tensile tests, metallographical observation and hardness test. The result of tensile tests shows that ultimate tensile strength of all joints specimen were almost similar, 0.2% yield strength and total elongation were depend on the irradiation damage and weldaments or not. Therefore, fracture mechanism was not change by re-irradiation. However, brittlement of material was depend on irradiation damage and the property of deformation was sensitive by the effect of irradiation damage or the effect of welding heat.

Journal Articles

The Neutron irradiation effect on mechanical properties of HIP joint material

Yamada, Hirokazu*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kalinin, G.*; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Sato, Satoshi; Mori, Kensuke*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 335(1), p.33 - 38, 2004/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:50.96(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

In-situ tritium recovery behavior from Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ pebble bed under neutron pulse operation

Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kikukawa, Akihiro*; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Nakamichi, Masaru; Yamada, Hirokazu*; Yamaki, Daiju; Enoeda, Mikio; Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Ito, Haruhiko; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 329-333(Part2), p.1248 - 1251, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:58.07(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

An Investigation of post-irradiation examination facility for fusion blanket materials

Yamada, Hirokazu*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Uchida, Munenori*; Akutsu, Yoichi; Motoki, Ryozo; Watanabe, Wataru; Hirata, Shogo*

JAERI-Tech 2004-036, 138 Pages, 2004/03

JAERI-Tech-2004-036.pdf:4.07MB

This document shows the model case concerned with the utilization of constructed facility for the construction of post irradiation examination facility for fusion blanket. In this report, the radioisotope application and development laboratory is considered as constructed facility for post irradiation examination facility and we planned to improve the radioisotope application and development laboratory to the facility of post irradiation examination for fusion material to reduce the construction fee for this facility and promotion of efficiency by concentration of any equipment for fusion material research.

JAEA Reports

Development of sealing plug for sweep gas line

Kikuchi, Taiji; Yamada, Hirokazu*; Saito, Takashi; Nakamichi, Masaru; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kawamura, Hiroshi

JAERI-Tech 2004-026, 28 Pages, 2004/03

JAERI-Tech-2004-026.pdf:2.06MB

Iirradiation capsule for irradiation test of tritium breeder and inner capsule for pebble bed of tritium breeder is inserted. Post irradiation examination of tritium breeder will be performed after irradiation test. On cutting of irradiation capsule, sweep gas line should be sealed to prevent the tritium gas release or inflow of water to sweep gas line. However, general valve and plug cannot apply to sweep gas line sealing because of the effect of neutron irradiation or limited space in irradiation capsule. Therefore, sealing plug for sweep gas line sealing has to be developed. This report shows the development of sealing plug for sweep gas line sealing and operating procedure of sealing plug in irradiation capsule.

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