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Journal Articles

Neutron scattering studies on short- and long-range layer structures and related dynamics in imidazolium-based ionic liquids

Nemoto, Fumiya*; Kofu, Maiko; Nagao, Michihiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Takata, Shinichi; Suzuki, Junichi*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Shibata, Kaoru; Ueki, Takeshi*; Kitazawa, Yuzo*; et al.

Journal of Chemical Physics, 149(5), p.054502_1 - 054502_11, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:39.62(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Signal evaluations using singular value decomposition for Thomson scattering diagnostics

Tojo, Hiroshi; Yamada, Ichihiro*; Yasuhara, Ryo*; Yatsuka, Eiichi; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Hatae, Takaki; Hayashi, Hiroshi*; Itami, Kiyoshi

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(11), p.11D865_1 - 11D865_3, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:92.51(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

The "Study on nuclear data by using a high intensity pulsed neutron source for advanced nuclear system" nuclear data project and the characteristics of the neutron beam line for the capture cross section experiments at J-PARC

Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Kino, Koichi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Hiraga, Fujio*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Kato, Kiyoshi*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Mizumoto, Motoharu*; Oshima, Masumi; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1781 - 1784, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:35.48(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The project of the comprehensive nuclear data research for the development of the advanced reactor systems had been executed successfully by eight organizations from 2005 to 2009. In this project, we constructed the pulsed neutron beamline that was aimed to obtain neutron capture cross-sections of long-lived fission products and minor actinides accurately. The energy spectra, spatial distributions, and pulses of the beam were studied by measurements and simulation calculations, and they were found to be consistent with those of the beamline design. In this paper, we present the overview of the project and the properties of the neutron beam provided by this beam line.

Journal Articles

Progress in development of the advanced Thomson scattering diagnostics

Hatae, Takaki; Howard, J.*; Ebizuka, Noboru*; Yoshida, Hidetsugu*; Nakatsuka, Masahiro*; Fujita, Hisanori*; Narihara, Kazumichi*; Yamada, Ichihiro*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Hirano, Yoichi*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 227, p.012002_1 - 012002_6, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:29.31

Journal Articles

Experimental investigation of particle pinch associated with turbulence in LHD heliotron and JT-60U tokamak plasmas

Tanaka, Kenji*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Muraoka, Katsunori*; Michael, C.*; Vyacheslavov, L. N.*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Urano, Hajime; Kamada, Yutaka; et al.

Proceedings of 22nd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2008) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2008/10

Comparative studies were carried out in LHD heliotron and JT-60U tokamak plasmas to elucidate the most essential parameter(s) for control of density profiles in toroidal systems. A difference in the collisionality dependence was found between the two devices. In LHD, the density peaking factor decreased with decrease of the collisionality at the magnetic axis position (R$$_{rm au}$$) 3.6 m, while the density peaking factor gradually increased with a decreased of collisionality at R$$_{rm au}$$ = 3.5 m. On the other hand, in JT-60U, the density peaking factor clearly increased with a decrease of the collisionality. The difference in the collisionality dependence between R$$_{rm au}$$ = 3.5 and R$$_{rm au}$$ = 3.6 m is likely due to the contribution of the anomalous transport. At R$$_{rm au}$$ = 3.5 m, larger anomalous transport caused a similar collisionality dependence. Change of the fluctuation property was observed with different density profiles in the plasma core region on both devices. In JT-60U, the increase of the radial coherence was observed with higher density peaking profile suggesting enhanced diffusion and inward directed pinch. For a magnetic axis positions (R$$_{rm au}$$) at 3.6 m in LHD, the increase of the fluctuation power with an increase in P$$_{rm NB}$$ was observed for a hollow density profile suggesting an increase on diffusion due to anomalous processes. Change of density profiles from peaked to hollow indicates change in the convection direction. This is due to increase in neoclassical processes. The reduction of the density peaking factor with increase of P$$_{rm NB}$$ in LHD is partly due to the neoclassical effect and partly due to the anomalous effect.

Journal Articles

Particle transport and fluctuation characteristics around the neoclassically optimized configurations in LHD

Tanaka, Kenji*; Michael, C.*; Vyacheslavov, L. N.*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Murakami, Sadayoshi*; Wakasa, Arimitsu*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Muraoka, Katsunori*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; Tokuzawa, Tokihiko*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 3, p.S1069_1 - S1069_7, 2008/08

Density profiles in LHD were measured and particle transport coefficients were estimated from density modulation experiments in LHD. The dataset of different magnetic axis, toroidal magnetic filed and heating power provided data set of widely scanned neoclassical transport. At minimized neoclassical transport configuration ($$R$$$$_{rm ax}$$ = 3.5 m, $$B$$$$_{rm t}$$ = 2.8 T) showed peaked density profile. Its peaking factor increased gradually with decrease of collisional frequency. This is a similar result observed in JT-60U. At other configuration, peaking factor reduced with decrease of collsional frequency. Data set showed that larger contribution of neoclassical transport produced hollowed density profile. Comparison between neoclassical and estimated particle diffusivity showed different minimum condition. Clear difference of spatial profile of turbulence was observed between hollowed and peaked density profiles. Major part of fluctuation existed in the unstable region of ion temperature gradient mode.

Journal Articles

Comparisons of density profiles in JT-60U tokamak and LHD helical plasmas with low collisionality

Takenaga, Hidenobu; Tanaka, Kenji*; Muraoka, Katsunori*; Urano, Hajime; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kamada, Yutaka; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Tokuzawa, Tokihiko*; Yamada, Ichihiro*

Nuclear Fusion, 48(7), p.075004_1 - 075004_11, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:24.53(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

In order to understand particle transport systematically in toroidal plasmas, electron density profiles were compared in JT-60U tokamak and LHD helical plasmas with low collisionality. Peakedness of density profiles increased with decreasing collisionality in ELMy H-mode plasmas of JT-60U, when the collisionality at half the minor radius was in the collisionless regime. Collisionality dependence of density profiles in LHD plasmas was similar to that in JT-60U plasmas in the same collisionality regime, when neoclassical transport was suppressed by geometrical optimization. On the other hand, in the LHD plasmas having relatively larger neoclassical transport than that in the above case, peakedness of density profiles decreased with decreasing collisionality. Neoclassical transport enhanced by the non-axisymmetric effect significantly affected density profiles with low collisionality in LHD plasmas. Density profiles in LHD plasmas tended to approach those in JT-60U, which are dominated by anomalous transport, as the contribution of neoclassical transport was reduced.

Journal Articles

A Magnetic neutron lens based on an extended Halbach-type permanent sextupole magnet

Oku, Takayuki; Yamada, Satoru; Sasao, Hajime*; Suzuki, Junichi; Shinohara, Takenao*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Ikeda, Kazuaki*; Tsuzaki, Tsuyoshi*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 385-386(2), p.1225 - 1228, 2006/11

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:53.04(Physics, Condensed Matter)

We have developed a magnetic neutron lens based on an extended Halbach-type permanent sextupole magnet with magnet pieces of NEOMAX-44H, -35EH and high saturation magnetization material, permendule. The aperture size of the magnet is 35 mm in diameter and the magnet length is 2,400 mm. The magnet generates a sextupole magnetic field $$B_s=(C/2)r^2$$ with a gradient coefficient $$C$$=10,600 T/m$$^2$$ inside the aperture, where $$r$$ is a distance from the magnet center axis. To prevent neutrons from hitting and reflecting at the inner surface of the magnet, the surface is covered with cadmium (Cd) sheets and also Cd pinhole slits with size of 30 mm in diameter are positioned in series inside the magnet aperture, resulting in the effective diameter of 30 mm. The neutron focusing property of the magnet is investigated by using pulsed polarized neutrons. The obtained results are discussed with the precise simulation results. Its application to the focusing-geometry small-angle neutron scattering experiments is also discussed.

Journal Articles

A Demonstration study of focusing geometry SANS using a magnetic neutron lens

Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi; Sasao, Hajime*; Yamada, Satoru; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Adachi, Tomohiro*; Shinohara, Takenao*; Ikeda, Kazuaki*; Shimizu, Hirohiko

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 356(1-4), p.126 - 130, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:57.9(Physics, Condensed Matter)

We have developed a magnetic neutron lens (MNL) based on a sextupole magnet. A neutron beam, which is incident to the sextupole magnet, either converges or diverges depending on the neutron spin state. Small-angle neutron scattering in focusing geometry (FSANS) was proposed to improve the q-resolution and/or measuring efficiency. The MNL is considered to be the most suitable focusing device for FSANS experiments using a polarized neutron beam, since it focuses the polarized neutron beam free from neutron attenuation and scattering by substances. Recently, we have developed the MNLs with sufficiently large apertures and strong focusing power for FSANS experiments. In this study, we evaluate the focusing property of the MNLs for the polarized neutron beam, and performed FSANS experiments using the MNL. The obtained results are discussed.

Oral presentation

Change of "effective plasma boundary" due to beta value in LHD divertor discharges

Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Suzuki, Yasuhiro*; Yamaguchi, Taiki; Narihara, Kazumichi*; Tanaka, Kenji*; Tokuzawa, Tokihiko*; Yamada, Ichihiro*; Sakakibara, Satoru*; Morisaki, Tomohiro*; Nakajima, Noriyoshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Electron density profile and turbulence in toroidal plasmas

Tanaka, Kenji*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Muraoka, Katsunori*; Michael, C.*; Vyacheslavov, L. N.*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Murakami, Sadayoshi*; Wakasa, Arimitsu*; Kawahata, Kazuo*; et al.

no journal, , 

In order to understand mechanisms for determining density profiles in toroidal plasmas, density profiles were compared in JT-60U tokamak and LHD helical plasmas. Transport theory indicates that neoclassical transport is enhanced in helical plasmas with low collisionality due to helical ripple. In JT-60U plasmas, density peaking increased with decreasing the collisionality. In LHD plasmas for magnetic axis (Rax) of 3.5m with small effective helical ripple, density peaking slightly increased with decreasing the collisionality as similar to that in tokamak plasmas. On the other hand, in LHD plasmas for Rax$$>$$3.6m with relatively large effective helical ripple, density profile became hollow as the collisionality decreased. Different turbulence structures are observed for Rax=3.5m and Rax=3.6m in LHD plasmas. Turbulence propagated towards electron diamagnetic direction for Rax=3.5m and towards ion diamagnetic direction for Rax=3.6m. This difference could be related to the difference of density profiles, as well as difference of neoclassical transport. Furthermore, when density decreased in the core region due to increase of electron temperature, it was found that turbulence was first modified in the edge region and then in the core region.

Oral presentation

Development of multipass Thomson scattering diagnostics using phase conjugate mirrors based on stimulated brillouin scattering

Hatae, Takaki; Narihara, Kazumichi*; Yamada, Ichihiro*; Yoshida, Hidetsugu*; Fujita, Hisanori*; Nakatsuka, Masahiro*; Minami, Takashi*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Kajita, Shin*; Kitamura, Shigeru; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Response of turbulence under change of density profiles in toroidal devices

Tanaka, Kenji*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Muraoka, Katsunori*; Michael, C.*; Vyacheslavov, L. N.*; Mishchenko, A.*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Urano, Hajime; et al.

no journal, , 

Comparative studies were carried out in LHD heliotron and JT-60U tokamak plasmas to elucidate effects of turbulence transport on density profiles in toroidal systems. A difference in the collisionality dependence was found between the two devices. In LHD, the density peaking factor decreased with decrease of the collisionality at the magnetic axis position (R$$_{ax}$$) of 3.6 m. On the other hand, in JT-60U, the density peaking factor clearly increased with a decrease of the collisionality. For R$$_{ax}$$=3.6 m in LHD, the increase of the fluctuation power with an increase in P$$_{NB}$$ was observed for a hollow density profile suggesting an increase on diffusion due to anomalous processes. In JT-60U, the increase of the radial coherence was observed with higher density peaking profile suggesting enhanced diffusion and inward directed pinch. The effects of curvature pinch on density profiles were also investigated in both devices. The curvature pinch produces a peaked density profile in JT-60U and a hollow density profile in LHD depending on their magnetic shear. However, these effects were too small to explain the density profiles observed in both devices.

Oral presentation

Applications of the phase conjugate mirror to Thomson scattering diagnostics

Hatae, Takaki; Yamada, Ichihiro*; Yoshida, Hidetsugu*; Narihara, Kazumichi*; Fujita, Hisanori*; Nakatsuka, Masahiro*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Minami, Takashi*; Kajita, Shin*; Tojo, Hiroshi; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Application of SBS phase conjugate mirror to fusion plasma diagnostics

Hatae, Takaki; Kitamura, Shigeru; Sakuma, Takeshi; Hamano, Takashi; Tojo, Hiroshi; Yoshida, Hidetsugu*; Fujita, Hisanori*; Nakatsuka, Masahiro*; Narihara, Kazumichi*; Yamada, Ichihiro*; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Neutron beam fundamentals development in Japan; Utilization of steady state and pulsed neutrons

Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Oku, Takayuki; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Sakai, Kenji; Shinohara, Takenao; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Wakimoto, Shuichi; Yamazaki, Dai; Sakasai, Kaoru; Soyama, Kazuhiko; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Response of turbulence associated with the change of density profiles in LHD heliotron and JT-60U tokamak

Tanaka, Kenji*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Muraoka, Katsunori*; Yoshida, Maiko; Michael, C.*; Vyacheslavov, L. N.*; Mikkelsen, D. R.*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Urano, Hajime; et al.

no journal, , 

Density profile and turbulence was compared in JT-60U tokamak and LHD heliotron. Density peaking increases with decrease of collisionality in JT-60U. Density gradient predicted from zero flux condition agrees within factor 2 for Te/Ti=1, but large discrepancies are found for Te/Ti $$<$$ =0.5. In LHD, peaked profile and increase of density peaking with decrease of collisionality are found in strong magnetic hill configuration (Rax = 3.5 m). Hollowed-peaked density profile and increase of density peaking with increase of collisionality are found in weak magnetic hill configuration (Rax = 3.6 m). Fluctuation is localized in core gradient region and edge gradient region. Density gradient predicted from zero flux condition are compared. Then both cases agrees the sign and absolute values within factor 2.

Oral presentation

Anisotropic electron temperature measurement and real-time spectral calibration of optics using multiple-spectra of Thomson scattering

Yatsuka, Eiichi; Yasuhara, Ryo*; Yamada, Ichihiro*; Hatae, Takaki; Tojo, Hiroshi; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Itami, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Developments of a JT-60SA Thomson scattering diagnostic system

Tojo, Hiroshi; Yamada, Ichihiro*; Yasuhara, Ryo*; Yatsuka, Eiichi; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Hayashi, Hiroshi*; Hatae, Takaki; Itami, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Detailed electron velocity distribution function measurements in LHD using double-pass Thomson scattering

Yatsuka, Eiichi; Yasuhara, Ryo*; Yamada, Ichihiro*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Hatae, Takaki; Itami, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Anisotropic electron velocity distribution function measurement by double pass Thomson scattering

Yatsuka, Eiichi; Yasuhara, Ryo*; Yamada, Ichihiro*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Hatae, Takaki; Itami, Kiyoshi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

21 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)