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Journal Articles

Assessment of sorption and diffusion in the rock matrix in the NUMO safety case

Hamamoto, Takafumi*; Shibutani, Sanae*; Ishida, Keisuke*; Fujisaki, Kiyoshi*; Yamada, Motoyuki*; Tachi, Yukio

Proceedings of 6th East Asia Forum on Radwaste Management Conference (EAFORM 2017) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2017/12

NUMO has developed a generic safety case to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of geological disposal of HLW and TRU in Japan and to provide a basic structure for the safety case which will be applicable to any potential site. In this safety case, the safety assessment was carried out for the repositories tailored to site descriptive models developed for three representative rock groups (plutonic, Neogene sedimentary and Pre-Neogene sedimentary rocks). Radionuclide migration parameters in rocks, i.e. distribution coefficients (Kds) and effective diffusion coefficients (Des), were derived to allow safety analysis for a range of scenarios. In this generic stage, the values of these parameter were given as the statistical values derived from laboratory data for certain rock types. The data were extracted from the latest database, with interpretation based on radionuclide speciation derived from relevant groundwater thermodynamic modelings.

JAEA Reports

Development of novel technique of negative C$$_{60}$$ ion production by electron attachment using cesium sputter ion source

Usui, Aya; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke

JAEA-Technology 2016-034, 21 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Technology-2016-034.pdf:82.52MB

In the TIARA (Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application), in order to propel the studies on the swift cluster ions, a novel technique was developed to increase the beam intensity of the fullerene ions which would have a considerably larger irradiation effect than any cluster ions. As a new method of negative ion production, the ionization mechanism by electron attachment was introduced as an alternative to the traditional method with the cesium sputtering to the existing cesium sputter type ion source (SNICS). In consequence, the intensity of the negative C$$_{60}$$ ion beam produced using an existing ion source with a novel technique was increased thousand times as high as those using the previous one for 12 hour operation. In this report, we describe the problems in the traditional ionization method and explain the production technique of the negative C$$_{60}$$ ions ionized via electron attachment process, which solves that only by the minor changes in SNICS.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of internal stress in short-carbon-fiber reinforced plastics by transmission X-ray diffraction

Shimizu, Kenichi*; Koike, Yuki*; Yamada, Taiki*; Oharada, Kazuya*; Tanaka, Keisuke*; Shobu, Takahisa

Zairyo, 65(9), p.657 - 664, 2016/09

The internal stress in crystalline thermoplastics, polyphenylene sulphide (PPS), reinforced by carbon fibers of 30 mass% was measured by the diffraction method using synchrotron with energy of 12.3 keV. The stress in the matrix was determined by the sin2psi method with side-inclination optics of transmitted X-ray diffractions. Using skin-layer strips cut parallel, perpendicular and 45 degree to the molding direction of the injection molded plates, the matrix stress was measured under the uniaxial applied stress. The experimental values were at least qualitatively agreed with the prediction derived based on micromechanics. The quantitative difference between experiment and prediction is mainly due to the neglect of the distribution of fiber orientations in the micromechanics prediction. These residual stresses were caused by the mismatch of the thermal expansion coefficient between matrix and fibers.

Journal Articles

Current status of electrostatic accelerator at TIARA

Usui, Aya; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Kitano, Toshihiko*; Takayama, Terumitsu*; Orimo, Takao*; Kanai, Shinji*; Aoki, Yuki*; Hashizume, Masashi*; et al.

Dai-28-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.117 - 119, 2015/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Generation of negative fullerene ions using SNICS ion source

Chiba, Atsuya; Usui, Aya; Yamada, Keisuke

Dai-28-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.53 - 56, 2015/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Present status of TIARA at JAEA

Yuyama, Takahiro; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Yoshida, Kenichi; Ishizaka, Tomohisa; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.302 - 304, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Novel technique for generating negative fullerene ions using a cesium sputter ion source

Chiba, Atsuya; Usui, Aya; Yamada, Keisuke

Dai-27-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.56 - 59, 2015/03

Utilization of the swift fullerene ion beam in TIARA using the tandem accelerator tends to increase year after year. However, only a few currents obtained by a generating method of negative ions with a cesium sputtering is hindrance to the progress of study. A generating method of the negative fullerene ions is developed on the basis of an electron attachment. As a result, the method permits us to obtain stable beam intensity more than a thousand-fold compared with that produced by the sputtering method.

Journal Articles

Current status of electrostatic accelerators at TIARA

Usui, Aya; Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Kitano, Toshihiko*; Takayama, Terumitsu*; Orimo, Takao*; Kanai, Shinji*; Aoki, Yuki*; et al.

Dai-27-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.118 - 121, 2015/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Spin-orbit fluctuations in frustrated heavy-fermion metal LiV$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$

Tomiyasu, Keisuke*; Iwasa, Kazuaki*; Ueda, Hiroaki*; Niitaka, Seiji*; Takagi, Hidenori*; Kawamura, Seiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Nakajima, Kenji; Yamada, Kazuyoshi*

Physical Review Letters, 113(23), p.236402_1 - 236402_5, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:32.88(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Spin fluctuations were studied over a wide momentum ($$hbar$$$$Q$$) and energy ($$E$$) space in the frustrated ${it d}$-electron heavy-fermion metal LiV$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ by time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering. We observed the overall ${it Q-E}$ evolutions near the characteristic ${it Q}$ = 0.6 $AA $^{-1}$$ peak and found another weak broad magnetic peak around 2.4 $AA $^{-1}$$. The data are described by a simple response function, a partially delocalized magnetic form factor, and antiferromagnetic short-range spatial correlations, indicating that heavy-fermion formation is attributable to spin-orbit fluctuations with orbital hybridization.

Journal Articles

Coulomb explosion process in collision of a swift cluster ion with gas target

Chiba, Atsuya; Narumi, Kazumasa; Yamada, Keisuke; Matoba, Shiro; Saito, Yuichi

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 167, 2014/03

Coulomb explosion caused in an early phase affects the subsequent process significantly in the interaction of a swift cluster ion with a material, so it is considered that the Coulomb explosion is one of the most important phenomena on understanding the mechanisms of the irradiation effects on the cluster ion bombardment. In experiments, charge states and spatial distributions of C$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$ constituent ions dissociated by the collision with an atom in a gas target were measured on the event-by-event basis. After the trajectory analysis of the constituent ions using a simulation model, it turned out that the interatomic distance of the constituent ions grows approximately 1.5 times as long as the ground state, before they dissociate.

Journal Articles

Status report on technical developments of electrostatic accelerators

Yamada, Keisuke; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Matoba, Shiro; Chiba, Atsuya; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Uno, Sadanori

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 159, 2014/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation of electrostatic accelerators

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Nara, Takayuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 179, 2014/03

Three electrostatic accelerators at TIARA were operated on schedule in fiscal year 2012 except changing its schedule by cancellations of users. The yearly operation time of the 3 MV tandem accelerator, the 400 kV ion implanter and the 3MV single-ended accelerator were in the same levels as the ordinary one, whose operation time totaled to 2,073, 1,847 and 2,389 hours, respectively. The tandem accelerator had no trouble, whereas the ion implanter and the single-ended accelerator stopped by any troubles for one day and four days, respectively. The molecular ion beam of helium hydride was generated by the ion implanter, because the users required irradiation of several cluster ions in order to study the effect of irradiation. As a result, its intensity of beam was 50 nA at 200 kV. The ion beam of tungsten (W) at 15 MeV was accelerated by the tandem accelerator, whose intensity was 20 nA at charge state of 4+, because of the request from a researcher in the field of nuclear fusion.

Journal Articles

Development of microwave ion source for industrial applications

Takahashi, Nobuaki*; Murata, Hirohiko*; Mitsubori, Hitoshi*; Sakuraba, Junji*; Soga, Tomohiro*; Aoki, Yasushi*; Kato, Takanori*; Saito, Yuichi; Yamada, Keisuke; Ikenaga, Noriaki*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(2), p.02C306_1 - 02C306_3, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:85.32(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Production of fullerene ions by combining of plasma sputtering with laser ablation

Yamada, Keisuke; Saito, Yuichi; Yokota, Wataru

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(2), p.02A920_1 - 02A920_3, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:92.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

JAEA Reports

Survey of radiation protection creiteria following the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant

Yamada, Katsunori; Fujii, Katsutoshi; Kanda, Hiroshi; Higashi, Daisuke; Kobayashi, Toshiaki; Nakagawa, Masahiro; Fukami, Tomoyo; Yoshida, Keisuke; Ueno, Yumi; Nakajima, Junya; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-033, 51 Pages, 2013/12

JAEA-Review-2013-033.pdf:2.73MB

After the accident at Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, various numerical criteria relevant to radiation protection were defined. We surveyed these criteria through internet. As a result of survey, the following 13 items were identified: (1) criteria for taking stable iodine tablets, (2) criteria for the screening of surface contamination, (3) evacuation area, sheltering area, etc., (4) activity concentrations in food, drinking water, etc., (5) dose limit for radiation workers engaged in emergency work, (6) guideline levels of radioactive substances in bathing areas, (7) criteria for use of school buildings and schoolyards, (8) restriction on planting rice, (9) acceptable activity concentrations in feedstuff, (10) acceptable activity concentrations in compost, (11) criteria for export containers and ships, (12) criteria for contaminated waste, (13) standards for radiation workers engaged in decontamination work. In this report, the basis of and issues on these criteria are summarized.

Journal Articles

Quantitative evaluation of charge-reduction effect in cluster constituent ions passing through a foil

Chiba, Atsuya; Saito, Yuichi; Narumi, Kazumasa; Yamada, Keisuke; Kaneko, Toshiaki*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 315, p.81 - 84, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The average charge of the constituent ions resulting from foil-induced dissociation of cluster ion is smaller than that of the single ion passing through the foil at same speed. This charge reduction effect is one of the most important phenomena for understanding the interaction of cluster ions with electrons in a solid, and the theories suggested that it strongly depends on the internuclear distance of the constituent ions. However, the relationship between the internuclear distance and the charge state has still not been shown quantitatively. We developed a method to evaluate the relationship by analyzing the divergence angle of the constituent ions after foil penetration using Coulomb explosion imaging technique. As a result for 6-MeV C$$_{2}$$$$^{+}$$, it was shown quantitatively that the charge reduction effect decreases with increasing the internuclear distance of the constituent ion in the solid.

Journal Articles

Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry with energetic cluster ion impact ionization for highly sensitive chemical structure characterization

Hirata, Koichi*; Saito, Yuichi; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Narumi, Kazumasa

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 314, p.39 - 42, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:67.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Transmission properties of C$$_{60}$$ ions through micro- and nano-capillaries

Tsuchida, Hidetsugu*; Majima, Takuya*; Tomita, Shigeo*; Sasa, Kimikazu*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Saito, Yuichi; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Hirata, Koichi*; Shibata, Hiromi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 315, p.336 - 340, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:67.8(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Current status of electrostatic accelerators at TIARA

Uno, Sadanori; Chiba, Atsuya; Yamada, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Akihito; Usui, Aya; Kitano, Toshihiko*; Takayama, Terumitsu*; Orimo, Takao*; Kanai, Shinji*; Aoki, Yuki*; et al.

Dai-26-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.79 - 81, 2013/07

Three electrostatic accelerators at TIARA were operated on schedule in fiscal year 2012 except changing its schedule by cancellations of users. The yearly operation time of the 3MV tandem accelerator, the 400 kV ion implanter and the 3 MV single-ended accelerator were in the same levels as the ordinary one, whose operation time totaled to 2,073, 1,847 and 2,389 hours, respectively. The tandem accelerator had no trouble, whereas the ion implanter and the single-ended accelerator stopped by any troubles for one day and four days, respectively. The ion implanter generated molecular ion beam of helium hydride by using the Freeman type ion source, because of the request from the user. As a result, its intensity of beam was 50 nA at 200 kV.

Journal Articles

Development of beam generation and irradiation technology for electrostatic accelerators

Yamada, Keisuke; Chiba, Atsuya; Yokoyama, Akihito; Saito, Yuichi; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Sato, Takahiro; Okubo, Takeru; Uno, Sadanori

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 155, 2013/01

no abstracts in English

154 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)