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Journal Articles

The Surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Arai, Takehiko*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Science, 364(6437), p.272 - 275, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:86 Percentile:0.14(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu, the target of Hayabusa2 sample return mission, is believed to be a primitive carbonaceous object. The Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on Hayabusa2 acquired reflectance spectra of Ryugu's surface to provide direct measurements of the surface composition and geological context for the returned samples. A weak, narrow absorption feature centered at 2.72 micron was detected across the entire observed surface, indicating that hydroxyl (OH)-bearing minerals are ubiquitous there. The intensity of the OH feature and low albedo are similar to thermally- and/or shock-metamorphosed carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. There are few variations in the OH-band position, consistent with Ryugu being a compositionally homogeneous rubble-pile object generated from impact fragments of an undifferentiated aqueously altered parent body.

Journal Articles

An Evaluation method of reflectance spectra to be obtained by Hayabusa2 Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) based on laboratory measurements of carbonaceous chondrites

Matsuoka, Moe*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Osawa, Takahito; Iwata, Takahiro*; Kitazato, Kohei*; Abe, Masanao*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Arai, Takehiko*; Komatsu, Mutsumi*; Hiroi, Takahiro*; et al.

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 69(1), p.120_1 - 120_12, 2017/09

AA2017-0327.pdf:1.53MB

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:83.59(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

We have conducted ground-based performance evaluation tests of the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) onboard Hayabusa2 spacecraft and established a method for evaluating its measured reflectance spectra. Reflectance spectra of nine powdered carbonaceous chondrite samples were measured by both NIRS3 and a FT-IR spectrometer. Since raw data obtained by NIRS3 had considerable spectral distortion caused by systematic offsets in sensitivity of individual pixels, we have established two methods for correcting the NIRS3 data by comparing them with the corresponding FT-IR data. In order to characterize the absorption bands in NIRS3 spectra, the depth of each band component D$$lambda$$ is defined for each wavelength $$lambda$$ ($$mu$$m). Reflectance spectra of asteroid Ryugu, the target asteroid of Hayabusa2, to be recorded by the NIRS3 are expected to reveal the characteristics of the surface materials by using the evaluation technique.

Journal Articles

Development of a high power diplexer with short-slotted metal half mirrors for electron cyclotron current drive

Saigusa, Mikio*; Atsumi, Kohei*; Yamaguchi, Tomoki*; Oda, Yasuhisa; Sakamoto, Keishi

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.964 - 969, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:77.33(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Numerical estimation of Ohmic loss of high power wideband diplexer for ECCD system

Atsumi, Kohei*; Yamaguchi, Tomoki*; Nagashima, Koji*; Saigusa, Mikio*; Fukunari, Masafumi*; Oda, Yasuhisa; Sakamoto, Keishi

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 8(Sp.1), p.2405077_1 - 2405077_4, 2013/06

Journal Articles

Reactive-transport model analyses of bentonite alteration behavior at alkaline condition generated by cement-water interaction in a TRU wastes repository

Oda, Chie; Honda, Akira; Takase, Hiroyasu*; Ozone, Kenji*; Sasaki, Ryoichi*; Yamaguchi, Kohei*; Sato, Tsutomu*

Nendo Kagaku, 51(2), p.34 - 49, 2013/02

Proposed TRU repository designs for geological disposal envisage the use of a bentonite buffer to limit the migration of radionuclides by impeding groundwater flow. Under highly alkaline conditions due to cementitious materials could cause a complex series of coupled changes in the porewater chemistry, mineralogy and, ultimately, the mass transport properties of the bentonite buffer. To elucidate the consequences of these coupled changes, reactive-transport model analyses have been conducted for eight bentonite alteration test cases using different combinations of secondary minerals that could form in the bentonite buffer. It was found that after 100,000 years the amount of dissolved bentonite was at a maximum when metastable secondary minerals precipitated. It was also found that the diffusion and hydraulic coefficients after 100,000 years in all test cases were on the same order of magnitude as the initial values.

Journal Articles

A Comparative study of the modelling of cement hydration and cement-rock laboratory experiments

Savage, D.*; Soler, J. M.*; Yamaguchi, Kohei; Walker, C.; Honda, Akira; Inagaki, Manabu; Watson, C.*; Wilson, J.*; Benbow, S.*; Gaus, I.*; et al.

Applied Geochemistry, 26(7), p.1138 - 1152, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:47.82(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

The use of cement and concrete as fracture grouting or as tunnel seals in a geological disposal facility for rad wastes creates potential issues concerning chemical reactivity. From a long term safety perspective, it is desirable to be able model these interactions and changes quantitatively. As part of the LCS (Long-term Cement Studies) project programme, a modelling inter-comparison has been conducted, involving the modelling of two experiments describing cement hadration and cement-rock reaction, with teams representing the NDA (UK), Posiva (Finland), and JAEA. This modelling exercise showed that the dominant reaction pathways in the two experiments are fairly well understood and are consistent between the different modelling teams, although significant differences existed amongst the precise parameterisation. Future modelling exercises of this type should focus on a suitable natural or industrial analogue that might aid assessing mineral-fluid reactions at these longer timescales.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:142 Percentile:0.63(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:49.68(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

JAEA Reports

Research and development for treatment and disposal technologies of TRU waste; JFY 2009 annual report

Kamei, Gento; Honda, Akira; Mihara, Morihiro; Oda, Chie; Ichige, Satoru; Kurimoto, Yoshitaka; Hoshino, Seiichi; Akagi, Yosuke; Sato, Nobuyuki; Murakami, Hiroshi*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2011-002, 82 Pages, 2011/03

JAEA-Research-2011-002.pdf:5.64MB

Based on Japanese governmental policy and general scheme, research and development of geological disposal technology for TRU waste has been proceeding to improve reliability of the safety assessment of the co-locational disposal of TRU waste and of HLW, to expand the basement of generic safety assessment, and to develop the alternative technology to cope with the broad geologic environment of Japan. Japan Atomic Energy Agency is dealing with the assignments in the governmental generic scheme. We report here the progress of the studies at the end of H20 (2008) Japanese fiscal year, which are (1) evaluation of long-term mechanical stability in the near-field including development of a creep mode of rock and analyses of mechanical behavior of TRU waste repository, (2) performance assessment of the disposal system including data acquisition and preparation on radionuclides migration, cementitious material alteration, bentonite and hostrock alteration with alkaline solution and nitrate effect, and (3) alternative technology development including decomposition of nitrate.

JAEA Reports

Inverted relation between stabilities of secondary minerals and alteration rate of montmorillonite in chemistry/mass-transport coupled analyses of cement/bentonite engineered barrier system for TRU-2 report

Honda, Akira; Yamaguchi, Kohei*; Oda, Chie

JAEA-Research 2010-026, 19 Pages, 2010/08

JAEA-Research-2010-026.pdf:1.07MB

More significant alteration of montmorillonite was estimated if the precipitation of meta-stable as opposed to stable secondary minerals was assumed in a chemical/mass-transport coupled analyses of cement/bentonite engineered barrier system for TRU-2. In general, this tendency is reversal. In order to understand the reason of this reversal tendency, geochemical calculations of batch system were conducted. The S.I. of montmorillonite is lower in the case of meta-stable secondary minerals, except for the very short initial period. Because the S.I. of montmorillonite is higher throughout most of the reaction period in the case of meta-stable secondary minerals, the alteration is more significant.

JAEA Reports

Analysis method for impacts of hyper-alkaline pore water on the mass transport in fractured rock, 1; Single fracture

Honda, Akira; Yamaguchi, Kohei*; Inagaki, Manabu; Oda, Chie

JAEA-Research 2010-024, 44 Pages, 2010/08

JAEA-Research-2010-024.pdf:13.43MB

An analysis method was attempted of the impact of hyper-alkaline pore water on the mass transport in a single fracture of a host rock. Initial mass transport fields were generated using the computer program "Mathematica", which were then used for the chemistry-mass transport coupling analyses by the computer program "PHREEQC-TRANS".

Journal Articles

Modelling performed using the PHREEQC and PHREEQC-TRANS codes

Honda, Akira; Inagaki, Manabu; Yamaguchi, Kohei; Walker, C.

Nagra NAB 10-07, p.66 - 116, 2010/03

This report was made as part of LCS (Long-term Cement Studies) that was an international project involving NAGRA, NDA, POSIVA and JAEA. A part of the in-situ experiment at Grimsel test site and the bench mark analysis in phase 1 is published in this report. In the bench mark analysis of the cement hydration reaction, there is a reasonable agreement between the measured and the predicted species in solution in terms of general trends being reproduced by the models produced by the three modelling groups. In the bench mark analysis of the chemical reaction of the granite in the environment with transportation and the high pH solution, the major trends in measured species concentrations could be reproduced by all models. The observed permeability profile could not be matched.

JAEA Reports

Experimental study on long-term stability of bentonite; Influence of hyperalkaline pore water generated by the chemical reaction of cementitious material and saline groundwater

Ichige, Satoru; Yamaguchi, Kohei; Oda, Chie

JAEA-Technology 2009-065, 120 Pages, 2010/02

JAEA-Technology-2009-065.pdf:10.65MB

The focus of the present study was to examine the alteration of bentonite in high pH saline groundwaters. Two solutions were used in batch immersion experiments of bentonite. The first solution was prepared using a mixture of NaOH and NaCl (NN), and the second solution was prepared using synthetic Region 1 water (high K and Na content) and synthetic seawater (SR). Analysis showed that bentonite altered to analcime in the NN solution and to analcime and phillipsite-K in the SR solution. Moreover, the generation of calcium silicate hydrate and calcium aluminosilicate hydrate were extrapolated in the SR solution based on the concentrations of dissolved species. These alteration products were in accord with Oda et al. (2005), who summarized the possible relationships between the secondary mineral assemblage of bentonite under high pH conditions and the influence of solution composition.

JAEA Reports

Research and development for treatment and disposal technologies of TRU waste; JFY 2008 annual report

Kamei, Gento; Honda, Akira; Mihara, Morihiro; Oda, Chie; Murakami, Hiroshi; Masuda, Kenta; Yamaguchi, Kohei; Matsuda, Setsuro; Ichige, Satoru; Takahashi, Kuniaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2009-046, 80 Pages, 2010/01

JAEA-Research-2009-046.pdf:9.1MB

Based on Japanese governmental policy and general scheme, research and development of geological disposal technology for TRU waste has been proceeding to improve reliability of the safety assessment of the co-locational disposal of TRU waste and of HLW, to expand the basement of generic safety assessment, and to develop the alternative technology to cope with the broad geologic environment of Japan. Japan Atomic Energy Agency is dealing with the assignments in the governmental generic scheme. We report here the progress of the studies at the end of H20 (2008) Japanese fiscal year.

JAEA Reports

Research and development for treatment and disposal technologies of TRU waste; JFY 2007 annual report

Kamei, Gento; Honda, Akira; Mihara, Morihiro; Oda, Chie; Murakami, Hiroshi; Masuda, Kenta; Yamaguchi, Kohei; Matsuda, Setsuro; Ichige, Satoru; Takahashi, Kuniaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2008-082, 84 Pages, 2008/11

JAEA-Research-2008-082.pdf:2.52MB
JAEA-Research-2008-082(errata).pdf:0.15MB

Based on Japanese governmental policy and general scheme, research and development of geological disposal technology for TRU waste has been proceeding to improve reliability of the safety assessment of the co-locational disposal of TRU waste and of HLW, to expand the basement of generic safety assessment, and to develop the alternative technology to cope with the broad geologic environment of Japan. Japan Atomic Energy Agency is dealing with the assignments in the governmental generic scheme. We report here the progress of the studies at the end of H19 (2007) fiscal year, which are (1) treatment and packaging of TRU waste including applicability of calcination for unpacking and sorting of wastes, characterization and inspection methodology of TRU waste, (2) mechanical assessment for the near-field structure including model development and preparation, introduction of hostrock creep model and coupling analysis of deformation of hostrock and engineered barrier. (3) performance assessment of the disposal system including data acquisition and preparation on radionuclides migration, cementitious material alteration, bentonite and hostrock alteration with alkaline solution and nitrate effect, and (4) alternative technology development including decomposition of nitrate.

JAEA Reports

Research and development for treatment and disposal technologies of TRU waste; JFY 2006 annual report

Kamei, Gento; Honda, Akira; Mihara, Morihiro; Oda, Chie; Murakami, Hiroshi; Masuda, Kenta; Yamaguchi, Kohei; Nakanishi, Hiroshi*; Sasaki, Ryoichi*; Ichige, Satoru*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2007-067, 130 Pages, 2007/09

JAEA-Research-2007-067.pdf:28.78MB

After the publication of the 2nd progress report of geological disposal of TRU waste in Japan, policy and general scheme of future study for the waste disposal in Japan was published by ANRE and JAEA. This annual report summarized aim and progress of individual problem, which was assigned into JAEA in the published policy and general scheme. The problems are as follows; characteristics of TRU waste and its geologic disposal, treatment and waste production, quality control and inspection methodology for waste, mechanical analysis of near-field, data acquisition and preparation on radionuclides migration, cementitious material transition, bentonite and rock alteration in alkaline solution, nitrate effect, performance assessment of the disposal system and decomposition of nitrate as an alternative technology.

Journal Articles

"Crystal lattice engineering", an approach to engineer protein crystal contacts by creating intermolecular symmetry; Crystallization and structure determination of a mutant human RNase 1 with a hydrophobic interface of leucines

Yamada, Hidenori*; Tamada, Taro; Kosaka, Megumi*; Miyata, Kohei*; Fujiki, Shinya*; Tano, Masaru*; Moriya, Masayuki*; Yamanishi, Mamoru*; Honjo, Eijiro; Tada, Horiko*; et al.

Protein Science, 16(7), p.1389 - 1397, 2007/07

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:42.53(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

In an attempt to control protein incorporation in a crystal lattice, a leucine zipper-like hydrophobic interface (comprising four leucine residues) was introduced into a helical region (helix 2) of the human pancreatic ribonuclease 1 (RNase 1) that was predicted to form a suitable crystallization interface. Although crystallization of wild type RNase 1 has not yet been reported, the RNase 1 mutant having four leucines (4L-RNase 1) was successfully crystallized under several different conditions. The crystal structures were subsequently determined by X-ray crystallography by molecular replacement using the structure of bovine RNase A. The overall structure of 4L-RNase 1 is quite similar to that of the bovine RNase A, and the introduced leucine residues formed the designed crystal interface. To further characterize the role of the introduced leucine residues in crystallization of RNase 1, the number of leucines was reduced to three or two (3L- and 2L-RNase 1, respectively). Both mutants crystallized and a similar hydrophobic interface as in 4L-RNase 1 was observed. A related approach to engineer crystal contacts at helix 3 of RNase 1 (N4L-RNase 1) was also evaluated. N4L-RNase 1 also successfully crystallized, and formed the expected hydrophobic packing interface. These results suggest that appropriate introduction of a leucine zipper-like hydrophobic interface can promote intra molecular symmetry for more efficient protein crystallization in crystal lattice engineering efforts.

Journal Articles

Development of velocity vector profile measurement system by using ultrasound

Obayashi, Hironari; Yamaguchi, Kohei*; Kon, Seiji*; Takeda, Yasushi*

Nippon Ryutai Rikigakkai Nenkai 2006 Koen Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2006/09

The velocity vector of fluid is expressed with the function of the velocity components of three directions, and the function of time. Therefore, in order to understand the flow structure, it becomes very important to measure these components. We propose the new equipment that enables three-dimensional velocity vector measurement of the flow field of the name of Vector-UVP. It consists of a central emitter, symmetrically surrounded by three receivers. If the plane transducer is used for the emitter, the ultrasonic beam will spread in the practical range, consequently measurement volume will become too large. Thus, the characteristic of the ultrasonic beam from the emitter has great influence on the performance of Vector-UVP. For the solution of this problem, and in order to simplify our equipment, we use commercial focused transducer for the emitter. We developed 2D Vecotor-UVP system. And this system successfully applied to an actual flow field for two-dimensional velocity vector measurements.

JAEA Reports

None

Ikeda, Norio*; Sasaki, Nobuyuki*; Oshima, Kazuo*; Yamaguchi, Kohei*; Saito, Shigeyuki*; Abe, Yoriyuki*; Katano, Takashi*; Ueda, Akira*

JNC-TJ7440 2005-071, 122 Pages, 1998/03

JNC-TJ7440-2005-071.PDF:5.9MB

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Comparison of activity coefficient modeling for solubility of radionuclides in geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste

Kitamura, Akira; Shibata, Masahiro; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Yui, Mikazu; Yamaguchi, Kohei*

no journal, , 

Solubility of radionuclides in geological disposal of HLW was determined using two activity coefficient models (Davies model and SIT model). The obtained values were compared and discussed.

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