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Journal Articles

Quasi-Monte Carlo sampling method for simulation-based dynamic probabilistic risk assessment of nuclear power plants

Kubo, Kotaro; Jang, S.*; Takata, Takashi*; Yamaguchi, Akira*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(3), p.357 - 367, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:0

Dynamic probabilistic risk assessment (PRA), which handles epistemic and aleatory uncertainties by coupling the thermal-hydraulics simulation and probabilistic sampling, enables a more realistic and detailed analysis than conventional PRA. However, enormous calculation costs are incurred by these improvements. One solution is to select an appropriate sampling method. In this paper, we applied the Monte Carlo, Latin hypercube, grid-point, and quasi-Monte Carlo sampling methods to the dynamic PRA of a station blackout sequence in a boiling water reactor and compared each method. The result indicated that quasi-Monte Carlo sampling method handles the uncertainties most effectively in the assumed scenario.

Journal Articles

Soil microbial community responding to moderately elevated nitrogen deposition in a Japanese cool temperate forest surrounded by fertilized grasslands

Nagano, Hirohiko; Nakayama, Masataka*; Katata, Genki*; Fukushima, Keitaro*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Watanabe, Makoto*; Kondo, Toshiaki*; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Kubota, Tomohiro*; Tateno, Ryunosuke*; et al.

Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 67(5), p.606 - 616, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Plant Sciences)

We analyzed the relationships between nitrogen deposition (deposition of nitrate and ammonium ions) and soil microbial properties in a cool temperate forest surrounded by normally fertilized pasture grasslands in northern Japan. The aim of the present study was to gain the primary information on soil microbial response to moderately elevated nitrogen deposition ($$<$$ 10 kg N ha$$^{-1}$$ y$$^{-1}$$). We established three experimental plots in the forest edge adjacent to grasslands and other three plots in the forest interior at least 700 m away from the grasslands. During May to November 2018, nitrogen deposition in each plot was measured. In August 2018, litter and soil (0-5 cm depth) samples were collected from all plots to measure net nitrogen mineralization and nitrification rates as indicators of microbial activity, and microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen and various gene abundances (i.e. bacterial 16S rRNA, fungal ITS, bacterial amoA, and archaeal amoA genes) as indicators of microbial abundance and structure. Nitrogen deposition in the forest edge was 1.4-fold greater than that in the forest interior, even while the maximum deposition was 3.7 kg N ha$$^{-1}$$. Nitrogen deposition was significantly correlated to the net nitrogen mineralization and nitrification rates and the 16S rRNA and bacterial amoA gene abundances. Microbial community structures were different between litter and soil samples but were similar between the forest edge and interior. Significant correlations of nitrogen deposition to the soil carbon to nitrogen ratio, and the nitrate and ammonium contents were also observed. Thus, our results show that moderately elevated nitrogen deposition in nitrogen-limited forest edges can stimulate microbial activities and abundances in soils.

Journal Articles

Dynamic PRA of flooding-initiated accident scenarios using THALES2-RAPID

Kubo, Kotaro; Zheng, X.; Tanaka, Yoichi; Tamaki, Hitoshi; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Jang, S.*; Takata, Takashi*; Yamaguchi, Akira*

Proceedings of 30th European Safety and Reliability Conference and 15th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (ESREL 2020 and PSAM-15) (Internet), p.2279 - 2286, 2020/11

Probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) is one of the methods used to assess the risks associated with large and complex systems. When the risk of an external event is evaluated using conventional PRA, a particular limitation is the difficulty in considering the timing at which nuclear power plant structures, systems, and components fail. To overcome this limitation, we coupled thermal-hydraulic and external-event simulations using Risk Assessment with Plant Interactive Dynamics (RAPID). Internal flooding was chosen as the representative external event, and a pressurized water reactor plant model was used. Equations based on Bernoulli's theorem were applied to flooding propagation in the turbine building. In the analysis, uncertainties were taken into account, including the flow rate of the flood water source and the failure criteria for the mitigation systems. In terms of recovery action, isolation of the flood water source by the operator and drainage using a pump were modeled based on several assumptions. The results indicate that the isolation action became more effective when combined with drainage.

Journal Articles

Case study on sampling techniques using machine learning and simplified physical model for simulation-based dynamic probabilistic risk assessment

Kubo, Kotaro; Zheng, X.; Ishikawa, Jun; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Jang, S.*; Takata, Takashi*; Yamaguchi, Akira*

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2020 (ASRAM 2020) (Internet), 11 Pages, 2020/11

Dynamic probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) enables a more realistic and detailed analysis than classical PRA. However, the trade-off for these improvements is the enormous computational cost associated with performing a large number of thermal-hydraulic (TH) analyses. In this study, based on machine learning (ML), we aim to reduce these costs by skipping the TH analysis. For the ML algorithm, we selected a support vector machine; we built it using a high-fidelity/high-cost detailed model and low-fidelity/low-cost simplified model. As a result, the computational costs could be reduced by approximately 80% without significantly decreasing the accuracy under the assumed conditions.

Journal Articles

A Comparative study of sampling techniques for dynamic probabilistic risk assessment of nuclear power plants

Kubo, Kotaro; Zheng, X.; Tanaka, Yoichi; Tamaki, Hitoshi; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Jang, S.*; Takata, Takashi*; Yamaguchi, Akira*

Proceedings of Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications + Monte Carlo 2020 (SNA + MC 2020), p.308 - 315, 2020/10

Dynamic probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) is a method for improving the realism and completeness of conventional PRA. However, enormous calculation costs are incurred by these improvements. One solution is to select an appropriate sampling method. In this paper, we applied the Monte Carlo, Latin hypercube, grid-point, and quasi-Monte Carlo sampling methods to the dynamic PRA of a simplified accident sequence and compared the results for each method. Quasi-Monte Carlo sampling was found to be the most effective method in this case.

Journal Articles

Formation and mobility of soil organic carbon in a buried humic horizon of a volcanic ash soil

Wijesinghe, J. N.*; Koarashi, Jun; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Kokubu, Yoko; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Sase, Takashi*; Hosono, Mamoru*; Inoue, Yuzuru*; Mori, Yuki*; Hiradate, Shuntaro*

Geoderma, 374, p.114417_1 - 114417_10, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:44.21(Soil Science)

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction study on martensitic transformation under compressive stress in an ordered Fe$$_{3}$$Pt

Fukuda, Takashi*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Kakeshita, Tomoyuki*; Harjo, S.; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*

Journal of Applied Physics, 126(2), p.025107_1 - 025107_6, 2019/07

AA2019-0505.pdf:1.15MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.83(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Development of semi-implicit particle method for simulating sodium-water chemical reaction

Li, J.*; Jang, S.*; Yamaguchi, Akira*; Uchibori, Akihiro; Takata, Takashi; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 11th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-11) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2018/11

The sodium-water reaction model is developed in particle methods. Two chemical reaction model, called surface reaction model and gas-phase reaction model are developed in the particle method. Validation on the case of vapor injection into liquid water is conducted and good consistency of jet velocity evolution along jet trajectory is obtained. Finally, sodium-water chemical reaction in a configuration of multiple tube bundles is simulated. Jet velocity, water vapor fraction and temperature are investigated and reasonable results are observed, which presents promising future of this methodology.

Journal Articles

Polarized neutrons

Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Yamaguchi, Yasuo*; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*

Hamon, 28(3), p.144 - 149, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evidence for momentum-dependent heavy fermionic electronic structures; Soft X-ray ARPES for the superconductor CeNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$ in the normal state

Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Mori, Takeo*; Tsuruta, Atsushi*; Tachibana, Shoichi*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Yasui, Akira*; et al.

Physical Review B, 97(11), p.115160_1 - 115160_7, 2018/03

AA2018-0003.pdf:1.65MB

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:16.65(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Numerical study on modeling of liquid film flow under countercurrent flow limitation in volume of fluid method

Watanabe, Taro*; Takata, Takashi; Yamaguchi, Akira*

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 313, p.447 - 457, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:15.39(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Countercurrent flow limitation (CCFL) in a heat transfer tube at a steam generator (SG) of pressurized water reactor (PWR) is one of the important issues on the core cooling under a loss of coolant accident(LOCA). In order to improve the prediction accuracy of the CCFL characteristics in numerical simulations using the volume of fluid (VOF) method with less computational cost, a thin liquid film flow in a countercurrent flow is modeled independently and is coupled with the VOF method. Then, we have carried out numerical simulations of a countercurrent flow in a vertical tube so as to investigate the CCFL characteristics and compare them with the previous experimental results. As a result, it has been concluded that the effect of liquid film entrainment by upward gas flux will cause the difference in the experiments.

Journal Articles

Circular dichroism in resonant angle-resolved photoemission spectra of LaNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$

Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; Mori, Takeo*; Tachibana, Shoichi*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Yasui, Akira*; Yamagami, Hiroshi*; et al.

Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 220, p.50 - 53, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:13.25(Spectroscopy)

We report the soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission study for LaNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$ to reveal the electronic structures derived from non-4$$f$$ bands of the heavy fermion compound CeNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$. The photoemission spectra recorded at the La M$$_{4,5}$$ absorption edges clearly show the enhancement of the La 5$$d$$ components in the valence band spectra. The circular dichroism of photoemission spectra reveals the band-dependent dichroic response due to the orbital symmetry.

Journal Articles

Electronic structures of ferromagnetic CeAgSb$$_{2}$$; Soft X-ray absorption, magnetic circular dichroism, and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopies

Saito, Yuji; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Mori, Takeo*; Fuchimoto, Hiroto*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yasui, Akira*; Miyawaki, Jun*; Imada, Shin*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(11), p.114713_1 - 114713_7, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:56.08(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report on the electronic structures of ferromagnetic CeAgSb$$_{2}$$ using soft X-ray absorption (XAS), magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) spectroscopies. The Ce $$M_{4,5}$$ XAS spectra show very small satellite structures, reflecting a strongly localized character of the Ce 4${it f}$ electrons. The linear dichroism effects in the Ce $$M_{4,5}$$ XAS spectra demonstrate the ground-state Ce 4${it f}$ symmetry of $$Gamma$$$$_{6}$$, the spatial distribution of which is directed along the ${it c}$-axis. Nevertheless, ARPES spectra at the Ce 3$$d$$-4$$f$$ resonance show the momentum dependence of the intensity ratio between Ce 4$$f^{1}_{5/2}$$ and 4$$f^{1}_{7/2}$$ peaks in a part of the Brillouin zone, suggesting the non negligible momentum-dependent hybridization effect between the Ce 4${it f}$ and the conduction electrons. This is associated with the moderate mass enhancement in CeAgSb$$_{2}$$.

Journal Articles

Study on self-wastage phenomenon at heat transfer tube in steam generator of sodium-cooled fast reactor with consideration of thermal coupling of fluid and structure

Kojima, Saori*; Uchibori, Akihiro; Takata, Takashi; Ohno, Shuji; Fukuda, Takeshi*; Yamaguchi, Akira*

Proceedings of 10th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-10) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2016/11

Analytical evaluation on a self-wastage phenomenon at heat transfer tubes in the steam generator of sodium cooled fast reactors has been performed by using the sodium-water reaction analysis code SERAPHIM. In this study, a fluid-structure thermal coupling model was developed and incorporated in the SERAPHIM code to evaluate heat transfer between the sodium-side reacting flow and the outer surface of the heat transfer tube. The effect of the fluid-structure thermal coupling model on the temperature field was demonstrated through the numerical analyses.

Journal Articles

Dynamic and interactive approach to level 2 PRA using continuous Markov process with Monte Carlo Method

Jang, S.*; Yamaguchi, Akira*; Takata, Takashi

Proceedings of 13th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management Conference (PSAM-13) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2016/10

The current approach to Level 2 probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) using the conventional event-tree (ET)/fault-tree (FT) methodology requires pre-specifications of event order occurrence and component failure probabilities which may vary significantly in the presence of uncertainties. In the present study, a new methodology is proposed to quantify the level 2 PRA in which the accident progression scenarios are dynamic and interactive with the instantaneous plant state and related phenomena. The accident progression is treated as a continuous Markov process and the transition probabilities are evaluated based on the computation of plant system thermal-hydraulic dynamics. A Monte Carlo method is used to obtain the resultant probability of the radioactive material release scenarios. The methodology is applied to the protected loss of heat sink accident scenario of the level 2 PRA of a generation IV fast reactor.

Journal Articles

Molecular gyrotops with a five-membered heteroaromatic ring; Synthesis, temperature-dependent orientation of dipolar rotors inside the crystal, and its birefringence change

Masuda, Toshiyuki*; Arase, Junko*; Inagaki, Yusuke*; Kawahara, Masatoshi*; Yamaguchi, Kentaro*; Ohara, Takashi; Nakao, Akiko*; Momma, Hiroyuki*; Kwon, E.*; Setaka, Wataru*

Crystal Growth & Design, 16(8), p.4392 - 4401, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:90.91(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Numerical investigation of self-wastage phenomena in steam generator of sodium-cooled fast reactor

Jang, S.*; Takata, Takashi; Yamaguchi, Akira*; Uchibori, Akihiro; Kurihara, Akikazu; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.4275 - 4288, 2015/08

Numerical analysis of the self-wastage phenomenon was carried out using a multi-dimensional computational code called SERAPHIM. Several steps of numerical analysis were constructed to reproduce transient self-wastage phenomenon caused by Sodium Water Reaction (SWR). Numerical analysis of multiphase flow with chemical reaction near the initial crack is firstly performed. The wastage amount is evaluated based on hypothetical Arrhenius equation by using the temperature and molar concentration of sodium hydroxide. New analytical grid is created by exchanging the solid cells to fluid cells in the reaction based on the wastage amount evaluation. These series of procedure is repeated. The width and the shape of the enlarged crack showed good agreement with the experimental results.

Journal Articles

Utilization status of the electron accelerator and the $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities

Agematsu, Takashi; Hanaya, Hiroaki; Yamagata, Ryohei; Seito, Hajime; Nagao, Yuto; Kaneko, Hirohisa; Yamaguchi, Toshiyuki*; Kawashima, Ikuo*; Yagi, Norihiko*; Takagi, Masahide*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 183, 2015/03

The electron accelerator and the three $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities were operated for various research subjects according to the operation plan in FY 2013. The number of research subjects at the electron accelerator and at the $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities kept constant from FY 2012. Among these research subjects, 47 and 91 ones respectively performed at the electron accelerator and the $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities were relevant to recovery from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.

Journal Articles

Operation of the electron accelerator and the $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facilities

Agematsu, Takashi; Hanaya, Hiroaki; Yamagata, Ryohei; Seito, Hajime; Nagao, Yuto; Kaneko, Hirohisa; Yamaguchi, Toshiyuki*; Kawashima, Ikuo*; Yagi, Norihiko*; Takagi, Masahide*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 182, 2015/03

The electron accelerator and the $$gamma$$-ray irradiation facility have been operated approximately smoothly. The annual operation time in FY 2013 for the electron accelerator, the first, the second cobalt irradiation facility and food irradiation facility are 1242 h, 18,900 h, 11,804 h and 6,587 h, respectively. Typically repairs were next ones. The SF$$_{6}$$ gas withdrawal system was renewed at the electron accelerator. The 600 m$$^{3}$$ water storage tank was installed to keep pool-water for the cobalt facilities maintenance. New pieces of $$^{60}$$Co sources were purchased and loaded to the first and the second irradiation facility. The maintenance check was done for the food irradiation facility.

Journal Articles

Experimental and numerical reaction analysis on sodium-water chemical reaction field

Deguchi, Yoshihiro*; Takata, Takashi*; Yamaguchi, Akira*; Kikuchi, Shin; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 2(1), p.14-00029_1 - 14-00029_11, 2015/02

In a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR), liquid sodium is used as a heat transfer fluid because of its excellent heat transport capability. On the other hand, it has strong chemical reactivity with water vapor. One of the design basis accidents of the SFR is the water leakage into the liquid sodium flow by a breach of heat transfer tubes. This process ends up damages on the heat transport equipment in the SFR. Therefore, the study on sodium-water chemical reactions is of paramount importance for security reasons. This study aims to clarify the sodium-water reaction mechanisms using an elementary reaction analysis. From analytical results, the main reaction was Na + H$$_{2}$$O = NaOH + H at gas-phase reaction.

256 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)