Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Yamaguchi, Yasuo*; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*
Hamon, 28(3), p.144 - 149, 2018/08
no abstracts in English
Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Mori, Takeo*; Tsuruta, Atsushi*; Tachibana, Shoichi*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Yasui, Akira*; et al.
Physical Review B, 97(11), p.115160_1 - 115160_7, 2018/03
Tanaka, Taiki*; Narikiyo, Yoshihiro*; Morita, Kosuke*; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_9, 2018/01
Excitation functions of quasielastic scattering cross sections for the Ca + Pb, Ti + Pb, and Ca + Cm reactions were successfully measured by using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS. Fusion barrier distributions were extracted from these data, and compared with the coupled-channels calculations. It was found that the peak energies of the barrier distributions for the Ca + Pb and Ti + Pb systems coincide with those of the 2n evaporation channel cross sections for the systems, while that of the Ca + Cm is located slightly below the 4n evaporation ones. This results provide us helpful information to predict the optimum beam energy to synthesize superheavy nuclei.
Kaji, Daiya*; Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Gan, Z.*; Geissel, H.*; Hasebe, Hiroo*; Hofmann, S.*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(3), p.034201_1 - 034201_7, 2017/03
The fusion reaction of Ca + Cm Lv was studied using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS at RIKEN. A total of seven and spontaneous-fission decay chains were observed, which would originate from the reaction products of the element 116, Lv and Lv. Decay properties observed in the chains are in good agreement with the previously published ones. However, one of the chains showed a discrepancy, indicating the new spontaneous-fission branch in Cn or the production of the new isotope Lv.
Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Aratani, Hidekazu*; Mori, Takeo*; Tachibana, Shoichi*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yamasaki, Atsushi*; Yasui, Akira*; Yamagami, Hiroshi*; et al.
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 220, p.50 - 53, 2017/01
We report the soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission study for LaNiGe to reveal the electronic structures derived from non-4 bands of the heavy fermion compound CeNiGe. The photoemission spectra recorded at the La M absorption edges clearly show the enhancement of the La 5 components in the valence band spectra. The circular dichroism of photoemission spectra reveals the band-dependent dichroic response due to the orbital symmetry.
Noda, Yohei*; Koizumi, Satoshi*; Masui, Tomomi*; Mashita, Ryo*; Kishimoto, Hiromichi*; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Kumada, Takayuki; Takata, Shinichi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(6), p.2036 - 2045, 2016/12
Saito, Yuji; Fujiwara, Hidenori*; Yamaguchi, Takashi*; Nakatani, Yasuhiro*; Mori, Takeo*; Fuchimoto, Hiroto*; Kiss, Takayuki*; Yasui, Akira*; Miyawaki, Jun*; Imada, Shin*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(11), p.114713_1 - 114713_7, 2016/11
We report on the electronic structures of ferromagnetic CeAgSb using soft X-ray absorption (XAS), magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) spectroscopies. The Ce XAS spectra show very small satellite structures, reflecting a strongly localized character of the Ce 4 electrons. The linear dichroism effects in the Ce XAS spectra demonstrate the ground-state Ce 4 symmetry of , the spatial distribution of which is directed along the -axis. Nevertheless, ARPES spectra at the Ce 3-4 resonance show the momentum dependence of the intensity ratio between Ce 4 and 4 peaks in a part of the Brillouin zone, suggesting the non negligible momentum-dependent hybridization effect between the Ce 4 and the conduction electrons. This is associated with the moderate mass enhancement in CeAgSb.
Hase, Takayuki*; Otagaki, Tatsuya*; Yamaguchi, Masatake; Ikeo, Naoko*; Mukai, Toshiji*
Acta Materialia, 104, p.283 - 294, 2016/02
We measured the impact toughness of three alloys (Mg, Mg-0.3 at.% Ca-0.6 at.% Zn, and Mg-0.3 at.% Ca-0.6 at.% Al) by the impact three-point bending test. The plastic deformability and impact toughness were higher in the ternary alloys than in pure Mg. The generalized stacking fault energy and grain boundary cohesive energy were estimated by first-principles calculations for Mg, binary Mg-Ca, ternary Mg-Ca-Zn, and ternary Mg-Ca-Al alloys. The calculation results agreed with the trend in the experimental results. We suggest that addition of Ca along with Zn or Al reduced plastic anisotropy and strengthened the grain boundaries, leading to higher in impact toughness of Mg alloys.
Yamaguchi, Erika*; Miyatani, Masanori*; Kawai, Takayuki*; Atsumi, Hirohisa*; Hase, Yoshihiro
JAEA-Review 2015-022, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2014, P. 111, 2016/02
no abstracts in English
Mao, W.*; Fujita, Masaya*; Chikada, Takumi*; Yamaguchi, Kenji; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Terai, Takayuki*; Matsuzaki, Hiroyuki*
Surface & Coatings Technology, 283, p.241 - 246, 2015/12
Single-phase nanocrystalline thin films of ErO (440) has been first prepared using Si (100) substrates by ion beam sputter deposition at 973 K at a pressure of 10 Pa and - annealing at 1023 K at a pressure of 10 Pa. Er silicides formed during the deposition are eliminated via the annealing, which results in the single phase and the smooth surface of the ErO thin films. The epitaxial relationship between Si (100) and ErO (110) is clarified by X-ray diffraction and reflection high energy electron diffraction.
Mao, W.*; Chikada, Takumi*; Shimura, Kenichiro*; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Yamaguchi, Kenji; Terai, Takayuki*
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 443(1-3), p.555 - 561, 2013/11
In this work, calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) and generalized gradient approximation were performed to investigate the structural and electronic properties of the cubic ErO (001) surface and H adsorption processes on this surface. Several stable adsorption sites were identified, and at the most energetically favorable adsorption sites it was found that H bonds with O atoms at the cubic ErO (001) surface with an adsorption energy of 295.68 kJ mol at coverage 1/8 ML, which was inclined to decrease with the increase of H coverage ( 1/4 ML). In addition, the calculations revealed that the dissociative H atom configurations have adsorption energies that are at least 152.64 kJ mol greater than the H molecule configurations on the surface. These results are discussed in regard of the hydrogen isotope permeation behavior in the tritium permeation barrier in a fusion reactor.
Mao, W.*; Chikada, Takumi*; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Terai, Takayuki*; Yamaguchi, Kenji
Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.10, p.27 - 32, 2013/02
A tritium permeation barrier (TPB) is strongly required in fusion blankets for the reduction of loss of fuel and radiological hazard. However, the precise tritium permeation mechanism through the TPB coatings has not been clarified yet, because of their complicated crystal structures. To understand the microscopic mechanism, we have not only prepared and characterized nanostructured ceramic ErO thin films, but also studied the energetics and mobility of hydrogen atom in cubic bulk ErO using ab initio density-functional calculations. The estimated diffusion activation energy () of interstitial H is somewhat higher than the diffusion energy barrier observed experimentally at 873 K. It is then considered that diffusion and permeation of hydrogen and its isotopes through the ErO coatings are likely to be dominated by the grain boundary rather than by the grain.
Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Yoneda, Akira*; Tanaka, Kengo*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(10), p.103201_1 - 103201_4, 2012/10
An isotope of the 113th element, 113, was produced in a nuclear reaction with a Zn beam on a Bi target. We observed six consecutive decays following the implantation of a heavy particle in nearly the same position in the semiconductor detector, in extremely low background condition. The fifth and sixth decays are fully consistent with the sequential decays of Db and Lr both in decay energies and decay times. This indicates that the present decay chain consisted of 113, Rg (Z = 111), Mt (Z = 109), Bh (Z = 107), Db (Z = 105), and Lr (Z = 103) with firm connections. This result, together with previously reported results from 2004 and 2007, conclusively leads the unambiguous production and identification of the isotope 113, of the 113th element.
Takeda, Shinichiro*; Ichinohe, Yuto*; Hagino, Koichi*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Fukuyama, Taro*; Saito, Shinya*; Sato, Tamotsu*; Sato, Goro*; et al.
Physics Procedia, 37, p.859 - 866, 2012/10
By using new Compton camera consisting of silicon double-sided strip detector (Si-DSD) and CdTe-DSD developed for the ASTRO-H mission, an experiment was conducted to study its feasibility for advanced hotspot monitoring. In addition to hotspot imaging already provided by commercial imaging systems, the identification of the variety of radioisotopes is realized thanks to the good energy resolution given by the semiconductor detectors. Three radioisotopes of Ba (356 keV), Na (511 keV) and Cs (662 keV) were individually imaged by applying event selection in the energy window and the -ray images was correctly overlapped by an optical picture. The detection efficiency of 1.6810 (effective area: 1.710 cm) and angular resolution of 3.8 were obtained by stacking five detector modules for 662 keV -ray. The higher detection efficiency required in a specific use can be achieved by stacking more detector modules.
Imaizumi, Tomomi; Miyauchi, Masaru; Ito, Masayasu; Watahiki, Shunsuke; Nagata, Hiroshi; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Naka, Michihiro; Kawamata, Kazuo; Yamaura, Takayuki; Ide, Hiroshi; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2011-031, 123 Pages, 2012/01
The number of research reactors in the world is decreasing because of their aging. However, the planning to introduce the nuclear power plants is increasing in Asian countries. In these Asian countries, the key issue is the human resource development for operation and management of nuclear power plants after constructed them, and also the necessity of research reactor, which is used for lifetime extension of LWRs, progress of the science and technology, expansion of industry use, human resources training and so on, is increasing. From above backgrounds, the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center began to discuss basic concept of a multipurpose low-power research reactor for education and training, etc. This design study is expected to contribute not only to design tool improvement and human resources development in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center but also to maintain and upgrade the technology on research reactors in nuclear power-related companies. This report treats the activities of the working group from July 2010 to June 2011 on the multipurpose low-power research reactor in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center and nuclear power-related companies.
Sato, Nozomi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(9), p.094201_1 - 094201_7, 2011/09
Decay properties of Hs and Hs produced in the Pb(Fe, ) [=1, 2] reactions were studied using a gas-filled recoil ion separator at the linear accelerator facility of RIKEN. A total of 6 decay chains were assigned to Hs. Cross sections for the Hs production in the Pb(Fe,) and Pb(Fe,) reactions were measured to be pb and pb, respectively. The isotope Hs decayed with a half-life of ms by -particle emission and spontaneous fission. The -particle energy of Hs was observed at 10.610.04 and 10.800.08 MeV. The spontaneous fission branch of Hs was found to be .
Sato, Shoichi*; Ichimura, Makoto*; Yamaguchi, Yusuke*; Katano, Makoto*; Imai, Yasutaka*; Murakami, Tatsuya*; Miyake, Yuichiro*; Yokoyama, Takuro*; Moriyama, Shinichi; Kobayashi, Takayuki; et al.
Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 5, p.S2067_1 - S2067_4, 2010/12
Ion cyclotron emissions (ICEs) due to deuterium-deuterium fusion-product (FP) ions on JT-60U are studied. ICE due to H-ions is identified from the difference of the toroidal wave number of 2nd ICE(D). The parameter dependence for the appearance of ICE(H) is investigated from the experimental conditions and also is studied by using "Escape Particle Orbit analysis Code (EPOC)".
Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Takeuchi, Suehiro; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; Yoshida, Takahiro*; Ishiguro, Takayuki*; Yamaguchi, Kazushi*
Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.1120 - 1122, 2010/03
The JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator was built for basic science researches with heavy ions. Its superconducting booster was completed in 1994 for increasing the acceleration energy of ions. The booster consists of 40 superconducting acceleration resonators and 10 cryostats. Every resonator is a coaxial quarter wave resonator (QWR) of which frequency is 129.8MHz, and optimum beam velocity is 10% of the light velocity. When it was built, the acceleration field gradients of superconducting resonators were 5.0MV/m at RF power input of 4W on their average. The performance decrease little by little, and it become 4.0MV/m now. Some of the resonators generate X-rays from a low electric field. A field emission will be occurred from small contaminations accumulated on the surfaces of niobium. We examined the high pressure water jet rinsing (HPWR) to re-recondition the superconducting booster. The HPWR is the technology of removing small contaminations on resonator surfaces, and very effective for the improvement of acceleration field gradients. The acceleration field gradients of 20 on-line resonators were improved from 4.4MV to 5.7MV on their average.
Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Takeuchi, Suehiro; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; Yoshida, Takahiro*; Ishiguro, Takayuki*; Yamaguchi, Kazushi*
Dai-22-Kai Tandemu Kasokuki Oyobi Sono Shuhen Gijutsu No Kenkyukai Hokokushu, p.129 - 132, 2010/01
The JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator was built for basic science researches with heavy ions. Its superconducting booster was completed in 1994 for increasing the acceleration energy of ions. The booster consists of 40 superconducting acceleration resonators and 10 cryostats. Every resonator is a coaxial quarter wave resonator (QWR) of which frequency is 129.8 MHz, and optimum beam velocity is 10% of the light velocity. When it was built, the acceleration field gradients of superconducting resonators were 5.0 MV/m at RF power input of 4 W on their average. The performance decrease little by little, and it become 4.0 MV/m now. Some of the resonators generate X-rays from a low electric field. A field emission will be occurred from small contaminations accumulated on the surfaces of niobium. We examined the high pressure water jet rinsing (HPWR) to re-recondition the superconducting booster. The HPWR is the technology of removing small contaminations on resonator surfaces, and very effective for the improvement of acceleration field gradients. The acceleration field gradients of 20 on-line resonators were improved from 4.4 MV to 5.7 MV on their average.
Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sato, Nozomi*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(6), p.064201_1 - 064201_6, 2009/06
Decay properties of an isotope Bh and its daughter nucleus Db produced by the Cm(Na,5) reaction were studied by using a gas-filled recoil separator coupled with a position-sensitive semiconductor detector. Bh was clearly identified from the correlation of the known nuclide, Db. The obtained decay properties of Bh and Db are consistent with those observed in the 113 chain, which provided further confirmation of the discovery of 113.