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Empirical correction factor to estimate the plastic collapse bending moment of pipes with circumferential surface flaw

Lacroix, V.*; 長谷川 邦夫; Li, Y.; 山口 義仁

Proceedings of ASME 2022 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2022) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2022/07

The structural integrity assessment of pipes with circumferential surface flaw under the plastic collapse regime consists of net section collapse analysis. In recent years various researchers showed that this analysis, which has been developed based on classic beam theory, suffers from certain inaccuracies. As such, assessment purely based on net-section collapse and beam theory can reveal both conservative and unconservative results. To address those inaccuracies, in this paper authors introduced a correction factor which aims to mitigate the difference between the ASME B&PV Code Section XI equations and the experimental results. This correction factor is calculated using an empirical formula developed on the basis of a large experimental database of pipe collapse bending tests containing variety of diameter, thickness, flaw depth and flaw length values. Within this work, authors took a systematic approach to identify the most influencing factors on such a correction factor and showed that by applying this correction factor to the current solution of ASME B&PV Code Section XI, this solution becomes more accurate. This corrected approach also is in line with ASME B&PV Code Section XI Appendix C practice for axial flaw in pipes, where a semi-empirical correction factor has been considered as well.


Failure bending stresses for small diameter thick-wall pipes

山口 義仁; 長谷川 邦夫; Li, Y.; Lacroix, V.*

Proceedings of ASME 2022 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2022) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2022/07

Four-point bending tests without internal pressure were performed for Type 304 stainless steel pipes with circumferential flaws at room temperature. The specimens are 1-inch diameter (33.7 mm) Schedule 160 pipes (6.3 mm wall thickness). The flaws were part-through flaws located at the pipe external side. The flaw angles are from 120$$^{circ}$$ to 240$$^{circ}$$, and the flaw depths are two cases of 50% and 75% of the wall thickness. Plastic collapse stresses obtained from experiments were compared with those calculated using Limit Load Criteria from Appendix C of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Code Section XI. Limit Load Criteria were developed using flow stress at flawed section of the pipe. The plastic collapse stress test results were larger than those of the calculation results. For flaws with flaw depths less than 50% of the wall thickness, the experimental stresses were significantly large. The Limit Load Criteria given by Section XI provide conservative collapse stresses and could be improved.


Development of probabilistic analysis code for evaluating seismic fragility of aged pipes with wall-thinning

山口 義仁; 西田 明美; Li, Y.

Proceedings of ASME 2022 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2022) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2022/07



Failure estimation methods for steam generator tubes with wall-thinning or crack

山口 義仁; 真野 晃宏; Li, Y.

Proceedings of ASME 2022 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2022) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2022/07



Damage evaluations for BWR lower head in severe accident based on multi-physics simulations

勝山 仁哉; 山口 義仁; 根本 義之; 古田 琢哉; 加治 芳行

Proceedings of ASME 2022 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2022) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2022/07

To assess rupture behavior of the lower head of reactor pressure vessel in boiling-water-type nuclear power plants due to severe accident like Fukushima Daiichi, we have been developing an analysis method based on coupled analysis of three-dimensional multi-physics simulations composed of radiation transport, thermal-hydraulics (TH) and thermal-elastic-plastic-creep analyses. In this simulation, Monte Carlo radiation transport calculation is firstly performed by using PHITS code to compute proton dose distribution considering molten conditions of core materials. Then the deposit energies at each location is imported into TH analysis code ANSYS Fluent with the same geometry and temperature distribution is simulated by thermal-fluid dynamics. Finally, temperature distribution obtained from TH analysis is applied to thermal-elastic-plastic-creep analyses using FINAS-STAR and then damage evaluation is carried out based on several criterions such as Kachanov, Larson-Miller-parameter, melting point. To conduct such analyses, we also have continued to obtain experimental data on creep deformation in high temperature range. In this study, to predict time and location of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) lower head rupture of boiling water reactors (BWRs) considering creep damage mechanisms, we performed creep damage evaluations based on developing analysis method by using detailed three-dimensional model of RPV lower head with control rod guide tubes, stub tubes and welds. From the detailed analysis results, it was concluded that failure regions of BWR lower head are only the control rod guide tubes or stub tubes under simulated conditions.


Improvement of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL-SP regarding stress corrosion cracking in nickel based alloy weld joint of piping system in boiling water reactor

真野 晃宏; 山口 義仁; 勝山 仁哉; Li, Y.

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(1), p.011506_1 - 011506_9, 2022/02

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Engineering, Mechanical)



A Novel method to uniquely determine the parameters in Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman model

Zhang, T.; Lu, K.; 真野 晃宏; 山口 義仁; 勝山 仁哉; Li, Y.

Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures, 44(12), p.3399 - 3415, 2021/12

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:69.71(Engineering, Mechanical)




山口 義仁; Li, Y.

配管技術, 63(12), p.22 - 27, 2021/10

東京電力福島第一原子力発電所の事故の教訓を踏まえ、原子力発電所に対する地震を起因とした確率論的リスク評価(PRA: Probabilistic Risk Assessment)やリスク情報の活用が重要となっている。地震PRAでは、安全上重要な機器や配管などの地震による損傷確率を考慮して、炉心損傷頻度などが求められる。長期間使用された配管では、経年劣化による亀裂などの発生があり得る。亀裂が発生すれば、配管の破壊強度が低減され、地震時の損傷確率が上昇することとなる。そのため、長期間運転された原子炉を対象に地震PRAを実施する際には、経年劣化が機器の損傷確率に及ぼす影響を考慮することが重要である。著者らは、経年劣化の影響に加えて、地震による亀裂進展や破壊を考慮することで、長期間使用された原子炉配管の損傷確率を算出できる解析コードを開発し、妥当性の確認を経て公開した。また、地震による損傷確率を求めるための手順や推奨される手法やモデル,技術的根拠などを取りまとめた評価要領を世界に先駆けて整備し公開した。本論文では、開発した解析コード及び評価要領について説明する。


Development of guideline on seismic fragility evaluation for aged piping

山口 義仁; 勝山 仁哉; 眞崎 浩一*; Li, Y.

Proceedings of ASME 2021 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2021) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2021/07



Pilot study on seismic fragility evaluation for degraded austenitic stainless steel piping using the probabilistic fracture mechanics code PASCAL-SP

東 喜三郎*; 山口 義仁; Li, Y.

Proceedings of ASME 2021 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2021) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2021/07

Seismic probabilistic risk assessment is a standard methodology to quantify the risk of earthquakes including beyond-design-basis levels. The quality of fragility analysis is one of the major factors that affect the results of seismic probabilistic risk assessments. A previous study revealed that component degradation could affect seismic fragility. In practice, inspection and maintenance programs are implemented to control an undesirable effect of the degradation such as stress corrosion cracking. However, the relation between seismic fragility of degraded component and inspection, maintenance, and mitigation models has not been thoroughly discussed so far. This study discussed the effect of inspection and maintenance on seismic fragility of austenitic stainless steel piping susceptible to stress corrosion cracking. Failure probability was calculated by using a probabilistic fracture mechanics code. The results indicated that the adverse effects of stress corrosion cracking on failure probability could be controlled at a relatively low level if inspection, maintenance, and mitigation measures were implemented properly.



山口 義仁; 勝山 仁哉; 眞崎 浩一*; Li, Y.

JAEA-Research 2020-017, 80 Pages, 2021/02





山口 義仁; 真野 晃宏; 勝山 仁哉; 眞崎 浩一*; 宮本 裕平*; Li, Y.

JAEA-Data/Code 2020-021, 176 Pages, 2021/02


日本原子力研究開発機構では、軽水炉機器の構造健全性評価及び耐震安全性評価に関する研究の一環として、原子炉配管を対象とした確率論的破壊力学(PFM: Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics)解析コードPASCAL-SP(PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR - Stress Corrosion Cracking at Welded Joints of Piping)の開発を進めてきた。初版は2010年に公開され、その後もより実用性の高いPFM解析の実現を目的として、最新知見を踏まえて解析対象の拡充や解析手法の高度化等を実施してきた。今般、その成果を反映し、バージョン2.0として公開することとした。最新版では、解析対象の経年劣化事象として、ニッケル合金の加圧水型原子炉一次系水質環境中の応力腐食割れ、ニッケル合金の沸騰水型原子炉環境中の応力腐食割れ、二相ステンレス鋼における熱時効等を新たに加えたほか、最新の応力拡大係数解の導入や溶接残留応力の不確実さ等の評価機能の高度化を行い、より適用範囲が広く信頼性が高い配管の破損確率評価を可能とした。また、経年配管の耐震安全性評価の高度化に資することを目的に、巨大地震を想定した大きな地震応答応力に対応した亀裂進展量評価手法等を導入し、地震フラジリティ評価を可能とした。さらに、確率論的評価に係る影響因子の不確実さを認識論的不確実さと偶然的不確実さに分類し、これらの不確実さを考慮して配管の破損確率の信頼度を評価する機能及びモジュールを新たに整備した。本報告書は、バージョン2.0としてPASCAL-SP2の使用方法及び解析手法をまとめたものである。


Non-invasive imaging of radiocesium dynamics in a living animal using a positron-emitting $$^{127}$$Cs tracer

鈴井 伸郎*; 柴田 卓弥; 尹 永根*; 船木 善仁*; 栗田 圭輔; 保科 宏行*; 山口 充孝*; 藤巻 秀*; 瀬古 典明*; 渡部 浩司*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.16155_1 - 16155_9, 2020/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Visualizing the dynamics of cesium (Cs) is desirable to understand the impact of radiocesium when accidentally ingested or inhaled by humans. The positron-emitting nuclide $$^{127}$$Cs was produced using the $$^{127}$$I ($$alpha$$, 4n) $$^{127}$$Cs reaction, which was induced by irradiation of sodium iodide with a $$^{4}$$He$$^{2+}$$ beam from a cyclotron. We excluded sodium ions by using a material that specifically adsorbs Cs as a purification column and successfully eluted $$^{127}$$Cs by flowing a solution of ammonium sulfate into the column. We injected the purified $$^{127}$$Cs tracer solution into living rats and the dynamics of Cs were visualized using positron emission tomography; the distributional images showed the same tendency as the results of previous studies using disruptive methods. Thus, this method is useful for the non-invasive investigation of radiocesium in a living animal.


Fatigue crack growth for ferritic steel under negative stress ratio

山口 義仁; 長谷川 邦夫; Li, Y.

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(4), p.041507_1 - 041507_6, 2020/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Engineering, Mechanical)

疲労亀裂進展中における亀裂の開閉口は、亀裂進展速度の評価において重要な現象である。ASME Code Section XIのAppendix A-4300は、負の応力比におけるフェライト鋼の疲労亀裂進展速度を算出する式について、負荷の大きさに応じて二つ提示している。一つは、負荷が小さい場合に、亀裂の閉口を考慮する式である。もう一つは、負荷が大きい場合に、亀裂の閉口を考慮しない式である。本研究では、フェライト鋼に対して、負荷の大きさを徐々に変えながら疲労亀裂進展試験を実施し、負荷の大きさが亀裂閉口に及ぼす影響を調査した。その結果、Appendix A-4300における疲労亀裂進展速度算出式を切り替える負荷の大きさと比較して、より小さい負荷で亀裂が閉口することを明らかにした。


Expansion of high temperature creep test data for failure evaluation of BWR lower head in severe accident

山口 義仁; 勝山 仁哉; 加治 芳行; 逢坂 正彦; Li, Y.

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00560_1 - 19-00560_12, 2020/06



Neutron emission spectrum from gold excited with 16.6 MeV linearly polarized monoenergetic photons

桐原 陽一; 中島 宏; 佐波 俊哉*; 波戸 芳仁*; 糸賀 俊朗*; 宮本 修治*; 武元 亮頼*; 山口 将志*; 浅野 芳裕*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(4), p.444 - 456, 2020/04

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:27.54(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Crack growth evaluation for cracked stainless and carbon steel pipes under large seismic cyclic loading

山口 義仁; 勝山 仁哉; Li, Y.; 鬼沢 邦雄

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 142(2), p.021906_1 - 021906_11, 2020/04

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:11.94(Engineering, Mechanical)

Some Japanese nuclear power plants have experienced several large earthquakes beyond the design basis ground motion. In addition, cracks resulting from long-term operation have been detected in piping systems. Therefore, to assess the structure integrity of cracked pipes taking the occurrence of large earthquakes into account, it is very important to establish a crack growth evaluation method for cracked pipes that are subjected to large seismic cyclic response loading. In our previous study, we proposed an evaluation method for crack growth during large earthquakes through experimental study using small specimens and investigation using finite element analyses. In the present study, to confirm applicability of the proposed method, crack growth tests were conducted on both stainless and carbon steel pipe specimens with a circumferential through-wall crack, considering large seismic cyclic response loading with complex wave forms. The predicted crack growth values are in good agreement with the experimental results and the applicability of the proposed method was confirmed.


A New probabilistic evaluation model for weld residual stress

真野 晃宏; 勝山 仁哉; 宮本 裕平*; 山口 義仁; Li, Y.

International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 179, p.103945_1 - 103945_6, 2020/01

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:17.34(Engineering, Multidisciplinary)



Improvement of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL-SP with regard to PWSCC

真野 晃宏; 山口 義仁; 勝山 仁哉; Li, Y.

Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 5(3), p.031505_1 - 031505_8, 2019/07



Expansion of high temperature creep test data for failure evaluation of BWR lower head in a severe accident

山口 義仁; 勝山 仁哉; 加治 芳行; 逢坂 正彦; Li, Y.

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 7 Pages, 2019/05


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