Opletal, P.; Sakai, Hironori; Haga, Yoshinori; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Kambe, Shinsaku; Tokunaga, Yo
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 92(3), p.034704_1 - 034704_5, 2023/03
We investigate the physical properties of a single crystal of uranium telluride UTe. We have confirmed that UTe crystallizes in the hexagonal structure with three nonequivalent crystallographic uranium sites. The paramagnetic moments are estimated to be approximately 1 per the uranium site, assuming a uniform moment on all the sites. A ferromagnetic phase transition occurs at = 48 K, where the in-plane magnetization increases sharply, whereas the out of-plane component does not increase significantly. With decreasing temperature further below under field-cooling conditions, the out-of-plane component increases rapidly around T= 26 K. In contrast, the in-plane component hardly changes at T. Specific heat measurement indicates no -type anomaly around T, so this is a cross-over suggesting a reorientation of the ordering moments or successive magnetic ordering on the part of the multiple uranium sites.
Sakai, Hironori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Haga, Yoshinori
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 6(7), p.073401_1 - 073401_10, 2022/07
The molten salt flux method is applied as a new synthetic route for the single crystals of the spin-triplet superconductor UTe. The single crystals under an optimized growth condition with excess uranium exhibit a superconducting transition at K, which is the highest reported for this compound. The obtained crystals show a remarkably large residual resistivity ratio with respect to the room temperature value and a small residual electronic contribution in specific heat well below . These results indicate that the increase of in UTe can be achieved by reducing the disorder associated with uranium vacancies. The excess uranium in the molten salt acts as a reducing agent, preventing tetravalent uranium from becoming pentavalent and suppressing creation of uranium vacancies. At the same time, the relatively low growth temperature can suppress Te volatilization.
Haga, Yoshinori; Opletal, P.; Tokiwa, Yoshifumi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Tokunaga, Yo; Kambe, Shinsaku; Sakai, Hironori
Journal of Physics; Condensed Matter, 34(17), p.175601_1 - 175601_7, 2022/04
Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Pospil, J.*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori
Physical Review B, 105(11), p.115128_1 - 115128_6, 2022/03
Matsumoto, Yuji*; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Miyake, Atsushi*; Tokunaga, Masashi*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(7), p.074707_1 - 074707_6, 2021/07
Noma, Yuichiro*; Kotegawa, Hisashi*; Kubo, Tetsuro*; To, Hideki*; Harima, Hisatomo*; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*; Ito, Kohei*; Nakamura, Ai*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(7), p.073707_1 - 073707_5, 2021/07
Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori
Electronic Structure (Internet), 3(2), p.024008_1 - 024008_8, 2021/06
Pospil, J.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Miyake, Atsushi*; Kambe, Shinsaku; Tokunaga, Yo; Tokunaga, Masashi*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Proschek, P.*; Voln, J.*; Sechovsk, V.*
Physical Review B, 102(2), p.024442_1 - 024442_13, 2020/07
Metoki, Naoto; Aczel, A. A.*; Aoki, Dai*; Chi, S.*; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*; Griveau, J.-C.*; Hagihara, Masato*; Hong, T.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011123_1 - 011123_6, 2020/03
Rare earths (4) and actinides (5) provide variety of interesting states realized with competing interactions between the increasing number of electrons. Since crystal field splitting of many-body electron system is smaller than the bandwidth, (1) high resolution experiments are needed, (2) essentially no clear spectrum with well defined peaks is expected in itinerant Ce and U compounds, and (3) Np and Pu is strictly regulated. Therefore, systematic research on magnetic excitations by neutron scattering experiments of localized compounds and rare earth iso-structural reference is useful. We describe the electron states of heavy electron compounds NpPdAl and actinide and rare earth based iso-structural family.
Haga, Yoshinori; Sugai, Takashi*; Matsumoto, Yuji*; Yamamoto, Etsuji
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 29, p.013003_1 - 013003_5, 2020/02
Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Haga, Yoshinori; Sakai, Hironori; Yamamoto, Etsuji
Physical Review B, 100(6), p.064413_1 - 064413_7, 2019/08
We report the novel critical behavior of magnetization in low carrier concentration systems UTeS and USeS that exhibit the large negative magnetoresistance around the ferromagnetic transition temperatures 85 and 23 K, respectively. We determine the critical exponents, for the spontaneous magnetization , for the magnetic susceptibility , and for the magnetization isotherm at with several analytical methods. The ferromagnetic states in UTeS and USeS have strong uniaxial magnetic anisotropy. However, the critical exponents in the two compounds are different from those in the three-dimensional Ising system. Similar exponents have been reported for the uranium ferromagnetic superconductors UGe and URhGe. An important finding is that the novel critical phenomenon appears regardless of the charge carrier density or the degree of the itinerancy of the electrons.
Aoyama, Taisuke*; Kotegawa, Hisashi*; Kimura, Noriaki*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori; Onuki, Yoshichika*; To, Hideki*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(6), p.064706_1 - 064706_7, 2019/06
Koizumi, Akihisa*; Kubo, Yasunori*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori; Sakurai, Yoshiharu*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(3), p.034714_1 - 034714_6, 2019/03
Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji
Physical Review B, 99(9), p.094417_1 - 094417_12, 2019/03
We study the critical behavior of dc magnetization in the uranium ferromagnet URhSi around the ferromagnetic phase transition at 10 K. The critical exponent for the spontaneous magnetization below , for the magnetic susceptibility, and for the magnetic isotherm at have been determined as = 0.300 0.002, = 1.00 0.02, and = 4.32 0.04 by the scaling analysis and the critical isotherm analysis. Magnetization has strong uniaxial magnetic anisotropy in the ferromagnetic state of URhSi. However, the universality class of the critical phenomenon does not belong to the 3D Ising system ( = 0.325, = 1.241, and = 4.82). The obtained exponents in URhSi are similar to those in uranium ferromagnetic superconductors UGe and URhGe. We discuss the static and dynamical magnetic properties of URhSi in comparison with those in UGe, URhGe and UCoGe.
Fujimori, Shinichi; Kobata, Masaaki; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*
Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035109_1 - 035109_5, 2019/01
Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji
Physical Review Letters, 121(23), p.237001_1 - 237001_6, 2018/12
We have measured magnetization at high pressure in the uranium ferromagnetic superconductor UGe and analyzed the magnetic data using Takahashi's spin fluctuation theory. There is a peak in the pressure dependence of the width of the spin fluctuation spectrum in the energy space at , the phase boundary of FM1 and FM2 where the superconducting transition temperature is highest. This suggests a clear correlation between the superconductivity and pressure-enhanced magnetic fluctuations developed at . The pressure effect on , where is the Curie temperature, suggests that the less itinerant ferromagnetic state FM2 is changed to a more itinerant one FM1 across . Peculiar features in relations between and in uranium ferromagnetic superconductors UGe, URhGe and UCoGe are discussed in comparison with those in high- cuprate and heavy fermion superconductors.
Metoki, Naoto; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Matsuda, Masaaki*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(11), p.114712_1 - 114712_9, 2018/11
The localized 5 states with 5 () configuration of U ion have been revealed in UPdAl. We found that the low-lying states are the same as PrPdAl flat orbitals with large are stabilized by a two-dimensional CEF potential in the unique crystal structure. The present study involves the valence crossover from tetravalent to trivalent in a series of AnPdAl, demonstrated by lattice and/or transport anomaly as well as many body effects in the vicinity of the boundary. The valence instability plays important role for the unusual heavy fermion superconductivity in NpPdAl.
Tateiwa, Naoyuki; Pospil, J.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Sakai, Hironori; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Yamamoto, Etsuji
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.104 - 107, 2018/11
Uranium ferromagnetic superconductors UGe, URhGe and UCoGe have attracted much attention from both theoretical and experimental sides since the same 5 electrons underlie carry both the ferromagnetism and superconductivity. Recently, we have analysed 69 uranium, 7 neptunium, and 4 plutonium ferromagnets with spin fluctuation theory originally developed for researches on itinerant ferromagnets in the 3 transition metals and their intermetallics. The applicability of the spin fluctuation theory to the actinide 5 system has been confirmed and the itinerant character of the 5f electrons is suggested in the actinide ferromagnets. In this conference, two results will be shown. One is the results of the analyses on 80 actinide ferromagnets and the other is the pressure dependence of the spin fluctuation parameters in UGe.
Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.82 - 85, 2018/11
Nakamura, Shota*; Sakakibara, Toshiro*; Shimizu, Yusei*; Kittaka, Shunichiro*; Kono, Yohei*; Haga, Yoshinori; Pospisil, J.; Yamamoto, Etsuji
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.123 - 127, 2018/11