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JAEA Reports

Report of summer holiday practical training 2020; Feasibility study on nuclear battery using HTTR core; Feasibility study for nuclear design, 3

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Mitsui, Wataru*; Yamamoto, Yudai*; Nakagawa, Kyoichi*; Ho, H. Q.; Ishii, Toshiaki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Nagasumi, Satoru; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Kenzhina, I.*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2021-016, 16 Pages, 2021/09

JAEA-Technology-2021-016.pdf:1.8MB

As a summer holiday practical training 2020, the feasibility study for nuclear design of a nuclear battery using HTTR core was carried out, and the downsizing of reactor core were studied by the MVP-BURN. As a result, it is clear that a 1.6 m radius reactor core, containing 54 (18$$times$$3 layers) fuel blocks with 20% enrichment of $$^{235}$$U, and BeO neutron reflector, could operate continuously for 30 years with thermal power of 5 MW. Number of fuel blocks of this compact core is 36% of the HTTR core. As a next step, the further downsizing of core by changing materials of the fuel block will be studied.

Journal Articles

1.2-MW-equivalent high-intensity beam tests in J-PARC RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011018_1 - 011018_6, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Flexible chopper gate pulse generation for the J-PARC RCS

Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yoshii, Masahito*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hotchi, Hideaki; Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Harada, Hiroyuki

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011021_1 - 011021_6, 2021/03

Chopped beam injection is employed in the J-PARC RCS to avoid the longitudinal beam losses. A fast beam chopper is installed in the MEBT section of the linac. The chopper is driven by the gate pulses sent from the LLRF control system of the RCS. The delay from the zero crossing of the RCS rf and the width are set so that the beam pulse is injected into the proper phase position of the rf bucket. A unique feature of the J-PARC chopper gate pulse generation is thinning of the pulses. The thinning is useful to control the beam intensity without changing much the condition of the longitudinal painting. Also, the beam macro pulse can be trimmed down to a single intermediate pulse by setting the parameters. In this poster, we present the overview of the generation of the chopper gate pulse in the LLRF control system and various beam commissioning results utilizing the flexibility of it. Also, we discuss the upgrade of the chopper gate pulse generation.

Journal Articles

Results of 1-MW operation in J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Nomura, Masahiro; Suganuma, Kazuaki; Fujirai, Kosuke; Kamiya, Junichiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; et al.

Proceedings of 17th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.209 - 213, 2020/09

The J-PARC 3GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) is aiming to provide the proton beam of very high power for neutron experiments and the main ring synchrotron. We have continued the beam commissioning and the output power from RCS have been increasing. In recent years, just before the summer shutdown period, we have been trying continuous supply of 1-MW high-intensity beam, which is the design value, to a neutron target. First trial was 1-hour continuous operation in July 2018, and second trial was 10-hours continuous in July 2019. In both cases, we achieved almost stable operation. Furthermore, in June 2020, we tried to operate continuously for over 40 hours. But in this case, some trouble occurred and the operation was frequently suspended. Through these continuous operation trials, we have identified issues for stable operation of 1 MW. In this presentation, we will report the results of 1-MW continuous operation and issues obtained from these results.

Journal Articles

First measurement and online monitoring of the stripper foil thinning and pinhole formation to achieve a longer foil lifetime in high-intensity accelerators

Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Kinsho, Michikazu; Irie, Yoshiro*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 23(8), p.082801_1 - 082801_13, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:35.83(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

J-PARC 3-GeV RCS; 1-MW beam operation and beyond

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 15(7), p.P07022_1 - P07022_16, 2020/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:27.17(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The $$f$$-electron state of the heavy fermion superconductor NpPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$ and the isostructural family

Metoki, Naoto; Aczel, A. A.*; Aoki, Dai*; Chi, S.*; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*; Griveau, J.-C.*; Hagiwara, Masato*; Hong, T.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011123_1 - 011123_6, 2020/03

Rare earths (4$$f$$) and actinides (5$$f$$) provide variety of interesting states realized with competing interactions between the increasing number of $$f$$ electrons. Since crystal field splitting of many-body $$f$$ electron system is smaller than the bandwidth, (1) high resolution experiments are needed, (2) essentially no clear spectrum with well defined peaks is expected in itinerant Ce and U compounds, and (3) Np and Pu is strictly regulated. Therefore, systematic research on magnetic excitations by neutron scattering experiments of localized compounds and rare earth iso-structural reference is useful. We describe the $$f$$ electron states of heavy electron compounds NpPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$ and actinide and rare earth based iso-structural family.

Journal Articles

Summary of temporal changes in air dose rates and radionuclide deposition densities in the 80 km zone over five years after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident

Saito, Kimiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kinase, Sakae; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Sato, Tetsuro*; Seki, Akiyuki; Yamamoto, Hideaki*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105878_1 - 105878_12, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:87.21(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Recent progress of the J-PARC RCS beam commissioning and operation; Efforts to realize a higher beam power beyond 1 MW

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu; et al.

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.574 - 578, 2019/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of ambient dose equivalent rates by walk survey around Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant using KURAMA-II until 2016

Ando, Masaki; Yamamoto, Hideaki*; Kanno, Takashi*; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 190-191, p.111 - 121, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:59.27(Environmental Sciences)

Ambient dose equivalent rates in various environments related to human lives were measured by walk surveys using the KURAMA-II systems from 2013 to 2016 around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. The dose rate of the locations where the walk survey was performed decreased to about 38% of its initial value in the 42 months, which was beyond that attributable to the physical decay. The air dose rates decreased depending on the level of the evacuation areas, and the decrease was slightly larger in populated areas where humans are active. The comparison of walk survey data with car-borne survey data indicated that the air dose rate varies largely even within a 100 m square area. The dose rates measured by the walk surveys were estimated to be medial of those along roads and those of undisturbed flat ground. The air dose rates measured by the walk surveys decreased quickly compared with the air dose rate from the flat ground measurement.

JAEA Reports

Measurement and analysis of in-vessel component activation and gamma dose rate distribution in Joyo, 2

Yamamoto, Takahiro; Ito, Chikara; Maeda, Shigetaka; Ito, Hideaki; Sekine, Takashi

JAEA-Technology 2017-036, 41 Pages, 2018/02

JAEA-Technology-2017-036.pdf:7.86MB

In the experimental fast reactor Joyo, the damaged upper core structure (UCS) was retrieved into the cask in May 2014 The dose rate on UCS surface was quite high due to the activation for over 30 years operation. In order to attain the optimum safety design, manufacture and operation of equipment for UCS replacement, the method to evaluate UCS surface dose rate was developed on the basis of C/E obtained by the in-vessel dose rate measurement in Joyo. In order to verify the evaluation method, the axial gamma-ray distribution measurement on the surface of the cask, which contained UCS, was conducted using a plastic scintillating optical fiber (PSF) detector. This paper describes the comparison results between calculation and measurement as follows. (1) The measured axial gamma-ray distribution on the cask surface had a peak on proper location with considering the cask shielding structure and agree well with the calculated distribution. (2) The C/E of axial gamma-ray distribution on the cask surface was ranged from 1.1 to 1.7. It was confirmed that the calculation for UCS replacement equipment design had a margin conservatively. Then, the results showed that the developed evaluation method for UCS replacement equipment design was sufficiently reliable.

Journal Articles

Simulation, measurement, and mitigation of beam instability caused by the kicker impedance in the 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kinsho, Michikazu; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 21(2), p.024203_1 - 024203_20, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:62.89(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

New injection system design of the J-PARC rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takeda, Osamu*; Miki, Nobuharu*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.374 - 378, 2017/12

The 3-GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) aims to deliver 1-MW proton beam to the neutron target and Main Ring synchrotron. Present beam power of the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron is up to 500-kW and the higher radiation doses were concentrated in the injection area. These activations were caused by the interaction between the foil and the beam. To reduce the worker dose near the injection point, we have studied a new design of the injection scheme to secure enough space for radiation shielding and bellows. In the new system, two of four injection pulse bump magnets are replaced and we are able to ensure the additional space around the injection foil chamber. So far, new injection system seems not impossible. However, preliminary study result indicated that temperature of the duct and shielding metals would be slightly higher. The eddy current due to the shift bump magnet field generates heat. Thus we have to study details of above effect.

Journal Articles

Achievement of a low-loss 1-MW beam operation in the 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Hayashi, Naoki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 20(6), p.060402_1 - 060402_25, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:87.54(Physics, Nuclear)

The 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) is the world's highest class of high-power pulsed proton driver, aiming for an output beam power of 1 MW. The most important issues in realizing such a high-power beam operation are to control and minimize beam loss for maintaining machine activations within permissible levels. In RCS, numerical simulation was successfully utilized along with experimental approaches to isolate the mechanism of beam loss and find its solution. By iteratively performing actual beam experiments and numerical simulations, and also by several hardware improvements, we have recently established a 1-MW beam operation with very low fractional beam loss of a couple of 10$$^{-3}$$. In this paper, our recent efforts toward realizing such a low-loss high-intensity beam acceleration are presented.

Journal Articles

Coupled bunch instability and its cure at J-PARC RCS

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Saha, P. K.; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Togashi, Tomohito; Toyama, Takeshi*; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.2946 - 2949, 2017/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New injection scheme of J-PARC rapid cycling synchrotron

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kamiya, Junichiro; Saha, P. K.; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Takeda, Osamu*; Miki, Nobuharu*

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.579 - 581, 2017/05

The 3-GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex aims to deliver 1-MW proton beam to the neutron target and Main Ring synchrotron. Present beam power of the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron is up to 500-kW and the higher radiation doses were concentrated in the injection area. These activations were caused by the interaction between the foil and the beam. To reduce the worker dose near the injection point, we have studied a new design of the injection scheme to secure enough space for radiation shielding and bellows. In the new system, two of four injection pulse bump magnets are replaced and we are able to ensure the additional space around the injection foil chamber. So far, new injection system seems not impossible. However, preliminary study result indicated that temperature of the duct and shielding metals would be slightly higher. The eddy current due to the shift bump magnet field generates heat. Thus we have to study details of above effect.

Journal Articles

Theoretical elucidation of space charge effects on the coupled-bunch instability at the 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Chin, Y. H.*; Saha, P. K.; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Irie, Yoshiro*; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Toyama, Takeshi*; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2017(1), p.013G01_1 - 013G01_39, 2017/01

AA2016-0375.pdf:3.07MB

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:69(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS), whose beam energy ranges from 400 MeV to 3 GeV and which is located in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, is a kicker-impedance dominant machine, which violates the impedance budget from a classical viewpoint. Contrary to conventional understanding, we have succeeded to accelerate a 1-MW equivalent beam. The machine has some interesting features: for instance, the beam tends to be unstable for the smaller transverse beam size, the beam is stabilized by increasing the peak current ${it etc}$. Space charge effects play an important role in the beam instability at the RCS. In this study, a new theory has been developed to calculate the beam growth rate with the head-tail and coupled-bunch modes ($$m,mu$$) while taking space charge effects into account. The theory sufficiently explains the distinctive features of the beam instabilities at the RCS.

Journal Articles

1 MW beam tuning for beam loss mitigation in the J-PARC 3 GeV RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.61 - 65, 2016/11

After the RF power supply upgrade, the J-PARC 3-GeV RCS restarted a 1-MW beam test in October 2015. In the beam test in October, we successfully removed longitudinal beam loss by beam loading compensation as well as minimized space-charge induced beam loss by injection painting. In addition, in this beam test, beam instability was also well suppressed by controlling the tune and the chromaticity. Furthermore, in the following beam test, the transverse painting area was successfully expanded by introducing both quadrupole correctors and anti-correlated painting scheme, by which a foil scattering part of beam loss during charge-exchange injection was further reduced. By these recent efforts, the 1-MW beam operation is now estimated to be established within a permissible beam loss level. This paper presents recent progresses of 1-MW beam tuning with particular emphasis on our approaches to beam loss issues.

Journal Articles

Conceptual design of main magnets for the J-PARC RCS energy upgrade

Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Kinsho, Michikazu; Igarashi, Susumu*; Sato, Yoichi*; Shirakata, Masashi*; Koseki, Tadashi*

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.708 - 711, 2016/11

At the J-PARC Main Ring (MR), there have been various investigation carried out at the moment aiming at the beam operation of MW order. As one of the investigations, a study of the Rapid-Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) magnets was implemented. Increase of the extraction energy of RCS was needed to reduce beam loss, as beam loss in the MR injection region was large under influence of Space Charge effect at the injection beam of 3GeV. Therefore conceptual design of the extraction energy upgrade using dipole and quadrupole magnets of RCS was performed. In this paper, we will report the contents of the study in extraction energy upgrade of RCS magnets and problems which became clear as a result.

Journal Articles

The Path to 1 MW; Beam loss control in the J-PARC 3-GeV RCS

Hotchi, Hideaki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Kato, Shinichi; Kinsho, Michikazu; Okabe, Kota; Saha, P. K.; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Tani, Norio; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 57th ICFA Advanced Beam Dynamics Workshop on High-Intensity and High-Brightness Hadron Beams (HB 2016) (Internet), p.480 - 485, 2016/08

The J-PARC 3-GeV RCS has achieved a 1-MW beam acceleration in January 2015. Since then, a large fraction of our effort has been focused on reducing and managing beam losses. In the beam test in October 2015, we successfully minimized space-charge induced beam loss by optimizing the injection painting technique, as well as suppressed beam instability by controlling the tune and the chromaticity. In addition, in the recent beam test, the transverse painting area was successfully expanded by introducing both quadrupole correctors and anti-correlated painting scheme, by which a foil scattering part of beam loss during charge-exchange injection was further reduced. By such recent efforts, the 1-MW beam operation is now estimated to be established within a permissible beam loss level. In this talk, recent progresses of RCS beam commissioning are reported with particular emphasis on our approaches to beam loss issues.

166 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)