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Journal Articles

Hydrogen absorption and diffusion behaviors in cube-shaped palladium nanoparticles revealed by ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Tang, J.*; Seo, O.*; Rivera Rocabado, D. S.*; Koitaya, Takanori*; Yamamoto, Susumu*; Namba, Yusuke*; Song, C.*; Kim, J.*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Koyama, Michihisa*; et al.

Applied Surface Science, 587, p.152797_1 - 152797_8, 2022/06

The hydrogen absorption and diffusion mechanisms on cube-shaped Pd nanoparticles (NPs) which are important hydrogen-storage materials were studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and DFT calculations. In the surface region, hydrogen absorption showed almost similar behavior regardless of the NPs size. It was found that the octahedral sites are more favorable than the tetrahedral sites for hydrogen occupation. We also clarified that the hydrogen atoms absorbing on the smaller-sized Pd NPs diffuse to the subsurface more actively because of the weakened Pd-H bond by the surface disordering, which plays an important role in hydrogen adsorption at a low H$$_{2}$$ pressure.

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of ThPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$; Impact of the U $$5f$$ states on the electronic structure of UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$

Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Posp$'i$$v{s}$il, J.*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori

Physical Review B, 105(11), p.115128_1 - 115128_6, 2022/03

Journal Articles

Protein hydration and its freezing phenomena; Toward the application for cell freezing and frozen food storage

Yamamoto, Naoki*; Nakanishi, Masahiro*; Rajan, R.*; Nakagawa, Hiroshi

Biophysics and Physicobiology (Internet), 18, p.284 - 288, 2021/12

Water is an indispensable solvent for living things. $$sim$$60% of our body is composed of water, the lack of which causes lots of fatal problems. It has also been known that protein function is performed only when it accompanies water molecules around the surface, i.e. hydration water molecules. Therefore, it is essential to understand how water and biological component interact with each other in the view point of structure and dynamics. Freezing is a fundamental and simple phenomenon of water, and thus can be used as a probe for the purpose. Furthermore, preservation of cells and proteins under low temperature is crucial for numerous applications, which in turn triggers a myriad of undesirable consequences because of the freezing.

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ in paramagnetic phase; Three-dimensional angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy study

Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori

Electronic Structure (Internet), 3(2), p.024008_1 - 024008_8, 2021/06

Journal Articles

Early emergency responses of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency against the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident in 2011

Okuno, Hiroshi; Sato, Sohei; Kawakami, Takeshi; Yamamoto, Kazuya; Tanaka, Tadao

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 46(2), p.66 - 79, 2021/06

The nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS) of Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) was a typical one of the disastrous damages that induced evacuation of the residents around the NPS, which was triggered by the hugest earthquake and associated tsunami. This paper summarized early responses of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), especially of its Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center (NEAT) to the off-site emergencies associated with the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi NPS. The paper addressed activities of emergency preparedness of the NEAT before 2011 in relevant to the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi NPS, the situation of the NEAT on March 11, 2011, and its early responses to the related off-site emergencies including those caused by the accident at the TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi NPS. The paper also discussed issues associated with complex disasters.

Journal Articles

Freezable and unfreezable hydration water; Distinct contributions to protein dynamics revealed by neutron scattering

Yamamoto, Naoki*; Kofu, Maiko; Nakajima, Kenji; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Shibayama, Naoya*

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (Internet), 12(8), p.2172 - 2176, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Physical)

Hydration water plays a crucial role for activating the protein dynamics required for functional expression. Yet, the details are not understood about how hydration water couples with protein dynamics. A temperature hysteresis of the ice formation of hydration water is a key phenomenon to understand which type of hydration water, unfreezable or freezable hydration water, is crucial for the activation of protein dynamics. Using neutron scattering, we observed a temperature-hysteresis phenomenon in the diffraction peaks of the ice of freezable hydration water, whereas protein dynamics did not show any temperature hysteresis. These results show that the protein dynamics is not coupled with freezable hydration water dynamics, and unfreezable hydration water is essential for the activation of protein dynamics.

JAEA Reports

Outline of Regional Workshops held in 2006 - 2017 by the International Atomic Energy Agency in the proposal of Nuclear Emergency Preparedness Group of the Asian Nuclear Safety Network

Okuno, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Kazuya

JAEA-Review 2020-066, 32 Pages, 2021/02

JAEA-Review-2020-066.pdf:3.01MB

The International Atomic Energy Agency (abbreviated as IAEA) has been implementing the Asian Nuclear Safety Network (abbreviated as ANSN) activities since 2002. As part of this effort, Topical Group on Emergency Preparedness and Response (abbreviated as EPRTG) for nuclear or radiation disasters was established in 2006 under the umbrella of the ANSN. Based on the EPRTG proposal, the IAEA conducted 23 Asian regional workshops in the 12 years from 2006 to 2017. Typical topical fields of the regional workshops were nuclear emergency drills, emergency medical care, long-term response after nuclear/radiological emergency, international cooperation, national nuclear disaster prevention system. The Japan Atomic Energy Agency has produced coordinators for EPRTG since its establishment and has led its activities since then. This report summarizes the Asian regional workshops conducted by the IAEA based on the recommendations of the EPRTG.

Journal Articles

Ion tracks in silicon formed by much lower energy deposition than the track formation threshold

Amekura, Hiroshi*; Toulemonde, M.*; Narumi, Kazumasa*; Li, R.*; Chiba, Atsuya*; Hirano, Yoshimi*; Yamada, Keisuke*; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Ishikawa, Norito; Okubo, Nariaki; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.185_1 - 185_11, 2021/01

We report the track formation of 10 nm in diameter in silicon irradiated with 6 MeV C$$_{60}$$, i.e., much lower energy than the previously reported energy threshold.

Journal Articles

Development and application of a $$^3$$He neutron spin filter at J-PARC

Okudaira, Takuya; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Kenji; Hiroi, Kosuke; Takahashi, Shingo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:76.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

JAEA Reports

Registration and related activities of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency for the response and assistance network of the International Atomic Energy Agency

Togawa, Orihiko; Hayakawa, Tsuyoshi; Tanaka, Tadao; Yamamoto, Kazuya; Okuno, Hiroshi

JAEA-Review 2020-017, 36 Pages, 2020/09

JAEA-Review-2020-017.pdf:2.24MB

In 2010, the government of Japan joined the Response and Assistance Network (RANET) of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), in order to contribute to offering international assistance in the case of a nuclear accident or radiological emergency. At that occasion, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) was registered as the National Assistance Capability (NAC) having resources capable of the External Based Support (EBS) in the following seven areas: (1) aerial survey, (2) radiation monitoring, (3) environmental measurements, (4) assessment and advice, (5) internal dose assessment, (6) bioassay and (7) dose reconstruction. After the registration, three inquiries were directed to the JAEA about a possibility of its support. However, the JAEA's assistance has not eventually been realized. On the other hand, the JAEA participated almost every year in the international Convention Exercise (ConvEx) carried out by the IAEA in connection with RANET. This report describes an outline of the RANET and related activities of the JAEA for RANET registration and participation in the ConvEx.

Journal Articles

Matrix-material dependence on the elongation of embedded gold nanoparticles induced by 4 MeV C$$_{60}$$ and 200 MeV Xe ion irradiation

Li, R.*; Narumi, Kazumasa*; Chiba, Atsuya*; Hirano, Yu*; Tsuya, Daiju*; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Saito, Yuichi*; Okubo, Nariaki; Ishikawa, Norito; Pang, C.*; et al.

Nanotechnology, 31(26), p.265606_1 - 265606_9, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:24.67(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

We report the elongation of embedded Au nanoparticles (NPs) in three different matrices under irradiations of 4 MeV C$$_{60}$$ ions and 200 MeV Xe ions. Large elongation of Au NPs was observed for crystalline indium tin oxide (ITO) under both 4 MeV C$$_{60}$$ and 200 MeV Xe irradiation. The ITO layer preserved the crystallinity even after large elongation was induced. This is the first report of the elongation of metal NPs in a crystalline matrix.

Journal Articles

Detailed structural study on the poly(vinyl alcohol) adsorption layers on a Si substrate with solvent vapor-induced swelling

Miyazaki, Tsukasa*; Miyata, Noboru*; Yoshida, Tessei*; Arima, Hiroshi*; Tsumura, Yoshihiro*; Torikai, Naoya*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Katsuhiro*; Kanaya, Toshiji*; Kawaguchi, Daisuke*; et al.

Langmuir, 36(13), p.3415 - 3424, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:75.63(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Changes in electronic structure of carbon supports for Pt catalysts induced by vacancy formation due to Ar$$^{+}$$ irradiation

Okazaki, Hiroyuki*; Kakitani, Kenta*; Kimata, Tetsuya*; Idesaki, Akira*; Koshikawa, Hiroshi*; Matsumura, Daiju; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Yamaki, Tetsuya*

Journal of Chemical Physics, 152(12), p.124708_1 - 124708_5, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Summary of temporal changes in air dose rates and radionuclide deposition densities in the 80 km zone over five years after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident

Saito, Kimiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kinase, Sakae; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Sato, Tetsuro*; Seki, Akiyuki; Yamamoto, Hideaki*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105878_1 - 105878_12, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:87.21(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

The Effect of dissolved gas on rock desaturation in artificial openings in geological formations

Miyakawa, Kazuya; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Akaki, Toshifumi*; Yamamoto, Hajime*

Proceedings of 5th ISRM Young Scholars' Symposium on Rock Mechanics and International Symposium on Rock Engineering for Innovative Future (YSRM 2019 and REIF 2019) (USB Flash Drive), 6 Pages, 2019/12

The construction and operation of geological repositories require excavation and ventilation of galleries, with significant groundwater drainage. Desaturation of rock around galleries is unavoidable and may affect hydraulic properties and redox conditions. This study used numerical modeling to assess the influence of dissolved gas on the degree of saturation of rock surrounding excavated galleries, focusing on siliceous mudstone rock in the 140 m, 250 m, and 350-m-deep galleries of the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory, Japan. Based on previous ${it in situ}$ electrical survey, the degree of saturation in the 250 m gallery was higher than that in the 140 m and 350 m galleries. In the Horonobe area, deep groundwater contains high concentrations of dissolved methane, and exsolution of this methane from pore water can affect desaturation. Simple numerical modeling, including simulation of multiphase flows, was undertaken for each gallery to confirm the effect of dissolved gas and rock permeability on desaturation. A sensitivity analysis was performed by varying dissolved gas contents and permeability. Results indicate that the dissolved gas content affects both the degree of saturation and its spatial extent, whereas rock permeability affects only the latter. Higher dissolved gas concentrations result in lower degrees of saturation with a greater spatial extent of desaturation, and higher permeability leads to greater extents of desaturation. It is therefore likely that gas content, rather than rock permeability, caused the observed variations in the saturation degree.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and electronic properties of B-site-ordered double-perovskite oxide La$$_{2}$$CrMnO$$_{6}$$ thin films

Yoshimatsu, Kohei*; Ishimaru, Junya*; Watarai, Keisuke*; Yamamoto, Kohei*; Hirata, Yasuyuki*; Wadachi, Hiroki*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Horiba, Koji*; Kumigashira, Hiroshi*; Sakata, Osami*; et al.

Physical Review B, 99(23), p.235129_1 - 235129_8, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:51.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Manifestation of electron correlation effect in 5$$f$$ states of uranium compounds revealed by 4$$d$$-5$$f$$ resonant photoelectron spectroscopy

Fujimori, Shinichi; Kobata, Masaaki; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035109_1 - 035109_5, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:51.19(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ studied by photoelectron spectroscopy (INVITED)

Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Haga, Yoshinori; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.82 - 85, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism study on UGe$$_{2}$$

Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.171 - 174, 2018/11

Journal Articles

Element-specific observation of the ferromagnetic ordering process in UCoAl via soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Takeda, Yukiharu; Saito, Yuji; Okane, Tetsuo; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Matsuda, Tatsuma*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori; Onuki, Yoshichika*

Physical Review B, 97(18), p.184414_1 - 184414_7, 2018/05

AA2018-0316.pdf:0.62MB

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:8.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

485 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)