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Journal Articles

Weakened oxygen adsorbing the Pt-O bond of the Pt catalyst induced by vacancy introduction into carbon support

Okazaki, Hiroyuki*; Idesaki, Akira*; Koshikawa, Hiroshi*; Matsumura, Daiju; Ikeda, Takashi*; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Yamaki, Tetsuya*

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 127(49), p.23628 - 23633, 2023/12

Journal Articles

Beam separation experiment with prototype non-destructive electrostatic septum and study for device improvement

Nagayama, Shota; Harada, Hiroyuki; Shimogawa, Tetsushi*; Sato, Atsushi*; Yamada, Ippei; Chimura, Motoki; Kojima, Kunihiro; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 20th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.526 - 530, 2023/11

We have been developing "Non-destructive electrostatic septum" for a slow extraction. This septum has multiple electrodes placed around the region without the beam hitting and separate the beam by its electric field. To evaluate its electric field, we have built a prototype septum and a test machine, which consists of an electron gun and monitors. This test machine can measure the electric field indirectly by using a narrow electron beam. The experiment results of prototype septum is good agreement with the calculation one. However, this electric field distribution is not enough to separate the beam. A step function-like electric field distribution is ideal for the beam separation with minimal negative effect on the beam. We have studied to improve the electrode configuration to match the beam shape. In this paper, we present the result of the electric field measurements and the septum improvement. Additionally, we describe the future plan of this development.

JAEA Reports

Physical property investigation of gloves for glove boxes in nuclear fuel reprocessing plants; Physical properties of used gloves and estimation of its life-time

Yamamoto, Masahiko; Nishida, Naoki; Kobayashi, Daisuke; Nemoto, Ryo*; Hayashi, Hiroyuki*; Kitao, Takahiko; Kuno, Takehiko

JAEA-Technology 2023-004, 30 Pages, 2023/06

JAEA-Technology-2023-004.pdf:1.94MB

Glove-box gloves, that are used for handling nuclear fuel materials at the Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, have an expiration date by internal rules. All gloves are replaced at a maximum of every 4-year. However, degrees of glove deterioration varies depending on its usage environment such as frequency, chemicals, and radiation dose. Therefore, physical properties such as tensile strength, elongation, hardness of gloves are measured and technical evaluation method for the glove life-time is established. It was found that gloves without any defects in its appearance have enough physical properties and satisfies the acceptance criteria values of new gloves. Thus, it was considered that the expired gloves could be used for total of 8-year, by adding 4-year of new glove life-time. In addition, the results of extrapolation by plotting the glove's physical properties versus the used years showed that the physical properties at 8-year is on the safer side than the reported physical properties of broken glove. Also, the data are not significantly different from the physical properties of the long-term storage glove (8 and 23 years). Based on these results, life-time of gloves at TRP is set to be 8-year. The frequency of glove inspections are not changed, and if any defects is found, the glove is promptly replaced. Thus, the risk related to glove usage is not increased. The cost of purchasing gloves, labor for glove replacement, and the amount of generated waste can be reduced by approximately 40%, respectively, resulting in more efficient and rationalized glove management.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of a kicker impedance reduction scheme with diode stack and resistors by operating the 3-GeV rapid cycling synchrotron of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Harada, Hiroyuki; Saha, P. K.; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Tamura, Fumihiko; Togashi, Tomohito; Watanabe, Yasuhiro; Yamamoto, Kazami; Yamamoto, Masanobu

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 26(5), p.053501_1 - 053501_45, 2023/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Physics, Nuclear)

At the Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) in Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), theoretical predictions have indicated that the kicker-impedance would excite the beam-instability. A 1 MW beam with large emittance can be delivered to the Material and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) through suppression of the beam instabilities by choosing the appropriate machine parameters. However, we require other high-intensity and high-quality smaller emittance beams (than the 1 MW beam) for the Main Ring (MR). Hence, we proposed a scheme for suppressing the kicker-impedance by using prototype diodes and resistors, thereby demonstrating the effect on the kicker impedance reduction. However, the J-PARC RCS must be operated with a repetition rate of 25 Hz, which urged us to consider special diodes that are tolerant to heating. After developments, we have demonstrated that the special diodes with resistors can suppress the beam instability by reducing the kicker impedance. Enhanced durability of the prototype diodes and resistors for the 25 Hz operation was also realized. Moreover, the new diodes and the resistors have negligible effect on the extracted beam from the RCS. From a simulation point of view, the scheme can be employed for at least 5 MW beam operation within the stipulated specifications.

Journal Articles

Angular distribution of $$gamma$$ rays from a neutron-induced $$p$$-wave resonance of $$^{132}$$Xe

Okudaira, Takuya*; Tani, Yuika*; Endo, Shunsuke; Doskow, J.*; Fujioka, Hiroyuki*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Kameda, Kento*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Luxnat, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 107(5), p.054602_1 - 054602_7, 2023/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:74.05(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Internal event level-1 PRA for sodium-cooled fast reactor considering safety measures of defense-in-depth level 1 to 4

Nishino, Hiroyuki; Kurisaka, Kenichi; Naruto, Kenichi*; Gondai, Yoji; Yamamoto, Masaya

Proceedings of 30th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE30) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2023/05

The effectiveness evaluation of safety measures against severe accident is necessary for restart of experimental sodium-cooled fast reactor "Joyo" in Japan. These safety measures correspond to those in defense-in-depth (DiD) level 4. In the previous study, a level-1 probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) at power was performed to calculate frequencies of the accident sequences of failure of safety measures in DiD level 1 to 3, to identify dominant accident sequence groups, and to identify dominant accident sequence for selecting important accident sequences in each accident sequence group which are needed for implementing the effectiveness evaluation of safety measures in DiD level 4. Based on this, the present study implemented level-1 PRA at power to show quantitatively reduction of those occurrence frequency by the safety measure in the DiD level 4. As the result, the frequency of each accident sequence group decreased significantly, and total frequency of the accident sequence groups decreased to about 1$$times$$10$$^{-6}$$ /reactor-year which is about 1/1000 times the one estimated in the previous study. The protected loss of heat sink was the largest contributor in all the accident groups and a dominant accident sequence in each accident group was also identified in this study.

Journal Articles

Neutron reflectivity study on the nanostructure of PMMA chains near substrate interfaces based on contrast variation accompanied with small molecule sorption

Shimokita, Keisuke*; Yamamoto, Katsuhiro*; Miyata, Noboru*; Nakanishi, Yohei*; Shibata, Motoki*; Takenaka, Mikihito*; Yamada, Norifumi*; Seto, Hideki*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Miyazaki, Tsukasa*

Soft Matter, 19(11), p.2082 - 2089, 2023/03

Journal Articles

Achievement of low beam loss at high-intensity operation of J-PARC 3 GeV RCS

Saha, P. K.; Okabe, Kota; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; Harada, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Fumihiko; Okita, Hidefumi; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Moriya, Katsuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1 - 5, 2023/01

Journal Articles

Study of non-destructive slow beam extraction method in particle accelerator

Nagayama, Shota; Harada, Hiroyuki; Shimogawa, Tetsushi*; Yamada, Ippei; Chimura, Motoki; Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.503 - 507, 2023/01

Synchrotron accelerators realize physics experiments and radiation cancer treatment using the slow extraction technique, in which beams are stored in the ring and gradually delivered. We have devised and are currently developing a "non-destructive electrostatic septum" based on a new method, which in principle cannot be solved by conventional methods and is a cause of equipment failure and output limitation. It is ideal to generate a force distribution similar to a staircase function with discontinuous gaps at the boundary. In this presentation, we will show the calculation method for optimizing the electrode and wire configuration to generate a Lorentz force with a distribution similar to a staircase function in vacuum, and the calculation results of the beam breakup due to the generated Lorentz force. The compact proof-of-principle machine developed for the ongoing demonstration of this method will also be introduced.

Journal Articles

Measurement of the transverse asymmetry of $$gamma$$ rays in the $$^{117}$$Sn($$n,gamma$$)$$^{118}$$Sn reaction

Endo, Shunsuke; Okudaira, Takuya*; Abe, Ryota*; Fujioka, Hiroyuki*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Oku, Takayuki; Sakai, Kenji; Shima, Tatsushi*; et al.

Physical Review C, 106(6), p.064601_1 - 064601_7, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:55.85(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

$$Xi^-$$ atomic X-ray spectroscopy using a counter-emulsion hybrid method

Fujita, Manami; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hosomi, Kenji; Ichikawa, Masaya; Ichikawa, Yudai; Kim, S.; Nanamura, Takuya; Sako, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Hirokazu; Yamamoto, Takeshi; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2022(12), p.123D01_1 - 123D01_17, 2022/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Neutron reflectivity study on the suppression of interfacial water accumulation between a polypropylene thin film and Si substrate using a silane-coupling agent

Shimokita, Keisuke*; Yamamoto, Katsuhiro*; Miyata, Noboru*; Arima-Osonoi, Hiroshi*; Nakanishi, Yohei*; Takenaka, Mikihito*; Shibata, Motoki*; Yamada, Norifumi*; Seto, Hideki*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; et al.

Langmuir, 38(41), p.12457 - 12465, 2022/10

Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(9), p.1174 - 1205, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:82.38(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

Kinetics of the interfacial curing reaction for an epoxy-amine mixture

Yamaguchi, Ko*; Kawaguchi, Daisuke*; Miyata, Noboru*; Miyazaki, Tsukasa*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Yamamoto, Satoru*; Tanaka, Keiji*

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 24(36), p.21578 - 21582, 2022/09

Journal Articles

Measurement of differential cross sections for $$Sigma^+ p$$ elastic scattering in the momentum range 0.44-0.80 GeV/c

Nanamura, Takuya; Fujita, Manami; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Ichikawa, Masaya; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi*; Naruki, Megumi; Sato, Susumu; Sako, Hiroyuki; Tamura, Hirokazu; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2022(9), p.093D01_1 - 093D01_35, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:51.04(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Investigation of physical properties of glove for glove-box and estimation of its life-time

Kobayashi, Daisuke; Yamamoto, Masahiko; Nishida, Naoki; Miyoshi, Ryuta; Nemoto, Ryo*; Hayashi, Hiroyuki*; Kato, Keisuke; Nishino, Saki; Kuno, Takehiko; Kitao, Takahiko; et al.

Nihon Hozen Gakkai Dai-18-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.237 - 240, 2022/07

All gloves attached to glove-box in Tokai Reprocessing Plant have a fixed expiration date and have to be replaced every 4-year. However, degrees of glove deterioration are different depending on its usage environment (frequency, chemicals, radiation, etc.), because of rubber products. Therefore, physical properties such as tensile strength, elongation, hardness of gloves are measured, and the life-time of gloves are estimated. As a result, gloves without any defects in its appearance have enough physical property for acceptance criteria of new glove. The extrapolated physical property of glove is sufficiently larger than the reported values of damaged glove. No deterioration in physical properties of gloves, that are periodically replaced without any defects in its appearance, is observed and the usable life-time of the glove is estimated to be 8 years.

Journal Articles

Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors

Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Morishita, Masaki*; Aizawa, Kosuke; Ando, Masanori; Ashida, Takashi; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Doda, Norihiro; Enuma, Yasuhiro; Ezure, Toshiki; Fukano, Yoshitaka; et al.

Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors; JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation, Vol.3, 631 Pages, 2022/07

This book is a collection of the past experience of design, construction, and operation of two reactors, the latest knowledge and technology for SFR designs, and the future prospects of SFR development in Japan. It is intended to provide the perspective and the relevant knowledge to enable readers to become more familiar with SFR technology.

Journal Articles

Angular distribution of $$gamma$$ rays from the $$p$$-wave resonance of $$^{118}$$Sn

Koga, Jun*; Takada, Shusuke*; Endo, Shunsuke; Fujioka, Hiroyuki*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Ishizaki, Kohei*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Niinomi, Yudai*; Okudaira, Takuya*; et al.

Physical Review C, 105(5), p.054615_1 - 054615_5, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:70.53(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of the differential cross sections of the $$Sigma^- p$$ elastic scattering in momentum range 470 to 850 MeV/$$c$$

Miwa, Koji*; Fujita, Manami; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hosomi, Kenji; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi*; Nanamura, Takuya; Naruki, Megumi; Sako, Hiroyuki; Sato, Susumu; et al.

Physical Review C, 104(4), p.045204_1 - 045204_20, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:86.94(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Initiatives to address the lifetime improvement of HBC stripper foil for 3GeV synchrotron of J-PARC

Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Yamazaki, Yoshio; Saha, P. K.; Kinsho, Michikazu; Yamamoto, Shunya*; Okazaki, Hiroyuki*; Taguchi, Tomitsugu*; Yamada, Naoto*; Yamagata, Ryohei*

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.850 - 854, 2021/10

no abstracts in English

481 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)